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Sean Chiao - Urban Innovation in China
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Sean Chiao - Urban Innovation in China

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  • 1. Urban Design and Networked Development 1
  • 2. When we think of “Innovation”, We tend to think it means progress in … - Technology; - Product design and development. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 2
  • 3. In China, urban innovation still exists in the “development” phase. The primary focus is on … … Infrastructural development; Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 3
  • 4. In China, urban innovation still exists in the “development” phase. The primary focus is on … … Infrastructural development; … Iconic Building; Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 4
  • 5. In China, urban innovation still exists in the “development” phase. The primary focus is on … … Infrastructural development; … Iconic Building; … Size. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 5
  • 6. By 2025, China will have … - 8 megacities with more than 10 million residents; - 15 cities with 5-10 million residents; - Over 5 billion square-meters of roads added; - 170 mass-transit systems built; - More than 40 billion square meters of floor space built; - 50,000 skyscrapers of above 30 stories planned; - By 2015, 260 airports (in 2005,135 civil- scheduled-flight airports in 133 cities); - Around 70% urban residents (now 47%) Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 6
  • 7. China’s 4 trillion-yuan stimulus fund, unveiled in November 2008 to shore up the effects of the global recession on the Chinese economy, has deepened the notion that Innovation = Physical Growth. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 7
  • 8. The 4-trillion yuan has been spent on … - 445 kilometers of expressway; - 20,000 kilometers of roads; - 254 rural electricity substations; - 30,000 kilometers of power lines; - 100,000 square meters of passenger airport terminals; - 176 high-tech industrialization projects; - 210,000 units of low-income housing; another 650,000 unit under construction. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 8
  • 9. Current Equation Government investment More roads, more power, more airport terminals, more hi-tech parks Faster and greater urbanization Better City, Better Life Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 9
  • 10. That is a necessary phase of China’s development… …but… …We must start thinking about longer-term priorities NOW. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 10
  • 11. China must embrace “e-nnovation” “E-nnovation” addresses: - Ecology; - Environment; - Evolution; - Economics. It is…“Multi-dimensional” and “Holistic”. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 11
  • 12. Why e-nnovation? Because the current development approach, with its focus on mega- cities and mega-structures, is problematic. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 12
  • 13. It yields: - Waste, pollution, over-population and under-housing, traffic and rail congestion, healthcare and power shortages; - Uneven urbanization: some regions will continue their development, leaving other regions even more under-resourced and under-inhabited - Worsening rich-poor divide. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 13
  • 14. It’s critical for China to embrace “holistic” development that integrates infrastructural expansion with environmental, ecological, cultural, and social development. We are already seeing pockets of new thinking across the country. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 14
  • 15. Suzhou Jinji Lake Master Planning & Urban Design - 70 Km2 New Town Development Started from 1993 between China and Singapore Government. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 15
  • 16. Suzhou Jinji Lake Master Planning & Urban Design - Shoreline decked with parks, public squares, promenades, boardwalks, cafes, tea houses, fishing piers; viewing platforms; etc Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 16
  • 17. Suzhou Jinji Lake Master Planning & Urban Design - Design intent was not to mimic Suzhou’s historic gardens but to infuse suburban landscape with modern touches Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 17
  • 18. Suzhou Jinji Lake Master Planning & Urban Design - Idea was to transform the public space into a destination for the local community; we recast the old Chinese notion of open spaces as monuments into spaces for public participation. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 18
  • 19. Suzhou Jinji Lake Master Planning & Urban Design - Jinji Lake now a magnet for international investors in Suzhou Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 19
  • 20. Shanghai Chemical Industrial Park (SCIP) Natural Wastewater Treatment System - AECOM was lead designer for a 74-acre natural wastewater treatment system for treating over 6-million gallons per day of partially treated industrial wastewater; Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 20
  • 21. Shanghai Chemical Industrial Park (SCIP) Natural Wastewater Treatment System - Polished water is discharged into Hangzhou Bay; Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 21
  • 22. Shanghai Chemical Industrial Park (SCIP) Natural Wastewater Treatment System - The water system has become a recreational park for local residents as well as a wildlife habitat; - Plan includes a wetland research center for academics in the Greater Shanghai area; Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 22
  • 23. Shanghai Chemical Industrial Park (SCIP) Natural Wastewater Treatment System - A model project for wetland parks across China. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 23
  • 24. Tianjin Hai River Master Plan and Embankment Redevelopment - AECOM regenerated more than 20 km of the Hai River; Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 24
  • 25. Tianjin Hai River Master Plan and Embankment Redevelopment - Design vision was to link people to their water. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 25
  • 26. Tianjin Hai River Master Plan and Embankment Redevelopment - Subtle palettes were chosen to emphasize Tianjin’s modernity and stressed quality construction to instill pride in local residents for their waterfront Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 26
  • 27. Tianjin Hai River Master Plan and Embankment Redevelopment - Immediate impact to Tianjin seen: 30,000 new homes, retail centers and cultural facilities sprang up. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 27
  • 28. Taiyuan Yingze Boulevard Streetscape Redevelopment - Yingze Boulevard was built in 1955 and was an iconic artery of Taiyuan but became outmoded over the years; Taiyuan also was facing regeneration issues; Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 30
  • 29. Taiyuan Yingze Boulevard Streetscape Redevelopment - 17-meter high pole-lights and tree forms balance the scale of the vehicular road; Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 31
  • 30. Taiyuan Yingze Boulevard Streetscape Redevelopment - AECOM redesigned the boulevard using local architectural style and materials; - Design interplays natural with man- made; modern with the past. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 32
  • 31. e-nnovation is about: Context Content Community “Place making” Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 33
  • 32. e-nnovation must enhance: - Community value; - Cultural/Design value; - Historical value; - Ecological value Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 34
  • 33. Those values do not conflict with or reduce Economic Value. Holistic innovation, in fact, enhances economic value: - Local populations are revived; - New homes are built; - Local businesses emerge; - Land values rise; Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 35
  • 34. What’s the future of urban innovation in China? Awareness of holistic planning and development is only beginning – but it’s growing. Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 36
  • 35. from innovation to e-nnovation: Building our Better Cities Partnership for Urban Innovation Urban Design and Networked Development 37
  • 36. Urban Design and Networked Development 38

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