Langston Hughes


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comparing between two poems by Langston Hughes. Harlem, Dream Deferred and I, too sing America

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Langston Hughes

  1. 1. Langston Hughes I, Too Harlem, A Dream Deferred
  2. 2. He captured everyday life of black people through his art in a time when many black artists were afraid to do so. <ul><li>Langston knew how important dreams are at a time of racism and injustice. </li></ul>
  3. 3. I, Too <ul><li>I, too, sing America. </li></ul><ul><li>I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong. </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow, I'll be at the table When company comes. Nobody'll dare Say to me, &quot;Eat in the kitchen,&quot; Then. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides, They'll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed - </li></ul><ul><li>I, too, am America. </li></ul><ul><li>- Langston Hughes, 1925 </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The poem shouts for equality and freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Disrespect precipitates strength from the servant. </li></ul>
  5. 5. I, too, sing America I, too, am America. <ul><li>  His body is subjugated, but his self-esteem resonates power. </li></ul><ul><li>With a strong mind, his attitude (toward taking orders) becomes somewhat rebellious. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Comparisons <ul><li>two time zones </li></ul><ul><li>present / future </li></ul><ul><li>solitude / company </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude </li></ul><ul><li>laugh / embarrassed </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ Harlem”, A Dream Deferred 1951
  8. 8. &quot;Harlem&quot; Dream Deferred. <ul><li>What happens to a dream deferred? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore - And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over - like a syrupy sweet? </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. </li></ul><ul><li>Or does it explode? </li></ul><ul><li>- Langston Hughes, 1951 </li></ul>
  9. 9. symbols, imagery and wordplay <ul><li>The speaker asks what happens if dreams are postponed. </li></ul><ul><li>He offers some possible answers to his question. </li></ul>
  10. 10. He offers some possible answers to his question. <ul><li>dry up like raisins in the sun </li></ul><ul><li>they fester like sores </li></ul><ul><li>rot like meat </li></ul><ul><li>get all crusty, like sugary syrup left out </li></ul><ul><li>sag like a heavy load </li></ul><ul><li>dreams explode </li></ul>
  11. 11. &quot;What happens when dreams are put on hold?&quot; <ul><li>This imagery remind us of everyday, ordinary tasks as eating, cooking, cleaning, or carrying something. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>It's a poem built of questions, and questions makes us think of uncertainty. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Who else had a dream? Did his dream become a reality?
  14. 14. Analyze a Poem <ul><li>Who wrote these? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did he write these? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the subject of the poems? </li></ul><ul><li>What feeling do you get about the subject? </li></ul><ul><li>Are these poems, what makes them poetry? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we understand poetry?  </li></ul>
  15. 15. Compare a poem <ul><li>How can you take a poem and analyze it both literally and figuratively? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you compare two poems? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you write an analytical paper comparing two poems while factoring in details from the poet’s life? </li></ul>
  16. 16. This is how. <ul><li>Use the process of breaking down a poem </li></ul><ul><li>List key points of each poem </li></ul><ul><li>Circle three similarities. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a paragraph to show the differences and/or similarities between the two poems </li></ul>