1. Nelson Mandela Former President of South Africa 10 May 1994 - June 1999 “ Father of the Nation”
3. Vision A peaceful change to end Apartheid. Equal rights for all people. The right to equal education, medical, work opportunities and the right to VOTE.
4. South Africa Old Flag New Flag
5. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born in a village in the Transkei on the 18 July 1918.
7. Mandela's father had four wives, and thirteen children. Mandela was born to his third wife.
8. Rolihlahla Mandela . He was given the name Nelson when he went to school.
9. As a child, Mandela came into contact with racial injustice.
10. Like all men of the Xhosa nation, the start of his adult life was marked by the ritual of circumcision. (13 – 16 years)
11. He became involved in politics when he studied at South Africa's first university for black students.
12. The young Mandela moved to Johannesburg.
13. Nelson in Tribal Dress the 1930’s 1939 Nelson 1961 Age 42. When he was young he was a good heavy weight boxer.
14. <ul><li>At university he studied to be a lawyer. </li></ul>
15. The African National Congress was formed with only 60 members in the 1940’s. Nelson was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi.
16. The Apartheid State in South Africa. Mistreatment of workers Pass laws (ID cards at all times) Segregation of universities, schools, living and entertainment areas.
17. Police checking a “Pass book”
18. Official ANC Policy <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>ANC decided to fight Apartheid by using peaceful means . </li></ul><ul><li>Strikes, demonstrations and non-co-operation. </li></ul><ul><li>This was the accepted official ANC policy. </li></ul>
19. <ul><li>When ANC failed to bring peaceful change, they then decided to use violent forms of political struggle. </li></ul><ul><li>He was captured again and sent to life in prison. </li></ul>
20. The convicted were taken to Robben Island Prison - June 16th 1964
21. Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment , in Robben Island Prison
22. Robben Island is not far from Cape Town Robben Island was a prison for political prisoners
23. Maximum Security Prison The prison was closed in 1991
24. Inside the Cell at Robben Island
25. Nelson’s prison number 46664
26. Exercise area at Robben Island
27. Chipping stones
28. In 1988 a stamp was made in Russia in honour of Nelson Mandela has received more than 50 International honorary degrees from Universities. Nelson Mandela Statue in London Parliament Square He has been awarded with honorary citizenship to many cities in the world. Even streets and parks have been named after him worldwide.
29. FW De Klerk ( the last white President of South Africa) started talks with Mandela and the ANC, leading to the release of Nelson in 1990 after 27 years in prison.
30. Nelson and his wife Winnie leaving the prison. This is known as the “Walk to Freedom”
31. On his release on Sunday the 11 th February 1990, Mandela and the ANC agreed to stop the armed struggle.
32. Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk receive the Nobel Peace prize in 1992
33. Nelson Mandela casting his vote in South Africa's first democratic election in 1994.
34. All the people of South Africa on the 27 April 1994 voted for the first time
35. People stood for many hours in line to cast their first vote ever.
36. Mandela’s 90 th Birthday
37. Nelson Mandela's greatest pleasure, his most private moment, is watching the sun set with the music of Handel or Tchaikovsky playing.
38. Quotes by Nelson <ul><li>After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb. </li></ul><ul><li>Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. </li></ul><ul><li>It always seems impossible until its done. </li></ul>