Craft documentation

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    1. 1. Summer project,2010<br />CRAFT DOCUMENTATION(Punjab)<br />.Patiala. Amritsar .Nakodar.Hoshiarpur<br />NIIFT JALANDHAR<br />BATCH-2009-12<br />A Presentation by:-Group “B”<br />
    2. 2. OUR SPECIAL THANKS GO TO<br />The REEDS Wooden Handicrafts<br />Cluster Hoshiarpur, Punjab.<br />An Initiative of the KVIC-CFURTI Programme.<br />An integral unit of the REEDS. (The rural Environmental Enterprises Development Society)<br />Registered under the Societies Registration Act (1860).<br />Committed to Skill Development for survival, Sustance and support.<br />H.Q. :#1116, SECTOR 33-C, CHANDIGARH.Ph. : +91-172-4631116, 2605678<br /><ul><li>JagmohanAngra</li></ul>Mob. : 9815349297<br />Cluster Development Executive.<br /><ul><li>RUPAN MATHARU</li></ul>National Awardee<br />Specialist in:<br />Inlay work in wooden.<br /><ul><li>P.S HANDICRAFT</li></ul>MANUFACTURES& EXPORTERS WOODEN HANDICRAFTS<br />VILL.Chhaunikallan, Ram Colony Camp Hoshiarpur (pb)<br />Ph. +911882236280 (F) 9417043694 (M)<br />E-mail:parminder-handicraft@yahoo.co.in, iccaindia@rediffmail.com<br />
    3. 3. Par minder Singh<br />Managing director<br /><ul><li>JHANKI DEVI (CRAFTMANS OF PHULKARI).</li></ul>TRIPURI(PATIALA)<br /><ul><li>JUGAL KISHORE.</li></ul>PUNJABI JUTTIES CRAFTMANS, TOPKHANAMOR,PATIALA<br /><ul><li>VIJAY KISHORE</li></ul>PUNJABI JUTTIE, TOPKHANAMOR, PATIALA<br /><ul><li>SANJAY RATHORE</li></ul>PARANDHI, PHULWALA CHOWK, PATIALA.<br /><ul><li>BHAGWANTI DEVI.</li></ul>PHULKARI CRAFT, TRIPALI, PATIALA<br /><ul><li>SATISH KUMAR.</li></ul>PUNJABI JUTTIES CRAFT, TOPKHANAMOR, PATIALA.<br /><ul><li>SOMA DEVI, GOUNS MOHALLA, NAKODHAR.</li></ul>(DURRIES MAKING)<br /><ul><li>NARENDRA KUMAR, GOUNS MOHALLA, NAKODHAR.</li></ul>(DURRIES MAKING)<br /><ul><li>RAJU KUMAR, KHADDI GRAM UDH0YOAG, NAKHODAR.</li></ul>(PANJA DURRIES)<br /><ul><li>RAISH KHAN, KHADDI GRAM UDH0YOAG, NAKHODAR.</li></ul>(PANJA DURRIES)<br /><ul><li>ARUN KUMAR, JANDIALA, AMRITSHAR, PUNJAB.</li></ul>(KESH WORK)<br /><ul><li>BALDEV KRISHNA, REEDS, HOSHIARPUR (PUNJAB).</li></li></ul><li>(INLAY WORK)<br /><ul><li>JOGINDAR SINGH, PAL, ADAMWAL, HOSHIARPUR, (PUNJAB).</li></ul>(INLAY WORK).<br /><ul><li>SURENDAR NATH, ADAMWAL, HOSHIARPUR, (PUNJAB).</li></ul>(HATTHI SPECIALIST, INLAY WORK).<br /><ul><li>VIJAY KUMAR, ADAMWAL, HOSHIARPUR, (PUNJAB).</li></ul>(INLAY WORK).<br /><ul><li>HUZ MOHMOOD, KOT KHALSA, AMRITSAR (PUNJAB).</li></ul>(JALI WORK).<br /><ul><li>SHANTI DEVI, KOT KHALSA, AMRITSAR(PUNJAB)</li></ul>(JALI WORK)<br /><ul><li>SHARDA DEVI, KOT KHALSA, AMRITSAR,(PUNAJB)</li></ul>(JALI WORK)<br /><ul><li>RAKESH KUMAR, KOT KHALSA, AMRITSAR,(PUNJAB)</li></ul>(JALI WORK)<br /><ul><li>LAL CHAND, KOT KHALSA, AMRITSAR,(PUNJAB)</li></ul>(JALI WORK)<br /><ul><li>MINAKSHI DEVI</li></ul> (PUNJABI JUTTI)<br />
    4. 4. Our Group representatives<br />Abhijeet kumar<br />Aditya Singh<br />Kunal kumar<br />Neeraj kataria<br />Neha Bharti<br />Pardeep Mahajan<br />Puja Kumari<br />Rajnikant Suman<br />Shipra<br />Patrisha<br />Shalu chachan<br />Shweta<br />
    5. 5. Haveli<br />
    6. 6. Crafts and its region<br />Craft covered during craft documentation <br /><ul><li>Phulkari:Patiala
    7. 7. Jutti making:Patiala
    8. 8. Prandis: Patiala.
    9. 9. Inlay wooden work:Hosiarpur
    10. 10. Durries Making:Nakodar and Jandiala
    11. 11. Jalli wooden work: Amritsar
    12. 12. Jutti making: Amritsar</li></li></ul><li> Punjab<br />Punjab is said to have derived its name from the five rivers that flow through this region Indus, Sutlej, Beas, Ravi and Ghaggar. It was a region that formed parts of the Indus Valley civilization. The land of Punjab is a land of exciting culture. The state has achieved tremendous growth over the years due to the success of the Green Revolution in the early 70s. <br />
    13. 13. Punjab at a glance<br /><ul><li> Location:-North-West India.
