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  • 1. Building the Smart Connected City – Piloting a Landmark FTTH Inner City Project at 1 Gbps Partnership for Urban Innovation Global Conference 2010 June 17-18, 2010 Shanghai, China LEV GONICK, CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER
  • 2. “The coming of the global village will inevitably mean that the city as a form of major dimensions must inevitably dissolve like the fading shot in a movie.” Marshall McLuhan, media theorist (1964) IN THE BEGINNING
  • 3. “The era of the computer and the communications satellite is inhospitable to the high density city.” Anthony Pascal: The Vanishing City, (1987) ICT AND THE COLLAPSE OF CITIES?
  • 4. “In many ways, if cities did not exist, it now would not be necessary to invent them.” Naisbitt and Aburdene (1991). IN THE FUTURE
  • 5. “At the moment, it is as if we occupy two worlds at once, especially in our congested cities: the physical world of clogged roads, which is inefficient, slow moving, rigid, and the immaterial world of computers and communications in which we can work at the touch of a button. The ease of use and responsiveness of the new, immaterial economy will make us increasingly frustrated with our experience of the cumbersome old economy of physical machines and roads.” Charles Leadbeater, (2000) BUT FOR THE MOMENT …
  • 6. Top 10 Cities of the Year 1900 Name Population London, United Kingdom 6,480,000 New York, United States 4,242,000 Paris, France 3,330,000 Berlin, Germany 2,707,000 Chicago, United States 1,717,000 Vienna, Austria 1,698,000 Tokyo, Japan 1,497,000 St. Petersburg, Russia 1,439,000 Manchester, United Kingdom 1,435,000 Philadelphia, United States 1,418,000
  • 7. Top 10 Cities of the Year 1950 Name Population New York, United States 12,463,000 London, United Kingdom 8,860,000 Tokyo, Japan 7,000,000 Paris, France 5,900,000 Shanghai, China 5,406,000 Moscow, Russia 5,100,000 Buenos Aires, Argentina 5,000,000 Chicago, United States 4,906,000 Ruhr, Germany 4,900,000 Kolkata, India 4,800,000
  • 8. Top 10 Cities of the Year 2000 Name Population Mumbai, India 12,147,100 Buenos Aires 11,655,100 Seoul, South Korea 11,153,200 Jakarta, Indonesia 10,810,400 Karachi, Pakistan 10,272,500 Manila, Philippines 10,133,200 Sao Paulo, Brazil 10,057,700 Delhi, India 10,009,200 Istanbul, Turkey 9,216,400 Shanghai, China 9,031,200
  • 9. Largest Agglomeration of Urban Areas 2000 Name Population Tokyo, Japan 31,036,900 New York, USA 29,881,200 Mexico City, Mexico 21,027,200 Seoul, South Korea 19,844,500 Sao Paulo, Brazil 18,505,100 Osaka, Japan 17,592,400 Jakarta, Indonesia 17,369,200 Delhi, India 16,713,200 Los Angeles, USA 16,584,700 Cairo, Egypt 15,546,100
  • 10. Average annual Population in Rank City/Urban area Country growth, 2006 to 2020 2020, in % (millions) 1 Tokyo Japan 0.34 37.28 2 Mumbai (Bombay) India 2.32 25.97 3 Delhi India 3.48 25.83 4 Dhaka Bangladesh 3.79 22.04 5 Mexico City Mexico 0.90 21.81 6 São Paulo Brazil 1.06 21.57 7 Lagos Nigeria 4.44 21.51 8 Jakarta Indonesia 3.03 20.77 9 New York USA 0.66 20.43 10 Karachi Pakistan 3.19 18.94 11 Calcutta India 1.74 18.54 12 Buenos Aires Argentina 0.97 15.48 13 Cairo Egypt 1.56 14.02 14 Metro Manila Philippines 1.55 13.40 15 Los Angeles USA 0.58 13.25
  • 11. Some Cities with the Biggest Losses of Population -410,710 Berlin, Germany 1952-1983 -414,970 Glasgow, UK 1951-1994 -508,610 St. Louis, USA 1950-2000 -554,060 Philadelphia, USA 1950-2000 -554,060 Osaka, Japan 1965-1999 -684,200 New York, USA 1970-1980 -823,220 Chicago, USA 1950-1990 -837,230 Detroit, USA 1950-2000 -898,300 Tokyo, Japan 1965-1999 -1,016,300 London (Greater) 1938-1991 -1,200,000 -1,000,000 -800,000 -600,000 -400,000 -200,000 0 Loss of Population
  • 12. detached isolated exclusionary
  • 13. Contribute
  • 14. economic revitalization
  • 15. commercialization
  • 16. technology transfer
  • 17. standards based open neutral
  • 18. partnership
  • 19. government agencies
  • 20. collaborate
  • 21. community priorities
  • 22. Hybrid fiber/wireless network HealthNet Telemedicine and e-medical records for >50 urban & rural hospitals across 22 counties Education GovNet Digital Resource Library Enhanced and distance learning connectivity and mobile workforce Community Access Public access and community collaboration
