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Mole XXIII ConferenceAn Assessment of Sanitation and Water for All         Compact (SWA Compact)          “The Ghana Compa...
The Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) Framework• Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) is a partnership bringing together go...
Key Components of SWASWA aims to make this happen through three key components:1) High Level Meeting (HLM),2) 2) Global An...
Financial Commitments                      Non-Financial CommitmentsThe commitment was that Ghana will spend:US$200 millio...
Analysis of Budgetary Allocation         Total Budgetary Allocation to Water and Sanitation Sector in 2012Sub SectorWater ...
Government and Donor Contribution to total Water and Sanitation Budget,                               2012
Government and Donor Contribution to total Water and Sanitation                       Budget, 2012
Adequacy of the Budget Allocation                 Funds Required per annum (2008-25)GWCL             GHC 162 mCWSA        ...
Budgetary Allocations to Water and Sanitation               2011 and 2012
GDP Growth rate versus share of GDP allocated to the W & S sector
Comparison of Budgetary Allocations to the Other Essential Services
Status of Accomplishment: Total Financial CommitmentsYear   SWA Compact                Government Financing            Acc...
Key Issues• Whilst total national revenue is increasing, the share for water is declining.• As was the case last year, the...
The second High Level Meeting of the Sanitation and Water for All partnership washeld in Washington, D.C. in April 2012.Th...
GHANA’S COMMITMENTS AT THE HIGH LEVEL MEETING (The Ghana Compact – 2012)• Between 2010 and 2015, about 10 million Ghanaian...
•   Commitment to fully implementing all national plans and strategies on sanitation and water.•   Moving rapidly towards ...
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Mole xxiii conference presentation on swa-budget assessmnt

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Assessing the SWA Compact in relation to the National budget

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  1. 1. Mole XXIII ConferenceAn Assessment of Sanitation and Water for All Compact (SWA Compact) “The Ghana Compact” Ben Arthur, CONIWAS
  2. 2. The Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) Framework• Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) is a partnership bringing together governments, donors, civil society and multilateral organizations at both global and national levels.• It aims to ensure all people have access to basic sanitation and safe drinking water, with a specific focus on those countries most off-track in achieving this.To achieve this SWA calls for: Increased political prioritisation Strong national planning, investment and accountability Improved targeting and impact of resources Evidence-based decision making Strengthened mutual accountability
  3. 3. Key Components of SWASWA aims to make this happen through three key components:1) High Level Meeting (HLM),2) 2) Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water, and3) National Planning for Results Initiative (NPRI).So far, the SWA partnership counts 83 partners (as of May 2012), and the Governmentof Ghana is a member.The first HLM was held in 2010 and the second one in 2012. Finance and SectorMinisters, and high level government officials from 45 developing countriesparticipated in the 2012 High Level Meeting process, and 37 developing countriesmade country-specific commitments to make progress towards ensuring water andsanitation for all.
  4. 4. Financial Commitments Non-Financial CommitmentsThe commitment was that Ghana will spend:US$200 million annually up to 2015 tofacilitate the achievement of the MDG 7 Enhancing political prioritization andtarget; commitment;US$150 million annually towards the hygienic Linking policies to plans, programmestreatment and disposal of septage and faecal and projects;sludge and on storm water management; Achieving good governance andUS$50million annually to reinforce hygiene accountability; and,education and enabling elements forsanitation promotion; and; Strengthening ownership and leadership0.5% of GDP to cover capacity building forhygiene education and country-wide outreachfor Community-Led Total Sanitationprogramme.
