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Imperialism Project
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Imperialism Project

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    • 1. China Resists Outside Influence Diana Lee, Jay Jeong, Joanna Gong World History 9G
    • 2. 华 zhōng huá mín zú
    • 3. 华 zhōng huá
    • 4. 华 zhōng huá
    • 5. 华 zhōng huá “Heavenly Middle Kingdom” = Sense of superiority
    • 6. Chinese Perspective Agricultural economy = Self-sufficient Foreign crops = productivity & effectiveness Mining & manufacturing industries = employment = Little interest in trading with the West
    • 7. Maize, sweet potatoes, peanuts
    • 8. European Perspective Competition among European powers for resources Salt, tin, silver, iron Cultural interaction Silk, cotton, porcelain
    • 9. Dowager Empress Cixi Ruler of Qing Dynasty (1861-1908) Generally conservative Supported certain reforms
    • 10. Sphere of Influence Area where foreign nations controlled trade & investment Grew stronger and bigger
    • 11. Course ❖ Opium War ❖ Treaty of Nanjing ❖ Taiping Rebellion ❖ Open Door Policy ❖ Boxer Rebellion
    • 12. Opium War Britain faced trade deficit with China Opium China: used for medicinal purposes Britain: able to supply in quantity = Effectively negated trade deficit
    • 13. Opium War War erupts a) Disregard for opium restrictions b) Jurisdiction of crimes China defeated by advanced technology = Treaty of Nanjing
    • 14. Treaty of Nanjing Britain’s favor Possession of Hong Kong Opening of major ports to British trade Large indemnity Extraterritorial rights = Opium trade more than doubled in 30 years
    • 15. Taiping Rebellion Organized by Hong Xiuquan (1830s) Declared Nanjing as capital (1864) Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace Share wealth w/o poverty
    • 16. Taiping Rebellion Taiping gov. brought down Internal feud Qing imperial troops + British + French forces attack = 20 million deaths
    • 17. Open Door Policy US felt commercial interests in China being threatened Proposed China’s doors to be open to European nations & US = Protected US trading rights = China’s freedom from colonization
    • 18. Boxer Rebellion Boxer Rebellion: campaign against Dowager Empress’ rule & foreigner privilege Peasants resent Chinese Christians & privileges for foreigners Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists = Boxers Failed but nationalism emerged
    • 19. Problems Internal External - Inability to sustain huge increase in population - Opium war - Food shortage - Unequal treaties - Ineffective government
    • 20. Consequences - China Shattered false sense of superiority “Forced open” Opened Chinese ports Exposed to capitalism Intellectuals rethink social & political systems
    • 21. Consequences - Europe Extraterritorial rights Exempt from Chinese law Free trade Domination of Western culture Revolve around Eurocentric views

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