A vision of smarter cities: How cities can the lead way into a prosperous and sustainable future Susanne Dirks, Manager, G...
The focus of our research is on topics relation to economics and the relationship between ICT and economics Institute for ...
Agenda <ul><li>Cities take centre stage </li></ul><ul><li>Cities are made up of a system of systems </li></ul><ul><li>Citi...
The global environment has changed, making cities a critical level of action Cities will have a central role in the  urban...
Cities are based on a number of core systems which are central to their operation and development Cities are made up of a ...
<ul><li>Current challenges </li></ul>Threats to sustainable prosperity Energy Depletion of energy sources Climate change C...
Private car ownership, 1990-2007 Total number of vehicles under current licence Cities must act now and improve transport ...
Stockholm’s Intelligent Transportation System delivers sustainability in the broadest possible sense Financial  Economic  ...
Water systems in Irish cities face efficiency, quality and supply pressures Irish Cities: Unaccounted for Water, 2008 % ag...
Smart Bay solution creates worldwide R&D platform for oceanic and environmental research in Galway, Ireland May 21, 2010 D...
A ‘Smarter City’ as a system of systems – interacting and interdependent – driven by policy – improving operations - meeti...
A smarter city is one that uses technology to transform its core systems and optimize finite resources We live in a world ...
‘ Smart’ requires that solutions be instrumented, interconnected and intelligent Instrumented Intelligent technology – in ...
Each core system can be made ‘smarter’ through instrumentation, generating more and better quality data for cities than ev...
Each core system can be made ‘smarter’ through interconnection, connecting people, data and systems in ways not previously...
Each core system can be made ‘smarter’ through intelligence, giving cities unprecedented prediction powers Building a smar...
In sum, cities need to transform their (transportation) systems from discrete modes to optimized, integrated modes Multimo...
Moving from left to right on the maturity model can bring a range of benefits across each of these areas <ul><li>Tradition...
With limited resources, cities must set clear priorities when embarking on the journey toward becoming a ‘smarter city’ <u...
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Ibm green expo

  1. 1. A vision of smarter cities: How cities can the lead way into a prosperous and sustainable future Susanne Dirks, Manager, Global Center for Economic Development Green Economy Conference, Dublin, 21 st May 2010
  2. 2. The focus of our research is on topics relation to economics and the relationship between ICT and economics Institute for Business Value: IBV Centre for Economic Development
  3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Cities take centre stage </li></ul><ul><li>Cities are made up of a system of systems </li></ul><ul><li>Cities face a number of challenges that threaten sustainability and prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Building a ‘smarter city’ </li></ul>Agenda
  4. 4. The global environment has changed, making cities a critical level of action Cities will have a central role in the urbanized 21st century world The world economy is now globally integrated and services-based, with cities as its hubs Technological advances mean that cities can better understand and control their development Cities take centre stage A Vision for Smarter Cities | July 2009 Technology Politics Economics An urban world The political landscape has changed, with cities becoming more important actors
  5. 5. Cities are based on a number of core systems which are central to their operation and development Cities are made up of a system of systems A Vision for Smarter Cities | July 2009 CITY STRATEGY CITY GOVERNANCE City Operations Systems City User Systems City Infrastructure Systems City Services Citizens Businesses Water Communication Energy Transport
  6. 6. <ul><li>Current challenges </li></ul>Threats to sustainable prosperity Energy Depletion of energy sources Climate change Communication GHG emissions … energy supply shortages Water Challenge of a terabit world Business Global competition…Administrative burden Balancing ever increasing complexity with efficiency Transport Water leakage… access .. quality Freshwater shortages Flooding ICT adoption and usage Taxes and costs Congestion … pollution City services Pressure on delivery and funds Inadequate service levels Inefficiencies Cities are under pressure to tackle the significant interrelated challenges they face Cities face a number of challenges that threaten sustainability and prosperity Citizens Demographics … skills … health The pensions crisis Exploding cities vs dying cities
  7. 7. Private car ownership, 1990-2007 Total number of vehicles under current licence Cities must act now and improve transport systems Source: Sustainable Energy Ireland. Energy in Transport. 2009 Report Change in car engine size, 1990-2008 % Growth +1.086 million Cities face a number of challenges that threaten sustainability and prosperity <ul><li>Core challenges identified in the Eco-Efficiency Jam 2010 : </li></ul><ul><li>Issue of pricing transport for suburban dwellers working in the city </li></ul><ul><li>Creating flexible and demand-responsive public transport systems </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing demand for transport without reducing workforce productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Uni-directional loads on public transport networks at peak hours </li></ul>Energy consumption Land consumption Lost farmland Wildlife habitat cost Increased taxes GDP impact Air pollution Water and land pollution Noise pollution
  8. 8. Stockholm’s Intelligent Transportation System delivers sustainability in the broadest possible sense Financial Economic sustainability: using resources efficiently, meaning all costs, private and public, are reflected in the price of a service in a city Financial sustainability: so that a city’s costs are in line with revenues Environmental sustainability: so that a city does not run out of resources and is not wasting resources Environmental Economic The congestion charge has been self-financing, generating €84m that will be channeled into further reducing congestion Example of Stockholm’s Smart Transport System The environmental benefits include a reduction in emissions from road traffic of up to 14% and in greenhouse gases of 40% Economic benefits include a decrease in inner-city traffic of up to 25%, greater use of public transport, and a 6% boost in inner-city retail business A Vision for Smarter Cities | July 2009 Cities face a number of challenges that threaten sustainability and prosperity
  9. 9. Water systems in Irish cities face efficiency, quality and supply pressures Irish Cities: Unaccounted for Water, 2008 % age of total volume of water supplied Source: Local Government Management Services Board, Service Indicators in Local Authorities 2008 Current usage of global water supply Estimated Cost in brackets Source: World Bank, SIWI, WEF, UNCTAD Cities face a number of challenges that threaten sustainability and prosperity <ul><li>Challenges from Eco-Efficiency Jam: </li></ul><ul><li>Waste of water through losses in transmission implies direct costs and also associated losses of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Water harvesting – currently not cost effective, despite being eco-efficient </li></ul><ul><li>There is a need to better manage demand for water from large footprint businesses </li></ul>
  10. 10. Smart Bay solution creates worldwide R&D platform for oceanic and environmental research in Galway, Ireland May 21, 2010 Dr. Peter Heffernan stated “SmartBay offers a significant new opportunity for Irish industry to create new businesses for Irish technology companies as well as enhancing the viability of the seafood, shipping and water monitoring sectors.” Cities face a number of challenges that threaten sustainability and prosperity <ul><li>Integrated sensor network to provide information on water quality, wave generation and harbour monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Foundational user interface to serve both scientific and management need to make informed decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Data analysis and overlay of environmental data through Geographical Information System </li></ul>Solution Issue Unable to conduct large scale marine environment research and observe ecological phenomena at multiple levels at once. None availability of live data and lack if capability to respond quickly Benefits <ul><li>Enables the reduction in time delays in acquiring data to be used in the complex testing of wave energy converter prototypes for green electricity generation </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates real time large scale monitoring and prediction of flooding conditions in Galway Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Live data enables quicker response to environmental incidents and events </li></ul>
  11. 11. A ‘Smarter City’ as a system of systems – interacting and interdependent – driven by policy – improving operations - meeting the needs of people SENSE & RESPOND CAPABILITIES CITIZEN-CENTERED SERVICES GREEN CITY FOR A GREENER PLANET Building a smarter city CITY POLICY & ACCOUNTABILITY SMART CITY
  12. 12. A smarter city is one that uses technology to transform its core systems and optimize finite resources We live in a world of pervasive technologies, sensors, networks We live in a world of finite resources, such as energy, water, land, skill Cities can use technology to transform their core systems and maximize finite resources Building a smarter city A Vision for Smarter Cities | July 2009
  13. 13. ‘ Smart’ requires that solutions be instrumented, interconnected and intelligent Instrumented Intelligent technology – in the form of new computing models that can analyze information and relationships - enables cities to use predictive insights for informed decision making and action Instrumentation enables cities to gather more, better quality, and more timely data than ever before This offers the ability to measure, sense and see the exact condition of everything Interconnected technology offers the potential for cities to connect data, systems and people in ways that were not previously possible . Interconnected Intelligent + + = Smart Building a smarter city
  14. 14. Each core system can be made ‘smarter’ through instrumentation, generating more and better quality data for cities than ever before Building a smarter city <ul><li>Oil, gas </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear </li></ul>Energy <ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Freshwater supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Seawater </li></ul>Water <ul><li>Broadband, wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Phones, computers </li></ul>Communication <ul><li>Cars, roads </li></ul><ul><li>Public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Airports, seaports </li></ul>Transport <ul><li>Business environment </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative burdens </li></ul>Business <ul><li>Health and education </li></ul><ul><li>Public safety </li></ul><ul><li>Government services </li></ul>Citizens <ul><li>Public service management </li></ul><ul><li>Local government administration </li></ul>City Services Instrumentation Elements System Fit sensors to gather data on usage across the energy system Gather data for water quality monitoring Data gathering via mobile phones Measuring traffic flows and toll use Data gathering about use of online business services Patient diagnostic and screening devices Creation of local authority management information system
  15. 15. Each core system can be made ‘smarter’ through interconnection, connecting people, data and systems in ways not previously possible Building a smarter city <ul><li>Oil, gas </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear </li></ul>Energy <ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Freshwater supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Seawater </li></ul>Water <ul><li>Broadband, wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Phones, computers </li></ul>Communication <ul><li>Cars, roads </li></ul><ul><li>Public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Airports, seaports </li></ul>Transport <ul><li>Business environment </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative burdens </li></ul>Business <ul><li>Health and education </li></ul><ul><li>Public safety </li></ul><ul><li>Government services </li></ul>Citizens <ul><li>Public service management </li></ul><ul><li>Local government administration </li></ul>City Services Interconnection Instrumentation Elements System Interconnect appliances & devices between energy consumers and providers Fit sensors to gather data on usage across the energy system Interconnect businesses, ports, energy users of water Gather data for water quality monitoring Interconnect mobile phones, fixed line, broadband Data gathering via mobile phones Integrated traffic, weather, and traveller information services Measuring traffic flows and toll use Interconnect stakeholders across city’s business systems Data gathering about use of online business services Interconnect records for doctors, hospitals, and other health providers Patient diagnostic and screening devices Interconnected service delivery Creation of local authority management information system
