SDI SYSTEMS & SERVICESDESIGN AND REALIZATION: FROM NOW UNTIL 2030                                              JAVIER MORA...
ITC’S WHEREABOUTS                    © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 2
AFFILIATION   SDIT is a research group on SDI Technology at ITC, University of    Twente, The Netherlands. We partner wi...
REALITY CHECK                © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 4
SDI – THE PROBLEMWE HAVE ISLANDS OF SPATIAL DATA                                  © Department of Geo-information Processi...
SDI – THE FACTS                  User applications                                    thematic datasets                  ...
SDI – SOCIETAL PROCESSESTHE REASONING   Land use planning   Development and construction   Buried Services [particularl...
SDI – THE REALITY                    © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 8
SDI – SOME PROBLES                     © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 9
SDI – DEFINED          An infrastructure that allows the                     exploitation         of geospatial principles...
WHAT IS AN SDI FUNDAMENTALLY?   Agreement to collaborate on shared development & exploitation of    strategic geoinformat...
SDI TECHNOLOGICALLY DEFINED   A community of actors working in an IT environment   With a special interest in geospatial...
DO NOT DELIVER JUST DATA                           © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 14
DELIVER VALUEPRODUCTS AND SERVICES                        © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 –...
SDI – THE VALUE CHAINOPERATING ENVIRONMENT – SDI MACRO LEVEL                                                              ...
SDI – EXPLOITATION                         Institute of Surveying and Mapping                                             ...
SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION OF AN SDISDI MICRO LEVEL                                SDI ‐ User    open interfaces           o...
THE SYSTEM TRIPLET FOR SDI   Every SDI node has three characteristics     Data and other content     Functionality offe...
SDI – LAND ADMINISTRATION BASIC CONTENTCONTENT                      User applications                                     ...
SDI - EXPLOITATION                                                                                                        ...
TRANSFORMATIONAL DESIGN                          © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 22
TRANSFORMATIONAL DESIGN                          © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 23
BUILD THE RULES FROM REALITY                               © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 ...
SDI – STANDARDISATIONCOMPONENTS & OPEN INTERFACES   Standardisation bodies/activities relevant to the SDI community:    ...
OGC: IMPLEMENTATION SPECIFICATIONSOGC WEB SERVICES (OWS)   OWS Implementation specifications – it is a long list (…)    ...
SDI – THE BASE STANDARDS’ SET   Data management       ISO-19107:2003 GI - Spatial schema [..UML..]       ISO-19125:2004...
GEO- WEBSERVICES                   WMS       web                           geo     application   WFS             webserver...
GEO- WEBSERVICESWEB MAP SERVICE – WMS                                                operations                 WMS Servic...
GEO- WEBSERVICESWEB MAP SERVICE – WMS   • Capabilities request   • response                            © Department of Geo...
GEO- WEBSERVICESWEB MAP SERVICE – WMS   • response …                        © Department of Geo-information Processing (GI...
GEO- WEBSERVICESWEB MAP SERVICE – WMS   • Map request   • response                        © Department of Geo-information ...
SDI – EXPLOITATION                           Institute of Surveying and Mapping                                           ...
SDI - EXPLOITATION                                                                                                        ...
SDI - EXPLOITATION                                                                                                        ...
SDI – EXPLOITATION                                  Institute of Surveying and Mapping      S.A.A.S.                      ...
THE OPEN SOURCE GEOSTACKAN SDI NODE ARCHITECTURE                                         Web Client              User Inte...
SDI & SOCIETY PROCESSS                                                                                             Cost/Be...
IDEG       © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 40
IDEGPORTALS          © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 42
SDI – BEYOND PORTALS   Allow the creation of custom views on available data   Enable the addition of annotations   Crea...
SDI – BEYOND PORTALS   Enable data upload (gml, Kml, shp, tiff, ...)   Allow editing, either through a browser or deskto...
CONCLUSIONS   What defines success in a SDI in the year 2020, and how to get there?     What do 2015 SDIs achieve?     ...