    14. 14. Area:-50362 km2
    15. 15. Coordinates:-30.79°N 76.78°E /.
    16. 16. Capital:-Chandigarh.
    17. 17. District:-20.
    18. 18. Established:-1956.
    19. 19. Largest city:-Ludhiana,Ferozpur.
    20. 20. Population:-24,289,296 (15th).
    21. 21. Density:-482 /km2 .
    22. 22. Language:-Punjabi, Hindi.
    23. 23. Craft hub:-Amritsar, Hosiarpur, Patiala,Nakodar.</li></ul> <br />
    24. 24. <ul><li>Historical places:-Golden Temple,jalliawala bagh,Sheesh mahal.</li></ul>Golden temple(Amritsar)<br />Jallianwala Bagh(Amritsar)<br />Sheesh Mahal(Patiala) <br />
    25. 25. <ul><li>Festivals:- Baisakhi,Lohri,Gurpurab.</li></ul>Lohri<br />Baisakhi<br />
    26. 26. <ul><li>History and religion</li></ul>The three main religions in the area are Sikhism, Hinduism, and Islam. The region has been invaded and ruled by many different empires and races, including the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Egyptians, Afghans, and Mongols. Around the time of the 15th Century, Guru Nanak Dev founded the Sikh religion, which quickly came to prominence in the region, and shortly afterwards, Maharaja Ranjit Singh reformed the Punjab into a secular and powerful state. <br />
    27. 27. PATIALA(TRADITIONAL EMBROIDERY OF PUNJAB)<br /><ul><li>PHULKARI
    28. 28. JANKI DEVI</li></li></ul><li> Phulkari, Punjabi jutties, parandhi <br /><ul><li>Region-Patiala</li></ul>Famous for ‘pulkari’,‘peg’, ‘pagri’, ‘paranda’ (tasselled tag for braiding hair and ‘Jutti’ (footwear), joyous buoyance, royal demeanor, sensuous and graceful feminine gait and Aristocracy, Patiala presents a beautiful bouquet of life-style even to a casual visitor to the city. <br />
    29. 29. Patiala at a glance<br /><ul><li> Forming the south-eastern part of the state, it lies between 29°49’ and 30°47’ north latitude, 75°58’ and 76°54' east longitude. 
    30. 30. Patiala district with an area of 3625 Sq. kms. was the 5th largest district of the Punjab (area wise).</li></ul>HISTROLICAL PLACES<br /><ul><li> Qila Mubarak.
    31. 31. Sheesh Mahal.</li></ul>Sheesh Mahal.<br />Qila Mubarak. <br />
    32. 32. <ul><li>Craft in Patiala
    33. 33. Patiala is the main hub of so many craft like phulkari, Punjabi jutties, parandhi etc.
    34. 34. Tripuri is the main hub of phulkari.
    35. 35. Tophkhana MOR is the main hub of Punjabi jutties in Patiala where about thousands cottages are employed for making Punjabi jutties.</li></ul>Phulkari<br />Punjabi jutties<br />parandhi<br />
    36. 36. Phulkari<br />Introduction<br />Region:-Patiala<br /><ul><li>The word Phulkari literally means flowering. It is a form of craft in which embroidery is done in a simple and sparse design over shawls and dupattas.
    37. 37. The lively villages of Punjab offer the colourful darn stitches with traditional patterns reflecting their life-style.
    38. 38. Embroidery in Punjab has been the part of the basic education of the girls.
    39. 39. It has also been customary for the parents to give hand embroidery clothes to girls in dowry.
    40. 40. It is domestic as well as commercial craft.
    41. 41. The main characteristics of Phulkari embroidery are use of darn stitch on the wrong side of coarse cotton cloth with colored silken thread. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Origin
    42. 42. Phulkari embroidery has been popular since the 15th century.
    43. 43. Phulkari came from Iran where it is known as Gulkari some feel it came from central Asia along with Jat tribes who migrated to India and settled in Punjab, Haryana and Gujarat. There is reference of Phulkari in Vedas, Mahabharata, Guru Garanth Sahib and folk songs of Punjab.
    44. 44. Region
    45. 45. It is done all over the Punjab (NORTHERN PUNJAB IN PAKISTHAN LIKE HAZARA AND CHAKWAL ALSO.) region and their adjacent state like Haryana.
    46. 46. In Punjab, Patiala is the main hub of phulkari embroidery.
    47. 47. Tripali in Patiala is the main hub of phulkari where almost every house is engaged in phulkari craft in domestic as well as in commercial way</li></li></ul><li>Classification of Phulkari Embroidery<br /> It has been classified according to its embroidery scheme as follows:<br /><ul><li> The true Phulkari where the patterns was disappeared at intervals over the ground.
    48. 48. The Bagh or Garden where the entire ground surface was covered by embroidery looking like rich tapestry.</li></li></ul><li>Classification of Phulkari Embroidery<br /><ul><li> The chobe or chope where the wide boarders and edges were ornamented while the central part of fabric remained in decorated.
