Green Urbanism:
 Design for Resilient and Biophilic Cities




Prof. Timothy Beatley, UVA School of Architecture
Future Cities
―The cities of the 21st Century are
where human destiny will be played
out, and where the future of the
bios...
What is Green Urbanism?
Resilient




                                                 Livable
                           ...
What Does Green Urbanism Look Like?

                                              Compact and
                   Commitme...
Implications for Designing Cities?
The ―Melbourne Miracle‖
―Of all the things a city can do to improve
its environment, Melbourne has done
almost everything:...
Molly Dilworth’s Cool Water, Hot Island
Energy Efficiency Btu/Passenger Miles
  Automobiles, SUVs, light trucks   5,255
  Commuter Rail                     1,612
...
Distributed
Systems
Harvesting
Current Solar
Income




    Vastra Hamnen, Malmö
Barcelona’s Solar Budget:
Incoming solar: 14.5MJ/m2/day,
              1470kWh/m2/year
28 times electric consumption of ci...
Building Resilience and Passive Survivability
                                    Holy Cross,
                            ...
Vauban’s Plus-Energy Homes
North Terrace Solar Precinct




Adelaide Solar City
Sydney Green
Transformers
Windpods


           Graeme Attey
New Forms of Urban Infrastructure




Kogarah Town Square
Sydney, Australia
Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm




Circular Urban Metabolism
Masdar City, Abu Dhabi
From Rooftop
To Region
Melbourne’s CH2
Bioregional Supply Lines
Glocal Cities
New Ideas for
Community Sharing
Rethinking Food and Agriculture




  Joel Salatin, Polyface Farm
Butterworks Farm
                     Organic Corn with
                     Vermont Maple BBQ dip

  Klingers Bakery
  Wh...
Chicago City Farm




Ken Dunn and Kristine Geiber
Montreal Rooftop
Gardens Project
Ismael Hautecoeur
Eva-Lanxmeer, Netherlands
Kipp Nash
Community Roots, Boulder
What is a Biophilic City?
An Outdoor/Outside                  Importance Given to Protecting and
Oriented City            ...
Biophilia
“…the innately emotional
affiliation of human beings to
other living organisms. Innate
means hereditary and henc...
On the Therapy of Walking
in Nature:
Study by British mental health charity MIND




                                 ―The...
Does Nature Help Us To Be Better
         Human Beings?
Nature Makes Us More Generous!
―Those more immersed in natural set...
―I like to play indoors better,
‗cause that‘s where all the
electrical outlets are‖
       --San Diego fourth-grader
We Have Become Profoundly
Disconnected from the Nature Around Us
Ability to Name?
Ability to Name?

                   0%

                          0%


                   100%
―Can you imagine a satisfactory love
relationship with someone whose name you
do not know? I can‘t. It is perhaps the
quin...
Largest Moth in the
World?
Giant Wood Moth!
1.          3.



     Blue Urbanism?
2.          4.
Charlottesville Sound Map




Soundscapes as Profound
Dimensions of Place
Charlottesville Sound Map




Soundscapes as Profound
Dimensions of Place
Charlottesville Sound Map


 What is This?




Soundscapes as Profound
Dimensions of Place
Charlottesville Sound Map




    Eastern Screech Owl




Soundscapes as Profound
Dimensions of Place
Networks of
Interconnected Nature
Akerselva, Oslo
Towards a Biophilic Urbanism
º

º
Free Range Kids!
Minneapolis Public Library
Nature in Unexpected Places
Caixa Forum Museum in
Madrid
Jane Martin
Founder, PLANT*SF
(Permeable Landscapes As
Neighborhood Treasures)
Developing Nature’s
Social Capital
Helena
Klangemo
Nature Guides,
Stockholm
Planning Zoöpolis




―To allow for the emergence of an ethic, practice and politics of caring for
animals and nature, we ...
―Using projections of species‘
    distributions for future climate
    scenarios, we assess
    extinction rates for samp...
Filming “The Nature of Cities” Documentary
Green Urbanism:
Design for Resilient and Biophilic Cities




   Prof. Tim Beatley,
   beatley@virginia.edu
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010
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Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010

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O Prof. Timothy Beatley trabalha com o conceito da RESILIÊNCIA URBANA, conceito este que assenta na prevenção do risco no planeamento urbano, da mitigação do risco nas intervenções durante catástrofes e eventos extremos e da regeneração dos sistemas urbanos. Trata-se de um conceito extremamente actual, poderoso e politicamente oportuno. A sua visão é contagiosa e geradora de consensos.

