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Walton Stone's Visual Dictionary
 

Walton Stone's Visual Dictionary

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    Walton Stone's Visual Dictionary Walton Stone's Visual Dictionary Presentation Transcript

    • Visual Dictionary Walton Stone BSCI 2300-001 Username: Convector
    • Air Barrier Paper
      • Definition: Sheet material used on the exterior of a house to prevent air infiltration
      • Function: It is preventing air from infiltrating the building and preventing the increase of air volume inside the building
    • Attic Ventilation: Soffit Vent
      • Soffit Vents are needed to allow cool air to flow into the attic space while still keeping out insects
    • Attic Ventilation: Ridge Vent
      • Ridge Vents at the peak of the roof discharge the air entering through soffit vents or frieze block vents, and allow airflow through the attic
    • Attic Ventilation: Gable Vent
      • Gable vents discharge the air from soffit vents or frieze block vents to create airflow through the attic
    • Attic Ventilation: Roof Turbine
      • Roof Turbines have a fan that spins to suck hot air out of the attic space and discharge it, replacing gable or ridge vents
    • Backhoe
      • Definition: Excavating equipment that consists of a digging bucket at the end of a two-part articulated arm, and is used for digging and dumping large amounts of dirt for various foundation and cut or fill projects
      • Bucket Width: 24”
    • Batter Boards
      • Definition/Function: A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation, they establish the position, shape, and size of the building on site
    • Brick Arches: Parabolic Arch
    • Brick Arches: Roman Arch
    • Brick Arches: Arch with a Keystone
    • Brick Arches: Centering
      • Definition: Temporary formwork for an arch, dome, or vault (this one was not removed)
    • Brick Bonds: Flemish Bond
      • Flemish bonds feature rows of alternating stretcher and header bricks
    • Brick Bonds: Stretcher Bond
      • Stretcher bonds feature rows of all stretcher bricks next to each other
    • Brick Bonds: Rowlocks
    • Brick Bonds: Headers
    • Brick Bonds: Soldiers
    • Brick Bonds: Sailors
    • Brick Bonds: Stretcher Rowlocks (Shiners)
    • Brick Sizes: Modular Brick 3 1/2” x 7 1/2” x 2 1/4”
    • Brick Sizes: Roman Brick 3 1/2” x 11 1/2” x 1 5/8”
    • Bulldozer
      • Definition: A crawler equipped with a metal blade used to push large quantities of soil, sand, or rubble during construction work
    • Cladding: Brick Clad Structure
    • Cladding: EFIS Clad Structure
    • Cladding: Stone Clad Structure Coursed Rubble
    • Cladding: Wood Board Clad Structure
    • Cladding: Wood Shingle Clad Structure
      • Wood Shingle-Wood shingle that is sawed smooth on each side
      • Wood Shake-Wood shingle that is split rough on at least one side
    • Code Requirements: Egress Window
      • The window egress is 36” high by 32” wide and has a 24” sill. The requirements are for it to be at least 34 1/4” wide, 24” high and no more than a 44” sill. This window does not meet code because it is not wide enough.
    • Code Requirements: Stair Studied
      • The stair has a riser of 8” and a tread of 10 1/2” without nosing. Code requires for a stair to have at least 10” tread and no more than 7 3/4” riser. The stair does not meet code because the riser is too high.
    • Concrete Joints: Control Joint
      • Definition: An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure
    • Concrete Joints: Isolation Joint
      • Definition: A surface divider joint that provides space for the surface to expand
    • Concrete Masonry Unit: 1 CMU=3 Brick Courses
    • Concrete Masonry Unit:
      • Definition: A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block. Typical dimensions: 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8”.
    • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units: Split-Block
    • Decorative Concrete Masonry Unit: Ribbed
    • Doors: Exterior Flush Door
    • Doors: Exterior Panel Door Stile Top Rail Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail
    • Doors: Transom
      • Definition: A small window directly above a door
    • Doors: Sidelight
      • Definition: A tall, narrow window alongside a door
    • Electrical Components: Power Pole
      • Function: The power pole holds up power lines and contains the transformer, which is a device that changes the voltage of the alternating current.
      Transformer
    • Electrical Components: Service Head
      • Function: Conducts electricity from outdoor lines to the meter base
    • Electrical Components: Meter
      • Function: Measures the amount of electricity used by a certain unit for billing purposes
    • Electrical Components: Service Panel
      • Function: A central box of switches where the various branches of electical wiring can be switched on or off for specific areas of a building
    • Electrical Components: Duplex Receptacle
      • Function: Serves as a receptacle where any two electric appliances or devices can be connected to the electrical wiring
    • Framing Elements: #1 Anchor Bolt
    • Framing Elements: #2 Sill Plate
    • Framing Elements: #3 Floor Joists
    • Framing Elements: #4 Subflooring
    • Framing Elements: #5 Sole Plate
    • Framing Elements: #6 Stud
    • Framing Elements: #7 Top Plate
    • Framing Elements: #8 Ceiling Joist
    • Framing Elements: #9 Rafter
    • Framing Elements: #10 Roof Decking
