2. The Writing ProcessThe Writing ProcessSteps in Writing an EssaySteps in Writing an EssayPre-WritingPlanning andOrganizingFinal Draft!Writing thefirst draftRevising andEditing
3. IntroductionIntroductionWhat is the writing process ?Writing an essay takes time. That’s why writing is oftenreferred to as a process. In other words, there are severalsteps to go through before you have a complete essay readyto turn in for a grade. In this lesson we will talk about thosesteps. They are: Pre-WritingPre-Writing OrganizingOrganizing Writing the First DraftWriting the First Draft Revising and EditingRevising and Editing FinalFinal CopyCopy
4. Pre-WritingPre-WritingStep OnePre-writing literally means, “before writing.” Before youactually begin writing your essay, you will need to do thefollowing things: brainstorm or generate ideas foryour topic choose a topic to write on focus in on central ideas
5. OrganizingOrganizingStep TwoMaking an outline can help you organize what you want towrite. This is a rough plan for your essay and can help makethe process of writing much easier.Essay OutlineI. Introduction Thesis: _____________________II. Body 1. Topic Sentence: _____________- supporting idea- supporting idea2. Topic Sentence: ____________- supporting idea- supporting idea3. Topic Sentence: ____________- supporting idea- supporting ideaIII. Conclusion
6. Writing the First DraftWriting the First DraftStep ThreeAfter getting ideas and making an outline of your essay,it is time to start writing the essay. When you begin writingyour rough draft, try to remember the following guidelines. Don’t worry about writing the ‘perfect’ paperthe first time. Your goal in writing a rough draft is to developand support the ideas listed in your outline. Don’t focus on spelling and grammar as youwrite your rough draft. You can check this laterin the writing process.
7. Revising and EditingRevising and EditingStep FourAfter you write your first draft, go back over it and look forways to improve your essay.Content andOrganizationSpelling,Grammar,Punctuation,etc.Revision Editing
8. The Final CopyThe Final CopyStep FiveThe last step is turning in your essay to be graded. Lookat the guidelines below for turning in the final draft of youressay. word-processed all new paragraphs indented five spaces 8 ½ by 11 inch white paper double spaced, size 12 font one inch margins on all sides
9. Pre-Writing• Brainstorming• Discussing• Free Writing• Concept mapping• Asking Questions• Outlining• Charting• TimelineHow do you organize your ideas when youare preparing to write?
10. Homework (1 whole sheet)How does your school lifeinfluence your future?What is the importance ofthe school to your life?Why do you need to go toschool?Why do you go to school?
11. Creating Your Title• Your essay’s title should:– Be original– Be a reasonable length– Reflect your topic– Be lively and attention-getting• Your title should NOT:– Be generic/repeat the assignment– Be in ALL CAPS– Be in boldface, “quotation marks,” underlined, oritalicized– Be followed by a period
12. Write Your Introduction• Your introductory paragraph should do thefollowing:– Be a minimum of 4-6 sentences– Move from general to specific, with the thesis as thelast sentence in the intro– Get the reader’s attention– Set the tone for the rest of the essay• Strategies for developing an Introduction include– Providing background information– Telling a personal anecdote– Beginning with a quotation– Using an opposite– Asking a question
13. Thesis Statement• The thesis statement expresses the MAINIDEA of your essay, the central point that youressay develops/supports.• Your thesis SHOULD:– Accurately predict your essay’s direction,emphasis, and scope– Make no promises that the essay will not fulfill– Be direct and straightforward.
14. Body Paragraphs: Topic Sentence• A Topic Sentence expresses the main idea of the bodyparagraph.• Begin each body paragraph with a Topic Sentence that– Narrows the focus of the paragraph– Accurately predicts the direction of the paragraph– Refers back to the Thesis statement• Each BP should contain:– Topic Sentence—main idea of BP– Primary Support—explanation– Secondary Support—examples
15. Body Paragraphs continued• Body paragraphs must have– Unity—everything refers back to main point– Support—examples and details– Coherence—all points connect to form a whole;one point leads to another– Concise - brief
16. Write Your Conclusion• The concluding paragraph should– Contain a minimum of 4 sentences– Refer back to the main point, but not simply repeatthe thesis (rephrase/restate)– NOT introduce any new ideas– Create a sense of closure– Call to action
17. Assignment1. Bring your formal theme.2. On a whole sheet of paper,front - prewriting activityback - first draft
18. First DraftFirst paragraph:IntroductionThesis statement (lastsentence)Second/Third/Forth Paragraph:Topic Sentence.Explain. Give examplesFifth Paragraph:Conclusion