  • 23. Now in 22 Counties in Northeast Ohio
  • 24. Impact in our Rural Communities Solving middle mile Public interest users in rural America creates anchor community broadband last mile fiber & wireless options in rural America Local County Government Government Public Safety Service Emergency Services Libraries & Community Centers Transportation Health Care Universities & Public & Colleges Private Schools • Regional/local meet-me points • Creating Public/Private partnerships • Public/Private partnerships • Aggregating demand • Access to shared infrastructure • Sharing infrastructure and services • Co-investment in local communities • Collaborative community programs • Consumer choice • Co-investment in community infrastructure
  • 25. Impact of Local Fiber Research Projects Enabled by Fiber-to-the-Premise • Goal of 5,000 Fiber-to-the-premise connections for public housing, senior citizens apartments, underserved urban households, local non-profits, and others – Community and neighborhood health care delivery program – Health project for at-risk and homebound senior citizens – High school success program for Science, Technology, Engineering and Math – Direct access to higher education, arts & cultural, and community institutions • Smart grid technology for responsible energy consumption
  • 26. CONNECTED. SMART. SAFE. HEALTHY & GREEN The University Circle Innovation Zone will: • Connect 5,000 public housing, senior citizens, multiple and single dwelling units with ultra broadband within 18 census tracks in University Circle, Fairfax, Hough, East Cleveland and Buckeye-Shaker to provide a public services platform for education, health and wellness, public safety and energy monitoring and conservation.
  • 27. SMART. GREEN. CONNECTED. • Build out a 15 square mile Smart Grid of • Advanced Metering: Aclara RF Systems ,GE Energy Sensors leveraging our existing Energy, Itron, Landis+Gyr, Sensus footprint of more than 20,000 gigabit fiber • Demand/Energy Management: Comverge, ports and institutional partners (through EnerNOC OneCommunity) and 2000+ existing wireless access points and mesh • Home Area Networks and Devices: Arch infrastructure for alternative energy, Rock, Carrier, Control4, Energate, Greenbox metering, and dynamic provisioning of Technologies, Invensys, Radio Thermostat energy architecture in partnership with Company of America, Tendril regional providers, including Cleveland • Networking: Cisco, Digi International Public Power and First Energy. • Software: eMeter, GridPoint, Itron, Oracle, • A Smart Housing Grid of more than 3000 OSIsoft sensors across Greater University Circle supporting research along with smart and greener homes and offices, utility monitoring, environmental and habitat monitoring, healthcare monitoring of patients, weather monitoring and forecasting, public safety, tracking of goods and manufacturing processes, safety monitoring of physical structures and construction sites. • A fully scalable „living lab‟ architecture • Development of consumer-based dashboards
  • 28. SMART CONNECTED HEALTH AND • WELLNESS With more than 5000 households and all of the institutional health care providers in the region connected to a common, fiber-based gigabit infrastructure, the University Circle Innovation Zone will partner with both healthcare and technology providers on enabling new, networked-based home healthcare delivery options through the integrated services platform. • Increase personalized health care options through real-time or near real-time reporting and integration of healthcare information with EMR. • Focused programmatic services efforts in smart, connected healthcare and wellness in areas such as sensor-based environmental health for asthmatics, allergy, and related hypertension, obesity, pulmonary conditions, Type 2 diabetes and personalized health strategies • Partners will include both the research and clinical care teams at the Cleveland Clinic, Metro Health, and University Hospitals through neighborhood outreach and partnership initiatives.
