家(jiā) – family
我(wǒ) – I, me
爸爸(bà ba) – dad
妈妈(mā mā) – mum
哥哥(gē ge) – older brother
姐姐(jiě jie) – older sister
弟弟(dì di) – younger brother
妹妹(mèi mei) – younger sister
Can you introduce the family members
1. The use of 和(hé) – and
• 和(hé) is only used in Chinese to link
nouns (things) but not clauses or
sentences. You can use it to say in
Chinese “dad and mum” but not “Dad is
called Robert and mum is called Selina.”
• 爸爸叫Robert，妈妈 叫Selina。
2. Measure word: 个(gè) – individual
• Whenever we say a number and then a
thing in Chinese, we need a measure
word. It tells the listener something about
the word that follows. In English, we
have ‘one cup of tea’, ‘two pieces of
toast’, ‘three bowls of soup’.
• In Chinese: 一个哥哥，一个妹妹，
Things to watch out for
In Chinese, the number “二” (èr) changes to
“两” (liǎng) while expressing a person’s age or
before a measure word.
So “two years old” becomes “两岁”(liǎng suì);
“two younger brothers” becomes “两个(liǎng gè)
However, this is only for two, not 12, 22, etc.
3. “To have” and “not to have” in Chinese
有(yǒu) and 没有(méi yǒu)
How to use “有” and “没有” in Chinese sentences?
“有” and “没有” are verbs. They go after the subject.
subject + 有 + noun / subject + 没有 + noun
E.g. 我有妹妹。（I have younger sisters.)
• 我没有弟弟。(I don’t have younger brother.)
Questions: How to say I have older brothers?
How to say I have older sisters? (in Chinese)
The use of 口 (kǒu)
• What does “口” look like?
• “口” is a measure word for total
number of people in a family. It
literally means “mouth”, so here it
means the number of months to feed
in the family.
• E.g. 三口人 四口人
How to use “有” and “没有” in questions？
1. Do you have….?
你有 + noun+吗(ma)？
E.g. 你有 姐姐(jiě jie)吗？(Do you have
2. You can ask questions by repeating the
verb with the negation in the structure:
subject + (verb + negative +verb) + noun?
Do you have any sisters or not?