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Final 2011 manila_workshop 2


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  • 1. “ Layag” Life and Making a Living Through the lens of the Common FisherfolksReport Authors: Edward Perez 1, Cielo Santos 2, Gerald Roche 3, JaniceForster 4, Clint Alvior 5Institution: Artist, Inc. 1, De La Salle-Canlubang 2, Qinghai NormalUniversity 3 Silliman University 4, St. Paul University Dumaguete 5Website: http://people.audrn.comEmail:,,,,
  • 2. Area/Scope of Field WorkWe conducted research with the fisherfolk of Laguna de Bay, thePhilippine’s largest inland body of fresh water.We spoke primarily with elder men (in their forties and older).Conducting research with women, children, and younger men wouldbroaden our findings.
  • 3. Methodology1. ACTIONS before WORDS…We employed a PERFORMATIVE APPROACH to learning andknowledge. We asked locals to SHOW through actions, expressions,gestures, narratives, and decisions what they need to DO and KNOW intheir daily life. This opened our investigation to new forms of knowledgeand allowed our consultants to employ alternative means of expressions.
  • 4. 2. FORMS before CONTENTWe began by asking, "Please show us what you do in your daily routine,"instead of, "Tell us about different fish species or fishing techniques.” Wethen investigated in greater depth the knowledge and actions that localsshowed us were SIGNIFICANT aspects of their daily practice. In this waywe tried to uncover not only the substantive CONTENT of localknowledge but also to develop an appreciation of its FORM.WE TRIED TO UNDERSTAND TWO COMPLIMENTARY ASPECTS: KNOWLEDGE AND ITS LOCAL SIGNIFICANCE
  • 5. Findings/Results/Learnings
  • 6. Biological Composition
  • 7. •  ilapia TOreochromis niloticus•  ilapiang Talisay, Gloria Tilapia THybridOreochromis mossambicus x
  • 8. •  angus B Chanos chanos•  aya maya / Mamale / Imelda MAristichthys nobilis
  • 9. Ayungin – Therapon plumbuesDalag – Ophicephalus striatusKanduli / hito – Arius manillensis
  • 10. Janitor Fish – Hypostomus plecostomusKnife Fish – Chitala ornata
  • 11. Hipon – Macrobenthic lenceifrons Bubo for catching small hipon
  • 12. Findings/Results/LearningsExercise 1:Line up according to age.
  • 13. Findings/Results/LearningsExercise 2: Line up according to the proximity of your house to thelake, (from the farthest to the nearest).
  • 14. Findings/Results/LearningsExercise 3: Line up according to number of family members youhave.
  • 15. Findings/Results/LearningsExercise 4: Give me the shapeof a fishing implement that youuse.
  • 16. Findings/Results/LearningsExercise 5: Give me the shape of a fish that you catch.
  • 17. Findings/Results/LearningsExercise 6: In the form of a picture show your present life as afisher folk.
  • 18. Findings/Results/LearningsExercise 7: In the form of a picture show what you would have done5 minutes previous to the first picture you showed.
  • 19. Applications/Outputs
  • 20. Applications/OutputsValidate resiliency of fisher folk•  amboo – represents dominance of elite Bagainst them (fishpens); but also bamboo isan instrument to catch fish (pambubog).•  ishing net – big fishing industry (fish pen); Fshows community effort (use of nets to catchand haul fishes).
  • 21. •  Filipinos harmonizing with nature•  Validates respect for pagmamalasakit (care) at pakikipagkapwa (concept of community or not being an isolated human being)•  concern for the family and community; e.g. goes beyond immediate family but extends to grandchildren;•  non-linear use of space is an example of how fisherfolks’ concern goes beyond the family and how such concern is all about communing with people around the environment.
  • 22. Insights and Reflection
  • 23. Empowerment is a key issue both in our study and for the community. 1. We empowered the community to express their concerns rather than asking them to merely report on our concerns. 2. Further empowerment is essential for the community’s survival, particularly in recognition of their role as key- stakeholders in the lake and its future
  • 24. Insights and ReflectionThese people remain to be fisherfolks because the lake is theresource nearest to them;Fisherfolks will remain in their deplorable situation unless they areempowered in the true sense of the word (fishing ports, ferrysystems,etc).
  • 25. Thank you! Maraming Salamat! Daghang Salamat! Damo gid nga Salamat! Muchos Gracias!Report Authors: Edward Perez 1, Cielo Santos 2, Gerald Roche 3, JaniceForster 4, Clint Alvior 5Institution: Artist, Inc. 1, De La Salle, Canlubang 2, Qinghai NormalUniversity 3 Silliman University 4, St. Paul University Dumaguete 5Website: http://people.audrn.comEmail:,,,,