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The 2012 Summer Paralympic Games will be the fourteenth Paralympics an`d will take place between 29 August and 9 September 2012. The Games will be held in London.Summer Paralympic Games
Athletes with disabilities did compete in theOlympic Games prior to the advent of theParalympics. The first athlete to do so wasAmerican gymnast George Eyser in 1904, hehad one artificial leg. The first organizedathletic event for disabled athletes thatcoincided with the Olympic Games took placeon the day of the opening of the 1948 SummerOlympics in London, United Kingdom. Thefirst games were called the 1948 InternationalWheelchair Games. The Paralympic Gameswere designed to emphasize the participantsathletic achievements, not their disability.
Wheelchair curling is a sport forparaplegics. It is a sport that combines alot of skill and it takes a ton of strategy tobe a winner.Wheelchair curling is the only Paralympicssport that comprises teams made up ofboth men and women on the same team.The sport requires that the entrant musthave a disability to the lower half of thebody.
Sailing for athletes with a disability began todevelop as a competitive sport in the 1980s,just over 10 years before it joined theParalympic programme. Mastery over ever-changing conditions on open water requiresskill, tactics and nerve, all of which will beessential for competitors in the ParalympicSailing events at London 2012.
Although its history dates back centuries,Rowing only came of age as a competitive sportin the last 200 years. Interest began to increaseafter Oxford and Cambridge Universities begantheir rivalry on the Thames in 1829, a rivalrythat continues today in the shape of the annualBoat Race. The sport made its Paralympicdebut in Beijing – when Great Britain toppedthe medal table – and looks set to offer plentyof drama at London 2012.
Volleyball is open to athletes with a physicaldisability and is performed from a seated position.In sitting volleyball the court is smaller than thestandard court and has a lower net. In the sittinggames the only classification rule is that each teammay have only one player who fits the minimumdisability rule, which is that their disability preventsthem from competing on equal terms with able-bodied athletes. The other players on the team mustdemonstrate a higher level of disability.
Athletes are classified on a points systemsimilar to wheelchair basketball, with themost severely disabled athlete beinggraded at 0.5 points rising to 3.5 points.Each team has four players and isallowed a maximum of eight points onthe court at any one time.