    49. 49. Shishdar or mirror work embroidery, mirror pieces within the embroidery. The base fabric was hand spun and hand woven coarse khaddar. </li></li></ul><li>Motifs<br /><ul><li> Phulkari motifs contain life in villages, innumerable and intricate geometric patterns, everyday life etc Wheat and barley stalk with ears are a common motifs. </li></ul>Fabric Used<br /><ul><li> The base fabric used in phulkari is khaddar made up of hand spun yarns with it loosely woven mesh. It is an ideal fabric as threads can be easily count. </li></ul>Block use for Blocking the fabric<br />
    50. 50. Color of fabric<br /><ul><li> The ground fabric color used for Phulkari is of white, red of several shades, dark blue and black color. The back ground is generally maroon or scarlet.</li></ul>Stitch and Thread used<br /><ul><li> Darn stitch on the wrong side of coarse cloth with color silken thread is used. The other stitches used are darning, stem, herringbone, satin, straight, back, running, blanket, split, cross, and chain stitch.
    51. 51. Silk threads in strands came from Kashmir, Afghanistan and Bengal are used but best quality of silk came from china is used.</li></li></ul><li>Basic process involved in Phulkari embroidery<br />Phulkari embroidery consists of following steps:<br /><ul><li> Blocking of fabrics: fabrics are first blocked according to motifs. Blocking is done through wooden blocks that are carved according to motifs in a wood.
    52. 52. Blocked fabric is then ready for the embroidery.
    53. 53. The embroidery is done from the wrong side. Then, darning stitch placed in different directions-vertical, horizontal and diagonal. </li></li></ul><li>Basic process involved in Phulkari embroidery<br /><ul><li> The pattern is controlled by the counting of the thread, but quite often the outline of the pattern is embroidered on the cloth in green thread.
    54. 54. The needle picks up only one thread at a time, so that the back of the pattern is delineated with single lines of color.
    55. 55. In extremely fine stitches. In the front the stitch ranges from 1/2 to1/4 cms in size.</li></li></ul><li>Process involved in BAGH Phulkari embroidery<br /><ul><li> In the bagh, a single thread of the base material separates one pattern from the other. Thus an area is divided into twelve squares by this fine line, the squares themselves being covered with stitches going in different directions.
    56. 56. It is done on a thick material the embroidery can work without a frame.
    57. 57. The stitches used are darning, stem, herringbone, satin, straight, back, running, blanket, split, cross, and chain stitch.</li></li></ul><li>Process involved in CHOPE Phulkari embroidery<br /><ul><li> The chope, which is presented to the bride by her grandmother-in-law, the embroidery is done in yellow with occasional touches of blue or green only on the borders, the field, always red is left plain. Here there is no right or wrong side, the stitches being even on both sides.</li></li></ul><li>Phulkari in Tripuri<br /><ul><li> Tripuri in Patiala is the main hub of Phulkari in Punjab where about every house is engaged in doing phulkari.
    58. 58. Craftsman of tripali is well developed this craft from domestic to commercial status. Women of every age groupis practiced it.
    59. 59. A segment of craftsman is migrated from each side during the partition. This flourished the craft from both countries.
    60. 60. There are many numbers of personalities who lead the foundation of phulkari in tripuri; Janaki Devi is one of them.</li></li></ul><li> JANAKI DEVI<br /><ul><li> Janaki Devi is one of the famous and national awardees personalities in Tripuri who was migrated from Pakistan during the partition of the country.
    61. 61. Since childhood she involved them in phulkari as it is passing through generation to generation. She and her five sisters with her father came India during the partition. However, she has well organized them in India.</li></li></ul><li> JANAKI DEVI<br /><ul><li>In Tripuri she promoted the phulkari from domestic to commercial status.
    62. 62. She has a shop of phulkari showroom in tripuri and has more than hundred labors for the phulkari. She and her sisters are well defined the phulkari in tripali in commercial way. </li></li></ul><li>JUTTI<br />
    63. 63. Punjabi jutties<br />Region:-Patiala<br />Introduction<br /><ul><li> The Punjabi Jutties are famous for worldwide for their heavily embroidered intricate patterns
    64. 64. The jutties are exquisitely decorated with gold and muti-colored threads so that the shoes look like being made of solid gold.
    65. 65. The consummate artworks on these jutties speak volumes of elegance and style and are artistically designed to make any occasion special.</li></li></ul><li>Punjabi jutties<br /><ul><li> Punjabi jutties are always handcrafted, slip-on style, flat heeled with a pointed toe and the front part is exquisitely adorned to impart a royal appeal. Available for all sexes in varied colors and sizes, they are perfect as formal or informal footwear and blends easily to accompany most of the Indian attires.
    66. 66. Jutties are reasonably priced, very comfortable, just right for humid climates, and yet possesses a royal feel.</li></li></ul><li>Region<br /><ul><li> Topkhana MOR, Patiala where thousands of family engaged in making Punjabi jutties as a commercial way.</li></ul>Topkhana mor<br />
    67. 67. Basic materials for making Jutties<br /><ul><li> The soft and fine quality leather.
    68. 68. Zari, salma, tilla, as well as cotton threads vibrant threads, seashells as well as. A wide range of fancy decorative materials like beads, pearls, colorful s tiny mirrors are used.</li></li></ul><li>Basic tools<br /><ul><li>Kurpi.
    69. 69. Rummy.
    70. 70. Rampa.
    71. 71. Samna.
    72. 72. Aarie.