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Green Urbanism Timothy Beatley Lisbon Sept 2010

  1. 1. Green Urbanism: Design for Resilient and Biophilic Cities Prof. Timothy Beatley, UVA School of Architecture
  2. 2. Future Cities ―The cities of the 21st Century are where human destiny will be played out, and where the future of the biosphere will be determined. There will be no sustainable world without sustainable cities.‖ --Herbert Girardet
  3. 3. What is Green Urbanism? Resilient Livable Distinctive Affordable Healthy Intergenerational Small Ecological Footprint Biodiverse, Biophilic
  4. 4. What Does Green Urbanism Look Like? Compact and Commitments to Transit Walkable Renewable Energy Solar Cities Local Sustainable Food Zero Waste Circular Metabolism Green and Natural
  5. 5. Implications for Designing Cities?
  6. 6. The ―Melbourne Miracle‖ ―Of all the things a city can do to improve its environment, Melbourne has done almost everything: more residents and students, more ‗people‘ streets, squares, lanes and parks, wider sidewalks, quality materials, active shop frontages, fine furnishings, new street trees and public art programs.‖ –Jan Gehl Impressive results…ten-fold increase in downtown population since 1980s, number of café seats rose 275% in ten years, 40% increase in foot traffic, from 2 outdoor cafes in 1973 to 356 in 2004…
  7. 7. Molly Dilworth’s Cool Water, Hot Island
  8. 8. Energy Efficiency Btu/Passenger Miles Automobiles, SUVs, light trucks 5,255 Commuter Rail 1,612 Heavy Rail 911 Light Rail 1,152
  9. 9. Distributed Systems Harvesting Current Solar Income Vastra Hamnen, Malmö
  10. 10. Barcelona’s Solar Budget: Incoming solar: 14.5MJ/m2/day, 1470kWh/m2/year 28 times electric consumption of city Sustainability & innovative elements: Infrastructures and biotope Ecoparc and District Heating and Cooling The incinerator plant will be transformed into an Ecoparc facility District Heating and Cooling is based on the use of the steam generated The project involved a 3,5 km network: it will supply hot and cold water to the buildings in and around the area of the Forum 2004 Environmental values • Energy efficiency improvement: 32% reduction in primary energy
  11. 11. Building Resilience and Passive Survivability Holy Cross, New Orleans Resilience Features: located in the high ground close to the river and levee (it is about 6 feet above sea level; pier foundation system to address weak soils and possible lifting from foundation from bouancy during flooding; first floor elevated another 3 feet above grade; rigid foam insulation that is less easily damaged by water and dries out more Holy Cross Green Homes, New Orleans quickly; insulation placed on exterior (between sheathing and siding so it can replaced if necessary without having to damage the interior; paperless drywall on the groundfloor to preclude or limit mold growth; mechanical equipment and electrical switch box on second floor to reduce risk of water damage; windows and solar panels rated for impact from hurricane force winds.
  12. 12. Vauban’s Plus-Energy Homes
  13. 13. North Terrace Solar Precinct Adelaide Solar City
  14. 14. Sydney Green Transformers
  15. 15. Windpods Graeme Attey
  16. 16. New Forms of Urban Infrastructure Kogarah Town Square Sydney, Australia
  17. 17. Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm Circular Urban Metabolism
  18. 18. Masdar City, Abu Dhabi
  19. 19. From Rooftop To Region
  20. 20. Melbourne’s CH2
  21. 21. Bioregional Supply Lines
  22. 22. Glocal Cities
  23. 23. New Ideas for Community Sharing
  24. 24. Rethinking Food and Agriculture Joel Salatin, Polyface Farm
  25. 25. Butterworks Farm Organic Corn with Vermont Maple BBQ dip Klingers Bakery Wheat Toast Chapelle Farm Potatoes Vermont Smoke and Maple Meadow Cure Maple Sausage Farm eggs
  26. 26. Chicago City Farm Ken Dunn and Kristine Geiber
  27. 27. Montreal Rooftop Gardens Project
  28. 28. Ismael Hautecoeur
  29. 29. Eva-Lanxmeer, Netherlands
  30. 30. Kipp Nash Community Roots, Boulder
