Peter Head - Urban Design For The Ecological Age


Published on

Published in: Technology, Real Estate
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Peter Head - Urban Design For The Ecological Age

  1. 1. C O N N E C T E D URBANDEVELOPMENT urban design for the ecological age Integrated urbanism and the transition in the agricultural and industrial age urban centres Peter .R. Head - OBE - FREng - FRSA Director Arup 23rd September 2008 Amsterdam
  2. 2. Can we move towards a sustainable way of living? What policies and investments are needed in low, middle and high income countries? What is the role of connected urban development innovations in leading this transition to an Ecological Age?
  3. 3. Our Shrinking Earth 1900 1950 1987 2005 2030 2050 7.91 5.15 2.60 2.02 1.69 1.44 Year Hectares of land per capita
  4. 4. Ecological Footprint city comparisons 14.00 12.00 10.00 Other E (g a a ) F h ./c p Services 8.00 Goods Mobility 6.00 Housing Food 4.00 2.00 - o i rk go on on ha g o nt jin ky Yo tia nd st ng ro To ei ou an To ew Lo ha B H S S N USA 9 global hectares per person Global Earthshare 1.8 global hectares Western Europe 6 global hectares per person per person China 1.6 global hectares per person
  5. 5. The Mitigation Challenge: Global ‘energy hunger’
  6. 6. Oil Reserves Have Peaked Energy Watch Group. “Crude Oil: The Supply Outlook”. EWG-Series No3/2007 October 2007.
  7. 7. Urban density-transport energy use x4 x2 newman and kenworthy
  8. 8. Winning Strategies for the ‘ecological age’ ‘Smart Responsive Simplicity’ 1. Use waste as a resource 2. Diversify and co-operate 3. Gather and use energy efficiently 4. Optimise not maximise 5. Use materials sparingly 6. Clean up, not pollute 7. Do not draw down resources 8. Remain in balance with the biosphere 9. Run on information 10. Shop locally Janine Benyus Biomimicry
  9. 9. integrated urbanism • Human and Environmental Health • Economic Vitality and Individual Prosperity • Energy • Housing • Nutrition and Urban Rural Linkages • Mobility and Access • Communications • Education and Culture • Governance and Civic Engagement • Water • Materials and Waste • Ecological Footprint
  10. 10. urbanism the sustainable approach
  11. 11. A new methodology for delivering better performance outcomes in cities:
  12. 12. Virtuous Cycles of Value in the Masterplanning
  13. 13. Source: Duvigneaud, DeSmet 1977
  14. 14. Integrated Resource Management Linking the overarching master-plan to the Master Plan technical disciplines Food Production Water supply Wastewater Waste Man. Economics Transport Logistics Energy Others Understanding interactions and feedback loops between elements
  15. 15. the system of city/rural life
  16. 16. (CO2 – 80%) + 1.44GHA/Capita Human Development Ecological Footprint 1.44GHA/Capita (CO2 Increase –+ 80%) = + 2050 Ecological Age Index Development Human Ecological Footprint Index Increase = 2050 Ecological Age
  17. 17. Low to middle income countries Transition from agricultural to ecological age A new paradigm of urban and rural development with integrated urban-rural resource flows Models - eco-city plans in China and Curitiba
  18. 18. Middle to high income countries Transition from industrial to ecological age City retrofitting and reconnect urban-rural resource flows Models -London Climate Change Action Plan and Freiburg
  19. 19. Transport infrastructure for the ecological age • High speed rail connecting city centres and international airports-replaces regional air travel for distances of 600 to 800km • Zero emission mass transport in cities • Consolidation centres for freight delivery using green vehicle fleets
  20. 20. Image by Poyang Hsueh Vancouver Skyrail, Canada
  21. 21. : Press Office City of Munster, Germany
  22. 22. Energy infrastructure for the ecological age • Large scale renewable energy-wind, wave, tidal stream, hydro and concentrated solar in deserts. Hydrogen production as energy storage • Decentralised renewable energy power, heating and cooling-micro grids • Carbon sequestration at coal, oil and gas power stations-short carbon cycling
  23. 23. Raul Lieberwirth Pierre Tourigny Waste to Energy Plant, Sheffield, UK
  24. 24. Resource management for the ecological age • Anaerobic digestion of organic waste to create energy and compost • Water capture and recycling of waste water • Nutrient recycling into the food chain • City food production on rooftops and in buildings • Mining of materials from existing cities
  25. 25. New York Sun Works Kiss + Cathcart Architects Kiss + Cathcart Architects
  26. 26. plant factories Integrating all known applicable plant science and classic systems engineering principles ensuring near optimum growing conditions
  27. 27. Communication systems Real time local services
  28. 28. Urban Information Architecture Methodology UIA Vision Solutions Business And & Supply Operations Case Strategy Chain Future Civil Proofing Eng. The entire process is fully aligned with Integrated Urbanism, Masterplanning, The Development Strategy, Design, the Capital Programme and the Commercial Plan
  29. 29. …Information and Supply of Technology Who Designs Who Pays Who Gains Who Delivers Who Operates
  30. 30. Large Cities Climate Leadership Group Clinton Climate Initiative “ accelerate carbon emissions reductions and provide direct assistance through buying clubs ” London, New York, Stockholm, San Francisco, Toronto, Shanghai, Delhi, Mexico City, Beijing, Berlin, Barcelona, Chicago, Sao Paulo, Rome, Paris, Madrid, Melbourne, Istanbul, Tokyo, Moscow, Warsaw
  31. 31. Climate Change Action Plan - Objectives • Focus on mitigation • Delivering CO2 reduction targets focusing on initiatives with highest CO2 impact • Create a shared climate change agenda – identify actions by individuals, Government, business that enable a city to meet its targets
  32. 32. Delivery mechanism for city retrofit • Public private partnerships at a regional scale with initial pilot project • Partners would include utilities for energy, water and waste, public and private sector land owners, public transport and logistics companies, major resource suppliers • Value drivers for public sector would be improved economic, social and environmental performance at a regional scale • Value drivers for private sector would be faster planning approval, lower investment costs, larger returns on investment, attraction of lower cost investment capital, new climate change legislation
  33. 33. learning from the west CHINA RESEARCH Downing Street Signing.JPG PARTNERSHIP UK learning from the east DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH TRAINING China Research Institute UK Research Institute for Sustainable Cites for Sustainable Cities
  34. 34. Which future?