    73. 73. Rammi.</li></ul>Different types of jutti<br /><ul><li>EMBROIDERED PUNJABI JUTTI.</li></ul>The elegance of the jutti comes from the sleek toe and its round shape curve.<br />
    74. 74. <ul><li>EMBROIDERY JUTTIES</li></ul>Unlike `kausa` jutti which has a pointed toe and a `noke` this jutti has a special rounded toe beautifully embroidied into different patterns.<br /><ul><li>QUEEN PAAKIZA PUNJABI JUTTI</li></ul>Queen Paakiza Punjabi jutti symobizes the ancient designed jutti.<br /><ul><li>VEER ZARA PUNJABI JUTTI</li></ul>This veer Zara Punjabi jutti is made up of soft leather but fully embroidered with thread work.<br />
    75. 75. <ul><li>PATIALA SUIT MATCHING JUTTI</li></ul>The elegance of the Patiala suit matching jutti comes from the sleek toe and a `M` shaped curve, beautifully made of thread and zari.<br /><ul><li>BRIDAL JUTTIES</li></ul>In these ladies fancy Royal Punjabi Jutti much embroidery and sippi work is done on a silky cloth and then pasted and leather used is very fine quality and weightless.<br />
    76. 76. Craftsman Info<br />ABOUT THE VIJAY KUMAR<br /> Vijay Kumar is one of the famous personalities in Punjabi jutties making in Patiala having 26 shops of Punjabi jutties.He has to be sold the jutties outside the countries also. He has been employed thousands of craftsman’s. <br /><ul><li>Your good name: Vijay Kumar.
    77. 77. Age: 32.
    78. 78. Sex: Male.
    79. 79. When you started working in this craft: when 15 years of age.
    80. 80. Educational Qualification: 10th STD.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Craft passing from generation to generation: yes
    81. 81. Is the entire family engaged in this craft: Yes.
    82. 82. Per day income: depend upon product sold.
    83. 83. Any govt. help: No.
    84. 84. Craft practised by any particular community: yes.
    85. 85. Seasonal craft: No.
    86. 86. Sustain entire family: Yes.
    87. 87. Product through brokers: no.
    88. 88. Other craftsman like Jugal Kishore worked on daily wages under the Vijay Kumar.</li></li></ul><li>Craftsman Info<br /><ul><li>Your good name: Jugal Kishore.
    89. 89. Age: 56.</li></ul>Sex: Male.<br /><ul><li>When you started working in this craft: when 5 years of age.
    90. 90. Educational Qualification: none.
    91. 91. Craft passing from generation to generation: yes. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Is the entire family engaged in this craft: Yes.
    92. 92. Per day income: 100
    93. 93. Any govt. help: No.
    94. 94. Craft practised by any particular community: yes.
    95. 95. Seasonal craft: No.
    96. 96. Sustain entire family: no.
    97. 97. Product through brokers: yes. </li></li></ul><li>PARANDIS<br />
    98. 98. PARANDIS<br />Introduction<br />Region:-Patiala<br /><ul><li>The colorful "Parandis" adds to the vibrant and dynamic character of the state of Punjab.
    99. 99. One of the traditional handicraft industries, the Parandi craftsmen displays the rich artistic skills of the people of the state. The attractive and beautiful parandis bear relics of the rich creative imagination of the people of the state of Punjab.
    100. 100. The traditional handicraft industry of Parandi has served the people with its beautiful artistic creations from the ancient times. The Parandi craftsmen require great deal of patience to make the "Parandis". The Parandi craftsmen eloquently decorate the Parandis with fine silk threads of various colours to make them look attractive.</li></li></ul><li>Different types of Prandies<br />
    101. 101. Craftsman Info<br /><ul><li>Your good name: Sanjay Rathore
    102. 102. Age: 20 years.
    103. 103. Sex: Male.
    104. 104. When you started work in this craft: 7 years ago.
    105. 105. Rate of Parandi: 50-3000 and as per design.
    106. 106. Seasonal craft: yes.
    107. 107. Export in which cities: Kolkata, Mumbai & local in Punjab.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Is the entire family engaged in this craft: Yes.
    108. 108. Time take to make a Parandi: 1 hour generally depends on design.
    109. 109. Application: In traditional dance.
    110. 110. Profit: Satisfiable.
    111. 111. Products sell through Brokers: No.
    112. 112. Per day income: Depends upon season & its type.</li></li></ul><li>HOSHAIRPUR(INLAY WOODEN CRAFT)<br /><ul><li>Indus valley civilization
    113. 113. RUPAN MATHARU
    114. 114. THE REEDS
    115. 115. KVIC</li></li></ul><li>Inlay work<br />Region-Hosiarpur.<br />Introduction to Hoshiarpur district of Punjab was a part of Indus Valley Civilization. It was founded, according to tradition, during the early part of the 4th century. In 1809 it was occupied by the forces of Maharaja anvil Singh and was united under the greater state of Punjab.<br />
    116. 116. Location:<br /><ul><li>It is located in 31degree32’N 75degree55’E 31 North East part of 53degreeN 75.92degreeE.
    117. 117. TOTAL AREA: 3198sq.Kms
    118. 118. TOTAL POPULATION: 14,78,045
    119. 119. Males: 7,63,653
    120. 120. Females: 7,14,292
    121. 121. Female per Male: 935.
    122. 122. Density of Population (per sq. kms): 439.</li></li></ul><li>Climate<br /><ul><li>The district has mild climate due to abundance of hilly terrain on one hand and sizeable forest covers thereon, on other side. This has made the summer higher quite pleasant. Temperatures drop as low as -5oC in the winter.</li></ul>Historical Places<br />Gurdwara Sahib Shahidan(village Lahdewal in Mahilpur town)<br />GurdwaraShahidan(Harijanvillan)<br />BhameshwariMandir.<br />BhameshwariMandir.<br />
    123. 123. Art and craft <br />Wooden inlay work is well flourished in Hosiarpur district of Punjab. After the partition of India, Hindu family practised it. <br />
    124. 124. Inlay work<br /><ul><li>Hoshiarpur in Punjab specializes in wood inlay. Here mostly seesham wood is used, occasionally black wood, both as ground, and sometimes with ivory inlay.
