REPORT OF THE COOK COUNTYSUSTAINABILITY ADVISORY COUNCILExecutive Summary June 5, 2013
A Sustainable Cook County2Cook County Board President Preckwinkle established the Cook CountySustainability Advisory Council to help the County becomeEnvironmentally, Socially and Economically Sustainable.The Council recommends an overall Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions ReductionGoal of 80% by 2050, as a way to focus efforts on areas that need actionboth within County government and in the Community.Building Energy is the largest source of GHG emissions, accounting for 67% of the emissions in theCounty and so the Council began its work by focusing on the County’s building energy use. Savingsalready achieved, and near-term actions recommended by the Council, can put Cook County wellahead of schedule on meeting the goal.As the County begins to address Transportation, Waste, Water and other sources of GHG emission,the template of data collection, analysis and decision making used for building energy should beapplied. Cook County should roll out a series of projects to address these areas, to save money,boost the economy, and help create healthier, more livable communities.
Cook County’s Role in Sustainability3The County hasmany spheres ofinfluence:5 million residents130 municipalitiesHalf of the state’seconomic activity22,000 employees150 governmentbuildings45,000 clean economyjobs in the regionMillions of taxpayers,patients, courtattendees, licenseesCommunityProgramsSupply ChainEmployeesBuildings, Fleet,Waste, WaterUse &OperationsCook County Sustainability Spheres of InfluenceSustainability Should be a Part of Everything the CountyDoes, Leverages and Communicates.
Cook County – A Sustainability LeaderGHG emissions arekey to sustainabilitybecause of effects ofclimate change(extreme weather,health impacts, andmore). GHGs comefrom many sectors.Additionalenvironmentalbenefits fromefficiencies in thesesectors: conservationof water, land andother naturalresources, andreduction ofparticulates, toxicmetals and otherpollutants.GOAL: Reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions by 80% by 2050 from 2010 baselineEnergy Transportation Waste WaterOther(Refrigerants, IT,Purchasing, etc.)Building Energy67%Transportation27%Solid Waste4%Stationary, Industrialand Product Use1%Wastewater0%Water1%Cook County Community GHG Emissions by SectorTotal Annual Emissions = 72MMTCO2eData from Chicago 2010 Regional Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Report, March 20124
Cook County Sustainability Advisory CouncilRecommendationsThe Council’sRecommendationsset a frameworkfor the County toachieve significantprogress onSustainability forCook Countyfacilities and theCounty Communityas a whole. As themost significantGHG contributor,energy was the firstarea to beaddressed, but thesame processshould be appliedto Water, Waste,Transportation, andother areas.•Commit to 80% GHG reduction by 2050, for County operations and for the community•Put energy management staff/IT framework in place to make energy analysis an ongoing effort•Commit to an aggressive range of energy efficiency measures from no cost to capital investment1. Reduce GHGemissions fromCounty Operations,starting with Energy•For each GHG source, quantify the base, set goals, analyze ROI, and integrate into budget process•Transportation: Undertake a detailed analysis of County fleet and fuel use•Waste: Centralize waste and recycling responsibilities to identify diversion and cost savings•Water: Use currently available means to reduce water consumption by an average of 30%•Add other projects such as green purchasing and Information Technology, reduced use of coolants etc.2. Create a centralreportingframeworkincluding waste,water,transportation, etc.•Track overall GHG reduction goal•Report annually on energy consumption and energy reduction efforts•Build sustainability measures into performance measures of individual departments, and budgetprocess•Coordinate building energy and other sustainability projects through a Sustainability Cabinet3. Be Accountableto Residents andTaxpayers•Aggregate grants and financing for municipal sustainability initiatives•Identify sustainability projects in unincorporated areas•Serve as a center for information sharing on sustainability•Create “green employee” outreach program for workers to share sustainability messages in their communities•Target economic development assistance and job training to transit and freight nodes, green jobs4. Lead CommunitySustainability inSuburban CookCounty5
Energy Goal: Reduce GHG Emissions fromBuilding Energy 80% by 2050Cook CountyGovernment:• Operates 150structures.• Used 247 millionkwhs ofElectricity and 13million therms ofNatural Gas lastyear.• Annual EnergyBudget in 2010was $34.1 M.11 Countygovernment facilitiesuse 90% of energy.Focusing on thesefacilities will give themost results.6Dept. of CorrectionsCampus35%Juvenile Complex5%Stroger HospitalCampus26%Courthouses(2-6 Districts)5%Oak Forest HospitalCampus9%County Building4%Provident HospitalCampus5%Remaining Buildings11%Annual County Owned Facilities Energy UseEnergy Streams = Electricity, Natural Gas & SteamGraph based on 2010 Utility Data, kBTU’sResults may change once all utility data is collectedSet 2010baseline tomeasureprogress
