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Smart City Planning - Illusion or reality in Ireland ? Paul McTernan, MIPI MRTPI, Director
Smart City Planning <ul><li>Smart Growth </li></ul>The solution is simple, but difficult to achieve
Wikipedia <ul><li>Smart growth  is an urban  planning  and  transportation  theory that concentrates growth in the center ...
The genesis of smart… <ul><li>Traffic in Towns 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Buchanan Report 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Compact V Dis...
The attributes of smart growth.. <ul><li>Compact mixed use neighbourhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Transit orientated development...
Our recent track record: <ul><li>Massive urban/rural change. </li></ul><ul><li>Frenzied development sector </li></ul><ul><...
Impacts <ul><li>Lost villages of the Pale… </li></ul><ul><li>Clearance of historic city centres </li></ul><ul><li>Limited ...
Stupid or smart ? Is it in our culture to be smart….or stupid ? Are we too small, too rural to be smart ?
The NSS….Stupid or smart ?
Light Pollution
Night time electric light emissions, Ireland 2000 (European Space Agency)
New residential addresses  Food production
Cumulative Effects……
 
Infrastructure deficit. <ul><li>“ by contrast, Ireland fell the farthest – and the hardest. It leaves the ranking of top E...
Wikipedia <ul><li>Smart growth values long-range, regional considerations of  sustainability  over a short-term focus. Its...
Are we smart at regional level ? GNP to continue to fall in 2010 ‘ ..no clear trends visible yet in relation to economic r...
RPG Population and Housing <ul><li>Housing Commencements down 75% in GDA  :  </li></ul><ul><li>4,850, Q1-Q2 2008 </li></ul...
Transport Infrastructure ‘ Future population growth linked to large scale public transport investment is critical’ <ul><li...
Dublin City Draft Plan Core Strategy DCC DRAFT PLAN CORE STRATEGY
DCC Draft Plan Strands- Vision versus Reality <ul><li>Smart Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Compact, Quality, Green, Clean, Conne...
Economic Corridors
Core Strategy
A reactive posture offering weak direction <ul><li>Land use policies </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence based application criteria...
10 ideas…….. <ul><li>10 ideas </li></ul><ul><li>to move us from stupid to smart </li></ul>
Smart move 1 <ul><li>Champion our cities: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Revise and focus the NSS around 5 key citi...
Smart move 2 <ul><li>2. Create an  urban finance  measure to springboard our failing cities and fund  new modal shift stra...
Smart move 3 <ul><li>3. Refresh our understanding of what  town centre  means in terms of  vibrancy  and mixed use living ...
Smart move 4 <ul><li>4. Adopt a genuinely  strategic approach to employment land  nationally…abandon the current political...
Smart move 5 5.  Align Regional Planning Guidelines  (and statutory development plans areas) to river basin catchment areas
Smart move 6 <ul><li>6 .   Consider the promotion of a contemporary  Irish Garden City movement … </li></ul><ul><li>Medium...
Smart move 7 <ul><li>7.Designate  horticultural belts  instead of greenbelts around our key cities </li></ul>
Smart move 8 8.  Empower communities: Allow citizens and communities to refer new development plans to An Bord Pleanála fo...
Smart move 9 <ul><li>9.  Ditch Part 5  and nurture  rental security </li></ul>
Smart move 10 10.  Create a community planning model for key towns and suburbs to spearhead regeneration . Integrate servi...
Ten smart moves……… <ul><li>Champion our cities : Revise and focus the NSS around 5 key cities and streamline their governa...
