Sangbum Kim - Policy Directions of Seoul for a Clean and Green City
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Sangbum Kim - Policy Directions of Seoul for a Clean and Green City Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Policy Directions of Seoul for a Clean and Green City Sang Bum Kim (Assistant Mayor for City Transportation) CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009
  • 2. Contents 1. Current Status and Challenges 1. Current Status and Challenges 2. Goals of GHG and Energy reduction 2. Goals of GHG and Energy reduction 3. Strategies and Major Projects 3. Strategies and Major Projects 4. Strategies in Transportation Sector 4. Strategies in Transportation Sector
  • 3. 1. Current Status and Challenges Current Status of Seoul Seoul • Area : 605km2 (Capital Region 11,730km2) General • Population : 10,456 thousand Capital Region (11,730㎢, 24mill. 49.4%) Status (Capital Region 24,726 thousand) • Ave. Temperature 12.2 , Rainfall 1,344mm/yr • No. of vehicles : 2,949 thousand • Metro : 286.9km (8 lines) *national rail : 75.1km Transport- • No. of Bus : 7,599 (381 routes) ation • No. of Taxi : 72,359 Status • No. of trips : 31,509 thousand/day Seoul • Modal Share (605㎢, 10mill. 23.5%) - Bus 27.6%, Metro 34.9%, Taxi 6.2%, - Passenger Car 26.3%, others 5.0% CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 -3-
  • 4. 1. Current Status and Challenges Faced Challenges Climate Change Conditions Average temperature 2.5℃ has risen since last 100 yrs.(3 times of Globe, 1.7 of Korea) Season length Change GHG Emission by sectors Spring Summer Autumn Winter 1920s 77days 6/3 111days 9/21 60days 11/20 117days 3/18 Energy·industry others (3%) 1990s 0days 5/24 + 16days 9/27 + 3days 11/29 - 19days 3/8 (5%) buildings transportation (65%) (27%) Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar G HG Emission, Energy Consumptions Oil Consumption Rate by Sectors More than 90% of GHG Emitted by Transportation and Buildings Transportation occupies 2/3 of Oil Consumption - Energy inefficient Transportation Structure * More than half of fuel consumed by passenger cars CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 -4-
  • 5. 2. Goals of GHG and Energy Reduction S eoul Eco and Energy Declaration GHG reduction 25% by 2020, 35% by 2030 (Standard year 1990) Energy Saving 15% by 2020, 20% by 2030 (Standard year 2000) New Renewable Energy Use 10% by 2020, 15% by 2030 G oals in Transportation Sector (Unit : 1000 TOE) 33,879 (Unit : 1000 CO2ton) 16,450 14,476 27,103 -12% - 20% Transit Modal Share Transit Modal Share - 25% 62.3% 70.0% 13,987 -15% 25,409 2006 2020 CBD Travel CBD Travel Speed Speed ’00 ’10 ’20 14.4km/h 20.0km/h ’90 ’10 ’20 Energy Consumption GHG Emission CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 -5-
  • 6. 3. Strategies and Major Projects Strategies Political Direction Strategies Transition to Era of Reduction of Building Energy Use Eco-friendly Building led by Public Sector Carbon Neutral Urban Planning Eco-Friendly Urban Planning Green Space Expansion in Urban Area More Use of Fuel Cell Adoption led by Public Sector New renewable Energy Hydrogen Station Expansion Low Carbon Energy Efficient Transit and Bicycle Use Facilitation Transportation Policies Strengthening Travel Demand Management CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 -6-