    • Framing Elements: #11 Sheathing
    • Framing Elements: #12 Stringer
    • Front-end Loader
      • Definition: It is a construction vehicle that is primarily used to load and transport materials onto or into another vehicle or place. It differs from a bulldozer in that it is used to pick up material rather than merely push it.
      Loader Bucket Attachment
    • Gypsum Board
      • Definition: An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces
    • Heat Pump
      • Advantage: Heat Pumps increase heating efficiency by a factor of 3
      • Disadvantage: Cooling ducts for heat pumps must be larger because of a larger volume of air
    • Heat Pump: Compressor/ Condenser
      • The compressor/ condenser extracts heat from the cool air outside by moving the air across coils that change the temperature of the refrigerant
    • Heat Pump: Air Handling Unit
      • The Air Handling Unit contains filters, heating/cooling coils, and blowers to clean, regulate, and circulate the desired temperature throughout a house
    • Insulation: Blanket Insulation
      • The purpose of insulation is to to prevent the passage of heat from penetrating the wall of a house and keep the inside heat from escaping to the outside, while keeping the inhabitants comfortable and saving them money on energy costs
    • Insulation: Loose Fill Insulation
    • Insulation: Rigid Board Insulation
    • Insulation: Foamed Insulation
    • Lintel
      • Definition: A beam that carries the load of wall across a window or door opening
    • Mortar: Concave Joint
      • Tooled Joint
      • 3/8”
      • Large Office/Classroom Building
      • Type S
    • Mortar: Raked Joint
      • Tooled Joint
      • 3/8”
      • Small Mechanical Building
      • Type S
    • Oriented Strand Board
      • Definition: Nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure
    • Plumbing: Lavatory
      • 1 1/2” Piping used to drain
    • Plumbing: Water Closet
      • 3” Piping used to drain
    • Plumbing: Manufactured Tub
    • Plumbing: Roof Vent
      • The roof vent allows air to enter into the drainage and waste system to allow them to drain using the atmospheric pressure
    • Plumbing: Countertop Sink
      • Drop-in Sink
    • Plywood
      • Definition: Wood panel composed of and odd number of layers of wood veneer (thin sheets of wood) bonded together under pressure
    • Radiant Barrier
      • Definition: Reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
    • Rebar
      • 1/2” rebar #4
      • The deformations rolled into the surface of a rebar help it to bond tightly to concrete
    • Steep Roof Drainage: Gutter
      • Definition: A channel that collects snowmelt and rainwater at the eave of a roof and channels it to a downspout
    • Steep Roof Drainage: Downspout
      • Definition: A vertical pipe for conducting rainwater and snowmelt from the roof via the gutter and channeling it to the ground
    • Steep Roof Drainage: Splash Block
      • Definition: Small pre-cast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout
    • Steep Roof Materials: Underlayment
      • Definition: A layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing to keep rainwater from leaking through the roof
    • Steep Roof Materials: Clay Tile
    • Steep Roof Materials: Shingles
      • Definition: A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion wit may other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight
      • Metal Shingles
    • Steep Roof Materials: Metal Panel Roof
      • Typical materials used: Aluminized Steel
    • Steep Roof Shapes: Gable Roof
    • Steep Roof Shapes: Gambrel Roof
    • Steep Roof Shapes: Hip Roof
    • Steep Roof Shapes: Mansard Roof
    • Steep Roof Terms: Ridge
      • Definition: The level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof
    • Steep Roof Terms: Valley
      • Definition: A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes
    • Steep Roof Terms: Eave
      • Definition: The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof
    • Steep Roof Terms: Rake
      • Definition: The sloping edge of a steep roof
    • Steep Roof Terms: Soffit
      • Definition: The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or a roof overhang
    • Steep Roof Terms: Fascia
      • Definition: The exposed vertical face of an eave
    • Steep Roof Terms: Building Without a Fascia
      • Definition: A Building that has no vertical face on its eaves
    • Stone: Random Rubble Pattern
    • Stone: Coursed Rubble Pattern
    • Stone: Random Ashlar Pattern
    • Stone: Coursed Ashlar Pattern
    • Vapor Retarder
      • Vapor retarder is intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly and is placed on the warm in winter side of a wall’s insulation (insulation to be installed as sheathing here)
    • Waterproofing
      • Waterproofing is applied to the outside of the foundation and is impervious to water and water accumulation
      • Loosely Laid
    • Weep Hole
      • Definition: A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component assembly
    • Windows: Single-Hung
      • The window has two components, with only the bottom one operable, and it opens from the bottom up and latches in the middle when closed
    • Windows: Sliding
      • The window has two components, one of which is stationary and the other of which can slide horizontally and latch on the side
    • Windows: Casement
      • The window has one component that cranks to open out to the left or right like a door