  16. 16. Each core system can be made ‘smarter’ through intelligence, giving cities unprecedented prediction powers Building a smarter city <ul><li>Oil, gas </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear </li></ul>Energy <ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Freshwater supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Seawater </li></ul>Water <ul><li>Broadband, wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Phones, computers </li></ul>Communication <ul><li>Cars, roads </li></ul><ul><li>Public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Airports, seaports </li></ul>Transport <ul><li>Business environment </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative burdens </li></ul>Business <ul><li>Health and education </li></ul><ul><li>Public safety </li></ul><ul><li>Government services </li></ul>Citizens <ul><li>Public service management </li></ul><ul><li>Local government administration </li></ul>City Services Intelligence Interconnection Instrumentation Elements System Optimise the use of the system and balance use across time Interconnect appliances & devices between energy consumers and providers Fit sensors to gather data on usage across the energy system Real-time quality, flood, and drought control Interconnect businesses, ports, energy users of water Gather data for water quality monitoring Information for consumers on city services in real time, on their own time Interconnect mobile phones, fixed line, broadband Data gathering via mobile phones Real-time road pricing Integrated traffic, weather, and traveller information services Measuring traffic flows and toll use Customized service delivery for businesses Interconnect stakeholders across city’s business systems Data gathering about use of online business services Patient-driven pre-emptive care Interconnect records for doctors, hospitals, and other health providers Patient diagnostic and screening devices Immediate and joint-up service provision Interconnected service delivery Creation of local authority management information system
  17. 17. In sum, cities need to transform their (transportation) systems from discrete modes to optimized, integrated modes Multimodal Network Management Maturity Model summary version 1.0 © Copyright IBM Corporation 2009 The IBM Intelligent Transport maturity model (summary version) Building a smarter city Single customer transport account. Location-based multi-modal pro-active trip advisory. Multimodal integrated transport card. On journey, multi-modal information services. Electronic payments. Multi-channel trip planning and account-based alert subscription. Customer accounts by mode. Mostly cash collection. Static trip planning with limited real time alerts. Minimal; mostly cash collection. Limited and static traveller information. <ul><li>Integrated Transport Services </li></ul><ul><li>Customer management </li></ul><ul><li>Payment systems </li></ul><ul><li>Traveller information </li></ul>System-wide real-time multi-modal data collection, integration and analysis. Dynamic network optimization and incident response. Real-time multi-modal coverage for most corridors. Detailed real-time data analysis. Automated pre-planned multimodal incident response. Real-time collection of multiple data source with high-level analysis Automated network and incident response systems. Data collection for major routes. Periodic data collection and analysis. Network and incident response mostly by individual modes. Limited data collection and integration. Ad-hoc analysis and incident response. Manual incident response by individual modes. <ul><li>Transport Network Optimization </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection, integration & analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Network operational responsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Incident management </li></ul>Integrated regional multimodal planning. Continuous system-wide performance measures with dynamic pricing Integrated corridor-based multimodal planning. Dynamic demand management schemes Integrated multimodal transport authority. Coordinated demand management measures A transport vision is articulated. Single overarching regulator but with limited planning and management powers. Single mode planning with little coordination between various transport providers. <ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic planning </li></ul><ul><li>Performance management </li></ul><ul><li>Demand management </li></ul>Level 5 Multimodal Optimized Level 4 Multimodal Integration Level 3 Partially Integrated Level 2 Coordinated Modes Level 1 Single Mode
  18. 18. Moving from left to right on the maturity model can bring a range of benefits across each of these areas <ul><li>Traditional benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Modal shift </li></ul><ul><li>Shorter commutes </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced operating costs </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent transport benefits </li></ul><ul><li>New sources of revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Better environment </li></ul><ul><li>Greater alignment among the transport stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Customer satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Improved economic competitiveness </li></ul>Tokyo “ aims to increase the average transport speed from 18km/h to 25km/h ”, something that will “ contribute to gaining international competitiveness for the city ”. From traditional approaches To new intelligent transport approaches The scale of reduction in London’ s transport emissions envisaged by its 2025 strategy would be unprecedented across the world’s capital cities and would put London at the forefront of action to address climate change Building a smarter city
  19. 19. With limited resources, cities must set clear priorities when embarking on the journey toward becoming a ‘smarter city’ <ul><li>Guiding principles: </li></ul><ul><li>Assemble the team </li></ul><ul><li>Think revolution, not evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Target all, not just one </li></ul>Building a smarter city
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