Goal for County Owned Facilities’ Energy Use isAmbitious – and AchievableThe goal isambitious butknown solutionscan get theCounty quitefar on thepath. GHGbenefits, aswell as savings,are cumulative.Electricity hashigher GHGimpact thannatural gas,but both canrepresentdollar savings.7270,11010,73211,754 7,357 2,43620,09715,581 1,275 4,069 8,337 5,402129,04954,022050,000100,000150,000200,000250,000300,000350,0002010Baseline2011ReductionAchieved2012ReductionAchievedCourtHousesEECountyBuildingEEDOC&JTDCPCStrogerPCDOC&JTDCRemainingBuildings(non-PC)StrogerRemainingBuildings(non-PC)RemainingBuildingsEE(Est.@15%ESavings)SpaceConsolidation(Est.@2%ESavings)ExtendedPaybackProjects,Adv.inTech,Renewables,OtherInitiatives2050GoalCook County Facilities 2050 GHG Reduction Strategy- Estimated Reductions of Different Initiatives -Low Cost/NoCost & O&M CapitalSpace Consolidation&Othermetrictons of GHGE = Energy, EE = Energy Efficiency, PC= Performance ContractActualGHG Emissions Reductionin GHG Achieved EstimatedReductionin GHG
Ahead of target on 2050 Energy Goal for County BuildingsImmediate Action Means More SavingsThe reductionsin GHG arecumulative –earlierreductionsmean moretotal savingsover time.Aggressiveimplementationof knownprojects willresult inreaching the2026 targetearly.850,000100,000150,000200,000250,000300,000201020152020202520302035204020452050metric tons of CO2eGHG Abatement Initiatives and the 2050 GHG Goal2010 GHG Baseline, 270,110E= Energy, EE = Energy Efficiency, PC = PerformanceContractGHG Reduction-from meeting the target-GHG Reduction Achieved thru 201222,486 (8% Reduction from 2010)Additional GHGReductions AchievedAdditional GHGReductionsPlanned(Aggresive )
Investment in County Buildings –Energy Efficiency Saves Taxpayer Dollars9Costs formany of thebuildingenergyreductionstrategies areknown, andmost havedollar savingsover time thatare greaterthan theinvestments.*Performance Contract (Operational/maintenance cost savings not included in $ savings)** Savings and implementation cost estimated as a potential performance contract. Savings estimate based on Stroger Hospital performance contract savings and cost*** A portion of projects already implemented and the savings realizedBased on 2010 Utility Cost Obtained from Cook County Energy Analysis – Major Facilities (2003 – 2011)Electricity = $0.09/kWh, Natural Gas = $0.66/therm, Steam = $13.35/klbs
How to Address Waste, Water and Transportation:Develop a Baseline and Establish a Plan to Achieve GoalsWaste• Goal: Increase waste diversionfrom landfills: 50% by 2025,60% by 2035, 80% by 2050.• Analysis: Cook Countyresidents create more wasteper capita/day than the USaverage and recycle less(29% vs. 33%).Water• Goal: Reduce waterconsumption at Countyfacilities by 30% by 2025,40% by 2035.• Analysis: Chicago water ratesare rising, and exemptions arebeing phased out. Total costcould more than double toalmost $6M by 2015.Transportation• Goal: Reduce GHG emissionsfrom vehicles 80% by 2050.• Analysis: Cook County needsto right size its own fleet andreduce fuel consumption.Bureau of EconomicDevelopment can push furtherto embrace transit and freightoriented development.0200,000400,000600,000800,0001,000,0001,200,000SouthernCookNorthernCookWesternCookTons ofWasteGeneratedTons ofWasteRecycledCourts andCorrections 48%Health andHospitals 44%Administration8%2012 Annual Water Usage –772 Million GallonsHealthandHospitals3%OfficesUnder thePresident27%OfficesUnderOtherCountyElectedOfficials70%2013 County Government Fleet -1,700 VehiclesBy User Agency10
How County Government can leadcommunity sustainabilityRoles Aggregate grants, resources Share best practices,provide technical assistance,make the business case Boost sustainablemarkets/jobs Initiate Green Cook Countyemployees communityoutreach Summit (series) Green purchasing programsExamples Energy ambassadorprogram Work with utilities toimprove data for all Advocate for transitinvestments; target TransitOriented Development Coordinate grants to spurcurbside recycling Target federal funds forwater/stormwater11
Recommendations from the Sustainability AdvisoryCouncil Support the 4 Goals of Cook County121. FiscalResponsibilitySustainabilitycreates jobs andcost savings fortaxpayers,residents, andbusinesses.2. Transparency&AccountabilityBenchmarkingfocus areasprovidespriorities forinvestment andability to trackand discloseimpacts.3. InnovativeLeadershipTakingsustainableaction todaygenerates dollarsavings andprovidesresources for theneeds of futuregenerations4. ImprovedServicesEfficiency allowsfor spending ondirect servicesand meanshealthier, morelivablecommunities.20 direct andindirect jobs arecreated forevery $1 Millionspent on EnergyEfficiency.http://aceee.org/blog/2011/11/how-does-energy-efficiency-create-jobMoney saved onutility bills canbe used fordirect services.$3M hasalready beensaved onbuilding energy.Tracking energyuse led toidentifying 11buildings wherethe County uses90% of itsenergy –investments willbe focused therefirst.By recognizingwater rates arerising and actingnow, the Countycan save almost$2M a year andhelp to preservethe region’swater supply forthe future.
Cook CountySustainability Advisory CouncilCo- ChairsChristopher G. Kennedy Anne R. PramaggioreChairman, President & CEOJoseph P. Kennedy Enterprises, Inc. ComEd13Gerald Bennett Jean Pogge David AndersonMayor Chief Executive Officer Consultant to Housing Authority of Cook CountyCity of Palos Hills Delta InstituteJack Darin David Pope Alesia HushawDirector President Senior Financial AnalystSierra Club, Illinois Chapter Village of Oak Park Housing Authority of Cook CountySandra Frum Kelly Shelton Tom McKonePresident President PrincipalVillage of Northbrook Shelton Solutions, Inc. Civic Consulting AllianceDavid Hackett Kathy Tholin Kate TomfordPartner Chief Executive Officer Chief Sustainability Policy AdvisorBaker McKenzie Center For Neighborhood Illinois Dept. of Commerce and Economic OpportunityTechnologyEd MillerProgram Manager, Environment Eugene Williams Karen WeigertThe Joyce Foundation Mayor Chief Sustainability OfficerVillage of Lynwood City of ChicagoKen OrtizRegional Manager Staffed by Cook County Sustainability OfficeThe Reuse People and Department of Environmental ControlMembers Ex-officio Members