Scientific presenting: An overview of what I think is important

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Scientific presenting: An overview of what I think is important

  1. 1. Scientific presenting<br />An overview of what I think is important<br />Conor Mc Elhinney<br />Thursday 28th May<br />Contact: conormce@cs.nuim.ie<br />
  2. 2. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />
  3. 3. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />
  4. 4. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />
  5. 5. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />
  6. 6. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />
  7. 7. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />
  8. 8. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />Disadvantages<br />
  9. 9. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />Disadvantages<br />
  10. 10. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />Disadvantages<br />
  11. 11. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />Disadvantages<br />
  12. 12. Why do we present at all?<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />Disadvantages<br />
  13. 13. Why do we present at all?<br />What should now be clear is that presenting is not just making the slides and talking through them and sitting down. <br />Things like trying to get questions asked and answering them are as important and one of the main reasons why we present.<br />A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?<br />Advantages<br />Disadvantages<br />
  14. 14. What is the purpose of a presentation<br />To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject<br />
  15. 15. What is the purpose of a presentation<br />To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject<br />To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.<br />
  16. 16. What is the purpose of a presentation<br />To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject<br />To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.<br />To invite questions to be asked and answer questions.<br />
  17. 17. What is the purpose of a presentation<br />To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject<br />To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.<br />To invite questions to be asked and answer questions.<br />To excite people about your work (if possible).<br />
  18. 18. What is the purpose of a presentation<br />To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject<br />To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.<br />To invite questions to be asked and answer questions.<br />To excite people about your work (if possible).<br />To make sure they understand that you think your work is important.<br />
  19. 19. What is the purpose of a presentation<br />To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject<br />To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.<br />To invite questions to be asked and answer questions.<br />To excite people about your work (if possible).<br />To make sure they understand that you think your work is important.<br />Also each presentation has a specific purpose or maybe a “goal” is a better word for it.. for instance...<br />
  20. 20. What is my purpose today<br />My purpose today would seem to be talking about how I present and what I think is important to consider when presenting but really I have a different purpose<br />
  21. 21. What is my purpose today<br />My purpose today would seem to be talking about how I present and what I think is important to consider when presenting but really I have a different purpose<br />I want to try and convince you that presenting is a skill not a tool.<br />Presenting<br />
  22. 22. What is my purpose today<br />My purpose today would seem to be talking about how I present and what I think is important to consider when presenting but really I have a different purpose<br />I want to try and convince you that presenting is a skill not a tool.<br />Presenting<br />Presenting<br />
  23. 23. What is my purpose today<br />My purpose today would seem to be talking about how I present and what I think is important to consider when presenting but really I have a different purpose<br />I want to try and convince you that presenting is a skill not a tool.<br />Its elements need to be understood as a skill. If you do not learn how to present in its four different ways (which I will talk about later), you are not doing a professional job of presenting your work and the audience will leave with a more negative impression.<br />Presenting<br />Presenting<br />
  24. 24. Is style important<br />Yes it is very important but in general style is used as a general all encompassing positive only term. <br />There is such a thing as bad style but most people just say that everyone develops their own style, this idea has to be challenged. <br />We need a way of figuring out objectively if the style is good or bad<br />
  25. 25. How to analyse a presentation<br />Speech (What you say and how you say it)<br />Structure (organisation, emphasis, depth, transitions)<br />Visual aids (slides, using a chalk board, visual emphasis, demonstrations, videos)<br />Delivery (interaction with the audience, eye contact, gestures...)<br />
  26. 26. Speech<br /> Speech (What you say and how you say it)<br /> Targeting your audience<br /> Who are they?<br /> How technical are they?<br /> If you target the wrong audience the words you use will be incomprehensible and you will fail to convey the information to the audience<br /> Use of analogies (helps with general comprehension)<br /> Use of examples (helps with general comprehension)<br /> Use of stories as well (helps to relax the audience)<br /> Connecting with the audience (keeps the audiences interest)<br /> Use of humour (helps to relax the audience)<br /> Backing up what you say - <br /> Appeals to logic<br /> Appeals to emotion<br /> Appeals to character<br />