REALITY CHECK                © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 47
THANKS FOR THE ATTENTION                           © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 48
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  1. 1. SDI SYSTEMS & SERVICESDESIGN AND REALIZATION: FROM NOW UNTIL 2030 JAVIER MORALES
  2. 2. ITC’S WHEREABOUTS © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 2
  3. 3. AFFILIATION SDIT is a research group on SDI Technology at ITC, University of Twente, The Netherlands. We partner with governments, NGOs, and private sector worldwide, on technical SDI development. Partners in:  capacity building  joint research  joint development  www.itc.nl/research/themes/sdit/default.asp © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 3
  4. 4. REALITY CHECK © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 4
  5. 5. SDI – THE PROBLEMWE HAVE ISLANDS OF SPATIAL DATA © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 5
  6. 6. SDI – THE FACTS User applications  thematic datasets  property dataset  infrastructure dataset  reference data set © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 6
  7. 7. SDI – SOCIETAL PROCESSESTHE REASONING Land use planning Development and construction Buried Services [particularly utilities, pipes and cables] Property transaction [seeking, buying, selling] Transport management Democracy Environmental risk management Health Security © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 7
  8. 8. SDI – THE REALITY © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 8
  9. 9. SDI – SOME PROBLES © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 9
  10. 10. SDI – DEFINED An infrastructure that allows the exploitation of geospatial principles, geospatial functions and geospatial data within and across application and scientific domains, transforming the way in which production, use, development, research and education are conducted by the geospatial community ( Goodchild , et.al., 2010 ) © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 10
  11. 11. WHAT IS AN SDI FUNDAMENTALLY? Agreement to collaborate on shared development & exploitation of strategic geoinformation resources Involves parties in:  Government  Private sector  Academia Legal Organisational  Public sector (laws) (agreements) SDI Technical Financial (tools) (business cases) © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 11
  12. 12. SDI TECHNOLOGICALLY DEFINED A community of actors working in an IT environment With a special interest in geospatial resources Wanting to take part in a communication process With well-understood responsibilities Involving service offerings & service consumptions © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 12
  13. 13. DO NOT DELIVER JUST DATA © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 14
  14. 14. DELIVER VALUEPRODUCTS AND SERVICES © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 15
  15. 15. SDI – THE VALUE CHAINOPERATING ENVIRONMENT – SDI MACRO LEVEL Communities Planning,  Utilities,  Farming,  Emergency,  Tourism,  ... Integrating Visualising Markets,  Technology  &  Standards Societal Processes Processing Acting Infrastructures Spatial Services, Commercial Services,  Social Networks,  ...  Resources (GI‐Providers, ...) Traditional,  Private,  Volunteer,  Tagged,  Real‐time,  ... © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 16
  16. 16. SDI – EXPLOITATION Institute of Surveying and Mapping Process b S’ a d F’ SDI User c Interface SDI Components Resources databases data files operations (data/metadata) (vector/raster) (algorithms/code) © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 17
  17. 17. SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION OF AN SDISDI MICRO LEVEL SDI ‐ User open interfaces open interfaces open interfaces geo-resources geo-resources geo-resources SDI Node SDI Node SDI Node update/create use geo-resources (…) offer © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 18
  18. 18. THE SYSTEM TRIPLET FOR SDI Every SDI node has three characteristics  Data and other content  Functionality offered through services  Ability to engage in communication processes  Services  Functions provided as  Content externally visible services  Institutional data  Form the single steps in the sources workflow protocols  App & model results  Metadata  Communication  Sensor data  Mechanisms for successful participation in workflow  Volunteered data protocols  Temporal ordering of process steps © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 19
  19. 19. SDI – LAND ADMINISTRATION BASIC CONTENTCONTENT User applications  Address register  Citizen register  Building register  Parcel register  business register  reference data set © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 20
  20. 20. SDI - EXPLOITATION Front-end User Organizations Application Layer Thin Clients Thick Clients Interface Service Layer Service PortalSDI Nodes Back-end I.N.E. I.G.N. R.I.C. Municipio © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 21
  21. 21. TRANSFORMATIONAL DESIGN © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 22
  22. 22. TRANSFORMATIONAL DESIGN © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 23
  23. 23. BUILD THE RULES FROM REALITY © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 24
  24. 24. SDI – STANDARDISATIONCOMPONENTS & OPEN INTERFACES Standardisation bodies/activities relevant to the SDI community:  World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)  International Organization of Standardization (ISO TC-211)  Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)  National Standards Organizations (≠ every country) © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 25
