Chris Vein - The Greening of San Francisco

561 views

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
561
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
18
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chris Vein - The Greening of San Francisco

  1. 1. Green ICT Program City and County of San Francisco Connected Urban Development September 23, 2008
  2. 2. 6.5 billion people on Earth HALF of us now live in
  3. 3. ICT Paradox
  4. 4. Agenda Welcome To San Francisco San Francisco Four Part ICT Plan Harness the Mandate Build a Baseline Make Change Communicate Results of Green ICT Change Projects Reducing emissions Reducing waste produced Reducing raw materials Addressing social inequity Indirect What’s Next
  5. 5. Welcome to San Francisco
  6. 6. San Francisco Climate Goals Greenhouse Gas Emissions nari o ge Sce han Actual No C 9.7 2002 Climate Change 9.1 9.2 Resolution Goal Million Tons eCO2 7.3 6.8 5.5 2008 Targets 1.8 GHG Reduction Targets 25% 50% 80% 1990 2000 2005 2012 2017 2025 2050
  7. 7. Green ICT By “Green” we mean a reduction in the… Energy consumed and green house gas emissions Waste produced and materials used By “Information and communications technology (ICT)” we mean electronic… Devices that are linked to communications networks Whose essential function is the creation, manipulation, storage, movement or presentation of information in any human or machine readable form
  8. 8. Green ICT Framework Vision – Connected Urban Development Mission – Measure and reduce carbon footprint by 24% by 2012 Approximate Incremental Life-Cycle Life-Cycle Phase Measure* GHG Emission Reduction (%)** Improve manufacturing energy efficiency 6% Production Reduce emissions from semiconductor manufacture 3% 100% power management 8% Use Purchase ENERGY STAR v3.0 compliant PCs 1% Turn PC off during periods of non-use 2% Upgrade to extend PC life by 50% 7% End of Life Maximize recycling of PC control units 1% Total 28% Four Part Plan 1. Harness the Vision 2. Build a baseline 3. Make Change 4. Measure and communicate results
  9. 9. Step 1: Harnessing the Vision Greenhouse Mayor’s Executive Gas Directive “Initiatives to Emission Measure and Reduce Reduction Environmental Impact Resolution of Government ICT” Environmentally Connected Urban Preferable Development Purchasing Conference – Ordinance Amsterdam Feb June Feb Sep 2002 2005 2008 2008 Mar Oct Apr Jan 2003 2007 2008 2009 Precautionary City Climate Principle Change ordinance Adopted requires Departmental Action Plans Green ICT Departmental project Climate Action launched as Plans To Be part of CUD Completed initiative
  10. 10. Step 2: Building the Baseline Assess energy consumption Create initial baseline for City of environmental impact of ICT Determine what areas will have the most impact on action plans
  11. 11. ICT Electricity Consumption in Commercial Office Buildings 15,628 Kwh/day 14,264 Kwh/day % Building Electricity Use ICT = 28% ICT = 26% ICT = 26% ICT = 20% 4,327 3,699 U.S. Kwh/day California Kwh/day Average Average City Hall 1 South Van Ness U.S. DoE CBECS CA Energy Data Commission CEUS Data
  12. 12. ICT Electricity Consumption ICT Energy Consumption kWh PCs, Monitors & Laptops 51% Data Center 14% 2% Radio 12% Servers (not in data center) 4% 3% Network 14% Phones (landline & cell recharge) Printers
  13. 13. Step 3: Make Change Energy Conservation Measures Reduce desktop/pc kWh Saved power consumption Printing/imaging Energy Efficient, 54% consolidation Power Managed PCs Data Center 10% Reduce power of non 0% Wind Power for Radio Facility data center servers 20% Printer Consolidation Build new data center 16% 0% Server Consolidation/ Cell Recharge Alternative sources Virtualization Other
  14. 14. Reduce Emissions: Power Management
  15. 15. Reduce Waste: Imaging Consolidation
