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### 54079

1. 1. MakingComparisonsin English
2. 2. We often use comparisons because we want to talk about the differences between people, places, and things.Here is an example:3. Janet’s house is bigger than Tom’s.4. Tom’s house is a lot smaller than Janet’s.3. Janet’s house is fancier and more elaborate than Tom’s house.
3. 3. The comparative forms from theprevious example are:-bigger than-smaller than-fancier than-more elaborate thanSo . . . When do we use “–er”and when do we use “more?”
4. 4. How many syllables are the words: “ big” and “ small ?” 1For 1-syllable adjectives,JUST add “er” to the end.Example: Tom is smarter than Joe.*If the 1-syllable adjective ends with the letter “e,”JUST add “r” to the end.Examples: nicer wiser**If the 1-syllable adjective has a C-V-C pattern,Double the consonant and add “er .” Examples: San Francisco is wetter than SanDiego.
5. 5. For adjectives that end with the letter “y,”DROP the “y” and add “ier .”Examples:Adjective = fancy Janet’s house is fancier thanTom’s.Adjective = pretty Janet’s house is prettier thanTom’s.Adjective = friendly Alison is friendlier thanSusan.
6. 6. How many syllables is the word: elaborate ? 4 (more than 1)For adjectives that are 2 or more syllables,use “ more” + the adjective to make thecomparative form.Examples:Adjective = elaborateJanet’s house is more elaborate than Tom’s.Adjective = comfortableThis chair is more comfortable than that chair.
7. 7. Irregular comparatives:You MUST memorize these!Examples:good = better than far = farther (further) thanbad = worse thanAdjective = goodSara’s grades are better than Michael’s.
8. 8. Grammar Rule: Never use both MORE and “ER!”Incorrect:Lisa’s job is more better thanmine.Correct:Lisa’s job is better than mine.
9. 9. Using “less than”Sometimes we compare two things by using “lessthan.”To do this, use LESS + adjective + THANWhen using “less than,” the adjective DOES NOT CHANGEExamples:He is LESS energetic than my other teacher.This class is LESS crowded than the other one.New York City is LESS polluted than Los Angeles.
10. 10. ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVERule . . .1. Adjectives with one old older than syllable: big bigger thanadd “er” cheap cheaper than2. Adjectives that end friendly friendlier thanin “Y”: busy busier thandrop “Y”, add “ier” easy easier than3. Adjectives with two or polite more polite thanmore syllables: beautiful more beautiful thanuse “more” important more important than4. Irregular forms: good better than (memorize) bad worse than far farther/further than5. Less Than quiet less quiet than crowded less crowded than
11. 11. There are a few exceptions with comparativegrammar . . .These are adjectives that don’t follow the basicrules or that have more than one acceptableform. To learn these, you must memorize them.•“fun” We say: more fun funner2. “simple” We say: more simple ORsimpler3. “narrow” We say: more narrowOR narrower4. “quiet” We say: more quiet OR quieter
12. 12. Try these examples. Use the comparative form.4. I think Social Studies is _________________ (interesting) than Math.2. San Diego is a _____________ (pretty) city than L.A.3. A dog is usually _______________ (friendly) than a cat.4. It is _____________ (hot) today than it was yesterday.5. My cousin is ______________ (rich) than I am.
13. 13. For Additional Explanation and Practice, go tothese websites:1. Comparative / Superlative Explanation andQuizzes:http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/regcom.htm2. Comparatives Challenge Board Game:http://www.quia.com/cb/283937.htmlIf you do these exercises,