Computer Aid - E-waste


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  • Work on ICTs and the environment: WEEE Regulations: 1 st public briefing on WEEE at the House of Lords in 2004 Published two WEEE guides for business in 2004 and 2007 Worked with the FRN since 2005 – submissions to consultations Lobbied effectively for the prioritisation of reuse over recycling 1 st non profit EA licenced AATF in June 2007 Campaign against toxic trade sept 2008 - Lobbied for the Environment Agency to be provided with the resources to pursue e-waste cowboys WEEE Roundtable discussions – December 2009 Continue to feed into work of the WEEE Working Groups e.g. reuse standard, WEEE Directive recast Resource and capacity-building support for CFSK in establishment of recycling facility in Kenya to take-back and dismantle for recycling the end-of-life PCs from their own projects – this centre is set to expand, including linking up with Safaricom for mobile recycling. What cannot be recycled locally (some plastics and metals are handled on domestic market, more complex parts eg printed circuit boards, CRTs are exported to Europe for recycling) See - Appointment of full-time environmental advocacy officer, working on WEEE issues in general as well as with partners in the West Balkans on an EU-funded programme, to help establish e-waste legislation and management systems in their countries.
  • Students using Computer Aid donated PCs in Selam Orphanage, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia REFERENCES European Environmental Bureau (EEB) 2010. Designing greener electronic products: Building synergies between EU product policy instruments or simply passing the buck? Available at: Electronic TakeBack Coalition (ETBC) 2009. E-waste: the exploding global electronic waste crisis. Available at: ETBC 2010. Quickly Obsolete. Available at: Greenpeace 2008. Toxic Tech: not in our backyard . Available at: Grossman E. 2006. High tech trash: digital devices, hidden toxics, and human health . Washington, D.C: Island Press. Grossman E. 2010. Tackling high-tech trash: the e-waste explosion and what we can do about it Dēmos . Available at: James P. and Hopkinson L. 2009. Energy and Environmental Impacts of Personal Computing: A Best Practice Review prepared for the Joint Information Services Committee (JISC) Widmer R. et al. 2005. Global perspectives on e-waste. Env. Impact Asses. Rev. 25: 436-458. Williams, E. 2003. ‘Environmental impacts in the production of personal computers’ (pp. 41-72) in Williams, E. et al. (Eds.) Computers and the Environment: Understanding and Managing their Impacts. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers
  • Computer Aid - E-waste

    1. 1. Green ICT: what producers and politicians must do David Barker Chief Executive Officer Computer Aid International
    2. 2. Computer Aid – our mission <ul><li>Reducing poverty through practical ICT solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Providing an environmentally friendly and socially responsible solution to UK organisations and individuals for their unwanted IT equipment </li></ul>
    3. 4. About Computer Aid <ul><li>Registered Charity </li></ul><ul><li>World’s largest not-for-profit supplier of refurbished computers to developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>180,000 PCs to over 100 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Approved by Environment Agency as an Authorised Approved Treatment Facility (AATF) </li></ul><ul><li>Over 5,000 tonnes of e-waste reused or recycled </li></ul><ul><li>Lobby and advocate for sustainable use of ICTs and for strong e-waste legislation </li></ul>
    4. 5. CAI Report No 3 – Green ICT <ul><li>E waste is important </li></ul><ul><li>but </li></ul><ul><li>better design is more important </li></ul><ul><li>This is achieved by </li></ul><ul><li>EPR – applied globally </li></ul><ul><li>(Extended Producer Responsibility ) </li></ul>
    5. 6. Why design is important? - Reduce <ul><li>Making one PC needs: </li></ul><ul><li>22 kilograms of toxic chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>240 kilograms of fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><li>1500 kilograms of water </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 80% of its life cycle energy in production </li></ul><ul><li>Better up front design would reduce this dramatically </li></ul>
    6. 7. Why design is important? - Reuse <ul><li>Current design has most components on one circuit board </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be repaired or upgraded </li></ul><ul><li>Short lifespan – higher waste </li></ul><ul><li>Large quantities not able to be reused </li></ul><ul><li>Better design could lead to </li></ul><ul><li>Easy upgrades so longer life by first user </li></ul><ul><li>More functional parts so easier to repair </li></ul><ul><li>More reuse by secondary users </li></ul><ul><li>Huge social benefits from reuse in developing countries </li></ul>
    7. 8. Why design is important? - Recycle <ul><li>Currently difficult and expensive to recycle </li></ul><ul><li>High levels of retained toxins </li></ul><ul><li>High temptation to dump in poor countries </li></ul><ul><li>Risk to health and environment from dumping or non specialist recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment designed for easy recycling would encourage recycling, reduce dumping, be socially and environmentally friendly </li></ul>
    8. 9. Why Global Extended Producer Responsibility? <ul><li>It pays producers to build in rapid obsolescence </li></ul><ul><li>Good redesign costs money and needs effort </li></ul><ul><li>Increases costs and may reduce sales or profit </li></ul><ul><li>EU and some non-federal US legislation helps </li></ul><ul><li>But </li></ul><ul><li>Producers in EU pay by market share not by actual cost of recycling their own product </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to shift the production problem to unregulated communities </li></ul><ul><li>No incentive to protect developing communities </li></ul>
    9. 10. Conclusions for Producers <ul><li>Reduce, Reuse, Recycle </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. Design for: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced material, toxin and energy in production </li></ul><ul><li>Easy repair, upgrade and reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Easy and safe recycling </li></ul>
    10. 11. Conclusions for Politicians <ul><li>To end toxic wasteful design </li></ul><ul><li>To shift the cost of bad design from communities and the environment to producers </li></ul><ul><li>You must: </li></ul><ul><li>Make Extended Producer Responsibility Global </li></ul><ul><li>Make Producers responsible for their own products </li></ul>
    11. 12. Thank-you!