Low Carbon Cities in China:
From Policies to Economics
              Stanley Yip
      Director, Planning & Development
  ...
ÖйúµÄÀúÊ·»úÓö
China’s Historical Opportunity




                                 2   2
Chinese Cities: Challenges are
    Opportunities




                  24%
               China’s urbanization in 1985
COP...
Chinese Cities: Challenges are
    Opportunities




         250,000
         China’s private car number in 1985
COPYRIGH...
Chinese Cities: Challenges are
Opportunities




2      billion sq. m.
Total annual new construction area in China( nearly...
Chinese Cities: Challenges are
Opportunities




3.6
Oil consumption
                  times   4.3               times
   ...
Policy Framework for Low
  Carbon Cities in China



                           8
China’s 11th Five Year Plan
 (2005 to 2010)




 Unit GDP energy consumption to be reduced by

 20% from 2005 to 2010
COPY...
22 September 2009            Energy efficiency
United Nations Climate
                         1   Significant reduction o...
25 November 2009      • From            2005         to       2020
  China State Council
  Decisions                 reduc...
China’s Response:
Low Carbon Eco-cities



                        12
ÉϺ£¶«Ì²Éú̬³Ç
                          13
Dongtan Eco-City, China
Tianjin Eco-City
Ìì½òÉú̬³Ç




                   14
Recent Low Carbon Planning Projects in
 China
                                                        Harbin

            ...
Low Carbon Eco-cities:
    Connectivity



                         18
ICT Total Global Impacts :
         7.8 GtCO2e per year , 15% from BAU
                                         (in 2020*)...
Impact on Economic Processes:
             Reduction of 5.2 GtCO2e per year


                                   Smart log...
The impact of De-materialization:
               Reduction of 460 MtCO2e/year

                                   Online m...
Planning for a Connected City:
Key Players in Urban Development Process

   •   Local City Government
   •   Land Developm...
Urban Development Process
                Master Land Use Plan
                ×ÜÌå¹æ»®

                Regulatory Zoning...
Enabling the market…
• Policy Making:    City-wide ‘Carbon Emission’
  Accounting; Connectivity Target
• Infrastructure:  ...
Thank you !


Stanley Yip, Director (Planning & Development)
              Ove Arup & Partners
             Stanley.yip@ar...
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Stanley Yip - Low Carbon Cities in China: from Policies to Economics

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Stanley Yip - Low Carbon Cities in China: from Policies to Economics

  1. 1. Low Carbon Cities in China: From Policies to Economics Stanley Yip Director, Planning & Development Arup China SUPPORTED BY:
  2. 2. ÖйúµÄÀúÊ·»úÓö China’s Historical Opportunity 2 2
  3. 3. Chinese Cities: Challenges are Opportunities 24% China’s urbanization in 1985 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 43% China’s urbanization in 2006 3
  4. 4. Chinese Cities: Challenges are Opportunities 250,000 China’s private car number in 1985 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 17 million China’s private car number in 2005 4
  5. 5. Chinese Cities: Challenges are Opportunities 2 billion sq. m. Total annual new construction area in China( nearly half of the total amount of the world ) 5 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
  6. 6. Chinese Cities: Challenges are Opportunities 3.6 Oil consumption times 4.3 times Electricity consumption 2.2 CO2 emission times The growth of energy consumption between 1985-2005 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 6
  7. 7. Policy Framework for Low Carbon Cities in China 8
  8. 8. China’s 11th Five Year Plan (2005 to 2010) Unit GDP energy consumption to be reduced by 20% from 2005 to 2010 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 9
  9. 9. 22 September 2009 Energy efficiency United Nations Climate 1 Significant reduction of Unite GDP CO2 emission intensity from 2005 to Change Summit 2020 2 Renewable Energy Non-fossil energy contributes 15% of primary energy supply by 2020 3 Carbon Sink and Reforestation Increase of 40 million ha of forest coverage from 2005 to 2020 4 Green Economy Promote low carbon green economy, 10 technological research and development. COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
  10. 10. 25 November 2009 • From 2005 to 2020 China State Council Decisions reduction of unit GDP CO2 emission intensity by 40% to 45% • The target will be included as mandatory targets for mid to long term socio-economic planning. Set up statistics, monitoring and assessment systems. • By 2020, non-fossil fuel will contribute 15% of energy supply • Increase of 40 million ha of forest coverage from 2005 to 2020 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 11
  11. 11. China’s Response: Low Carbon Eco-cities 12
  12. 12. ÉϺ£¶«Ì²Éú̬³Ç 13 Dongtan Eco-City, China
  13. 13. Tianjin Eco-City Ìì½òÉú̬³Ç 14
  14. 14. Recent Low Carbon Planning Projects in China Harbin Changchun Beijing Tangshan Langfang Tianjin Zhengzhou Qingdao Wuxi Chongqing Wuhan Shanghai Changsha Shenzhen 17 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
  15. 15. Low Carbon Eco-cities: Connectivity 18
  16. 16. ICT Total Global Impacts : 7.8 GtCO2e per year , 15% from BAU (in 2020*) Industry Direct Impacts Level 1: (PC.s, infrastructure, data centre) Level 2: Impacts on Economic Sector Activities Level 3: De-materialization *(Source: The Climate Group 2008)
  17. 17. Impact on Economic Processes: Reduction of 5.2 GtCO2e per year Smart logistics: 1.52 GtCO2e Smart buildings: 1.68 GtCO2e Smart grids: 2.03 GtCO2e Smart industrial processes: 0.97 GtCO2e (Source: The Climate Group 2008) 20
  18. 18. The impact of De-materialization: Reduction of 460 MtCO2e/year Online media: 20 MtCO2e/year E-commerce: 30 MtCO2e/year E-paper: 70 MtCO2e/year Video-conferencing: 80 MtCO2e/year Tele-commuting: 260 MtCO2e/year (Source: The Climate Group 2008) 21
  19. 19. Planning for a Connected City: Key Players in Urban Development Process • Local City Government • Land Development Company • Building Developers • Users and Consumers • Industry: ISP, telecom 22
  20. 20. Urban Development Process Master Land Use Plan ×ÜÌå¹æ»® Regulatory Zoning Plans ¿Ø¹æ Site PlanÐÞ¹æ Building Plan ½¨Öþ·½°¸ Connectivity 23
  21. 21. Enabling the market… • Policy Making: City-wide ‘Carbon Emission’ Accounting; Connectivity Target • Infrastructure: Communication infrastructure development as part of land development process • Planning Permission: Site/building connectivity facilities and access to households • Market : Tele-commuting, E-business and E- commerce, etc 24 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
  22. 22. Thank you ! Stanley Yip, Director (Planning & Development) Ove Arup & Partners Stanley.yip@arup.com . . . shaping a better world
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