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China Resists Outside Influence
      Diana Lee, Jay Jeong, Joanna Gong
             World History 9G
华
zhōng   huá




mín     zú
华
zhōng   huá
华
zhōng   huá
华
  zhōng            huá




“Heavenly Middle Kingdom”
   = Sense of superiority
Chinese Perspective

 Agricultural economy = Self-sufficient

   Foreign crops = productivity & effectiveness

   Mining & ...
Maize, sweet potatoes, peanuts
European Perspective

Competition among European powers for resources

  Salt, tin, silver, iron

Cultural interaction

  ...
Dowager Empress Cixi

Ruler of Qing Dynasty
(1861-1908)

Generally conservative

  Supported certain
  reforms
Sphere of Influence


Area where foreign nations
controlled trade &
investment

Grew stronger and bigger
Course

❖   Opium War
❖   Treaty of Nanjing
❖   Taiping Rebellion
❖   Open Door Policy
❖   Boxer Rebellion
Opium War

Britain faced trade deficit with China

Opium

  China: used for medicinal purposes

  Britain: able to supply i...
Opium War

War erupts
a) Disregard for opium restrictions
b) Jurisdiction of crimes

    China defeated by advanced techno...
Treaty of Nanjing
Britain’s favor

  Possession of Hong Kong

  Opening of major ports to British trade

  Large indemnity...
Taiping Rebellion

Organized by Hong Xiuquan (1830s)

  Declared Nanjing as capital (1864)

  Heavenly Kingdom of Great Pe...
Taiping Rebellion


Taiping gov. brought down

  Internal feud

  Qing imperial troops + British + French forces attack
  ...
Open Door Policy

US felt commercial interests in China being threatened

Proposed China’s doors to be open to European na...
Boxer Rebellion

Boxer Rebellion: campaign against Dowager Empress’ rule &
foreigner privilege

Peasants resent Chinese Ch...
Problems

           Internal               External

    - Inability to sustain
    huge increase in
    population
     ...
Consequences - China

Shattered false sense of superiority

“Forced open”

  Opened Chinese ports

  Exposed to capitalism...
Consequences - Europe

 Extraterritorial rights

   Exempt from Chinese law

   Free trade

 Domination of Western culture...
Imperialism Project
Imperialism Project
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Imperialism Project

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  • Transcript of "Imperialism Project"

    1. 1. China Resists Outside Influence Diana Lee, Jay Jeong, Joanna Gong World History 9G
    2. 2. 华 zhōng huá mín zú
    3. 3. 华 zhōng huá
    4. 4. 华 zhōng huá
    5. 5. 华 zhōng huá “Heavenly Middle Kingdom” = Sense of superiority
    6. 6. Chinese Perspective Agricultural economy = Self-sufficient Foreign crops = productivity & effectiveness Mining & manufacturing industries = employment = Little interest in trading with the West
    7. 7. Maize, sweet potatoes, peanuts
    8. 8. European Perspective Competition among European powers for resources Salt, tin, silver, iron Cultural interaction Silk, cotton, porcelain
    9. 9. Dowager Empress Cixi Ruler of Qing Dynasty (1861-1908) Generally conservative Supported certain reforms
    10. 10. Sphere of Influence Area where foreign nations controlled trade & investment Grew stronger and bigger
    11. 11. Course ❖ Opium War ❖ Treaty of Nanjing ❖ Taiping Rebellion ❖ Open Door Policy ❖ Boxer Rebellion
    12. 12. Opium War Britain faced trade deficit with China Opium China: used for medicinal purposes Britain: able to supply in quantity = Effectively negated trade deficit
    13. 13. Opium War War erupts a) Disregard for opium restrictions b) Jurisdiction of crimes China defeated by advanced technology = Treaty of Nanjing
    14. 14. Treaty of Nanjing Britain’s favor Possession of Hong Kong Opening of major ports to British trade Large indemnity Extraterritorial rights = Opium trade more than doubled in 30 years
    15. 15. Taiping Rebellion Organized by Hong Xiuquan (1830s) Declared Nanjing as capital (1864) Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace Share wealth w/o poverty
    16. 16. Taiping Rebellion Taiping gov. brought down Internal feud Qing imperial troops + British + French forces attack = 20 million deaths
    17. 17. Open Door Policy US felt commercial interests in China being threatened Proposed China’s doors to be open to European nations & US = Protected US trading rights = China’s freedom from colonization
    18. 18. Boxer Rebellion Boxer Rebellion: campaign against Dowager Empress’ rule & foreigner privilege Peasants resent Chinese Christians & privileges for foreigners Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists = Boxers Failed but nationalism emerged
    19. 19. Problems Internal External - Inability to sustain huge increase in population - Opium war - Food shortage - Unequal treaties - Ineffective government
    20. 20. Consequences - China Shattered false sense of superiority “Forced open” Opened Chinese ports Exposed to capitalism Intellectuals rethink social & political systems
    21. 21. Consequences - Europe Extraterritorial rights Exempt from Chinese law Free trade Domination of Western culture Revolve around Eurocentric views
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