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Scientific presenting: An overview of what I think is important

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  • 1. Scientific presenting
    An overview of what I think is important
    Conor Mc Elhinney
    Thursday 28th May
    Contact: conormce@cs.nuim.ie
  • 2. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
  • 3. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
  • 4. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
  • 5. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
  • 6. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
  • 7. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
  • 8. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
    Disadvantages
  • 9. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
    Disadvantages
  • 10. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
    Disadvantages
  • 11. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
    Disadvantages
  • 12. Why do we present at all?
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
    Disadvantages
  • 13. Why do we present at all?
    What should now be clear is that presenting is not just making the slides and talking through them and sitting down.
    Things like trying to get questions asked and answering them are as important and one of the main reasons why we present.
    A good question is why do we present? Why not just write documents?
    Advantages
    Disadvantages
  • 14. What is the purpose of a presentation
    To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject
  • 15. What is the purpose of a presentation
    To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject
    To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.
  • 16. What is the purpose of a presentation
    To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject
    To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.
    To invite questions to be asked and answer questions.
  • 17. What is the purpose of a presentation
    To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject
    To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.
    To invite questions to be asked and answer questions.
    To excite people about your work (if possible).
  • 18. What is the purpose of a presentation
    To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject
    To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.
    To invite questions to be asked and answer questions.
    To excite people about your work (if possible).
    To make sure they understand that you think your work is important.
  • 19. What is the purpose of a presentation
    To convey information to an audience about your chosen subject
    To convey this information in a way that can't be done on paper/ online / in a poster.
    To invite questions to be asked and answer questions.
    To excite people about your work (if possible).
    To make sure they understand that you think your work is important.
    Also each presentation has a specific purpose or maybe a “goal” is a better word for it.. for instance...
  • 20. What is my purpose today
    My purpose today would seem to be talking about how I present and what I think is important to consider when presenting but really I have a different purpose
  • 21. What is my purpose today
    My purpose today would seem to be talking about how I present and what I think is important to consider when presenting but really I have a different purpose
    I want to try and convince you that presenting is a skill not a tool.
    Presenting
  • 22. What is my purpose today
    My purpose today would seem to be talking about how I present and what I think is important to consider when presenting but really I have a different purpose
    I want to try and convince you that presenting is a skill not a tool.
    Presenting
    Presenting
  • 23. What is my purpose today
    My purpose today would seem to be talking about how I present and what I think is important to consider when presenting but really I have a different purpose
    I want to try and convince you that presenting is a skill not a tool.
    Its elements need to be understood as a skill. If you do not learn how to present in its four different ways (which I will talk about later), you are not doing a professional job of presenting your work and the audience will leave with a more negative impression.
    Presenting
    Presenting
  • 24. Is style important
    Yes it is very important but in general style is used as a general all encompassing positive only term.
    There is such a thing as bad style but most people just say that everyone develops their own style, this idea has to be challenged.
    We need a way of figuring out objectively if the style is good or bad
  • 25. How to analyse a presentation
    Speech (What you say and how you say it)
    Structure (organisation, emphasis, depth, transitions)
    Visual aids (slides, using a chalk board, visual emphasis, demonstrations, videos)
    Delivery (interaction with the audience, eye contact, gestures...)
  • 26. Speech
    Speech (What you say and how you say it)
    Targeting your audience
    Who are they?
    How technical are they?
    If you target the wrong audience the words you use will be incomprehensible and you will fail to convey the information to the audience
    Use of analogies (helps with general comprehension)
    Use of examples (helps with general comprehension)
    Use of stories as well (helps to relax the audience)
    Connecting with the audience (keeps the audiences interest)
    Use of humour (helps to relax the audience)
    Backing up what you say -
    Appeals to logic
    Appeals to emotion
    Appeals to character
  • 27. Speech
    Speech (What you say and how you say it)
    Targeting your audience
    Who are they?
    How technical are they?