  • 7. 3. Strategies and Major Projects 3. 1 Transition to Era of Eco-Friendly Building S eoul Eco-friendly Building Standard (Aug. 2007) 친환경건축물 인정표시 Energy Efficient Design and Restructuring of Newly Built Buildings and Existing Buildings - Mandatory for Public Buildings, recommendatory for Private buildings 20% 감면 15% 감면 (incentives provided such as Floor Space Index increase) CO2 20% Reduction for New Buildings, 10% for Existing Ones B uilding Retrofit Project(BRP) 10% 감면 5% 감면 Energy Efficiency Improvement of Heat proof and Air Conditioning Facilities - 32 Public Buildings including City Hall Annex and 30 Private Ones Finished 'Seoul is world leading city in building retrofit' (Clinton Climate Initiative) E co-friendly City Hall Construction (Completed in 2011) Leading Building against Climate Change (Energy Reduction 55%) - 100% Air conditioning by Geothermal Energy, Full Use of LED Illuminations Eco-Friendly Building Standard 1st Grade Pre-Certified GHG 5,911CO2t/yr, Energy 875TOE/yr Reduction, New Renewable Energy Use 10.9% CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 -7-
  • 8. 3. Strategies and Major Projects 3. 2 Eco-Friendly Urban Planning M agok Carbon Neutral City Development All Buildings Energy Efficiency 1st Grade, Energy Self-reliance more than 60% 100 thousand MW Hydrogen Fuel Cell Power Plant (the Biggest in the world) Eco-friendly Urban Planning : Waterfront, Green Place, Eco Stream, Bicycle Road GT based Industrial and Academic Cluster, International Business District Energy 138,000 TOE/yr, Carbon Emission 107,000 tC/yr Reduction Hydrogen Fuel Cell Power Plant and Exhibit CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 -8-
  • 9. 3. Strategies and Major Projects 3. 2 Eco-Friendly Urban Planning E xpansion of Green Space Establishment of Pleasant Urban Structure Large Scale Park, Eco Culture Park, Tree Garden, Rooftop Tree Planting - Downtown Green Space : Se-Un Green Axis, Yong-San Park H an-river Waterfront Project Rebirth of Seoul Waterfront, Harmony with Human, Water and City Han-river Project whose role is Wind Passage of Seoul CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 -9-
  • 10. 3. Strategies and Major Projects 3. 3 More Use of New Renewable Energy N ew Renewable Landmark : World Cup Park Transformation of Waste Landfill : Integration of Environment and Energy Energy Zero House : Energy Self-Production by Using Solar and Geothermal Energy Hydrogen Station : Hydrogen Generated by Using Waste Landfill Gas H ydrogen Fuel Cell Introduction No-Won Cogeneration 5.2 MW, Ma-Gok 10 MW Fuel Cell Pilot Introduction of Fuel Cell for Home Use from 2010 Periodical Construction of Hydrogen Station by Regions G reen Car Introduction 10%(2015)→20%(2020)→30%(2030) of All registered Vehicles CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 - 10 -
  • 11. 4. Strategies in Transportation Sector Vision and Goal of Transportation Policies Vision of Seoul Role of Environmental Economic Social Inclusion Transportation Sustainability Competitiveness 교통수요관리 강 Low-carbon based Human-oriented Strengthening 화 public transportation transportation travel demand system environment management Strategies Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) base establishment CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 - 11 -
  • 12. 1) Low-Carbon Based Public Transportation System 1. 1 Rail Network Expansion and Service Improvement 진접선(4호선 진접선(4호선 우이-신설 연 우이-신설 연 연장) 연장) 경의선 경의선 장 장 R ail Network Expansion 우이-신설 우이-신설 동북선 동북선 경춘선 경춘선 Metro line 9 open to service (2009) Light Rail Transit 8 lines 73.3km (~2017) 서부선 서부선 Subway 2 lines 13.2km 별내선(3호선 별내선(3호선 연장) 연장) 면목선 면목선 Metropolitan Rail 8 lines 152.1km DMC선 DMC선 인천국제 인천국제 공항철도 공항철도 목동선 목동선 S ubway Service Improvement 7호 7호 분당선 연 분당선 연 3호선 연 선 선 장 3호선 연 장 Subway Platform Safety Door 연장 연장 장 장 대곡-소사 대곡-소사 - Securing Safety and Turning more Comfortale Area 선 선 신림선 신림선 Pedestrian Mobility Service Facilities 신분당선 신분당선 - Elevators, Escalators, Wheelchair lifts, Moving Walkways CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 - 12 -
