Chinese New Year is fall on January 1st of the lunar calender. People are busy cleaning up their houses before Chinese New Year because on the first days of New Year, they cannot sweep the floor. People believe money will be ‘swept off’ with the rubbish. For Chinese people, red means good luck. During the evening before the New Year, families get together for a big dinner on Chinese New Year’s Eve.
3. CHINESE NEW YEAR
Almost everywhere they can watch the lion dances. People also light firecrackers to welcome the New Year. They believe that lightning the firecrackers will bring good luck on their business. The oranges represent gold or wealth. So, the oranges will be the main food served to visitors. After that, children who are not married yet will get a red envelope with money inside, called “ang pau”. For the Chinese, red means good luck. ”. Fireworks Visitings Video clip on fireworks
According to the Chinese legend, long long time ago, a monster name “ Nien ” was a scary monster. “ Nien ” came out to eat child flesh. Everyone was afraid of the monster. But they noticed that “ Nien ” was afraid of red colour, light and norse. So, people put red paper on the windows. Some of them put on lion costumes and lit firecrackers to scare away the monster. After the monster had disappeared, a safe year on the first day of the Chinese calendar had been celebrated since then.
In Chinese, this festival is called “Duan Wu Jie’’. Dragon boat festival falls on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. People celebrate the festival to remember the famous poet Chu Yuan. Chu Yuan loved his country and people very much. He died on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month in 227B.C.Now,Chinese people celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival on the same day too. Dragon boat races are held on that festival. Rice dumplings is the main food on this day.
2. DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL
Mooncake festival is on Ogos18 th on the lunar calendar. On that day ,we can see the full moon at night. Families get together on that day. They eat moon cakes while enjoy looking at the full moon. The moon and the moon cakes are round. Round denotes reunion. They tell a story about the goddess of the moon (zhang e)
1. MOONCAKE FESTIVAL
Ching Ming Festival falls on April 5 th of the Lunar Calendar. Chinese people go to the cemetery where their ancestor are buried to clean up their tombs on that day. They also prepare fresh flowers and special food on that to show that they honour their ancestors.
CHING MING FESTIVAL People cleaning up tomb
Chong Er was the oldest prince in Jin State. But one of the king’;s wives did not want him to be the future king.
“ Your son is going to betray our country.” said the king’s wife to the king. After Chong Er heard that, he was scared and ran away from his country. When he left his country, he was hungry as there was no food for him. An official, Jie Zhi Tui, cut a piece of flesh from his own leg and cooked it for him. After Chong Er became king, Jie Zhi Tui left Chong Er and lived in the mountains. Chong Er wanted Jie Zhi Tui to come back, so he ordered his soldiers to burn the mountain to try to make Jie Zhi Tui come out. But sadly, Jie Zhi Tui and his mother died under a tree. Chong Er was so sad. People went to Jie Zhi Tui’s tomb to show their respect. The day of Jie Zhi Tui’s death became Ching Ming Festival.
Lantern Festival is observed on the first full moon in the lunar year, 15th January. During this festival, some of the Chinese eat dumplings. LANTERN FESTIVAL Lantern
TRADITIONAL FOOD TRADITIONAL FOOD
The Chinese serve dumplings during the dragon boat festival and enjoy watching the racing of the dragon boat. The dumplings come in two main shapes (triangular and rectangular) with fillings like meat, groundnuts and beans. RICE DUMPLING
Simple introduction : We usually serve this type of food during the mooncake festival. In the past, mooncakes were round in shape. But now, the mooncake has many types of shapes and even the number of flavours have increased. MOON CAKE
The Chinese serve this type of sweet rice cake during Chinese New Year. According to legend, the Chinese believe that by eating this traditional food, one can grow taller. Rice cakes are stickier compared to other types of local cakes. RICE CAKE
Rice cake is made from rice flour and red sugar. The rice cake is specially prepared for the deity. Chinese people believe that the deity will come down and visit every house. The sticky rice cake is to cover the mouth of the deity to prevent the deity from reporting something unpleasant to the Gods.