Thank you Paul McTernan, IPI MRTPI, Director Email.  [email_address]
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Transcript of "Paul mcternan greenexpo"

  1. 1. Smart City Planning - Illusion or reality in Ireland ? Paul McTernan, MIPI MRTPI, Director
  2. 2. Smart City Planning <ul><li>Smart Growth </li></ul>The solution is simple, but difficult to achieve
  3. 3. Wikipedia <ul><li>Smart growth is an urban planning and transportation theory that concentrates growth in the center of a city to avoid urban sprawl ; and advocates compact, transit-oriented , walkable , bicycle-friendly land use, including neighborhood schools, complete streets , and mixed-use development with a range of housing choices. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The genesis of smart… <ul><li>Traffic in Towns 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Buchanan Report 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Compact V Dispersal </li></ul>
  5. 5. The attributes of smart growth.. <ul><li>Compact mixed use neighbourhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Transit orientated development </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian and cycle friendly environments </li></ul><ul><li>Preserved open space and habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Historic preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh air and clean water </li></ul><ul><li>Socioeconomic integration </li></ul><ul><li>Safe and secure </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiently enabled by public services </li></ul>
  6. 6. Our recent track record: <ul><li>Massive urban/rural change. </li></ul><ul><li>Frenzied development sector </li></ul><ul><li>Take a picture and knock it down mentality </li></ul><ul><li>Winners and losers </li></ul><ul><li>Widening equality gap </li></ul><ul><li>Fuelling the march of the consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Little if any citizen participation </li></ul>
  7. 7. Impacts <ul><li>Lost villages of the Pale… </li></ul><ul><li>Clearance of historic city centres </li></ul><ul><li>Limited protection for historic structures </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution of Waterways </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Landscape degradation </li></ul><ul><li>The Hill of Tara…going, going, gone… </li></ul><ul><li>Dormitory towns and soulless estates </li></ul><ul><li>Stifling congestion and long commutes </li></ul><ul><li>Major community facility deficits </li></ul><ul><li>A once rampant development sector championed at all levels.. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stupid or smart ? Is it in our culture to be smart….or stupid ? Are we too small, too rural to be smart ?
  9. 9. The NSS….Stupid or smart ?
  10. 10. Light Pollution
  11. 11. Night time electric light emissions, Ireland 2000 (European Space Agency)
  12. 12. New residential addresses Food production
  13. 13. Cumulative Effects……
  14. 15. Infrastructure deficit. <ul><li>“ by contrast, Ireland fell the farthest – and the hardest. It leaves the ranking of top European performers, falling nine places in the European Growth and Jobs Monitor to No. 13, just ahead of Italy, the perennial laggard” . </li></ul><ul><li>Allianz European Jobs and Growth Indicator 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>“ it is of critical importance that the island continues to invest, on average, over 5% of its combined GDP annually over the next 20 years” </li></ul><ul><li>Irish Academy of Engineering & Engineers Ireland study ‘Infrastructure for an island of 8 million’ </li></ul>
  15. 16. Wikipedia <ul><li>Smart growth values long-range, regional considerations of sustainability over a short-term focus. Its goals are to achieve a unique sense of community and place; expand the range of transportation, employment, and housing choices; equitably distribute the costs and benefits of development; preserve and enhance natural and cultural resources; and promote public health. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Are we smart at regional level ? GNP to continue to fall in 2010 ‘ ..no clear trends visible yet in relation to economic recovery rates’ Unemployment to reach 15% ‘ for areas that have traditionally suffered from deprivation these figures will be much higher at local level’ Sectoral Convergence and Clustering Effects- We live in hope?
