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Janice Perlman Human Habitat 2013 - Part 1 of 2
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Janice Perlman Human Habitat 2013 - Part 1 of 2

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O Papel Do Setor Informal No Sistema Urbano …

O Papel Do Setor Informal No Sistema Urbano
Professora na Universidade de Berkley, fundadora e presidente da Organização sem fins lucrativos Mega-Cities Project, centrou a sua atividade profissional, durante mais de 20 anos nas favelas do Rio de Janeiro e, mais tarde, em aglomerados informais do mundo inteiro. Desenvolve trabalho e tem o objetivo de tornar mais humanizados, funcionais e salubres estes mesmos contextos que absorvem uma grande componente da migração de populações rurais para megacidades, sem lhes retirar identidade. Através de modelos de aprendizagem experimental e coletivos, visa ainda reduzir o espaço temporal entre o desenvolvimento de uma boa prática e a sua respetiva implementação.
Abstract da Conferência:
O Mega-Cities Project identificou e transferiu um conjunto de inovações urbanas que se encontram em processo de replicação e adaptação, criando as condições para influenciar políticas públicas. Transmitir este testemunho e conhecimentos para a próxima geração de responsáveis pelo planeamento urbano de cidades, assim conquistando a dedicação destes para a criação de cidades mais sustentáveis, salubres e acolhedoras. A nova etapa, denominada Mega-Cities/Mega-Change or MC2, poderá contar com o envolvimento de Lisboa. Abrange também o trabalho desenvolvido no âmbito do livro “FAVELA” nas perspetivas da investigação, da prática e políticas públicas a favor de uma sustentabilidade urbana inclusiva.
Dr. Perlman will discuss the Urban Innovations that The Mega-Cities Project has identified and transferred and what has been learned about innovation replication/adaptation and the conditions for scaling-up into public policy. Her current focus is the transition to the next generation of urban planners, practitioners, and policy-makers---seeking to involve them in the commitment to greener, healthier and more livable cities,. This new phase is called: Mega-Cities/Mega-Change or MC2 (pure “energy”). She will describe how Lisbon might become involved in this next phase of the global endeavor. The talk will also cover the main findings of her new book, FAVELA, and discuss the implications for research, practice and public policy for inclusive urban sustainability.

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  • 1. URBAN INFORMALITY A story of transforming ideas into action JANICE E. PERLMAN LISBOA – Nov. 19, 2013 1
  • 2. 2
  • 3. VILA DE ABRANTES, CAMACARI BAHIA, 1963 3
  • 4. AREMBEPE FISHING VILLAGE, BAHIA, BRAZIL 1963 4
  • 5. AREMBEPE FISHING VILLAGE, BAHIA, BRAZIL 1963 5
  • 6. TRANSISTOR RADIO EXPANDED WORLDVIEW 6
  • 7. FROM DEAD END TO WIDER CHOICES 7
  • 8. RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL
  • 9. A CIDADE MARAVILHOSA 9
  • 10. STORY FROM THE PEOPLE’S PERSPECTI VE 10
  • 11. RIO DE JANEIRO Fonte: Pró - URB COMMUNITIES STUDIED 11
  • 12. SOUTH ZONE- CATACUMBA LAGOA RODRIGO de FREITAS
  • 13. 13
  • 14. NORTH ZONE- INDUSTRIAL AREA 14
  • 15. Nova Brasilia 1969
  • 16. Favela do Mangue- Caxias 16
  • 17. 17
  • 18. 5 MAIN FINDINGS 1. MIGRANTS WERE NOT SO MUCH PUSHED OUT OF CAMPO BUT PULLED TOWARDS CIDADE 2. THEY WERE THE CREAM OF THE CROP, NOT BOTTOM OF THE BARREL 3. DID NOT COMPARE THEMSELVES TO THE URBAN RICH, BUT TO THE RURAL POOR LEFT BEHIND –ie not resentful but hopeful 4. WERE NOT MARGINAL BUT “MARGINALIZED” – ASYMMETRICALLY INTEGRATED, GIVING A LOT AND RECEIVING LITTLE 5. POLICY IMPLICATION = STOP REMOVAL + UPGRADE ON SITE 18
  • 19. RETURNING TO RIO 30 YEARS LATER… 19
  • 20. 20
  • 21. LONGITUDINAL PANEL STUDY 1968-2008 • Phase I: Exploratory Research – Feasibility Study – Contextual Research • Phase II: Multi-Generational Interviews – Original study survivors – Their children – Their grandchildren • Phase III: Re-Study of 3 Favelas – New Random and Leadership Samples 21
  • 22. CATACUMBA 1969 22
  • 23. CATACUMBA 2002 23
  • 24. JP LIVED HERE 24
  • 25. 25
  • 26. RUA NOVA BRASILIA- 1973 26
  • 27. NOVA BRASILIA 2004 RUA NOVA BRASILIA- 1999 27
  • 28. RUA NOVA BRASILIA- 2006 28
  • 29. ZE CABO-COMMUNITY LEADER NOVA BRASILIA- 1962 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. FORCED OUT of Nova Brasilia Avenida Automovil Clube- IRAJA 31
  • 32. 32
  • 33. FAVELAS and LOTEAMENTOS in CAXIAS
  • 34. VILA OPERARIA- 1969 34
  • 35. VILA OPERARIA- 2001 UPGRADED HOUSING
  • 36. VILA OPERARIA- 2001
  • 37. ESCOLA MUNICIPAL VILA OPERARIA 37
  • 38. Djanira- CAXIAS 38