Bordetella pertussis


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Bordetella pertussis

  1. 1. BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS Edward O. ,Benora M. The Science and Math Academy August 5, 2006
  2. 2. What is Bordetella Pertussis <ul><li>Pertussis is airborne disease that is spread through the respiratory system, which is found in younger children. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the major problems that are caused is bronchopneumonia , encephalopathy, and vomiting. </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of Bordetella Pertussis <ul><li>Before the introduction of vaccine, there was average of about 147,271 cases that were reported per year. </li></ul><ul><li>At least 5,000-10,000 deaths would occur. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1940’s, there was a decrease in the number of deaths that would occur because of the wild use of vaccine. </li></ul><ul><li>The disease was found in older children and adults because many were not immune. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Disease by Organism <ul><li>Whooping Cough is cause by the bacteria know as Bortdetella Pertussis. Whooping Cough is a highly contagious disease that normally occurs around the age of four. </li></ul><ul><li>It is known to be a airborne disease that causes problems in the respiratory system. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Symptoms of Disease <ul><li>In the first stage of whooping cough, the major symptoms are runny nose, mild cough, and low-grade fever. </li></ul><ul><li>In the second stage, the child has upper respiratory congestion from the thicker nasal discharge. It may last for one to two weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>The third stage knows as the paroxysmal stage, cause the child to cough five to ten times. This is follow by intake of air and then a whooping sound is let out as the child exhales. This stage last for two to four weeks. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treatments <ul><li>The are several types of vaccines that has been use to treat the disease: </li></ul><ul><li>Whole cell vaccine -tend to cause side effects in children and infants. </li></ul><ul><li>DTP – diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis </li></ul><ul><li>DTPH- is a vaccine that combines DTP and vaccine against Homophiles influenza type b meningitis (hib). </li></ul><ul><li>DTaP- is a cellular pertussis that uses DTP. (It should only be taken at the fourth and fifth dose.) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Age 0 1 2 3-4 5- 10- 15- 20- 25- 30- 35- 40- 45- 50- 55- 60- 65- 70- 75- 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 0 20 40 60 80 100 estimated infections notified cases RIVM 2002 Analysis of Bordetella Pertussis Over Time            
  8. 8. Bibliography <ul><li>Coordinating Center for infectious Disease. (October 13,2005). Divison of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases. July 30, 2006, </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Eupertstrain. Age distribution of infection with Bordetella Pertussis versus age distribution of notified pertussis. July 30, 2006, </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Goetz,M. (1997). Pertussis Vaccination and Serious Central Nervous System Disorders: Early Case Series Evidence and Public Reaction. July30,2006, </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bibliography <ul><li>Health On the Net foundation. (2001). Health Encyclopedia- Diseases and Conditions. July 30,2006, </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Hoiseth, S. (2004). The Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology. California: San Diego. </li></ul><ul><li>Kenneth Todar University.(2004). Bordetella pertussis and Whooping Cough. July 30, 2006, </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Watstein,S.,Jovanovic.J,(2003). Statistical Handbook infections Diseases. Connecticut; Greenwood Press. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Words to know <ul><li>Bronchopneumonia – inflammation of the lungs that are spread by the infection of the bronchi. </li></ul><ul><li>Encephalopathy – disease of the brain. </li></ul>