Stanley Yip - Low Carbon Cities in China: from Policies to Economics
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Stanley Yip - Low Carbon Cities in China: from Policies to Economics

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Stanley Yip - Low Carbon Cities in China: from Policies to Economics Stanley Yip - Low Carbon Cities in China: from Policies to Economics Presentation Transcript

  • Low Carbon Cities in China: From Policies to Economics Stanley Yip Director, Planning & Development Arup China SUPPORTED BY:
  • ÖйúµÄÀúÊ·»úÓö China’s Historical Opportunity 2 2
  • Chinese Cities: Challenges are Opportunities 24% China’s urbanization in 1985 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 43% China’s urbanization in 2006 3 View slide
  • Chinese Cities: Challenges are Opportunities 250,000 China’s private car number in 1985 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 17 million China’s private car number in 2005 4 View slide
  • Chinese Cities: Challenges are Opportunities 2 billion sq. m. Total annual new construction area in China( nearly half of the total amount of the world ) 5 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
  • Chinese Cities: Challenges are Opportunities 3.6 Oil consumption times 4.3 times Electricity consumption 2.2 CO2 emission times The growth of energy consumption between 1985-2005 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 6
  • Policy Framework for Low Carbon Cities in China 8
  • China’s 11th Five Year Plan (2005 to 2010) Unit GDP energy consumption to be reduced by 20% from 2005 to 2010 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 9
  • 22 September 2009 Energy efficiency United Nations Climate 1 Significant reduction of Unite GDP CO2 emission intensity from 2005 to Change Summit 2020 2 Renewable Energy Non-fossil energy contributes 15% of primary energy supply by 2020 3 Carbon Sink and Reforestation Increase of 40 million ha of forest coverage from 2005 to 2020 4 Green Economy Promote low carbon green economy, 10 technological research and development. COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
  • 25 November 2009 • From 2005 to 2020 China State Council Decisions reduction of unit GDP CO2 emission intensity by 40% to 45% • The target will be included as mandatory targets for mid to long term socio-economic planning. Set up statistics, monitoring and assessment systems. • By 2020, non-fossil fuel will contribute 15% of energy supply • Increase of 40 million ha of forest coverage from 2005 to 2020 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED 11
  • China’s Response: Low Carbon Eco-cities 12
  • ÉϺ£¶«Ì²Éú̬³Ç 13 Dongtan Eco-City, China
  • Tianjin Eco-City Ìì½òÉú̬³Ç 14
  • Recent Low Carbon Planning Projects in China Harbin Changchun Beijing Tangshan Langfang Tianjin Zhengzhou Qingdao Wuxi Chongqing Wuhan Shanghai Changsha Shenzhen 17 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
  • Low Carbon Eco-cities: Connectivity 18
  • ICT Total Global Impacts : 7.8 GtCO2e per year , 15% from BAU (in 2020*) Industry Direct Impacts Level 1: (PC.s, infrastructure, data centre) Level 2: Impacts on Economic Sector Activities Level 3: De-materialization *(Source: The Climate Group 2008)
  • Impact on Economic Processes: Reduction of 5.2 GtCO2e per year Smart logistics: 1.52 GtCO2e Smart buildings: 1.68 GtCO2e Smart grids: 2.03 GtCO2e Smart industrial processes: 0.97 GtCO2e (Source: The Climate Group 2008) 20
  • The impact of De-materialization: Reduction of 460 MtCO2e/year Online media: 20 MtCO2e/year E-commerce: 30 MtCO2e/year E-paper: 70 MtCO2e/year Video-conferencing: 80 MtCO2e/year Tele-commuting: 260 MtCO2e/year (Source: The Climate Group 2008) 21
  • Planning for a Connected City: Key Players in Urban Development Process • Local City Government • Land Development Company • Building Developers • Users and Consumers • Industry: ISP, telecom 22
  • Urban Development Process Master Land Use Plan ×ÜÌå¹æ»® Regulatory Zoning Plans ¿Ø¹æ Site PlanÐÞ¹æ Building Plan ½¨Öþ·½°¸ Connectivity 23
  • Enabling the market… • Policy Making: City-wide ‘Carbon Emission’ Accounting; Connectivity Target • Infrastructure: Communication infrastructure development as part of land development process • Planning Permission: Site/building connectivity facilities and access to households • Market : Tele-commuting, E-business and E- commerce, etc 24 COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
  • Thank you ! Stanley Yip, Director (Planning & Development) Ove Arup & Partners Stanley.yip@arup.com . . . shaping a better world