    125. 125. Originally only ivory pieces were used but now due to its scarcity and very high cost, substitutes such as old piano keys, even badla (zinc) are utilized for the inlay work. Of late plastic is also being widely used for this purpose.
    126. 126. Examples of inlay articles produced in this region are table tops, teapots, trays, table legs, screens, bowls, cigarette cases and chessboards.
    127. 127. The designs are largely of the traditional Moghul variety with emphasis on flora, fauna and geometrical patterns.</li></li></ul><li>
    128. 128. Basic material used in inlay work<br /><ul><li>Wood. (redwood and mahogany used in this example)
    129. 129. Stencil.
    130. 130. Tape.
    131. 131. Dermal power carver.
    132. 132. Jigsaw.
    133. 133. Chisel.
    134. 134. Rubber mallet.
    135. 135. Sandpaper.
    136. 136. Wood glue.
    137. 137. Wood stain.
    138. 138. Paint brush.(medium) </li></li></ul><li>Basic steps involved in process of inlay work<br /><ul><li>Make a pattern. We will have to make a pattern first before we go cutting wood. We can do this by tracing the pattern on the wood. By doing so, we can cut it more efficiently in accordance to our plan.
    139. 139. Cut the wood strips. After doing this, we can now cut the narrow wood strips. So that we will not have a hard time, we can get a table saw to do this. </li></li></ul><li>Drill grooves into the wood.<br /> Small objects that we will have to work on require a hand wood carving v-chisel so that we can make the grooves.<br /> We might want to cut the grooves wider to create some allowance.<br />One-thirty-second to one-sixteenth of an inch in allowance would do fine.<br /> <br /><ul><li> A plunge router, provided it has a straight bit, can drill hollow grooves fit for the inlay.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Smooth out the grooves. Smooth out the grooves of the inlay with a use of a sandpaper to create thinner grooves. After this is set, we will have to put wood glue to the thin woods back. We should also put glue on the grooves.
    140. 140. Stick the pieces of wood together. Stick them together by pressing it down evenly with your fingers. We can hammer it down so that it really sticks.
    141. 141. Wipe the glue off. With a damp cloth, wipe any excess glue off the top.
    142. 142. Leave the woodwork to dry. We will have to leave the woodwork for at least 12 hours. Afterwards, you can finish this with sandpaper.</li></li></ul><li>craftsman info<br />Your good name: Baldev Krishna. <br />Sex: male. <br />Age: 62. <br />D.O.B:1948.<br />When you started working in this craft: 1964.<br />Educational qualification: 8th STD.<br />Craft passing from generation to generation: yes.<br />Is the entire family engaged in this craft: yes.<br />First work:” Sitting Posture of GAUTAM BUDDHA”<br />Per day income: 150.<br />Any help or patronage from government or any NGO: no.<br />
    143. 143. <ul><li>Particular community involved in this craft: no.
    144. 144. Seasonal craft: no.
    145. 145. Sustain entire family: no.
    146. 146. Product through broker: yes
    147. 147. Fear from any anti-social elements: no.
    148. 148. Engaged next generation: no.
    149. 149. Any award: State award (5months before).
    150. 150. Latest award:-“THE REEDS”(The Rural Environmental Enterprises Development Society), Life Time achievement and “CERTIFICATE OF HONOUR”. </li></li></ul><li>craftsman info <br />Your good name: Parmindar Singh.<br />Age: 45.<br />Sex: male.<br />When you started working in<br /> this craft: when 10 yrs. Of age.<br />Educational qualification: Matric, ITI in carpenter.<br />Craft passing generation to generation: yes.<br />Entire family engaged: yes.<br />Per day income: 1000.<br />
    151. 151. <ul><li>Per product income: 35%.
    152. 152. Any help or patronage: yes. (There are so many schemes like “Ambedkar Scheme” from government but did not take).
    153. 153. Particular community involved in this craft: no.
    154. 154. Seasonal craft: no (75%daily uses and 25% decoration purposes).
    155. 155. Sustain entire family: yes.
    156. 156. Sell through broker: no.
    157. 157. Fear from any anti-social elements: no.
    158. 158. Engaged next generation: yes.
    159. 159. Any award: national award.</li></li></ul><li>craftsman info <br />Your good name: Vijay Kumar. <br />Age: 40.<br />Sex: male.<br />When started working in<br /> this craft: when16 yrs. Of age.<br />Educational qualification: 9th STD.<br />Passing generation to generation: yes.<br />Entire family engaged: NO.<br />Per day income: 150 to 200.<br />
    160. 160. <ul><li>Any help or patronage from government or any NGO: No.
    161. 161. Seasonal craft: no.
    162. 162. Sustain entire family: yes.
    163. 163. Sell through broker: yes.
    164. 164. Fear from any anti-social elements: no.
    165. 165. Engaged next generation: no.
    166. 166. Award
    167. 167. BISHWAKARMA AWARD (1997-98).
    168. 168. NATIONAL AWARD (2010) for “CHARKHA”.
    169. 169. TAJ FESTIVAL AWARD.</li></li></ul><li>craftsman info <br />Awarded craftsman (Rupan Matharu.)<br />Rupan mathuru is one of the most prominent personalities in inlay work wooden craft. He belongs to Hoshiarpur he has been stand with many awards like national, state & regional. He played an important role in the development of inlay work .<br /> YOU’RE GOOD NAME: Rupan Matharu.<br />Father name: Lt .SH.Rajan Matharu. <br />D.O.B:26 -10 -1964. <br />Sex: Male.<br />+<br />
    170. 170. <ul><li>Educational Qualification: Matriculation: G.H.S.</li></ul>School.Paonita sahib ,Dist:sirmour (H.P).<br /><ul><li>When started working in this craft: when 14 years of age.
    171. 171. Passing generation to generation: Yes.
    172. 172. Whole family engaged: Yes.
    173. 173. Per day income: Not defined but depend on product made.
    174. 174. Per product income: 95%.
    175. 175. Any patronage or help from govt.Or any N.G.O: Pension from govt. As a national award.
    176. 176. Particular community: Initially it was in hand of Muslim houses but however after the partition it is in the hands of Hindu houses.
    177. 177. Best moment: Surely when I was awarded with National Award in New Delhi.
    178. 178. Your work experiences: I am working for award achievement so I am working for master pieces.</li></ul> <br />
    179. 179. Achievements for Rupan Matharu. <br />State Award – 1989 – Chandīgarh.<br />National Merit certificate -1994 – New Delhi.<br />National Award – 1989 –New Delhi.<br /> <br />AWARDED BY EX- PRIME MINISTER<br />
    180. 180. RUPAN MATHARU( FUTURE PROGRAMME)<br />Rupan Matharu is one of the famous and national awardees personalities in inlay wooden work in Hosharirpur. <br />He has been taken so many awards as well as certificates in national level as well regional level in this craft in order to promote this craft.<br />His future programme is to present them in UNESCO.For this he is engaged them to make masterpieces. Examples are: hathi, table etc.<br />
    181. 181. About the table<br />Table in inlay work made by Rupan Matharu is one of his masterpieces to display in UNESCO.<br />It has been taken 14 months to complete this having the members of 4 including their son.<br /> Motifs has been taken from famous Golden Temple.<br />VIEW OF TABLE<br />
    182. 182. THE REEDS <br /><ul><li>GOVERNMENT & N.G.O. PROGRAMME IN INLAY WORK.
    183. 183. The Rural Environmental enterprises Development Society” popularly known as The REEDS in all our areas of operations in the States of Haryana, Punjab, Chandigarh U.T., Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. </li></ul>.<br />
    184. 184. PROGRAMME OF REEDS FOR INLAY WORK IN HOSHIARPUR<br /><ul><li>Reeds recently open their branches in Hoshiarpur to prompt the artist in inlay works.
    185. 185. This interacts the artist from every section of socity.it gives golden opportunities to all artists in Hoshiarpur.
    186. 186. Artist employed themselves in it.</li></ul>NOTABLE MEMBERS OF REEDS IN HOSHIARPUR<br /><ul><li>JAGMOHAN ANGRA.
    187. 187. BALDEV KRISHNA.
    188. 188. RUPAN MATHARU (INAGURAL OF REEDS IN HOSHIARPUR).</li></li></ul><li>INFRASTRUCTURE OF REEDS IN HOSHIARPUR<br />Wooden craft or Inlay work machine<br />Name of machine: Doubleside Planner.<br />Value of machine: 21 lack after instalment.<br />Support of machine: Taiwan. <br />Work of machine: planning wood both side simultaneously. <br />Name of holder: Manjeet Rao.<br />doubleside Planner.<br />
    189. 189. Band saw<br />Value of machine: 56,000. <br />Exported country: India.<br />Work of machine: Cutting of wood. <br /><ul><li>Name of machine: Band saw</li></ul>BAND SAW<br />
    190. 190. Hand tools<br />Value: . 28,000. <br />Use: working by and on wood. <br />Hand drill.<br />Rooter: to give circle.<br /> <br /><ul><li>Name of machine: Hand tools </li></ul>HAND TOOL<br />
    191. 191. “THE KVIC-SFURTI INITIATIVE”<br />An integral unit of the REEDS in the Hoshairpur.<br />Mahatma Gandhi urged people to become reliant in the field of live hoods.<br />He extolled them to take to swadeshi cloth and take pride in the home spun.<br />It is his vision that KVIC-SFURTI is transalting into cisions and dreams of innumerable craftsman all over the country.<br />The handicrafts have found a Messiah in the present chair person, Mr Kumud Ben Joshi, who launched the KVIC-SFURTI program.<br />The scheme of the funds for regeneration of traditional industries was like a shot is the arm for the dyeing and languishing and handicrafts that for med an essential part of rural industries in days bygone.<br />
    192. 192. <ul><li>The handicrafts have found a Messiah in the present chair person, Mr. Kumud Ben Joshi, who launched the KVIC-SFURTI program</li></ul>. <br /><ul><li>The wooden inlay and lacquer workers of Hoshiarpur today look towards that KVIC-SFURTI for support, back up capacity building and ultimately progress and development towards properly for all.
    193. 193. With the advent of the KVIC-SFURTI programme the artisans have gained a new lease on life.
    194. 194. There in now hope for the resurrection of these rare art forms.
    195. 195. The 1000 artisans strong cluster of wooden inlay and lacquer work at Hoshiarpur is commuted to the creation of beautiful architect that well immortalize the efforts put in by the artisan.
    196. 196. The KVIC-SFURTI and there implementing Agency, The REEDS.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The Hoshiarpur wooden handcrafts cluster have been blessed with the coalition forces of the KVIC-SFURTI, the department of tourism movement of Indians, the Punjab heritage and tourism promotion board department of tourism govt. of Punjab an d the distt. Administration Hoshiarpur distt. As well as the Punchayat of village Boothgarh.</li></li></ul><li>NAKODAR(DURRIES MAKING)<br /><ul><li>HANDROOM
    197. 197. POWERLOOM</li></li></ul><li>Durries<br /><ul><li>Region-Nakodar</li></ul>Nakodar is a Town in NakodarMandal in Jalandhar District in Punjab State .The name Nakodar is a said to be derived from the Persian words Nekikadar, which mean 'Gate of Goodness or Virtue'.<br />Nakodar map<br />
    198. 198. Nakodar at a glance<br /><ul><li>Nakodar is located at 31°08′N 75°28′E31.13°N 75.47°E. It has an average elevation of 223 meters.