    If you target the wrong audience the words you use will be incomprehensible and you will fail to convey the information to the audience
    Use of analogies (helps with general comprehension)
    Use of examples (helps with general comprehension)
    Use of stories as well (helps to relax the audience)
    Connecting with the audience (keeps the audiences interest)
    Use of humour (helps to relax the audience)
    Backing up what you say -
    Appeals to logic
    Appeals to emotion
    Appeals to character
    AUDIENCE
  • 28. Speech
    Speech (What you say and how you say it)
    Targeting your audience
    Who are they?
    How technical are they?
    If you target the wrong audience the words you use will be incomprehensible and you will fail to convey the information to the audience
    Use of analogies (helps with general comprehension)
    Use of examples (helps with general comprehension)
    Use of stories as well (helps to relax the audience)
    Connecting with the audience (keeps the audiences interest)
    Use of humour (helps to relax the audience)
    Backing up what you say -
    Appeals to logic
    Appeals to emotion
    Appeals to character
    COMMUNICATION
  • 29. Speech
    Speech (What you say and how you say it)
    Targeting your audience
    Who are they?
    How technical are they?
    If you target the wrong audience the words you use will be incomprehensible and you will fail to convey the information to the audience
    Use of analogies (helps with general comprehension)
    Use of examples (helps with general comprehension)
    Use of stories as well (helps to relax the audience)
    Connecting with the audience (keeps the audiences interest)
    Use of humour (helps to relax the audience)
    Backing up what you say -
    Appeals to logic
    Appeals to emotion
    Appeals to character
    Debate
  • 30. Structure
    Now I’m going to talk a little bit about structure. Starting with the organisation of a presentation.
  • 31. Organising a presentation
  • 32. Organising a presentation
    Beginning
  • 33. Organising a presentation
    Middle
  • 34. Organising a presentation
    Conclusion
  • 35. Organising a presentation
    Beginning
    Conclusion
    Middle
  • 36. Choices about content in presentation
    Choice 1) Wide scope
    Scope
  • 37. Choices about content in presentation
    Choice 1) Wide scope – Shallow Depth
    Scope
    Depth
  • 38. Choices about content in presentation
    Choice 1) Wide scope – Shallow Depth
    Scope
    Depth
    Choice 2) Narrow scope
    Scope
  • 39. Choices about content in presentation
    Choice 1) Wide scope – Shallow Depth
    Scope
    Depth
    Choice 2) Narrow scope – Broad Depth
    Scope
    Depth
  • 40. Choices about content in presentation
    Choice 1) Wide scope – Shallow Depth
    You can’t have a Wide scope and a Broad depth in a presentation.
    Choosing you content to match the scope and depth is imperative and the choice of content is also driven by the audience.
    Scope
    Depth
    Choice 2) Narrow scope – Broad Depth
    Scope
    Depth
  • 41. Why have outline slides?
    What is the purpose of the slide below?
    Nearly everyone who presents has slides like this littered through the presentation but why?
  • 42. They facilitate transitions
    • Well the purpose is to create transitions between the work.
    • 43. So that the audience knows when you’ve finished with a topic
    • 44. Also so they know what is coming next
    • 45. It also allows you to emphasise the important part of the presentation.
  • Presentation checklist
    (Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)
    Speech
  • 46. Presentation checklist
    (Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)
    Structure
  • 47. Presentation checklist
    (Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)
    Slides
  • 48. Presentation checklist
    (Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)
    Delivery
  • 49. Presentation checklist
    (Michael Alley “The Craft of Scientific Presentations”)
    Speech
    Structure
    Slides
    Delivery
  • 50. Isn’t this all just common sense?
    Yes of course it is but things seem like common sense when they are logical and easily understandable. Just because its common sense does not mean people follow it.
    I haven’t covered the four parts of presenting as I see them as they are each would require a long talk.
    I hope that I have convinced people that there is a need to research how to present. That just standing up and doing it and that implicit learning is not enough.
  • 51. Briefly, how do I make a presentation
    Purpose
    Goals
    The target audience
    Content
    Make the presentation
  • 52. Briefly, how do I make a presentation
    Purpose
    Goals
    The target audience
    Content
    Make the presentation
    Most people start here and then onto
    Step 4 and that is all they do

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