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World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
World geography  intro powerpoint
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World geography intro powerpoint

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  • The last definition is really at the heart of geography. Maps are the tools of geographers: If something can be mapped, it’s geography.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Chapter 1:Chapter 1: The World of GeographyThe World of Geography
    • 2. Chapter 1:Chapter 1: What is Geography?What is Geography? **It is the study of our earth; ourIt is the study of our earth; our home.home. OROR *Anything that can be mapped!*Anything that can be mapped!
    • 3. *Geography mixes up the physical*Geography mixes up the physical and human aspects of our worldand human aspects of our world into one field of study.into one field of study. *Geography shows the*Geography shows the relationship between people andrelationship between people and the environment.the environment.
    • 4. What is a geographer?What is a geographer? • Someone whoSomeone who analyzes theanalyzes the Earth from manyEarth from many points of view.points of view.
    • 5. The Five Themes of GeographyThe Five Themes of Geography • There are five ways to look at the earthThere are five ways to look at the earth • When geographers work, they areWhen geographers work, they are guided by two basic questions:guided by two basic questions: 1)1) Where are things located?Where are things located? 2)2) Why are they there?Why are they there? To find these answers, geographers useTo find these answers, geographers use five themes to organize informationfive themes to organize information
    • 6. OwlTeacher.comOwlTeacher.com Things that geographers study:Things that geographers study: • oceansoceans • plant lifeplant life • landformslandforms • peoplepeople • how the Earth and its people affect eachhow the Earth and its people affect each otherother
    • 7. The Five Themes:The Five Themes: 1)1) Location – Geographers begin to study a placeLocation – Geographers begin to study a place by finding where it is, or its location.by finding where it is, or its location. 2)2) Place – Geographers study the physical andPlace – Geographers study the physical and human features of a location.human features of a location. 3)3) Human-Environment Interaction –Human-Environment Interaction – Geographers study how people affect or shapeGeographers study how people affect or shape physical characteristics of their naturalphysical characteristics of their natural surroundings and how does their surroundingssurroundings and how does their surroundings (environment) affect them?(environment) affect them?
    • 8. 4)4) Movement – Helps explain how people,Movement – Helps explain how people, goods, and ideas get from one place togoods, and ideas get from one place to another.another. 5)5) Regions – Geographers compare theRegions – Geographers compare the climate, land, population, or history ofclimate, land, population, or history of one place to another.one place to another.
    • 9. LocationLocation • There are two ways to think aboutThere are two ways to think about location:location: 1.1. absolute location – describes theabsolute location – describes the place’s exact position on the Earth.place’s exact position on the Earth. 2.2. relative location – explains where arelative location – explains where a place is by describing places near it.place is by describing places near it.
    • 10. PlacePlace • This includes a location’s physical andThis includes a location’s physical and human features.human features. – To describe physical features, you might sayTo describe physical features, you might say that the climate is hot or cold or that the landthat the climate is hot or cold or that the land is hilly.is hilly. – To describe human features, you mightTo describe human features, you might discuss how many people live there, whatdiscuss how many people live there, what types of work they do, or what they do for fun.types of work they do, or what they do for fun.
    • 11. Human-Environment InteractionHuman-Environment Interaction • How do people adjust to and change theirHow do people adjust to and change their environment? How does the environmentenvironment? How does the environment adjust to and change the people?adjust to and change the people? • Geographers also use interaction to studyGeographers also use interaction to study the consequences of people’s actions.the consequences of people’s actions.
    • 12. MovementMovement • Explains how people, goods, and ideasExplains how people, goods, and ideas move from one place to another.move from one place to another. • Helps geographers understand culturalHelps geographers understand cultural changes.changes.
    • 13. RegionsRegions • A region has a unifying characteristic, likeA region has a unifying characteristic, like climate, land, population, or history.climate, land, population, or history. • On maps, geographers use color andOn maps, geographers use color and shape or special symbols to show regions.shape or special symbols to show regions.
    • 14. The Geographer’s ToolsThe Geographer’s Tools • Globes and Maps:Globes and Maps: – As people explored the Earth, theyAs people explored the Earth, they collected information about it.collected information about it. – Mapmakers wanted to present thisMapmakers wanted to present this information correctly.information correctly. – The best way was to put it on a globe, aThe best way was to put it on a globe, a round ball that represented the Earth.round ball that represented the Earth.
