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Crunch IWI Presentation :Bill Holman Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions at Duke University
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Crunch IWI Presentation :Bill Holman Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions at Duke University



North Carolina Allocation Bill Progress

North Carolina Allocation Bill Progress



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  • Study not triggered by drought, but droughts of the last 8 years bring the long-term problem into focus.
  • Study background
  • How to scale site specific work at Little River reservoir? Progress Energy Harris? Duke E Broad River?
  • Duke-GA Tech study: energy efficiency would reduce water withdrawals by 8.6 B gal by 2020 and 20.1 B gal by 2030; national carbon/energy policy would reduce withdrawals by 18.8 B gal by 2020 and 90.0 B gal by 2030. Baseline withdrawals from power plants is about 320 B gal.
  • www.nicholasinstitute.duke.edu new web site

Crunch IWI Presentation :Bill Holman Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions at Duke University Crunch IWI Presentation :Bill Holman Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions at Duke University Presentation Transcript

  • NC Water Allocation Study
    Greenville, South Carolina
    September 23, 2010
    Bill Holman
    Nicholas Institute
    Duke University
  • Study Authorized
    SL 2007-518 (HB 820), Section 1
    Water Allocation Study Team
    School of Government @ UNC-CH
    Nicholas Institute @ Duke
    SL 2008-143, Drought Bill
    Report to 2009 General Assembly
  • Lake Michie, Durham County
    October 2007
    Rocky Mount’s water reservoir
    September 2007
    Falls Lake
    December 2007
    Little River, Durham County
    October 2007
    View slide
  • NC conflicts over water quantity
    Va Beach transfer from Roanoke
    Land use issues around proposed Little River reservoir
    Litigation over releases from Randleman Lake
    Public concern over new Boone intake
    Eno voluntary CUA
    Disagreements over Kerr water supply
    Central coastal plain CUA
    TVA lake level issues
    Concern about inflows and intakes around Falls Lake
    Cone of depression in lower Cape Fear
    Litigation over IBT to Concord/Kannapolis
    Concern about Atlanta’s water needs
    Intake and allocation disputes at Lake Jordan
    Fight over Alcoa dams on Yadkin
    View slide
  • 2008 Report of the Water Allocation Study Team
  • Nine WAS Recommendations
    1.Clearly state policy goals
    Model Regulated Riparian Code
    2.Establish proactive, adaptive river basin water supply planning
    Process to develop, adopt & update models?
    Can we rely upon models to make decisions?
    Reliance on local water supply plan data?
    If not models, then what?
    Determination of low flows or ecological flows?
    Risk Management
  • Nine WAS Recommendations
    3. Establish an administrative permit for large water withdrawals
    100,000 gallons or more per day, including agriculture
    Consumptive & non-consumptive users
    Interim allocations for existing withdrawers
    Protection from new withdrawers
    Certainty ?
    Similar criteria to wastewater discharge permits
    5 year cycle
  • Nine Recommendations
    4. Conform existing laws
    - quality & quantity
    - surface water & groundwater
    5. Simplify & integrate water information
    - river basin boundaries
    - water withdrawals and wastewater discharges
    - local water supply plans
  • Nine Recommendations
    6. Address critical research and study needs
    Surface water and ground water
    Climate change and water
    7. Ensure that water infrastructure is maintained
    Revenues > expenses
    LGC financial review/DENR environ review
    8. Increase water efficiency
    9. Create more water storage
    - centralized & decentralized
    - stormwater management
  • What’s NC’s current water allocation policy?
    What happened?
  • 2009 General Assembly
    SB 907/HB 1101, Water Resources Policy Act of 2009
    A new permitting program !?*@!
    Water is a public trust resource?!*@?
    No action
    Legislative Study Committee on Water & Wastewater Infrastructure
