My family slideshare


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Learn to say family members and describe your family in Chinese. It's compatible with Jinbu2 Unit 1.

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My family slideshare

  1. 1. Family and home 家 (jiā) 我的家人(wǒ de jiā rén) – My family
  2. 2. 爸爸 (bà ba) 妈妈 (mā mā) 哥哥 (gēge) 姐姐 (jiě jie) 弟弟 (dì di) 妹妹 (mèi mei) 我 (wǒ)
  3. 3. New words 家(jiā) – family 我(wǒ) – I, me 爸爸(bà ba) – dad 妈妈(mā mā) – mum 哥哥(gē ge) – older brother 姐姐(jiě jie) – older sister 弟弟(dì di) – younger brother 妹妹(mèi mei) – younger sister 她(tā) - she
  4. 4. Can you introduce the family members in Chinese? Bart Lisa Maggie Marge Homer
  5. 5. Grammar 1. The use of 和(hé) – and • 和(hé) is only used in Chinese to link nouns (things) but not clauses or sentences. You can use it to say in Chinese “dad and mum” but not “Dad is called Robert and mum is called Selina.” • 爸爸和妈妈 • 爸爸叫Robert,妈妈 叫Selina。
  6. 6. Grammar 2. Measure word: 个(gè) – individual • Whenever we say a number and then a thing in Chinese, we need a measure word. It tells the listener something about the word that follows. In English, we have ‘one cup of tea’, ‘two pieces of toast’, ‘three bowls of soup’. • In Chinese: 一个哥哥,一个妹妹, • 三个姐姐,两个弟弟。
  7. 7. Things to watch out for In Chinese, the number “二” (èr) changes to “两” (liǎng) while expressing a person’s age or before a measure word. So “two years old” becomes “两岁”(liǎng suì); “two younger brothers” becomes “两个(liǎng gè) 弟弟(dì di)”. However, this is only for two, not 12, 22, etc.
  8. 8. Grammar 3. “To have” and “not to have” in Chinese 有(yǒu) and 没有(méi yǒu) positive negative How to use “有” and “没有” in Chinese sentences? “有” and “没有” are verbs. They go after the subject. subject + 有 + noun / subject + 没有 + noun E.g. 我有妹妹。(I have younger sisters.) • 我没有弟弟。(I don’t have younger brother.) Questions: How to say I have older brothers? How to say I have older sisters? (in Chinese)
  9. 9. The use of 口 (kǒu) • What does “口” look like? • “口” is a measure word for total number of people in a family. It literally means “mouth”, so here it means the number of months to feed in the family. • E.g. 三口人 四口人 我家有五口人。
  10. 10. How to use “有” and “没有” in questions? 1. Do you have….? 你有 + noun+吗(ma)? E.g. 你有 姐姐(jiě jie)吗?(Do you have any sisters?) 2. You can ask questions by repeating the verb with the negation in the structure: subject + (verb + negative +verb) + noun? E.g.你(有没有)姐姐?=你有姐姐吗? Do you have any sisters or not?