  16. 16. Reduce Waste: Computer Store Summary of Environmental Benefits for Purchase of 9,000 EPEAT Certified Desktop Computers Mass-based Savings Summary 7000000 6000000 5000000 4000000 3000000 2000000 1000000 0 Primary GHG Air Water Toxics MSW HazW Materials emiss emiss emiss Source EPA – Electronic Environmental Benefits Calculator
  17. 17. Reduce Energy Consumption - Main Data Center 4,334 Kwh/day “Best Practice” -45% Kwh of Electricity Use 2,384 Kwh/day “State-of-the-Art” -55% 1,950 Kwh/day Existing Data Center New Data Center, 2010
  18. 18. Reduce Energy Consumption - Consolidate/Virtualize
  19. 19. Address Social Inequity SFConnect – A new approach to Government Bring services directly to those in need Community for the community Technology enabling service delivery Homeless, Parks, Youth, Technology TechConnect – Connecting community with technology Increase access jobs, education, healthcare, and services Better engage and participate in their communities Fully participate in the global information economy and society Framework Access Equipment Focused Content Training and Support
  20. 20. Fiber Infrastructure
  21. 21. DSL/Cable Modem Broadband Use Well Above U.S. Average 85+% of Households Have DSL/Cable Modem Q2 and Q3: Internet Access Telephone Dialup 4.5% DSL 47.2% No Yes 10.2% 89.8% Cable Modem 29.5% Paid Wireless 5.3% Free Wireless 2.5% Other 0.8%
  22. 22. 80+% See Role for City in Advancing Access Q56: MAIN Role of the City Should Be… No role Install wireless network and offer Internet to public 23% 14% Other 5% 15% 25% Encourage private firm to build fiber optic network Install network and offer Internet, 18% cable and phone service Install network and lease to companies (phone, Int, cable)
  23. 23. Step 3 Make Indirect Change Sectors Energy – Wind Power Building – 1SVN Changes Transportation – Connected Bus, SF Park, Telework Health – Urban Telemedicine
  24. 24. Local Renewable Energy: Wind Power Normalized 33-foot Diurnal Wind Speed Patterns – Twin Peaks
  25. 25. Building Management Use digital controls Dept of Technology headquarters undergoing retrofit of HVAC and lighting system Replace pneumatic controls with direct digital controls and other measures Reduce energy consumption by 1,300,000 kWh/yr 3600/kWh day
  26. 26. Connected Bus Pilot Project
  27. 27. SF Park Pilot Project Usage by Rate and Type All Blocks, Study Period 100% 80% Unmetered Unpaid, No DP 60% $5/hr $4/hr 40% $3/hr 20% DP 0% 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00 23:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 0:00
  28. 28. Telework Depressed Due to Low Broadband Speeds Q50: Internet Needs to Work at Home 70% 62.3% Percent of Respondents 60% 50% 40% 36.7% 30.3% 30% 25.8% 19.5% 20% 10% 2.0% 0% Very high reliability Very high speed High speed DSL/cable speed Low Internet speed Work at home (100Mbps+) (10-100 Mbps) (1-10 Mbps) is adequate not feasible Q51: If Had Sufficient Speed, How Many Days per Week Would You Work at Home 35% 30.1% 30% Percent of Respondents 25.6% 25% 20% 16.6% 15% 11.9% 10% 6.3% 5.8% 5% 3.7% 0% None One Two Three Four Five Six or more Note: Total does not equal 100% since some had multiple responses.
  29. 29. Potential Telework Increase Given Sufficient Internet Speed 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% 0% Car-alone Carpool Walk Public Transit Other 5+ days 4 days 3 days 2 days 1 day
  30. 30. Potential Savings: Emissions Grams Kilograms Kilograms Emission per mile per year per year (adjusted) Reactive Organic 0.34 55,007 64,007 Gases (ROG) Nitrogen Oxides 0.47 76,039 88,480 (NOx) Fine Particulates 0.52 84,128 97,893 (PM10) Carbon Monoxides 2.91 470,792 547,826 (CO) Greenhouse Gases 71,185,110 82,832,759 (CO2)
  31. 31. Health - Urban Telemedicine Fiber-based Broadband Connections to 11 Community Health Centers
  32. 32. Step 4: Communicate The EcoMap Project Engage Citizens by Show resources, consumption Facilitating planning for mitigation Build on City’s Solar Map
  33. 33. The Future

×