  5. 5. Analysis of Budgetary Allocation Total Budgetary Allocation to Water and Sanitation Sector in 2012Sub SectorWater 242,313,508Sanitation 13,945,853Total 256,259,361Water 94.6%Sanitation 5.4 %
  6. 6. Government and Donor Contribution to total Water and Sanitation Budget, 2012
  7. 7. Government and Donor Contribution to total Water and Sanitation Budget, 2012
  8. 8. Adequacy of the Budget Allocation Funds Required per annum (2008-25)GWCL GHC 162 mCWSA GHC 135 mTotal GHC 297 mESHD/SESIP GHC 486 mGRAND TOTAL GHC 783 mTotal Sector Budgetary Allocations for 2012 is GHC256,259,361 (32.7%)
  9. 9. Budgetary Allocations to Water and Sanitation 2011 and 2012
  10. 10. GDP Growth rate versus share of GDP allocated to the W & S sector
  11. 11. Comparison of Budgetary Allocations to the Other Essential Services
  12. 12. Status of Accomplishment: Total Financial CommitmentsYear SWA Compact Government Financing Accomplishment Domestic Loan Total2011 600m 70,073,902 204,441,044 74,514,946 46%2012 648m 83,191,845 382,575,282 465,767,127 72%
  13. 13. Key Issues• Whilst total national revenue is increasing, the share for water is declining.• As was the case last year, the government plans to provide 4,000 boreholes during 2012, but the corresponding budget for this is not well itemized. There is a clear allocation of GHS 20 million for rural water supply but this can only provide 2,000 boreholes even if everything was to be used for infrastructure. It is not clear if there is additional allocation for investments under the MWRWH allocation.• It is apparent that there is no provision to make up for the shortfall in the 2011 target of 4000 boreholes. If measures are not taken to address the challenges which made it impossible for CWSA to achieve their target, we could end up with a situation where an average of 1000 boreholes per year are delivered instead of 4000 resulting in a total of 5,000 boreholes instead of the planned 20,000 over the 5 year period.• It appears the phrase “additional investments” refers to what is expected to come from DPs, but if government will still contribute something here, then we need to know how much.• Donor funds are expected to contribute about 7.4 per cent to the estimated national total revenue and grants for 2012. But in the case of MWRWH, total donor funds are expected to contribute up to be about 73.9%.• Once again infrastructure is the focus, rather than services. The Service Delivery Approach has still not been internalized by government.• No budget line for Water Directorate
  14. 14. The second High Level Meeting of the Sanitation and Water for All partnership washeld in Washington, D.C. in April 2012.The Government of Ghana was represented byHonourable Kwabena Duffuor, MoFEPHonourable Enoch Teye Mensah, MWRWH, andHonourable Samuel Ofosu Ampofo, MLGRD
  15. 15. GHANA’S COMMITMENTS AT THE HIGH LEVEL MEETING (The Ghana Compact – 2012)• Between 2010 and 2015, about 10 million Ghanaians are expected to gain access to improved sanitation, thus raising the proportion of Ghanaians using improved sanitation facilities from 14% in 2010 to 54% in 2015.• Ghana will continue the drive towards sustainable universal access with improvements in service and water quality.• Financial commitment of about USD400 million annually over a 5 year period from 2011 to 2015• Revising and reinforcing the Ghana Compact in line with the country’s needs and capacity as an emerging Middle Income Country and to reflect the joint responsibility of Government, DPs and Civil Society for implementing the commitments.• Focusing resources and attention on achieving and sustaining progress on equitable delivery of the national and MDG targets especially for sanitation and WASH in schools.• Developing and applying clear criteria for equitable targeting of resources at national and sub-national level including indicators and mechanisms for monitoring performance.
  16. 16. • Commitment to fully implementing all national plans and strategies on sanitation and water.• Moving rapidly towards a Sector-Wide Approach (SWAp) and developing a government-led sector-wide coordination mechanism involving all relevant stakeholders.• Commitment to Monitoring, evaluating and reporting on progress in implementing the Compact• Establishing mechanisms to ensure accountability for progress, including an effective monitoring and evaluation mechanism and transparency of resource management including public expenditure reviews and tracking.• Instituting an effective Sector Management Information system to strengthen the role of monitoring and evaluation in sustainable services delivery.• Continuing participation in the SWA Partnership, leading country level processes and participating in all future high level meetings.• Provision of adequate budget for post construction support, capital repairs and maintenance.• Developing a national programme for demand creation, and committing adequate resources to support research and testing of WASH innovative tools/approaches, knowledge management, promotion and application.
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