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Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011
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Child labourers by syifa naomy revisi march 2011

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  • 1. CHILD LABOURERS in Footwear Sector A closer look at the lives of children involved in footwear production in Cibaduyut, Bandung, West Java By : SYIFA SYAFIRA NAOMY JANVIERSCA
  • 2. Background <ul><li>The 1997 economic crisis has forced poor families to send underage children to work. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the 1999 data by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), a total of 1,5 million Indonesian children between 10 and 14 years of age worked to support their families. </li></ul>
  • 3. What do we refer to as ‘children’? <ul><li>Children are defined as boys and girls whose ages are under 18 years old as stipulated in the following legislation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Convention of the Rights of Children ratified in 1990 (with Presidential Decree No. 36) defines age below 18 to define children unless, under the law, maturity is achieved earlier, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ILO Convention No. 138 and ratified by Law No. 20 of 1999 declares minimum age admission to employment in Indonesia is 15 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The law No. 23 of 2002 on child protection defines children as those whose ages below 18 years old, including babies who are still in the womb of their natural mothers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The law No. 13/2003 on manpower defines child is every person who is under 18 years old. </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. What do we refer to as ‘child labour’? <ul><li>Child labour is considered as a subset working children and measured by working hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Child labour is then defined included those: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>all working children aged 10-12, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>working children who have working hour more than 15 hours for week for aged 13-14, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>working children who have working hour more than 40 hours for week for aged 15-17. </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Reasons for choosing the topic <ul><li>The topic is interesting because it’s about people at about the same age with us, with different life story </li></ul><ul><li>Cibaduyut is in Bandung, making the existence of child labours in the area significant for us to discuss </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing the topic can lead to finding solution; something that students can contribute </li></ul>
  • 6. Problems Identification <ul><li>Hundreds of children in Cibaduyut are involved in footwear-making industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the works done by children requires sharp tools and hazardous substance </li></ul>
  • 7. Problems Identification <ul><li>The conditions the children worked in are usually unsafe and unhealthy. </li></ul>
  • 8. Problems Identification <ul><li>These children are exposed to main hazards in the informal footwear operations, which are dangerous chemicals such as solvent-based glues and leather dust. </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement in footwear production at home and / or in workshops reduces children’s time for playing and studying (schooling) </li></ul>
  • 9. Goal / Vision <ul><li>This project aimed to raise the awareness of students on child labourers situation in the informal footwear sector in Cibaduyut area. The awareness is expected to inspire students to do something to help children in the community fulfilling their rights as children. </li></ul>
  • 10. Objectives / Mission <ul><li>To describe the hazardous working condition of child labourers in footwear sector </li></ul><ul><li>To explain how involvement of children in footwear making violate children’s rights </li></ul><ul><li>To show alternatives on how students can help child labourers fulfill their rights as children </li></ul>
  • 11. How we got information and data <ul><li>Desk review ; studying articles and publication on child labours </li></ul><ul><li>Interview ; asking questions to resource persons and child activist </li></ul><ul><li>Observation ; visiting and recording what we see in / around footwear production area </li></ul>
  • 12. WHAT WE FOUND
  • 13. Working condition <ul><li>The processes in the footwear making include last making, pattern cutting, clicking, sewing, assembling and finishing. </li></ul><ul><li>Children between 10 and 15 years old are mainly employed in assembling shoes. Their tasks include cutting leather, gluing and finishing the leather by using a grindstone. </li></ul>
  • 14. Working condition <ul><li>Most workshops have unsafe electric installation and stores of flammable materials, and located in the middle of dense housing. </li></ul><ul><li>With stuffy, dirty, dusty and hot working room conditions due to poor ventilation, most of the workshops did not meet health and working safety standards </li></ul>
  • 15. Working condition : chemical hazard <ul><li>Child labourers mainly do the soling (fixing upper portions of shoes to leather or rubber soles) with glue . </li></ul><ul><li>They suffer from continuous skin contact with industrial adhesives and breathing vapors from glues . </li></ul><ul><li>The children working in the footwear industry are exposed to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>physical factors like poor lighting, noise and poor ventilation, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chemicals like leather dust, benzene that is used as a solvent in glues and other chemical substances in adhesives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constant exposure to glue and fumes causes : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>respiratory problems, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>lung diseases and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>skin infections </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 16. Working vs Studying <ul><li>Around 80 percent of the children work for contractors at home. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the child labourers are boys who work up to 9.5 hours per day with low wage ( + US$4). </li></ul><ul><li>School absence rate usually high in peak production time, such as before Eid Festival and around New Year </li></ul><ul><li>Many boys drop out / not completing school </li></ul>
  • 17. Children’s interest and needs <ul><li>In 2001 – 2003, two children creativity centers were established by the community, with the help from an NGO under the ILO IPEC program. </li></ul><ul><li>The center, known as “Sanggar” provide the children a friendly and safe place to learn, play, define their goals and motivate them to go to school. </li></ul><ul><li>When the program ended, the community took over the centers to be run by trained peer eductors. However, they only lasted for a year. </li></ul>
  • 18. Picture about CHILD LABOURER S
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  • 21. Let’s watch our video 
  • 22. s
  • 23. Conclusion <ul><li>Child labour is a serious issue that needs our attention and commitment. </li></ul><ul><li>Child labours in Cibaduyut are at risk of having health problems caused by unhealthy working environment and constant contact with chemical hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>Long working hours reduce time to play and study, and can even cause drop out especially for working boys in Cibaduyut. </li></ul>
  • 24. What we can do? <ul><li>We suggest that students can use various media, especially social networking media such as Twitter and facebook to advocate children rights, and promote safer working condition </li></ul><ul><li>Donate books, toys and sports equipment to the community </li></ul><ul><li>Be child labourers’ friend : arrange visits when you can read, learn and play and together </li></ul>
  • 25. Thank you for your attention

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