  27. 27. Speech<br /> Speech (What you say and how you say it)<br /> Targeting your audience<br /> Who are they?<br /> How technical are they?<br /> If you target the wrong audience the words you use will be incomprehensible and you will fail to convey the information to the audience<br /> Use of analogies (helps with general comprehension)<br /> Use of examples (helps with general comprehension)<br /> Use of stories as well (helps to relax the audience)<br /> Connecting with the audience (keeps the audiences interest)<br /> Use of humour (helps to relax the audience)<br /> Backing up what you say - <br /> Appeals to logic<br /> Appeals to emotion<br /> Appeals to character<br />AUDIENCE<br />
  28. 28. Speech<br /> Speech (What you say and how you say it)<br /> Targeting your audience<br /> Who are they?<br /> How technical are they?<br /> If you target the wrong audience the words you use will be incomprehensible and you will fail to convey the information to the audience<br /> Use of analogies (helps with general comprehension)<br /> Use of examples (helps with general comprehension)<br /> Use of stories as well (helps to relax the audience)<br /> Connecting with the audience (keeps the audiences interest)<br /> Use of humour (helps to relax the audience)<br /> Backing up what you say - <br /> Appeals to logic<br /> Appeals to emotion<br /> Appeals to character<br />COMMUNICATION<br />
  29. 29. Speech<br /> Speech (What you say and how you say it)<br /> Targeting your audience<br /> Who are they?<br /> How technical are they?<br /> If you target the wrong audience the words you use will be incomprehensible and you will fail to convey the information to the audience<br /> Use of analogies (helps with general comprehension)<br /> Use of examples (helps with general comprehension)<br /> Use of stories as well (helps to relax the audience)<br /> Connecting with the audience (keeps the audiences interest)<br /> Use of humour (helps to relax the audience)<br /> Backing up what you say - <br /> Appeals to logic<br /> Appeals to emotion<br /> Appeals to character<br />Debate<br />
  30. 30. Structure<br /> Now I’m going to talk a little bit about structure. Starting with the organisation of a presentation.<br />
  31. 31. Organising a presentation<br />
  32. 32. Organising a presentation<br />Beginning<br />
  33. 33. Organising a presentation<br />Middle<br />
  34. 34. Organising a presentation<br />Conclusion<br />
  35. 35. Organising a presentation<br />Beginning<br />Conclusion<br />Middle<br />
  36. 36. Choices about content in presentation<br />Choice 1) Wide scope<br />Scope<br />
  37. 37. Choices about content in presentation<br />Choice 1) Wide scope – Shallow Depth<br />Scope<br />Depth<br />
  38. 38. Choices about content in presentation<br />Choice 1) Wide scope – Shallow Depth<br />Scope<br />Depth<br />Choice 2) Narrow scope<br />Scope<br />
  39. 39. Choices about content in presentation<br />Choice 1) Wide scope – Shallow Depth<br />Scope<br />Depth<br />Choice 2) Narrow scope – Broad Depth<br />Scope<br />Depth<br />
  40. 40. Choices about content in presentation<br />Choice 1) Wide scope – Shallow Depth<br />You can’t have a Wide scope and a Broad depth in a presentation.<br />Choosing you content to match the scope and depth is imperative and the choice of content is also driven by the audience.<br />Scope<br />Depth<br />Choice 2) Narrow scope – Broad Depth<br />Scope<br />Depth<br />
  41. 41. Why have outline slides?<br />What is the purpose of the slide below?<br />Nearly everyone who presents has slides like this littered through the presentation but why?<br />
  42. 42. They facilitate transitions<br /><ul><li> Well the purpose is to create transitions between the work.
  43. 43. So that the audience knows when you’ve finished with a topic
  44. 44. Also so they know what is coming next
  45. 45. It also allows you to emphasise the important part of the presentation.</li></li></ul><li>Presentation checklist<br />(Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)<br />Speech<br />
  46. 46. Presentation checklist<br />(Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)<br />Structure<br />
  47. 47. Presentation checklist<br />(Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)<br />Slides<br />
  48. 48. Presentation checklist<br />(Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)<br />Delivery<br />
  49. 49. Presentation checklist<br />(Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)<br />Speech<br />Structure<br />Slides<br />Delivery<br />
  50. 50. Isn’t this all just common sense?<br />Yes of course it is but things seem like common sense when they are logical and easily understandable. Just because its common sense does not mean people follow it. <br />I haven’t covered the four parts of presenting as I see them as they are each would require a long talk. <br />I hope that I have convinced people that there is a need to research how to present. That just standing up and doing it and that implicit learning is not enough.<br />
  51. 51. Briefly, how do I make a presentation<br />Purpose<br />Goals<br />The target audience<br />Content<br />Make the presentation<br />
  52. 52. Briefly, how do I make a presentation<br />Purpose<br />Goals<br />The target audience<br />Content<br />Make the presentation<br />Most people start here and then onto <br />Step 4 and that is all they do<br />

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