  25. 25. OGC: IMPLEMENTATION SPECIFICATIONSOGC WEB SERVICES (OWS) OWS Implementation specifications – it is a long list (…)  Geography Markup Language (GML)  Simple Feature (SFS)  Catalogue Service (CS-W)  Web Feature Service (WFS, WFS-T)  Web Coverage Service (WCS)  Web Map Service (WMS)  Web Processing service (WPS…)  Geo Processing Workflow (GPW…)  Sensor Web Enablement (SWE…)  OGC Location Services (OpenLS)  Geo Digital Rights Management (GeoDRM)  Geo-Decision Support Services (GeoDSS)  … © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 26
  26. 26. SDI – THE BASE STANDARDS’ SET Data management  ISO-19107:2003 GI - Spatial schema [..UML..]  ISO-19125:2004 Simple Feature Specification (SFS) for SQL Documentation  ISO-19115:2003 GI – Metadata [..19115a..]  ISO-19139:2004 GI – Metadata XML Schema implementation  ISO-19119:2005 GI – Services Data exchange  OGC – Geography Mark-up Language (GML) [..xml technology family..]  W3C – JavaScript object notation (JSON)  W3C – Graphic formats (jpeg, gif, png, geotiff, ...) Services  OGC – Catalogue Service Web (CSW)  ISO-19128:2005 GI - Web Map Server interface (WMS)  OGC – Web Feature Service - Transactional (WFS-T)  OGC – Web Processing Service (WPS) & (GPW) © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 27
  27. 27. GEO- WEBSERVICES WMS web geo application WFS webserver ... Files Databases shp,dxf,tiff,… postgis,… © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 28
  28. 28. GEO- WEBSERVICESWEB MAP SERVICE – WMS operations WMS Service WMS server WMS dataset interface client Operations • GetCapabilities – Returns server-level metadata, description of services and content, acceptable request parameters • GetMap – Returns map image whose geospatial and dimensional parameters are well-defined • GetFeatureInfo – Returns information about particular features shown on map (optional) © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 29
  29. 29. GEO- WEBSERVICESWEB MAP SERVICE – WMS • Capabilities request • response © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 30
  30. 30. GEO- WEBSERVICESWEB MAP SERVICE – WMS • response … © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 31
  31. 31. GEO- WEBSERVICESWEB MAP SERVICE – WMS • Map request • response © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 32
  32. 32. SDI – EXPLOITATION Institute of Surveying and Mapping Process b S’ a d F’ SDI User c Interface WMS WFS-T SDI Components WPS WCS CWS Resources databases data files operations (data/metadata) (vector/raster) (algorithms/code) © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 34
  33. 33. SDI - EXPLOITATION Front-end User Organizations Application Layer Thin Clients Thick Clients Interface Service Layer Service PortalSDI Nodes Back-end I.N.E. I.G.N. R.I.C. Municipio © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 35
  34. 34. SDI - EXPLOITATION Front-end User Organizations Application Layer Thin Clients Thick Clients Interface Service Portal Service Layer Service Portal WMS WFS-T WPS WCS CWSSDI Nodes Back-end I.N.E. I.G.N. R.I.C. Municipio © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) 27-Oct-11 – 27-Oct-2011 – 36 36
  35. 35. SDI – EXPLOITATION Institute of Surveying and Mapping S.A.A.S. Process b S’ a d F’ SDI User c Interface WMS WFS-T WPS WCS CWS I.N.E. Resources I.G.N. R.I.C. databases data files operations (data/metadata) ! (vector/raster) (algorithms/code) © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 37
  36. 36. THE OPEN SOURCE GEOSTACKAN SDI NODE ARCHITECTURE Web Client User Interface OpenLayers GeoExt Tiling GeoWebCache Application Server Web Services MapServer/php GeoServer Database Data Storage PostGIS © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 38
  37. 37. SDI & SOCIETY PROCESSS Cost/Benefit Analysis Risk Mapping SDI Climate Impact Land Use Planning Scenarios Real time damage Risk Financing & loss estimation Strategies © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 39
  38. 38. IDEG © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 40
  39. 39. IDEGPORTALS © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 42
  40. 40. SDI – BEYOND PORTALS Allow the creation of custom views on available data Enable the addition of annotations Create connections to incorporate external data sources and allow those to be shared with others Provide functionality (well-known GIS functions) Let users style the data so that it fits their own objectives © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 44
  41. 41. SDI – BEYOND PORTALS Enable data upload (gml, Kml, shp, tiff, ...) Allow editing, either through a browser or desktop clients using standards (WFS-T) Implement feedback mechanisms  Commenting, tagging, rating Implement filtering, ranking and other mechanisms to determine fitness for use (most-viewed, most linked to, etc.) Derive metadata from users actions and use © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 45
  42. 42. CONCLUSIONS What defines success in a SDI in the year 2020, and how to get there?  What do 2015 SDIs achieve?  What should 2030 SDIs achieve?  What is the pathway from 2015 to 2030?  Which are the critical success factors to get there? © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 46
  43. 43. REALITY CHECK © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 47
  44. 44. THANKS FOR THE ATTENTION © Department of Geo-information Processing (GIP) – 27-Oct-2011 – 48
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