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    Dr Chengri Ding - Dr Chengri Ding - Presentation Transcript

    • 城市理性增长国家研究中心 马里兰大学 Sustainable 中国城市的可持 Public Financing for Chinese Cities 续公共财政 Chengri Ding 丁成日 Associate Dean 马里兰大学 Director of China Land Policy and Urban 建筑规划和保护学院副 Development 院长
    • Why City Spatial Development Matters 可持续发展:城市空间发展为什么重要? Atlanta is 26.4 times as large as Barcelona 亚特兰大建成区的面积 是巴塞罗那的 26.4倍 (人口数量相当)
    • Why City Spatial Development Matters 可持续发展:城市空间发展为什么重要? • Atlanta’s built-up area is • 亚特兰大城市建成区的面积 28 times larger than 是巴塞罗那 的28倍; Barcelona’s • So, the metro of • 巴塞罗那的地铁虽然有 Barcelona is only 99 km 99公里长,其站点却能在步 long and its stations are 行距离内服务60%的城市人 within walking distance 口; to 60% of the population • For the same level of • 若要达到同样的地铁服务水 metro service, Atlanta 平,亚特兰大却需要 would have to develop 3400 公里长的地铁系统; 3400 km of metro track
    • (From Alain Bertaud)
    • City Financing for Sustainability 公共财政与可持续发展 • City is hardly • 没有可持续的公 sustainable with 共财政难以取得 sustainable financing 可持续的城市发 • Infrastructure 展 • New/High Tech – 基础设施 usages – 新技术/高技 • Green GDP 术 – 绿色GDP等
    • How is LG financed? 地方政府财政收入来源 • Taxes: • 税 • property tax – 房地产税 • income tax – 收入税 • sale tax,etc – 消费税等 • Fees: • 费 • water pricing – 水费 • Loans: • 贷款 – 债卷 • Bonds • 财政转移支付/税收返 • Intergovernmental 还 transfers
    • What are Good Local Tax 好的地方税的特征 • Immobile tax bases • 税基不可移动 • Easy identification • 税的地方所用权容易鉴别 of local ownership • 收入稳定 • Stable revenue • Inelastic tax base • 税基非弹性 • independency • 独立和自主权 • Non-tax export • 无或少的税负出口 • Non-tax competition • 无或少的税竞争“ • Capitalized into • “资本化”入税基 prices of housing 房地产税是最好的地方税
    • Advantages of Property Tax 房地产税的优势 • Tax base can not be hid • 税基不能隐藏 • Affordability • 可支付能力 • Tax burden is • 税负是透明的 transparent • 参政议政,地方政府 • help public participation 执政压力 in administration • 非累退的(Not • Not-regressive Regressive) • non or less market • 较小的市场扭曲 distortion • can be used as land use • 能够用于土地利用调 instrument tool 控的政策手段和措施
    • Why Property Tax in China 中国房地产税 • Fundamental changes • 国家或社会发生了 • Urgency in tax/fiscal 根本的变化 reform • Risk of over- • 财税改革的迫切性 depending on land • 土地财政孕育的巨 revenues 大风险 • Skyrocketing housing • 飘升的房屋价格 prices • 可行性 • Feasibility • Profound implications • 巨大的意义