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Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography
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Gas Chromatography

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Introduction,History,Major Components working principle and procedure of Gas chromatography.

Introduction,History,Major Components working principle and procedure of Gas chromatography.

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  • The detector generates a voltage that isproportional to the amount of the substance. The signal from the detector is then displayed by a chartrecorder and/or fed into a computer.Modern gas chromatographs are connected to a computer which displays the peaks of all the substances in thesample. This is called the chromatogram.
  • It does interact less with the stationary phase, hence the retention time is shorter, but the quality of separation deteriorates.The trade-off is that the retention time increases proportionally to the column length. There is also a significant broadening of peaks observed, because of increased back diffusion inside the column.
  • Most detectors are relatively sensitive and do not need a lot of material
  • Transcript

    1. OUTLINES  CHROMATOGRAPHY  HISTORY  GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY  GAS CHROMATOGRAPH MAIN COMPONENTS  WORKING PRINCIPLE OF GC  PROCEDURE OF GC  FACTORS AFFECTING GC
    2. •Greek word “CHROMA” and “Graphein”. •Process of separation and analyzation of complex mixture
    3. It works on the basis of rate at which the types of components flow. As the mixture of various components enter the chromatograph we will observe that the different components of a mixture move/flow at different rate. This different rate of flowing is responsible for
    4. Mikhail Tswett Russian Botanist (1872-1919) John Martin British chemist 1910-2002
    5.  Gas chromatography is separation method. Gas chromatography is a chromatographic technique that can be used to separate volatile organic compounds. Gas Chromatography consists of two phases.  Mobile Phase  Stationary phase
    6. GAS CHROMATOGRAPH MAIN COMPONENETS: Carrier Gas Injection Port Column Oven Detector Sample
    7.  This is the mobile phase and should be inert gas(he, ar etc) INJECTION PORT  The injection port consist of rubber septum through which a syringe needle is inserted to inject the sample.
    8. COLUMN Column is the most important component where separation takes place. OVEN Oven is also an important component in which column is fitted.
    9. DETECTOR Detector is to indicate the presence and measure the amount of component eluted out from the column. SAMPLE The mixture of components which is to be analyzed.
    10. WORKING PRINCIPLE OF GC  It works on the principle that the organic compounds are separated due to differences in their partitioning behavior between Mobile phase and Stationary phase.  The mobile phase is comprised of inert gas. The stationary phase consists of packed column.
    11. PROCEDURE OF GC Sample is injected in column.  Oven heats the system to vaporize the sample and speed its passage through the column.  The different components of the sample will be separated by the column because each of the components “sticks” to the liquid coating that on the column packing differently.
    12.  When a substance leaves the column, it is sensed by a detector.  The detector generates the voltage that is proportional to the amount of the substance.  Chromatogram
    13. Temperature: T he higher the temperature, the more of the compound is in the gas phase. Carrier gas flow: If the carrier gas flow is high, the molecules do not have a chance to interact with the stationary phase.  Column length: The longer the column is the better the separation usually is.
    14. Amount of material injected: The injection of too much sample causes poor separation. Conclusion: High temperatures and high flow rates decrease the retention time, but also deteriorate the quality of the separation.
    15. PRESENTED BY: ALLAH WARAYO (12PG41) NOOR MUHAMMAD (12PG37) ABDUL KARIM (12PG34)
    16. Question or any Queries

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