    199. 199. Population of Nakodar 31,422. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%.
    200. 200. Nakodar has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 69%. In Nakodar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.</li></li></ul><li>HISTROLICAL PLACES<br /><ul><li>The Tomb of Mohammed Momin.
    201. 201. The Tomb of Haji Jamal.</li></ul>The Tomb of Mohammed Momin.<br />The Tomb of Haji Jamal.<br />
    202. 202. Durries<br /><ul><li>In the villages, women weave durries (a pile less cotton spread, which can be used on a bed or on the floor). Girls are taught the art of weaving durries at a young age.
    203. 203. The durries are woven in different sizes, patterns-geometrical, animals, birds, leaves and flowers-and colours.
    204. 204. Nakodar, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Tarn Taran and Anandpur Sahib offer a vast variety of durries</li></ul>Region:-Nakodar<br />Introduction<br />
    205. 205. Technique<br /><ul><li>Many of the Punjabi village girls are involved in weaving of durries from a young age.
    206. 206. These durries are made in two distinct ways, depending on their purpose. Striped, multi-colored durries that are used on bed are manufactured by pit loom.
    207. 207. The art of durries-making lies in creating colorful patterns, keeping t-he rug reversible. The design is created by </li></ul>interweaving colored weft threads through the wrap threads. <br /><ul><li>The weft is usually wool and the wrap is either cotton or wool. Different types of patterns are created on the durries, during weaving. The striped durries is the most popular one.</li></li></ul><li>Types of durrie<br />Durries also known as flat woven rugs serve various purposes like , they cater the needs of small families, used to seat large congregations of people assembled for religious or political gathering etc. Available in different types such as : <br /> <br />GULCHAMAN DURRIE<br /><ul><li>Gulchaman Durri is also made in Nakodar by the families members.
    208. 208. White silk thread is used in warp yarn as it is strong enough to give strength where as maroon soot. Thread is used is weft yarns. Geometrical patterns are mostly used in Gulchaman durri.
    209. 209. It is handmade durrie.</li></li></ul><li>PUNJA DURRIE<br /><ul><li>It is a machine made durri. Traditional textiles have been in used.
    210. 210. Traditional motifs such as Pigeon parrot flower pots, animals, geometrical designs have been used .
    211. 211. Its measure are 7 feet in length and 4 feet in width.
    212. 212. The work thread used in this durri is always found in white color where as rest of the threads are used according to the contrast color.
    213. 213. The warp threads are called “TANA” and the weft threads are called “BANA” traditionally. </li></li></ul><li>JACQUARD DURRI<br /><ul><li>It is also a machine made durri.
    214. 214. Mostly animals and flowers motifs are used in this durri.
    215. 215. Thread used in jacquard durri is made of cotton yarns.
    216. 216. Colors used are red, yellow, white and Persian blue</li></ul>.<br /><ul><li> Warp threads are made of thin cotton yarns, which is white colour.Weft thread is made up of colorful yarns.</li></li></ul><li>Cotton Durries<br /><ul><li> They are made from pure cotton and enhance the look of your décor. Cotton durries are available in unique color and trendy patterns, designs, sizes and at industry leading prices.</li></ul>Chennile Durries: <br /><ul><li> Chennile durries are colorful floor covering and crafted in vivid colors with intricate designs to create an nimbus of richness.</li></ul>Jute Durries: <br /><ul><li> Jute durries are made from eco friendly fiber of supreme quality which reflects our rich aspect of artistic handicrafts.</li></li></ul><li>Modern Designer Durries <br /><ul><li> They protect expensive floorings against any wear , tear , sun or food spillage. Modern durries are available in various intricate and designer patterns and designs. </li></ul>Yarn Durries<br /><ul><li> Yarn durries reflect durability having 1000gms to 1250gms per square meter size. They are available in a wide range of pattern and colors</li></ul>Floor Durries<br /><ul><li> In terms of designs and patterns , floor durries exhibit finest craftsmanship. They are very attractive , elegant and beautiful , often used as collective item .</li></li></ul><li> DURRIES IN NAKODAR<br /><ul><li> Durries is well flourished in Nakodar. In Nakodar both hand and loom durries are done.</li></ul>GOUNS MOHALLA<br /><ul><li> The thread mainly used in it is cotton which is locally called “soot” Gouns; mohalla is a small village where most of the families are involved in the textile of khadidurrie.
    217. 217. They import soot from Noormahel Road, where it is manufactured. This thread on to the shuttles by the women of the village. This process is done with the help of spinning wheel, which is locally called “CHARKHA”.
    218. 218. The colors mostly used in khadi durri are Red, Blue, Black &Marrun.Per person make 3 durries per day.</li></li></ul><li> KHES DURRIES<br /><ul><li>Region-Jandiala
    219. 219. Kesh durries is another types of durries weaved in jandiala near the Amritsar. It is in check pattern. It prices is depend upon wt.its color is dark but generally found in white. It is exported in Panipat and Rajasthan. It is less dyed. </li></li></ul><li>Craftsman Info<br /><ul><li> Your good name: Purushottam Lal
    220. 220. Age: 46
    221. 221. Sex: Male.