  31. 31. What is a Biophilic City? An Outdoor/Outside Importance Given to Protecting and Oriented City Restoring Nature Nature Education and Nature Nudging Green Neighborhoods: Every Neighborhood Has Ample Access to Diverse and Multi-layered Contact Outdoor Nature with Local Nature (e.g. including sound, smell, other sensory experiences) Fosters Connections to Local Landscapes, History, Culture, Unique Aspects of Place Functional/Spatial Hierarchy: Connected Systems of Nature and Green Infrastructure Building Natural Social Capital
  32. 32. Biophilia “…the innately emotional affiliation of human beings to other living organisms. Innate means hereditary and hence part of ultimate human nature.” --E.O. Wilson
  33. 33. On the Therapy of Walking in Nature: Study by British mental health charity MIND ―The new research…shows green exercise has particular benefits for people experiencing mental distress. It directly benefits mental health (lowering stress and boosting self-esteem), improves physical health (lowering blood pressure and helping to tackle obesity), provides a source of meaning and purpose, helps to develop skills and form social connections.‖
  34. 34. Does Nature Help Us To Be Better Human Beings? Nature Makes Us More Generous! ―Those more immersed in natural settings were more generous, whereas those immersed in non-natural settings were less likely to give. Feelings of autonomy and nature relatedness were responsible for the willingness to give to others, indicating that these experiences facilitated a willingness to promote others‘ interests as well as one‘s own. In other words, autonomy and relatedness encouraged participants to focus on their intrinsic values for relationships and community rather than on personal gain.‖ --Weinstein, Przybylski, and Ryan, 2009 (Univ of Rochester)
  35. 35. ―I like to play indoors better, ‗cause that‘s where all the electrical outlets are‖ --San Diego fourth-grader
  36. 36. We Have Become Profoundly Disconnected from the Nature Around Us
  37. 37. Ability to Name?
  38. 38. Ability to Name? 0% 0% 100%
  39. 39. ―Can you imagine a satisfactory love relationship with someone whose name you do not know? I can‘t. It is perhaps the quintessentially human characteristic that we cannot know or love what we have not named. Names are passwords to our hearts, and it is there, in the end, that we will find the room for a whole world.‖ –Paul Gruchow
  40. 40. Largest Moth in the World? Giant Wood Moth!
  41. 41. 1. 3. Blue Urbanism? 2. 4.
  42. 42. Charlottesville Sound Map Soundscapes as Profound Dimensions of Place
  43. 43. Charlottesville Sound Map Soundscapes as Profound Dimensions of Place
  44. 44. Charlottesville Sound Map What is This? Soundscapes as Profound Dimensions of Place
  45. 45. Charlottesville Sound Map Eastern Screech Owl Soundscapes as Profound Dimensions of Place
  46. 46. Networks of Interconnected Nature
  47. 47. Akerselva, Oslo
  48. 48. Towards a Biophilic Urbanism
  49. 49. º º
  50. 50. Free Range Kids!
  51. 51. Minneapolis Public Library
  52. 52. Nature in Unexpected Places
  53. 53. Caixa Forum Museum in Madrid
  54. 54. Jane Martin Founder, PLANT*SF (Permeable Landscapes As Neighborhood Treasures)
  55. 55. Developing Nature’s Social Capital
  56. 56. Helena Klangemo Nature Guides, Stockholm
  57. 57. Planning Zoöpolis ―To allow for the emergence of an ethic, practice and politics of caring for animals and nature, we need to renaturalize cities and invite animals back in—and in the process re-enchant the city.‖ –Jennifer Wolch
  58. 58. ―Using projections of species‘ distributions for future climate scenarios, we assess extinction rates for sample regions that cover some 20% of the Earth‘s terrestrial c surface…We predict on the basis of mid-range climate- warming scenarios for 2050, that 15-37% of species in our sample of regions and taxa will be ‗committed to extinction.‘‖ --Thomas et al, Nature, 2004 Left: Boyd's forest dragon (Hypsilurus boydii)
  59. 59. Filming “The Nature of Cities” Documentary
  60. 60. Green Urbanism: Design for Resilient and Biophilic Cities Prof. Tim Beatley, beatley@virginia.edu
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