“ Kampua” is a traditional “foochow” dish. It is cooked with . But now we also can enjoy the kampua cooks with vegetable oil. Ingredients : “ Kampua” noodles, monosodium glutamate(MSG), fried onion oil, soya sauce, meat slices and spring onions. How to cook : First, put some fried onion oil, MSG and soya sauce on the plate. Then, boil the water cook the noodles. After that, take up the noodles, strain and mix with the ingredients on the plate. Serve with meat slices and chopped spring onions. Finally, the “kampua” can be served. Video clip on how to cook “kampua” "KAMPUA"
Video clip on how to cook “char kueh teow” ” Fried ‘kueh teow” is a popular Chinese dish and the shape of the noodles is flat. Ingredients : Onion oil, egg, bean sprouts, fish fillets, ‘kueh teow”, vegetables, soya sauce, MSG and pepper. How to cook : First, heat up the onion oil in the frying-pan. After that, crack one or two egg into the frying-pan and fry for a while. Then, the ‘kueh teow’ into the frying-pan followed by some pepper, bean sprouts, sliced meat, fish fillets, vegetables, MSG and soya sauce. Finally, remove the noodles from the frying-pan. The fried ‘kueh teow’ is ready to be served. FRIED “Kueh TEOW"
Long time ago, “li ping” was specially made by the mother of the bride to be given to her siblings. But now, we can enjoy this type of traditional food any time. We can buy packed “li ping”. Ingredients : Sugar, groundnut, gingery oil, wheat and oil. "LI PING"
“ Kompia” has a salty taste and is made from flour. It is baked using charcoal which tastes better compared to the modern method of using the electric oven The “kompia” can be eaten with filling (chopped meat) or plain. The traditional way of making “KongPian ” "Kompia"
How many of you know about the Chinese Tea? Chinese Tea can be classified into four types , black tea, red tea, green tea and white tea. Here, we want to mention about the “puer” tea. “Puer” is a type of green tea. It can be classified into two; fermented by scientific or natural method. Only “puer” tea can be stored up to hundreds of years and if the tea is in good condition, the price of the tea will increase year by year. “ Puer” tea is alkali. In China, “puer” tea has a history of more than a million years. “Puer” once became the tribute to serve the king. This means that at that time, only the king can consume the tea. Good tea leaves can be brewed more than ten or fifteen times. Packed tea leaves Chinese Tea
We only can taste the original tea the second or third time after we brewed it. Teapot used to make tea Tea table Different types of tea leaves
LION DANCE The Lion Dance is usually performed during the Chinese New Year. According to the legend, the lion was the only animal that could chase away an evil creature called the “Nien”. A pair of dancers dance to the beat of the Chinese drums and the clanging of cymbals. They wear a lion costume and mimic the movements of a lion. Video clip on lion dance
The fan dance is usually performed by a group of girls. Each girl holds two fans and uses them to create beautiful patterns and shapes. FAN DANCE
The “dragon” is a combination of many segments. Under each segment is a rod which is held by a dancer during the performance of the dragon dance. The dancers behind will follow the movements of the person holding the head of the dragon. DRAGON DANCE Video clip on dragon dance
TRADITIONAL GAMES OR ACTIVITIES
Chess is a game that can improve one’s thinking ability and skill. It teaches one how to consider all the options before making a move. Moreover, chess can improve one’s social and communication skills as well as math and reading ability. CHINESE CHESS
Calligraphy is the art of beautiful Chinese writing with use of a Chinese writing brush. In the modern time, the pens that we use actually come from the Chinese brush. CALLIGRAPHY
During a funeral, the children of the deceased will wear clothes in white colour. The grandchildren would wear clothes in yellow colour. The great-grandchildren will be dressed in blue. Other friends or relatives will receive a piece of white cloth each. After coming back from the cemetery, each person will receive a piece of red cloth. After the funeral, the picture of the dead person will be hung on the wall and joss-sticks will be lighted.
The custom of marriage begins with sending a match maker to ‘investigate’ the background of the intended bride. One of the things that needs to be avoided is the surname of the couple which should not be the same. During proposal, the elders of the bride’s family will decide on the dowry to be given by the brigeroom’s family. The engagement date is decided by the bridegroom. On the wedding day, the bridegroom will fetch the bride to his house. The couple will perform the prayers in front of the ancestors followed by the custom of drinking tea. This custom is to symbolize the acceptance of the bridegroom and bride. After that, the bride is introduced to the family members of the bridegroom.
Bride and bridegroom Traditional wedding
There are many things that the mother cannot do after she has given birth. For example, the mother cannot bathe for thirty days, cannot be blow by the wind or move here and there frequently. The mother needs to consume chicken cooked with red wine everyday to warm up her body. After a month of birth or known as ‘full moon’, all the siblings will be given red eggs each and invited to enjoy eating “long life noodles”.