    • 15. – Because globes are not practical orBecause globes are not practical or easy to use to carry, flat maps wereeasy to use to carry, flat maps were invented.invented. – However, the earth is round and a mapHowever, the earth is round and a map is flat.is flat. – Mapmakers had to find ways to makeMapmakers had to find ways to make maps accurate.maps accurate.
    • 16. How Latitude and Longitude FormHow Latitude and Longitude Form the Global Gridthe Global Grid
    • 17. The HemispheresThe Hemispheres
    • 18. Globes and MapsGlobes and Maps • The most accurate way to presentThe most accurate way to present information on the islands, continents, andinformation on the islands, continents, and bodies of water of the world is to put it allbodies of water of the world is to put it all on aon a globeglobe, a round ball like the Earth, a round ball like the Earth itself.itself. • The only difference between a globe andThe only difference between a globe and the Earth itself is thethe Earth itself is the scalescale, or size,, or size, represented on the globe.represented on the globe.
    • 19. • Globes have a disadvantage: They cannotGlobes have a disadvantage: They cannot be complete enough to be useful and atbe complete enough to be useful and at the same time be small enough to bethe same time be small enough to be convenient.convenient. • Therefore, people invented flat maps.Therefore, people invented flat maps.
    • 20. • Maps try to show the Earth, which isMaps try to show the Earth, which is round, on a flat surface.round, on a flat surface. • This causesThis causes distortiondistortion, or a change in, or a change in accuracy of the shapes and distances ofaccuracy of the shapes and distances of places.places. • It is impossible to show the Earth on a flatIt is impossible to show the Earth on a flat surface without some distortion.surface without some distortion.
    • 21. • In 1569, a geographer named Gerardus Mercator created a flat map to help sailors navigate long journeys across the globe. • The Mercator projection, or method of putting a map of the Earth onto a flat piece of paper, is used by nearly all deep-sea navigators. • The Mercator projection is a conformal map, meaning that it shows correct shapes, but not true distances or sizes. • There are many types of other projections of the globe. Getting It All On the MapGetting It All On the Map The World: Mercator Projection
    • 22. There are many ways to show a globe on a flat map. The interrupted projection map, on the left, shows real sizes and shapes of continents. The equal area map , below left, shows size accurately. The Peters projection, below, shows land and oceans areas and correct directions accurately The World: Three ProjectionsThe World: Three Projections Interrupted Projection Equal-Area Projection Peters Projection
    • 23. The World: A RobinsonThe World: A Robinson ProjectionProjection ARCTIC OCEAN
    • 24. The Parts of a MapThe Parts of a Map Compass RoseCompass Rose • A compass rose is a model of a compass. It tellsA compass rose is a model of a compass. It tells the cardinal directions, which are north, south,the cardinal directions, which are north, south, east, and west.east, and west. ScaleScale • The scale on a map tells you the relativeThe scale on a map tells you the relative distance on the map to the real world. Fordistance on the map to the real world. For example, a map’s scale may tell you that oneexample, a map’s scale may tell you that one inch on the map equals one mile in the realinch on the map equals one mile in the real world.world.
    • 25. KeyKey • The key, or legend, on a map explains whatThe key, or legend, on a map explains what the symbols on a map represent, such asthe symbols on a map represent, such as triangles representing trees.triangles representing trees. GridsGrids • Some maps use a grid of parallels andSome maps use a grid of parallels and meridians. On a map of a small area, lettersmeridians. On a map of a small area, letters and numbers are often used to help you findand numbers are often used to help you find your location.your location.
    • 26. Types Of MapsTypes Of Maps • Physical map- seePhysical map- see the landforms andthe landforms and bodies of water.bodies of water. • Political map-Political map- features on thefeatures on the earth surface. Thisearth surface. This may include cities,may include cities, states, provincesstates, provinces • Thematic map-showThematic map-show climate vegetation,climate vegetation, natural resources,natural resources, population densitypopulation density and economicand economic activities.activities. • Flow map- movementFlow map- movement of people, goods,of people, goods, animalsanimals

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