NC Water Allocation Study  <br />WATERCRUNCH<br />GA/NC/SC AWWA-WEA<br />Greenville, South Carolina<br />September 23, 201...
Study Authorized<br />SL 2007-518 (HB 820), Section 1<br />Water Allocation Study Team<br />School of Government @ UNC-CH<...
Lake Michie, Durham County<br />October 2007<br />Rocky Mount’s water  reservoir<br />September 2007<br />Falls Lake<br />...
NC conflicts over water quantity<br />Va Beach transfer from Roanoke<br />Land use issues around proposed Little River res...
2008 Report of the Water Allocation Study Team <br />
Nine WAS Recommendations<br />1.Clearly state policy goals<br />Model Regulated Riparian Code<br />2.Establish proactive, ...
Nine WAS Recommendations<br />3. Establish an administrative permit for large water withdrawals <br />100,000 gallons or m...
Nine Recommendations<br />4. Conform existing laws<br />		- quality & quantity<br />		- surface water & groundwater<br />5...
Nine Recommendations<br />6. Address critical research and study needs<br />Surface water and ground water<br />Climate ch...
What’s NC’s current water allocation policy?<br />	What happened?<br />
2009 General Assembly<br />SB 907/HB 1101, Water Resources Policy Act of 2009<br />A new permitting program !?*@!<br />Wat...
Division of Water Resources Water Resource Planning & Modeling <br />Science-based <br />Local water supply plans <br />Pu...
2010 General Assembly <br />SL 2010-143 (HB 1743), Improve River Basin Modeling, by Sen Clodfelter & others<br />Directs D...
2010 Water Infrastructure<br /><ul><li>SL 2010-144 (HB 1746), Water Infrastructure Information Needs
SL 2010-149 (HB 1748), Conserve & Protect Agricultural Water Resources
SL 2010-150 (HB 1747), Water Supply System Capacity Planning (80% threshold)
SL 2010-151 (HB 1744), Modify Water Funding Priorities (common criteria for funders & financial review)</li></ul>www.ncleg...
Status of Hydro Modeling<br />Neuse River – “complete” <br />Cape Fear River -- update<br />Tar-Pamlico River – started 7/...
Energy Models & Water Models  <br />Catawba/Wateree – Duke Energy FERC relicensing/SC v NC litigation<br />Yadkin/Pee Dee ...
Implementation SL 2010-143<br />Division of Water Resources<br />Return flows and other sticky issues<br />EMC approval pr...
WAS: 8½ to go; What’s next?<br />Public Policy Goals to guide administrative and judicial decisions?<br />Deep River hydro...
Model; Then, what?<br />Hydrologic models will inform state, local and private decision makers of potential shortages<br /...
Water Withdrawal Permits?<br />Plan then permit?<br />SC enacted SB 452<br />Only NC & AL do not require water withdrawal ...
Conform & Integrate?<br />Water quality & quantity<br />Wastewater returns <br />Stormwater capture and reuse<br />Surface...
Water Infrastructure?<br />Local Government Commission (LGC) review of revenues and expenses<br />Cost of service includes...
Increase Water Efficiency?<br />Division of Pollution Prevention & Environmental Assistance/DENR’s 2009 report – ignored <...
Increase Water Storage?<br />Dr. David Moreau’s (UNC-CH) study on potential to increase storage at existing and new sites<...
What’s the same?<br />Population projected to increase to 12,700,000 by 2030<br />Increase in demand for water and electri...
What’s New?<br />Settle SC v NC Catawba/Wateree litigation – interstate agreement?<br />SC SB 452, Surface Water Withdrawa...
What’s New II?<br />GA Water Stewardship Act  of 2010 (SB 370)<br />Duke-GA Tech study on energy efficiency <br />Utilitie...
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Crunch IWI Presentation :Bill Holman Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions at Duke University

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North Carolina Allocation Bill Progress

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  • Study not triggered by drought, but droughts of the last 8 years bring the long-term problem into focus.
  • Study background
  • How to scale site specific work at Little River reservoir? Progress Energy Harris? Duke E Broad River?
