20061101.Athens Igf India It Sector Next Step.Pankaj.Agrawala

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20061101.Athens Igf India It Sector Next Step.Pankaj.Agrawala

  1. 1. Vision for IT Sector in India – the next step By PANKAJ AGRAWALA Joint Secretary Govt. of India Department of Information Technology Min. of Communications and IT New Delhi
  2. 2. Vision <ul><li>India has the potential to become a significant player in Global knowledge economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Let us work to enhance Indian share in global markets from about 1% to 10% in the long-term. </li></ul><ul><li>Key to success lies in long term research </li></ul>
  3. 3. Focus <ul><li>Identify specific steps and areas for action </li></ul><ul><li>The next step is to give the right impetus to R&D in IT </li></ul><ul><li>Telecom is another key areas for growth of knowledge economy </li></ul><ul><li>The stake holders could be DIT / DOT / MTNL / BSNL/C-DOT / ITI/Other related Academic/ research agencies </li></ul><ul><li>The next step </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberspace is a New World </li></ul><ul><li>Exponential growth means constant radical change </li></ul><ul><li>This new world needs explorers, pioneers, and settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneering research pays off in the long-term </li></ul>
  4. 4. The next step <ul><li>Cyberspace is a New World </li></ul><ul><li>Exponential growth means constant radical change </li></ul><ul><li>This new world needs explorers, pioneers, and settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneering research pays off in the long-term </li></ul>
  5. 5. The next step……..Contd. <ul><li>Long-term research is a public good </li></ul><ul><li>The funding agencies to shift the focus to long-term research. </li></ul><ul><li>By making larger and longer-term grants, we hope that university researchers will be able to attack larger and more ambitious problems </li></ul>
  6. 6. Long Range Research Goals <ul><li>What makes a good long range research goal? </li></ul><ul><li>-understandable </li></ul><ul><li>-challenging </li></ul><ul><li>-useful </li></ul><ul><li>-Testable </li></ul><ul><li>-Incremental </li></ul><ul><li>-scalability </li></ul>
  7. 7. Turing’s Vision of Machine Intelligence <ul><li>Alan Turing had predicted in 1950, that computers would be intelligent in 50 years with capacities of the order of 10 to the power 9 as against human memory of the order of 10 to the power 12-15. </li></ul><ul><li>This has happened and continues………….. </li></ul><ul><li>Three more predictions </li></ul><ul><li>prosthetic hearing, </li></ul><ul><li>speech, </li></ul><ul><li>and vision </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bush’s Memex <ul><li>Personal Memex : Record everything a person sees and hears, and quickly retrieve any item on request </li></ul><ul><li>World Memex : Build a system that given a text corpus, can answer questions about the text and summarize the text as precisely and quickly as a human expert in that field. Do the same for music, images, art, and cinema </li></ul>
  9. 9. Telepresence <ul><li>Telepresence : Simulate being some other place retrospectively as an observer </li></ul><ul><li>-(Tele Observer): hear and see as well as actually being there, and as well as a participant, and simulate being some other place as a participant </li></ul><ul><li>-(Tele Present): interacting with others and with the environment as though you are actually there. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Future systems <ul><li>Trouble free systems : Build a system used by millions of people each day and yet administered and managed by a single part-time person </li></ul><ul><li>Dependable Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Secure System : Assure that the trouble free system services authorized users and information cannot be stolen (and prove it.) </li></ul><ul><li>Always Up : Assure that the system is unavailable for less than one second per hundred years i.e.99.999999 % or eight 9’s of availability (and prove it.) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Future systems(contd.) <ul><li>Automatic Programmer: Device a specification language or user interface that: </li></ul><ul><li>(a) makes it easy for people to express designs (1,000x easier) </li></ul><ul><li>(b) computer can compile, and </li></ul><ul><li>(c) can describe all applications (design is complete) </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Indian R&D Landscape <ul><li>Research in National Laboratories (NPL, C-DAC, CEERI, IISc., TIFR, ECIL, C-DoT, ISRO </li></ul><ul><li>Research in Academia (IITs, BITs, RECs, IISc) </li></ul><ul><li>Research in Private Sector (IBM, SUN, Microsoft, HP, Motorola, HFCL, HCL, SCL etc. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Objectives of R&D <ul><li>Timely development of replacement of products being phased out </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of production cost to increase yield </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in environmental effect </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation to open up new markets </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation to increase market share </li></ul><ul><li>R&D to increase production flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>R&D to improve cycle time </li></ul>
  14. 14. Importance of R&D <ul><li>Most developed/ developing countries put 5-20% of profit margin in R&D. Their Govt. Spending in R&D is also about 5% of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Most MNCs grow with focus on research. Cisco is the leader in research with R&D spending at 14 % of Revenues </li></ul><ul><li>Indian companies and govt. deptts. should follow suit. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Factors limiting R&D in India <ul><li>Lack of government support </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate support services and proper infrastructure in place such as roads, railways, airports etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived risks too high </li></ul><ul><li>Political instability </li></ul>
  16. 16. Strengths and Primary Drivers of R&D in India <ul><li>Large pool of intellectual capital </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap availability of manpower </li></ul><ul><li>Global recognition of Indian brains and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid approach to globalization </li></ul><ul><li>English as a medium of education </li></ul><ul><li>Fast growing middle class group </li></ul><ul><li>Quality at low cost </li></ul>
  17. 17. Opportunity Areas in IT <ul><li>Grid computing </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband proliferation </li></ul><ul><li>Converged/networked devices </li></ul><ul><li>Miniaturization and personalization </li></ul><ul><li>Offshore sourcing – India as R&D hub </li></ul><ul><li>RFID Tags for tracking and identification i.e. smart cards </li></ul><ul><li>Biometric devices to carry money or for identification </li></ul><ul><li>3 dimensional image processing and holographic images </li></ul><ul><li>Develop affordable PCs and telephony </li></ul>
  18. 18. THANK YOU
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