    222. 222. When started working in this craft: 25 years of age.
    223. 223. Qualification: 6th
    224. 224. Passing generation to generation: No
    225. 225. Entire family engaged : Half.
    226. 226. Per day income: 100/-
    227. 227. Common name of the Durries: Khadi durries or Furd.
    228. 228. Any help or patronage from govt. : No
    229. 229. Community: Any or NGO.
    230. 230. Seasonal: Yes but work annually.
    231. 231. Self through broker: Yes.
    232. 232. Fear from any anti-social elements : No
    233. 233. Engaged next generation : No. </li></li></ul><li>Craftsman Info<br />(Ladies)<br /><ul><li> Your good name: Soma devi
    234. 234. Age : 50.
    235. 235. Sex : Female.
    236. 236. When work started : After marriage 35 years of age.
    237. 237. Work: To bob the threads.
    238. 238. Entire family engaged: No.
    239. 239. Educational Qualification: No.
    240. 240. Craft Passing from generation to generation: No.
    241. 241. Per day income: 25.
    242. 242. Per product income: 12.
    243. 243. Any govt. /outside help: No.
    244. 244. Any particular community: Yes.
    245. 245. Sell through broker : Yes.
    246. 246. Engaged your next generation: No.</li></li></ul><li>Craftsman Info<br /><ul><li> Your good name: Narinder Kumar.
    247. 247. Age: 35.
    248. 248. Sex: Male.
    249. 249. Education Qualification: 10& Diploma technical.
    250. 250. Craft passing from generation to generation: Yes.
    251. 251. Any govt./outside help: No.
    252. 252. Seasonal craft: No.
    253. 253. Sustain entire family: No.
    254. 254. Self through Broker: Yes.
    255. 255. Fear from any social anti-element: No.
    256. 256. Engaged next generation to generation: No.</li></li></ul><li>Craftsman Info<br />PANJA DURRIES CRAFT MAN<br /><ul><li>Your good name: Raju Khan.
    257. 257. Age: 30.
    258. 258. Sex: Male.
    259. 259. When you started working in this craft: 15 Years of age;
    260. 260. Educational Qualification: 8th std.
    261. 261. Craft Passing from generation to generation: Yes.
    262. 262. Whole family engaged: Yes.
    263. 263. Per Day income: 200/-
    264. 264. Per Product income: 200/-.
    265. 265. Common name: Durries,Furri,Panja came under Khaddar.
    266. 266. Any govt./outside help: Yes, cloths etc working in governmental organization.
    267. 267. Seasonal craft: Annually.
    268. 268. Extra work: Tailoring.</li></li></ul><li>Craftsman Info<br /><ul><li>Your good name: ARUN KUMAR.
    269. 269. Age: 33.
    270. 270. Sex: Male.
    271. 271. When you started working in this craft: 10 Years ago.
    272. 272. Educational Qualification: 10+2(Punjab board.)
    273. 273. Craft passing from generation to generation: Yes
    274. 274. Whole family engaged: yes.
    275. 275. Per Day income: 1000/day.
    276. 276. Any govt./outside help: NO.
    277. 277. Seasonal craft: yes.
    278. 278. Product sold through brokers : No.
    279. 279. Craft practiced by particular community: NO.
    280. 280. Application: to drape.
    281. 281. Profit: Sustainable.</li></ul>KESH DURRIES<br />
    282. 282. JALI WORK JUTTI<br /><ul><li>Region-Amritsar</li></ul>Amritsar, literally a Pool of Nectar, derives its name from Amrit Sarovar. Amritsar district was a part of the vast area covered under Indus valley Civilization during the early period of history. This civilization developed prior to the Aryans civilization in this region. These evidences for the prevalence of this ancient civilization in this district of Punjab have been furnished by the discovery of certain sites by the archaeologist.<br />
    283. 283. PLACE TO SEE<br /><ul><li>Wagah Border</li></ul>The international border between India and Pakistan. The pomp and pageantry of the Beating Retreat and the Change of Guard within handshaking distance of the Indian and Pakistani forces makes for a most charming spectacle. <br /><ul><li>Jallian Wala Bagh</li></ul>The memorial at this site commemorates the 2000 Indians who were killed or wounded, shot indiscriminately by the British under the command of Gen Michael O"Dyer on April13, 1919 while participating in a peaceful public meeting.<br />
    284. 284. <ul><li>Golden temple(HarmanderSahib)</li></ul>The Golden temple is located in the holy city of the Sikhs, Amritsar. The Golden temple is famous for its full golden dome; it is one of the most sacred pilgrim spots for Sikhs. <br />
    285. 285. JALI WORK<br />Introduction<br /><ul><li>Region-Amritsar</li></ul>Jali work in Amritsar is a type of wood carving craft in which wood is carved according to some geometrical patterns to give net effect. It is mainly practiced in Amritsar. The wood that is used in this craft is mainly shagwan and shisam wood. Design is developed through mind. <br />
    286. 286. Craftsman Info<br /><ul><li> Your good name: HuzMahmood
    287. 287. Age: 55.
    288. 288. Sex: Male.
    289. 289. When you started working in this craft: when 26 years of age.
    290. 290. Educational Qualification: None.
    291. 291. Craft passing from generation to generation: No.
    292. 292. Is the entire family engaged in this craft: Yes.
    293. 293. Per day income: 400-500
    294. 294. Any govt. aid/outside help: No.
    295. 295. Craft practiced by any particular community: No.
    296. 296. Seasonal craft: No.
    297. 297. Sustain entire family: Yes.
    298. 298. Product through brokers: Yes.</li></li></ul><li>Thank you<br />

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