  • 13. 1) Low-Carbon Based Public Transportation System 1. 2 Bus Priority System M edian Bus Lanes Expansion 73.5km in 8 arterials in Operation designated spot in order … Safer than before 55.3km in 5 arterials by 2010 The number of Lanes … maintained as they wer Planned to be operated in conjunction with capital area BRT - 540.4km in 22 routes in total - Pilot service in 2 lines adjacent to Seoul E co-Friendly Bus Introduction All Buses changes to CNG Buses by 2010 - 6,147 vehicles (2008) → 9,304 vehicles (2010) - CNG Station : 45 stations (2008) → 51 stations (2010) 50% of Buses replaced with Low floor Buses by 2013 - 751 buses (2008) → 3,601 buses (2013) Hybrid Buses in operation from 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 - 13 -
  • 14. 2) Human oriented Transportation Environment 2. 1 Bicycle Use Facilitation Dobong-gaepo Jungrang stream B icycle only Road Extension Unification Road Bicycle only Network 207km in 17 routes Downtown~Outer line Circulation routes 88.4km Bulgwangceon EungamㆍSejongno SusaekㆍYongsan B icycle-Friendly Community Hongjae stream Downtown Circular Han River axis MagokㆍMokdong Large-scale residential, business, culture- KimpoㆍSusaek CheonggyeoㆍCheonho tourism areas - 12 areas by 2012, 33 areas by 2030 City HallㆍMokdong Tan streamㆍDunchun B icycle Use Facilitation Programs Nambu Circular TehearanㆍCheonho Tan stream Banpo-Yongsan DogokㆍSamsung Pilot Service of Public Bike System (2 areas) CheonggyeoㆍYangjae Yangjae stream YoungdongㆍDosan 16 Bicycle Parking Buildings Installation Anyang stream City HallㆍSiheung Closed type Subway Bicycle Storage Facilities Introduction CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 - 14 -
  • 15. 2) Human oriented Transportation Environment 2. 2 Pedestrian Environment Improvement P edestrian Environment Enhancement 111 more Crosswalks installed by 2011 Downtown Pedestrian Green Plaza - Gwangwhamoon Plaza (6/2009), Heunginjimoon Green Plaza(12/2008) S ervice for the disabled Call Taxi Service - 220 taxis (present) → 300 taxis (2010) 2 Barrier free Zone Pilot Program L ED traffic signal Lights Visibility Enhancement and Energy Use Reduction - 89,000 lights installed(2008), 41,100 to be installed(2009) CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 - 15 -
  • 16. 3. Strengthening Travel Demand Management Commercial Area T he Upper Parking Limit Regualtion Semi-residential Zone 1st grade parking charging zone(existing) Commercial Zones at High density Area 1st grade parking charging zone(new) expanded to Congested areas and Transit transfer areas C ompany TDM program Target increase (3,000m2→1,000m2) Designating Huge Traffic generating Facilities as “Specific Management Facility” W eekly No Driving Day Campaign Voluntary TDM Program - citizens pick up one of weekdays and leave their car home Incentives provided such as auto tax reduction CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 - 16 -
  • 17. 4. ITS based Transportation Policies Seoul TOPIS (Transport OPeration and Information Service) Transportation Data Seoul TOPIS by Organizations Organization/System Data Analysis Process Fusion BMS Center Bus Operation Information Smart Card System No. of Transit Users Real Time Data Urban Expressway Access Traffic Management Traffic, Travel Speed System Seoul Traffic Accident / Scientific Broadcasting Demonstration Management Police Agency Traffic / CCTV Meteorological Weather Information Integrated Traffic Administration Operation Gyunggi do Gyunggi Province Traffic Information Private Traffic Information Company Arterial Travel Speed CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 - 17 -
  • 18. Positive Effect Expected CO2 35% Reduction by 2020 2020 2030 1996 2008 12.4Mil. 8.0Mil. CO2t 5.3Mil. CO2t 11.6Mil. CO2t CO2t -13% -22% -9% -13% Transit TDM Metropolitan Positive TDM Enhancement Express Rail Green Transportation Metro Reshuffling Facilitation CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 CUD Global Conference Seoul 2009 - 18 -