Presentation to Green Economy
          Expo 2010

Environmental Impact Assessment
and Planning Legislation for Wind
     ...
Agenda
•   About IWCM
•   Legislation
•   Planning System
•   Environment Impact Assessment
•   Natura 2000 Sites / Approp...
About IWCM
• Irish Wind Energy Consultancy
• Planning, Advisory, Project Management and
  Engineering Services
• 10 Profes...
Legislation
• European Community (Environmental Impact Assessment)
  Regulations, 1989 (SI No. 349 of 1989), amended in 19...
Irish Planning System

•   Local Authority
•   An Bord Pleanala
•   SID
•   Judicial Review



                           ...
Typical Planning Timelines
• Lodgement
• Submission Period (5 weeks)
• Decision Due (8 weeks from lodgement)
• Further Inf...
Requirement for an Environmental
       Impact Statement
• An EIS is mandatory for any development with
  more than 5 turb...
Environmental Impact Assessment
• Scope
• Non Technical
  Summary
• Environmental
  Impact Statement
• EPA and WF Planning...
Existing Environment
•   Human Beings
•   Ecology
•   Ornithology
•   Soils and Water
•   Air
•   Landscape
•   Material A...
Proposed Development

•   Alternatives
•   Characteristics
•   Existence
•   Other Developments




                      ...
EIA Process
• Assessment of Impacts
  – Significance
• Mitigation
  – Avoid
  – Reduce
  – Compensate
• Interaction of the...
Public Access to Information
• Structure
• Presentation
• Public Access
• Non-Technical
  Summary
• Requirement
          ...
Appropriate Assessment
• Natura 2000
• AA required within 15
  km from a Natura
  2000 site
• Precautionary
  Principle
• ...
AA 4 Stages




              14
SAC and SPA’s in Ireland




                           15
2010 Planning Bill
  Moved to Committee Stage; May
  • Enactment of the Bill expected
    before Summer Recess
  • Signifi...
2009 Planning and Development Bill

• Requirement for Substantial Works Removed but
    – Only One Extension Allowed
    –...
Conclusions

• Irish Planning Process
• EIA Process
• Obligations of the Habitats Directive
• Appropriate Assessment
• 201...
IWCM Contact Details

• IWCM, Unit1 Cootehill Enterprise Centre,
  Cootehill, Co. Cavan
• Contact Details ck@iwcm.ie
• www...
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Iwcm green_expo

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Iwcm green_expo

  1. 1. Presentation to Green Economy Expo 2010 Environmental Impact Assessment and Planning Legislation for Wind Farms
  2. 2. Agenda • About IWCM • Legislation • Planning System • Environment Impact Assessment • Natura 2000 Sites / Appropriate Assessment • 2010 Planning Bill 2
  3. 3. About IWCM • Irish Wind Energy Consultancy • Planning, Advisory, Project Management and Engineering Services • 10 Professional and 10 Support Staff 3
  4. 4. Legislation • European Community (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations, 1989 (SI No. 349 of 1989), amended in 1994 by (SI No. 93 of 1999) • EU Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive 97/11/EEC • The Planning and Development Regulations, 2001 (SI 600 of 2001), Schedule 5 Part 10. Section 3 (Energy Industry) (i) – • Part 10 of the Planning and Development Act, 2000 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) under Section 176, that the application be accompanied by an Environmental Impact Assessment. 4
  5. 5. Irish Planning System • Local Authority • An Bord Pleanala • SID • Judicial Review 5
  6. 6. Typical Planning Timelines • Lodgement • Submission Period (5 weeks) • Decision Due (8 weeks from lodgement) • Further Information (6 months to respond) • Notification of Decision (Grant / Refusal) (4 weeks) • 1st/3rd party Appeal to An Bord Pleanala (18 weeks) 6
  7. 7. Requirement for an Environmental Impact Statement • An EIS is mandatory for any development with more than 5 turbines or having a total output greater than 5 MW. • Sub-Threshold typically 1 to 2 turbines • Auto-production • Planning Authority can request EIA for any Development 7
  8. 8. Environmental Impact Assessment • Scope • Non Technical Summary • Environmental Impact Statement • EPA and WF Planning Guidelines 8
  9. 9. Existing Environment • Human Beings • Ecology • Ornithology • Soils and Water • Air • Landscape • Material Assets • Interaction of the Foregoing 9
  10. 10. Proposed Development • Alternatives • Characteristics • Existence • Other Developments 10
  11. 11. EIA Process • Assessment of Impacts – Significance • Mitigation – Avoid – Reduce – Compensate • Interaction of the Foregoing • Design of Project Informed by EIA Process 11
  12. 12. Public Access to Information • Structure • Presentation • Public Access • Non-Technical Summary • Requirement 12
  13. 13. Appropriate Assessment • Natura 2000 • AA required within 15 km from a Natura 2000 site • Precautionary Principle • NI Statement included with the EIS 13
  14. 14. AA 4 Stages 14
  15. 15. SAC and SPA’s in Ireland 15
  16. 16. 2010 Planning Bill Moved to Committee Stage; May • Enactment of the Bill expected before Summer Recess • Significant Input and Debate • Defines Obligations for Planning Bodies • Statutory Guidelines for Wind Farm Applications 16
  17. 17. 2009 Planning and Development Bill • Requirement for Substantial Works Removed but – Only One Extension Allowed – Need for Consistent Interpretation Remains – 8 Week Time Frame for Determination Diluted • 10 Year Planning not Guaranteed for New Permissions • Projects SID Threshold under Review • Will Address EU Habitats and Birds Directives 17
  18. 18. Conclusions • Irish Planning Process • EIA Process • Obligations of the Habitats Directive • Appropriate Assessment • 2010 Planning Bill 18
  19. 19. IWCM Contact Details • IWCM, Unit1 Cootehill Enterprise Centre, Cootehill, Co. Cavan • Contact Details ck@iwcm.ie • www.iwcm.ie • Telephone 049 5555050 19

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