  17. 18. RPG Population and Housing <ul><li>Housing Commencements down 75% in GDA : </li></ul><ul><li>4,850, Q1-Q2 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>1,039, Q1-Q2 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Still in denial? </li></ul><ul><li>DCC Area Targets – </li></ul><ul><li>Completions target of 9K units P.A. average 2016-2022. </li></ul><ul><li>Actual completion of 7.2K units P.A. average 2005-2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Is there room for more direction, more targeted phasing? </li></ul>‘ policy needs to look beyond the physical building and at the investments needed to build good communities’
  18. 19. Transport Infrastructure ‘ Future population growth linked to large scale public transport investment is critical’ <ul><li>Commitment to housing and mixed use development to happen only in tandem with high quality light or heavy rail, within the context of integrated Local Area Plans or Strategic Development Zones. </li></ul><ul><li>DART Underground </li></ul><ul><li>Metro North </li></ul><ul><li>LUAS network extension </li></ul><ul><li>Metro West </li></ul>
  19. 20. Dublin City Draft Plan Core Strategy DCC DRAFT PLAN CORE STRATEGY
  20. 21. DCC Draft Plan Strands- Vision versus Reality <ul><li>Smart Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Compact, Quality, Green, Clean, Connected City </li></ul><ul><li>Real Economic Recovery, Creative Networks, Smart Innovative City </li></ul><ul><li>Creating Sustainable Neighbourhoods, Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Reality? </li></ul><ul><li>Transport dysfunction , sprawl </li></ul><ul><li>Stalled development and regeneration agenda - NAMA </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty that city core can/will drive future economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Is polycentric development deliverable? indeed advisable? </li></ul>
  21. 22. Economic Corridors
  22. 23. Core Strategy
  23. 24. A reactive posture offering weak direction <ul><li>Land use policies </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence based application criteria. Applicant must justify project. </li></ul><ul><li>Threat to employment lands due to lack of evidence base? </li></ul><ul><li>High rise and development density agenda to be ‘application’ not ‘plan’ driven. </li></ul><ul><li>Adversarial application process to continue. </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed use ‘for the sake of it’ at certain locations </li></ul><ul><li>Unclear whether this approach can deliver the Core Strategy </li></ul>
  24. 25. 10 ideas…….. <ul><li>10 ideas </li></ul><ul><li>to move us from stupid to smart </li></ul>
  25. 26. Smart move 1 <ul><li>Champion our cities: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Revise and focus the NSS around 5 key cities and streamline their governance. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Smart move 2 <ul><li>2. Create an urban finance measure to springboard our failing cities and fund new modal shift strategies. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Smart move 3 <ul><li>3. Refresh our understanding of what town centre means in terms of vibrancy and mixed use living </li></ul>
  28. 29. Smart move 4 <ul><li>4. Adopt a genuinely strategic approach to employment land nationally…abandon the current political approach </li></ul>
  29. 30. Smart move 5 5. Align Regional Planning Guidelines (and statutory development plans areas) to river basin catchment areas
  30. 31. Smart move 6 <ul><li>6 . Consider the promotion of a contemporary Irish Garden City movement … </li></ul><ul><li>Medium density communities, gardens, allotments, integrated water and waste systems, mixed use, broadband, energy independent neighbourhoods. </li></ul>
  31. 32. Smart move 7 <ul><li>7.Designate horticultural belts instead of greenbelts around our key cities </li></ul>
  32. 33. Smart move 8 8. Empower communities: Allow citizens and communities to refer new development plans to An Bord Pleanála for scrutiny.
  33. 34. Smart move 9 <ul><li>9. Ditch Part 5 and nurture rental security </li></ul>
  34. 35. Smart move 10 10. Create a community planning model for key towns and suburbs to spearhead regeneration . Integrate service provision (health and education) with regeneration strategies and new infrastructure to promote more structured governance and delivery.
  35. 36. Ten smart moves……… <ul><li>Champion our cities : Revise and focus the NSS around 5 key cities and streamline their governance. </li></ul><ul><li>Create an urban finance measure to springboard failing gateway cities and fund new modal shift strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Refresh our understanding of what town centre means in terms of vibrancy and mixed use living </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt a genuinely strategic approach to employment land nationally…abandon the current political approach </li></ul><ul><li>Align statutory development plan areas to river basin catchment areas </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the promotion of an Irish Garden City movement…medium density communities, gardens, allotments, integrated water and waste systems, energy independent neighbourhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Designate horticultural belts instead of greenbelts around our key cities </li></ul><ul><li>Allow citizens and communities to refer new development plans to An Bord Pleanála for scrutiny. </li></ul><ul><li>Ditch Part 5 and nurture rental security </li></ul><ul><li>Create a community planning model for better service integration and more structured governance and delivery </li></ul>
  36. 37. Thank you Paul McTernan, IPI MRTPI, Director Email. [email_address]
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