  • Division of Water Resources Water Resource Planning & Modeling
    Local water supply plans
    Public process
    Framework for planning and reducing conflicts
  • 2010 General Assembly
    SL 2010-143 (HB 1743), Improve River Basin Modeling, by Sen Clodfelter & others
    Directs DENR to model all major river basins
    Includes and defines ecological flows
    Requires EMC approval of models
  • 2010 Water Infrastructure
    • SL 2010-144 (HB 1746), Water Infrastructure Information Needs
    • SL 2010-149 (HB 1748), Conserve & Protect Agricultural Water Resources
    • SL 2010-150 (HB 1747), Water Supply System Capacity Planning (80% threshold)
    • SL 2010-151 (HB 1744), Modify Water Funding Priorities (common criteria for funders & financial review)
  • Status of Hydro Modeling
    Neuse River – “complete”
    Cape Fear River -- update
    Tar-Pamlico River – started 7/15/10
    Roanoke River – VA/NC ongoing
    Broad River – starts 10/7/10
    Div of Water Resources http://ncwater.org
  • Energy Models & Water Models
    Catawba/Wateree – Duke Energy FERC relicensing/SC v NC litigation
    Yadkin/Pee Dee – Progress Energy and Alcoa FERC relicensing/NC v Alcoa litigation
    Tennessee – Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Implementation SL 2010-143
    Division of Water Resources
    Return flows and other sticky issues
    EMC approval process
    What & when?
    EMC Water Allocation Committee
    Scientific Advisory Board on ecological flows
  • WAS: 8½ to go; What’s next?
    Public Policy Goals to guide administrative and judicial decisions?
    Deep River hydro v Piedmont Triad Water Authority litigation
    Yadkin/Pee Dee River litigation
    Other disputes
  • Model; Then, what?
    Hydrologic models will inform state, local and private decision makers of potential shortages
    Who balances water budgets?
    Who implements regional water solutions?
  • Water Withdrawal Permits?
    Plan then permit?
    SC enacted SB 452
    Only NC & AL do not require water withdrawal permits
    Interbasin transfer certificates required and difficult to obtain
  • Conform & Integrate?
    Water quality & quantity
    Wastewater returns
    Stormwater capture and reuse
    Surface water and groundwater
    Local Water Supply Plans
    Improve data
    Reduce reporting burden
  • Water Infrastructure?
    Local Government Commission (LGC) review of revenues and expenses
    Cost of service includes debt (but not depreciation) – pricing water -- SWIC
    Managing assets and documenting needs
    LGC/DENR coordination
    Water conservation rates --SWIC
  • Increase Water Efficiency?
    Division of Pollution Prevention & Environmental Assistance/DENR’s 2009 report – ignored
    Increased use of tiered water rates by water utilities
    Region 4 US EPA guidance
  • Increase Water Storage?
    Dr. David Moreau’s (UNC-CH) study on potential to increase storage at existing and new sites
    City of Raleigh’s Little River Reservoir project in Eastern Wake County
    Stormwater is a resource
  • What’s the same?
    Population projected to increase to 12,700,000 by 2030
    Increase in demand for water and electric services
    Scarcity in the Triangle and Charlotte Metro regions by 2050
    Who balances water budgets?
  • What’s New?
    Settle SC v NC Catawba/Wateree litigation – interstate agreement?
    SC SB 452, Surface Water Withdrawal Permitting
    VA-NC allocation of Kerr Lake (Roanoke River) – interstate agreement?
  • What’s New II?
    GA Water Stewardship Act of 2010 (SB 370)
    Duke-GA Tech study on energy efficiency
    Utilities shut down old coal plants
    Millions of gallons of “new” water
    Municipal and county sustainability efforts (first energy; then water?)
  • What’s New III?
    Shale gas in Deep River Valley
    Unregulated water withdrawals?
    State nutrient rules
    EPA’s “Coming Together for Clean Water”
    Stormwater and nutrients
    Climate & Hydrologic Change
  • 2011 General Assembly
    What should UNC-Duke WAS Team recommend to the General Assembly?
    What does AWWA-WEA recommend?
  • For the full report and to leave your comments, go to the Water Wiki:
    Falls Lake
    June 2008