  • Duke-GA Tech study: energy efficiency would reduce water withdrawals by 8.6 B gal by 2020 and 20.1 B gal by 2030; national carbon/energy policy would reduce withdrawals by 18.8 B gal by 2020 and 90.0 B gal by 2030. Baseline withdrawals from power plants is about 320 B gal.
  • www.nicholasinstitute.duke.edu new web site
  • Crunch IWI Presentation :Bill Holman Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions at Duke University

    1. 1. NC Water Allocation Study <br />WATERCRUNCH<br />GA/NC/SC AWWA-WEA<br />Greenville, South Carolina<br />September 23, 2010<br />Bill Holman<br />Nicholas Institute <br />Duke University<br />
    2. 2. Study Authorized<br />SL 2007-518 (HB 820), Section 1<br />Water Allocation Study Team<br />School of Government @ UNC-CH<br />Nicholas Institute @ Duke<br />SL 2008-143, Drought Bill<br />Report to 2009 General Assembly <br />
    3. 3. Lake Michie, Durham County<br />October 2007<br />Rocky Mount’s water reservoir<br />September 2007<br />Falls Lake<br />December 2007<br />Little River, Durham County<br />October 2007<br />
    4. 4. NC conflicts over water quantity<br />Va Beach transfer from Roanoke<br />Land use issues around proposed Little River reservoir<br />Litigation over releases from Randleman Lake<br />Public concern over new Boone intake<br />Eno voluntary CUA<br />Disagreements over Kerr water supply<br />Central coastal plain CUA<br />TVA lake level issues<br />Concern about inflows and intakes around Falls Lake<br />Cone of depression in lower Cape Fear<br />Litigation over IBT to Concord/Kannapolis<br />Concern about Atlanta’s water needs<br />Intake and allocation disputes at Lake Jordan<br />Fight over Alcoa dams on Yadkin<br />
    5. 5. 2008 Report of the Water Allocation Study Team <br />
    6. 6. Nine WAS Recommendations<br />1.Clearly state policy goals<br />Model Regulated Riparian Code<br />2.Establish proactive, adaptive river basin water supply planning<br />Process to develop, adopt & update models?<br />Can we rely upon models to make decisions?<br />Reliance on local water supply plan data?<br />If not models, then what?<br />Determination of low flows or ecological flows?<br />Risk Management<br />
    7. 7. Nine WAS Recommendations<br />3. Establish an administrative permit for large water withdrawals <br />100,000 gallons or more per day, including agriculture<br />Consumptive & non-consumptive users<br />Interim allocations for existing withdrawers<br />Protection from new withdrawers<br />Certainty ?<br />Similar criteria to wastewater discharge permits<br />5 year cycle<br />
    8. 8. Nine Recommendations<br />4. Conform existing laws<br /> - quality & quantity<br /> - surface water & groundwater<br />5. Simplify & integrate water information<br /> - river basin boundaries<br /> - water withdrawals and wastewater discharges<br /> - local water supply plans<br />
    9. 9. Nine Recommendations<br />6. Address critical research and study needs<br />Surface water and ground water<br />Climate change and water<br />7. Ensure that water infrastructure is maintained<br />Revenues > expenses<br />LGC financial review/DENR environ review<br />8. Increase water efficiency<br />9. Create more water storage<br /> - centralized & decentralized<br /> - stormwater management<br />
    10. 10. What’s NC’s current water allocation policy?<br /> What happened?<br />
    11. 11. 2009 General Assembly<br />SB 907/HB 1101, Water Resources Policy Act of 2009<br />A new permitting program !?*@!<br />Water is a public trust resource?!*@?<br />No action <br />Legislative Study Committee on Water & Wastewater Infrastructure <br />
    12. 12. Division of Water Resources Water Resource Planning & Modeling <br />Science-based <br />Local water supply plans <br />Public process<br />Framework for planning and reducing conflicts<br />Collaborative <br />
    13. 13. 2010 General Assembly <br />SL 2010-143 (HB 1743), Improve River Basin Modeling, by Sen Clodfelter & others<br />Directs DENR to model all major river basins<br />Includes and defines ecological flows<br />Requires EMC approval of models <br />
    14. 14. 2010 Water Infrastructure<br /><ul><li>SL 2010-144 (HB 1746), Water Infrastructure Information Needs
    15. 15. SL 2010-149 (HB 1748), Conserve & Protect Agricultural Water Resources
    16. 16. SL 2010-150 (HB 1747), Water Supply System Capacity Planning (80% threshold)
    17. 17. SL 2010-151 (HB 1744), Modify Water Funding Priorities (common criteria for funders & financial review)</li></ul>www.ncleg.net<br />
    18. 18. Status of Hydro Modeling<br />Neuse River – “complete” <br />Cape Fear River -- update<br />Tar-Pamlico River – started 7/15/10<br />Roanoke River – VA/NC ongoing <br />Broad River – starts 10/7/10<br />Div of Water Resources http://ncwater.org<br />
    19. 19. Energy Models & Water Models <br />Catawba/Wateree – Duke Energy FERC relicensing/SC v NC litigation<br />Yadkin/Pee Dee – Progress Energy and Alcoa FERC relicensing/NC v Alcoa litigation <br />Tennessee – Tennessee Valley Authority <br />
    20. 20. Implementation SL 2010-143<br />Division of Water Resources<br />Return flows and other sticky issues<br />EMC approval process<br />What & when?<br />EMC Water Allocation Committee<br />Scientific Advisory Board on ecological flows <br />
    21. 21. WAS: 8½ to go; What’s next?<br />Public Policy Goals to guide administrative and judicial decisions?<br />Deep River hydro v Piedmont Triad Water Authority litigation <br />Yadkin/Pee Dee River litigation <br />Other disputes <br />
    22. 22. Model; Then, what?<br />Hydrologic models will inform state, local and private decision makers of potential shortages<br />Who balances water budgets? <br />Who implements regional water solutions?<br />
    23. 23. Water Withdrawal Permits?<br />Plan then permit?<br />SC enacted SB 452<br />Only NC & AL do not require water withdrawal permits<br />Interbasin transfer certificates required and difficult to obtain<br />
    24. 24. Conform & Integrate?<br />Water quality & quantity<br />Wastewater returns <br />Stormwater capture and reuse<br />Surface water and groundwater<br />Local Water Supply Plans<br />Improve data<br />Reduce reporting burden<br />
    25. 25. Water Infrastructure?<br />Local Government Commission (LGC) review of revenues and expenses<br />Cost of service includes debt (but not depreciation) – pricing water -- SWIC<br />Managing assets and documenting needs <br />LGC/DENR coordination<br />Water conservation rates --SWIC<br />
    26. 26. Increase Water Efficiency?<br />Division of Pollution Prevention & Environmental Assistance/DENR’s 2009 report – ignored <br />Increased use of tiered water rates by water utilities <br />Region 4 US EPA guidance <br />
    27. 27. Increase Water Storage?<br />Dr. David Moreau’s (UNC-CH) study on potential to increase storage at existing and new sites<br />City of Raleigh’s Little River Reservoir project in Eastern Wake County <br />Stormwater is a resource <br />
    28. 28. What’s the same?<br />Population projected to increase to 12,700,000 by 2030<br />Increase in demand for water and electric services <br />Scarcity in the Triangle and Charlotte Metro regions by 2050 <br />Who balances water budgets? <br />
    29. 29. What’s New?<br />Settle SC v NC Catawba/Wateree litigation – interstate agreement?<br />SC SB 452, Surface Water Withdrawal Permitting <br />VA-NC allocation of Kerr Lake (Roanoke River) – interstate agreement?<br />
    30. 30. What’s New II?<br />GA Water Stewardship Act of 2010 (SB 370)<br />Duke-GA Tech study on energy efficiency <br />Utilities shut down old coal plants<br />Millions of gallons of “new” water<br />Municipal and county sustainability efforts (first energy; then water?)<br />
    31. 31. What’s New III?<br />Shale gas in Deep River Valley<br />Unregulated water withdrawals?<br />State nutrient rules<br />EPA’s “Coming Together for Clean Water”<br />Stormwater and nutrients <br />Climate & Hydrologic Change <br />
    32. 32. 2011 General Assembly<br />What should UNC-Duke WAS Team recommend to the General Assembly?<br />What does AWWA-WEA recommend?<br />
    33. 33. For the full report and to leave your comments, go to the Water Wiki:<br />http://water.unc.edu<br />Falls Lake<br />June 2008<br />

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