  • 29. SMART. CONNECTED. LEARNING. • With more than 5000 households and an unprecedented network of formal high schools, charter schools, libraries, science museums, public broadcasters, technology partners, and a coalition of university-based science educators all connected to a common, fiber-based gigabit infrastructure, the University Circle Innovation Zone will partner on enabling new, networked-based STEM education support through peer-to-peer, mentors, after-school, and community-based learning services support to increase the success of completion of STEM-related subjects in high school. • A coalition including, M2CSTEM High School, Great Lakes Science Center, Cuyahoga County Public Libraries, Cleveland Public Libraries, East Cleveland Library, and Cleveland Heights Libraries, WVIZ/WCPN ideastream, GreenCity BlueLake Institute, Museum of Natural History, Cleveland Botanical Gardens, University School, Hathaway Brown, Cleveland Metropolitan Schools, Cleveland Heights/University Heights Schools, East Cleveland Schools, Case Western Reserve University, Tri-C Community College, and Cleveland State University, along with Cisco, IBM, GE and others will work together to leverage the integrated regional services platform to improve high school STEM subject completion rates.
  • 31. The Beta Block • 104 residences • Fully 1G wired • Each enabled with HD Video Conferencing • Each enabled with smart health appliances • Residence will „opt in‟ with consent for participation • Will be IRB reviewed
  • 32. Open and Public Alpha House • Fully 1G wired • Visitors Center • Enabled with HD Video Conferencing • Enabled with smart health, energy, and safety appliances • Opportunity for providers and technology companies to share efforts
  • 33. General Reference Architecture Inside Topologies Device Middle-ware Gateways (Copper Fiber Connection /Wireless) Local – PC, Sensor, input Data fusion store and Twisted Pair device forward Remote – Telemetry to Secure telemetry direct WIFI web integration to servers Aggregation of Integrated into multiple service 900 Mhz solution streams Bluetooth
  • 34. • Direct-to-internet connectivity where possible. Enabling an Store and forward where not. “Internet of Key Innovation Targets Things” • Embedded systems and gateways are a key part of the innovation potential. • Low-cost, low-power, context-sensitive data collection for broad end-uses (e.g., Thermostat also collects humidity; Air quality sensors used New Sensor for medical condition management). Modalities • Wireless and wired sensors communicating from within the environment to external sources and users • Data Fusion - Algorithms for collection, data Nearly uniformity ubiquitous • Heirarchical (client-server) and non-heirarchical middleware (peer-to-peer) model support • Multi-directional models support multiple Interface interfaces (e.g., patient/physician; utility/end- Models user) • Connectivity to educational content • Hand-helds Multiple • On-device interface points • Web-based
  • 35. Health Use Case One – Wellness Pedometer (shoe) Cadence for stationary or outdoor biking Pulse, cadence, pedometer and GPS data via low-power gateway (ANT or blue tooth) Heart rate strap Direct web-connectivity of devices, aggregated at mid-sites like Google Health or Daily Burn. EMR connectivity from Wi-fi enabled scale Wellness Systems like CCF‟s 360-5.com. Hand-held interface
  • 36. Health Use Case Two – Chronic Care Google Health Video Consultation Record, MS Health Vault Connectivity with Local devices and EMR Wireless blood pressure monitor Wireless and store-forward glucometer
  • 37. Health Use Case Three – Environmental Sensing Standards Specifications Gas Interval Value Lower Upper CO 8-hour 9 ppm 2-4 ppm 50 ppm 1-hour 35 ppm CO2 "Good" Vents <1000 ppm 300-400 ppm 1,200-1,500 ppm Open, plug-play sensing Ambient ~400 ppm VOCs European: 0.3 mg/m3 environment for: Canadian: Target 1 mg/m3 •Self-monitoring PM 10 Canadian: Action 5 mg/m3 24-hour 150 ug/m3 10 ug/m3 500 ug/m3 •Medical monitoring PM 25 Annual mean 15.0 ug/m3 1-5 ug/m3 100 ug/m3 •Threshold monitoring 24-hour 35 ug/m3 NOx Annual mean 0.053 ppm .01 ppm .1 ppm SOx Annual mean 0.03 ppm .005 ppm .25 ppm 24-hour 0.14 ppm
  • 38. Energy Use Case One – Demand Side Environment In-home and remote-access data “mash-up” to provide visibility and control of energy usage. U-SNAP (Utility Smart Network Access Port) modules developed for a range of in-home devices
  • 39. Energy Use Case Two – Supply Side Environment Advanced Meter Infrastructure (network between advanced meters and utility business systems) – converged with or independent from demand-side systems. Utility interface and control Wireless Water Meter
  • 40. Education Use Case Web-based Media libraries, thin client services Streaming media Direct-access streaming video (IPTV) Direct and pnp-access streaming audio (Radio, music libraries, etc.)