Prof. Maria da Graça Carvalho - European Commission - The EU Strategy Towards a Low Carbon Society
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Prof. Maria da Graça Carvalho - European Commission - The EU Strategy Towards a Low Carbon Society

on

  • 2,918 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,918
Views on SlideShare
2,917
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
135
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Prof. Maria da Graça Carvalho - European Commission - The EU Strategy Towards a Low Carbon Society Prof. Maria da Graça Carvalho - European Commission - The EU Strategy Towards a Low Carbon Society Presentation Transcript

  • Connected Urban Development Conference San Francisco – February 21st, 2008 Prof. Maria da Graça Carvalho Principal Adviser Bureau of European Policy Advisers European Commission The EU Strategy Towards a Low Carbon Society
    • The Overall Strategy
    • Unbundling - Efficient and well functioning Energy Markets
    • Renewables
    • CO2 – in the Emission Trading Scheme - ETS
    • CO2 – out of the ETS
    • The Strategic Energy Technology Plan
    • The RTD Framework Programme
    • The Competition and Innovation programme
    • CONCERTO
    • CIVITAS
    • The Covenant of Mayors
    • Conclusions
    Outline Neither the European Commission, nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the information contained in this presentation. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission.
    • In March 2007 the 27 Heads of States and Governments unanimously agreed to:
    • precise, legally quantified binding targets
    • 20% GHG emissions in 2020
    • 30% if there is an international climate agreement
    • 20% share of renewables by 2020
    • 20% more energy efficiency by 2020
    The overall strategy
    • To stay inside of the triangle of the 3 pillars of the EU energy policy:
    • Security of supply
    • Competitiveness
    • Sustainability
    • Objective: a complete and well functioning internal market in electricity and natural gas
    • effective separation of supply and production activities from the network operation
    • further harmonisation of powers and enhanced independence of the national energy regulators
    • creation of a mechanism for transmission systems operators to improve the coordination of network operation and grid security, cross-border trade and grid operations
    • greater transparency in energy market operations
    Unbundling Towards Efficient Energy Markets
    • Objective: to get to 20% RES by
    • « Burden » sharing between the Member States, on the basis of the current share of RES and the GDP projections
    • The establishment of certificates of guarantees of origin for energy vectors derived from RES
    • The establishment of a market for these certificates
    • A specific 10% target for sustainable renewable based fuels in transport, in each Member State, subject to the fact that biofuels are sustainable and that the 2 nd generation biofuels becomes economically available
    • With sustainability criteria for biofuels
    Renewables
  • From 2005: The Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) is in place It involves only CO2 and only some industrial sectors (power generation and large combustion installations) For 2008-2012: This is the second period of the ETS It corresponds to the 1st commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol The Kyoto commitment is for the EU15 and there is a burden sharing agreement between the Member States After 2012 : Improvements of the ETS -20% GHG compared to 1990 Greenhouse Gas and the Emission Trading Scheme – Present Situation See next slides
    • Objective: To improve the functionning of the European Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)
    • The inclusion of greenhouse gases other than CO2
    • The inclusion of petrochemicals, ammonia and aluminium
            • A market covering 150 million tons of CO2 equivalent per year
    • Auctioning the emission allowances for the power sector from 2013
        • A potential revenue of 30000 to 50000 million €/yr for Member States, 20% of which must be re-injected in low greenhouse gas technologies
    • The inclusion of CO2 capture and storage from 2013 in the ETS
      • With a specific directive on the geological storage of CO2
    • Specific arrangements for energy intensive industries to maintain their competitiveness if there is no global climate change agreement in place by 2011
    CO2 in the Emission Trading Scheme
    • Objective: To decrease the greenhouse gas emissions not covered by the ETS by 10% by 2020
    • « burden » sharing between the Member States on the basis of their CO2 emissions in 2005 and of their GDP projections
    • Reporting and verifications mechanisms for the above
    • The possibility to use CDMs
            • Limited to 3% per year of the CO2 emissions of the country in 2005 if there is no international agreement in place by 2011
        • Unlimited if there is an international agreement
    CO2 outside of ETS
    • Objective : To develop the energy technologies which will allow for a new industrial revolution and deliver competitive growth with low carbon emissions
    • Proposing a joint integrated planning and European Industrial Initiatives in:
    • European Wind Initiative
    • Solar Europe Initiative
    • Bio-energy Europe Initiative
    • European Electricity Grid Initiative
    • European CO2 capture, transport and storage initiative
    • Sustainable fission initiative (Gen IV)
    • Fuel cells and hydrogen (JTI on-going)
    • Fusion (ITER on-going)
    The Strategic Energy technology Plan
  • The main instrument of the EU to support RTD Working mainly with collaborative projects, with industry, universities, R&D centers FP7 : 50521 million € over 7 years, 2006 to 2013, 9 themes Budget (€ million, current prices) 1. Health 5 984 2. Food, agriculture and biotechnology 1 935 3. Information and communication technologies 9 110 4. Nanotechnologies, materials and production 3 467 5. Energy 2 265 6. Environment 1 886 7. Transport 4 18 0 8. Socio - economic research 607 9. Security and space 2 858 The 7th Framework Programme for Research and Demonstration
    • Objective: to encourage the competitiveness of European enterprises.
    • 3621 million€ from 2007 to 2013
    • Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as main target
    • Supports innovation activities (including eco-innovation)
    • Provides better access to finance and deliver business support services in the regions
    • Encourages a better take-up and use of information and communications technologies (ICT)
    • Helps to develop the information society
    • Promotes the increased use of renewable energies and energy efficiency.
    • Divided in 3 sections
    • Entrepreneurship and innovation programme
    • Information Communication Technologies Policy support Programme
    • Intelligent Energy Europe
    The Competitiveness and Innovation Programme
  • Objective : Bring large amounts of Renewables and energy efficiency into cities, increase the quality of life and create business opportunities Concerto
    • 46 communities in 18 projects worth a total of 4600 M€, with new and renewed housing for 1 million people, each working to deliver the highest possible level of self-supply of energy.
    • Expecting a energy consumption and GHG emission reduction of 60 to 70%
    An innovative approach of city optimisation
  • Civitas
    • Objectives:
    • Increased energy efficiency in urban transport
    • Contribute to improving road safety in urban areas
    • Increase share of biofuels and other alternative fuels
    • Reduction of CO2, pollutant emissions and noise
    • Improving efficiency & effectiveness of urban transport & increase modal share sustainable modes
    • Management of public space and congestion
    • A innovative strategy for clean urban transport
    • 36 cities in 17 countries
    Rome Genoa Venice Potebza Lille Nantes Toulouse La Rochelle Barcelona Burgos Cirk Rotterdam Bristol Winchester Norwich Preston Göteborg Stockholm Malmö Berlin Bremen Stuttgart Ljubljana Graz Bucharest Suceava Ploiesti Pecs Debrecen Prague Aalborg Odense Dgynia Kralow Kaunas Tallinn
    • The Covenant of Mayors (currently in draft) is a commitment from Mayors of major cities throughout Europe (almost 100 cities, including 15 capitals) to politically frame the cooperation between all the actors (EU, national, cities) for climate change and energy:
    • Go beyond the objectives of the EU for 2020
    • Adapt the city structures
    • Mobilise the civil society
    • Share experience
    • It should be signed towards the end of 2008, in an event currently in preparation
    Covenant of Mayors
    • Knowledge, intelligence and political action allows Europe to simultaneously achieve :
    • Sustainability
    • Security of energy supply
    • Competitiveness of the industry
    • Quality of life
    Conclusions
  • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Neither the European Commission, nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the information contained in this presentation. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission.