Personal Protective Equipment and Tool Safety Training by Elizabethtown KCTCS

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Personal Protective Equipment and Tool Safety Training by Elizabethtown KCTCS

  1. 1. Personal Protective Equipment and Tool Safety Joe Nail 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 1
  2. 2. Introduction to PPE 11/19/13 Employees must be protected from harm. Common methods for doing this are Engineering Controls, Work Practices, Administrative Controls and, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Sometimes one or more of the above is used and at times all are used to provide adequate protection. When only PPE is used, the PPE is the only thing protecting the employee from the danger. This unit discusses basic types of PPE and the employer requirements. Industrial Safety Lecture Two 2
  3. 3. What is personal protective equipment?  Personal protective equipment, or PPE, is designed to protect employees from serious workplace injuries or illnesses resulting from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards. Besides face shields, safety glasses, hard hats, and safety shoes, PPE includes a variety of devices and garments such as goggles, coveralls, gloves, vests, earplugs, and respirators. 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
  4. 4. Employer’s Responsibilities (OSHA Subpart I:1910.132-140) What Kind of PPE Maintained PPE Approved PPE Training to use PPE OSHA’s primary PPE standards are in Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910 Subpart I, and equivalent regulations in states with OSHA-approved state plans, but you can find PPE requirements elsewhere in the General Industry Standards. For example, 29 CFR 1910.156, OSHA’s Fire Brigades Standard, has requirements for firefighting gear. In addition, 29 CFR 1926.95-106 covers the construction industry. OSHA’s general PPE requirements mandate that employers conduct a hazard assessment of their workplaces to determine what hazards are present that require the use of PPE, provide workers with appropriate PPE, and require them to use and maintain it in sanitary and reliable condition. As an employer, you must assess your workplace to determine if hazards are present that require the use of PPE. 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 4
  5. 5. 1910.132(d) Hazard Assessment  (2)The employer shall verify that the required workplace hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification that identifies:  The workplace evaluated;  The person certifying that the evaluation has been performed;  The date(s) of the hazard assessment; and,  Which identifies the document as a certification of hazard assessment
  6. 6. New Employee Orientation 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 6
  7. 7. Employer’s Responsibilities 1910.132(f) Training  If such hazards are present, you must select PPE and require employees to use it, communicate your PPE selection decisions to your employees, and select PPE that properly fits your workers. You must also train employees who are required to wear PPE on how do the following:        Use PPE properly, Be aware of when PPE is necessary, Know what kind of PPE is necessary, Understand the limitations of PPE in protecting employees from injury, Don, adjust, wear, and care for PPE, and Maintain PPE properly. 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 7
  8. 8. Employee’s Responsibilities  Inspect Maintain Report Defects Employees should look at their equipment on a daily basis to make sure it is good working order. This is the responsibility of each employee. PPE, especially eye wear and face masks, should be cleaned daily by the person who wears it. The employee must reports any problems with PPE, as well as other protective equipment, as soon as it is detected. 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 8
  9. 9. 1910.132(f) Training  (2)Workers must demonstrate an understanding of the training and the ability to use PPE properly, before being allowed to perform work requiring the use of PPE:  (4)Verify that each employee has received and understood the required training through a written certification that contains:  The name of each employee trained,  The date(s) of training, and that  Identifies the subject of the certification
  10. 10. 1910.138(a) General requirements  Employers shall select and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees' hands are exposed to hazards such as those from:  Skin absorption of harmful substances;  Severe cuts or lacerations;  Severe abrasions;  Punctures;  Chemical burns;  Thermal burns; and  Harmful temperature extremes
  11. 11. Introduction to PPE  Hand Protection 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 11
  12. 12. Introduction to PPE  Head Protection Early Hard Hats were made of metal Webbing: 1 inch clearance 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 12
  13. 13. 1910.135(a) General requirements  (1)Ensure that each employee wears a protective helmet when working in areas where there is a potential for injury to the head from falling objects
  14. 14. Classes and types of Hard hats  Type I hard hats - intended to reduce the force of impact resulting from a Classes  G (old A)  General  2,200 volts blow to the top of the head  Type II hard hats designed to provide  E (old B)  Electrical  20,000 volts protection against both side impact (lateral) and blows to the top of the head  C (same)  Conductive
  15. 15. 1910.135(b) Criteria for protective helmets  (1)Protective helmets purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z89.1-1986
  16. 16. Introduction to PPE  Care of a Hard Hat 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 16
  17. 17. Introduction to PPE  Eye Protection  Glasses  Goggles Z 87.1-1989 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 17
  18. 18. Introduction to PPE  Face Protection 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 18
  19. 19. PPE 1910.95 Protection against the effects of noise exposure shall be provided when the sound levels exceed those shown in Table G-16. Hearing Protection: Reusable and Disposable Ear Muffs 11/19/13 Reusable Ear Plugs Ear Protection and Communication Industrial Safety Lecture Two 19
  20. 20. Table G-16 Exposure Hours per Day 8 90 6 92 4 95 3 97 2 100 1 1/2 102 1 105 1/2 110 ¼ or less 11/19/13 Sound Level in dBA 115 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 20
  21. 21. 1910.136(a) General requirements  Ensure that each affected employee uses protective footwear when working in areas where there is:  A danger of foot injuries due to falling or rolling objects, or  Objects piercing the sole, and  Where such employee's feet are exposed to electrical hazards
  22. 22. Introduction to PPE  Foot Protection 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 22
  23. 23. 1910.136(b) Criteria for protective footwear  (1)Protective footwear purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z41-1991, "American National Standard for Personal Protection-Protective Footwear,"
  24. 24. Introduction to PPE  Foot Protection(continued) 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 24
  25. 25. Introduction to PPE  Foot Protection(continued) 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 25
  26. 26. Safety Harness  Limits a fall to only a feet  Must be supplied by employer  Employee MUST be trained on how to use  Requires a written program 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 26
  27. 27. Introduction to PPE  Respiratory Protection 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 27
  28. 28. Respiratory Protection  Filter Respirators  Air-Purifying-particles and gases  Particulate-dusts and mists Atmosphere-Supplying-Respirators Supplied Air Self Contained 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 28
  29. 29. 1910.134(c)(1) Respiratory protection program  Where respirators are required you need:  Written program  Worksite-specific procedures  Required elements:  Training  Fit testing  Medical evaluations  Care and maintenance  Procedures for respirator selection  Procedures for routine & emergency use
  30. 30. 1910.134(c)(2) Where respirator use is not required:  (i)If voluntary respirator use is permissible, provide the respirator users with the information contained in Appendix D and,  (ii)Establish and implement those elements of a written respiratory protection program* necessary to ensure that any employee using a respirator voluntarily is medically able to use that respirator  (ii)That the respirator is cleaned, stored, and maintained so that its use does not present a health hazard to the user *Written program not required for voluntary use of dust masks
  31. 31. Introduction to PPE  Atmosphere Supplying Respirators 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 31
  32. 32. SCBA  Self Contained Breathing Apparatus  Used in Low Oxygen Environments like Confined Spaces as defined by OSHA 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 32
  33. 33. Part Two-Hand Tools  Defective Tools  Wrong Tool for the Job  Improperly Maintained Tool  Tool in the Wrong Place  Incorrect Body Positioning 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 33
  34. 34. Hand Tools  Defective Tools 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 34
  35. 35. Hand Tools  Wrong Tool for the Job 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 35
  36. 36. Hand Tools  Incorrect Use 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 36
  37. 37. Hand Tools  Wrong Place (storage practices)  Wrong Body Positioning 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 37
  38. 38. Hand Tools  Screwdrivers 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 38
  39. 39. Hand Tools  Wrenches 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 39
  40. 40. Hand Tools  Pliers 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 40
  41. 41. Hand Tools  Hammers and Mallets 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 41
  42. 42. Hand Tools  Chisels and Punches 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 42
  43. 43. Hand Tools  Knives 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 43
  44. 44. Hand Tools  Electric Tools and Electrical Safety 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 44
  45. 45. Hand Tools  Pneumatic Tools 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 45
  46. 46. Hand Tools  Gasoline Powered Tools and Equipment 11/19/13 Industrial Safety Lecture Two 46
  47. 47. General Safety Precautions  Keep all tools in good condition with regular maintenance  Use the right tool for the right job  Inspect each tool for damage before use  Operate according to the manufacturer’s instructions  Provide and use proper personal protective equipment 47
  48. 48. General Safety Precautions Responsibility of the employer  PPE provision and monitoring  Safe work procedures  Safe condition of tools including personal tools 48
  49. 49. Hand Tools  Non powered  Largest hazard  Misuse  Improper maintenance  Safe use  Direction of knives and blades  Sharp knives and blades  Safe working surfaces 49
  50. 50. Power Tools  Classification by power source  Electric  Pneumatic  Liquid Fuel  Hydraulic  Powder Actuated 50
  51. 51. Power Tools (cont.)  1926.304(d)  Upper blade guard  Lower blade guard  Automatically returns to starting position 51
  52. 52. Power Tools (cont.)  1926.300(d)(2)  Equipped with a momentary contact “on-off” control and may have a lock-on control provided.  However, that turnoff must be accomplished by a single motion of the same finger or fingers that turn it on. 52
  53. 53. Power Tools (cont.)  Momentary Contact “on/off” switch  Drills  Tappers  Fasteners  Drivers  Grinders – Greater than 2” in dia.  Disc and Belt Sanders  Reciprocating Saws 53
  54. 54. Power Tools (cont.)  Positive “on/off” controls  Disc Sanders – w/ discs 2” in dia. Or less  Routers  Trimmers  Shears  Jig Saws – w/ blade ¼” wide or less 54
  55. 55. Power Tools (cont.) ON POSITION OFF POSITION 55
  56. 56. Power Tools (cont.)  Never carry tools by cords  Never pull cords to disconnect  Disconnect tools when not in use or during maintenance  Secure work with vice or clamp  Allows two hands for working  Follow users manual instructions 56
  57. 57. Power Tools (cont.)  Proper apparel  NO loose clothing, hair, or jewelry  Tag all damaged tools “Out of Service” or discard them  Keep blades and knives sharpened 57
  58. 58. Electric Tools (cont.) 58
  59. 59. Electric Tools (cont.) Double-Insulated Marking 59
  60. 60. Powered Abrasive Wheels  Flying fragments  Wear proper PPE  Ring test – 1926.303(c)(7)  Mounting  Follow manufacturer’s instructions 60
  61. 61. Abrasive Wheels (cont.) Maximum RPM 61
  62. 62. Abrasive Wheels (cont.) 180 deg 62
  63. 63. Powder Actuated Tools  1926.302(e)  Meet ANSI A10.3 – 1970  PPE  Eye Protection  Head and face depending on conditions  Proper training required 63
  64. 64. Powder Actuated Tools (cont.)  1926.302(e)  Fasteners used in tool specifically designed for that tool  Designed for the material that is being driven into Concret e Concrete/wo od Wood Specific size = Specific operation 64
  65. 65. Charges used in powder actuated tools Right size charge with right size fastener 65
  66. 66. Powder Actuated Tools (cont.)  Tools must be inspected before use  Defective tools taken out of service immediately  Tools not loaded until just before intended firing Loaded or empty tools are never to be pointed at anyone 66
  67. 67. Powder Actuated Tools (cont.)  1926.302(e)(7) Fasteners not driven into:  Very hard or brittle materials  Cast iron  Glazed tile  Surface-hardened steel  Glass block  Live rock  Face brick  Hollow tile 67
  68. 68. Powder Actuated Tools (cont)  Inspection:  Make sure it’s clean  All parts must operate freely  The barrel is free from obstructions 68
  69. 69. Powder Actuated Tools (cont)  Firing  Keep hands clear of the barrel  5 pounds of force against working material  Misfires  Wait 30 seconds  Try firing again  Wait another 30 sec.  Remove the cartridge  Place in water 69
  70. 70. Powder Actuated Tools (cont)  Defects  Tag “do not operate”  Remove from service 70
  71. 71. “FATAL FACT” Employee killed when struck in head by a nail fired from a powder actuated tool. Tool operator was attempting to anchor a plywood form in preparation for pouring a concrete wall. 71
  72. 72. “FATAL FACT” Employees performing remodeling operations building a wall. Operator was attempting to anchor plywood to a 2”x 4” stud. The nail penetrated the stud and struck the victim. One worker killed when struck by a nail from a powder-actuated tool. 72
  73. 73. Pneumatic Tools  Appropriate PPE  Eye Protection  Hearing Protection  Other Employees 73
  74. 74. Pneumatic Tool Connections UNACCEPTABLE ACCEPTABLE HOSE CLAMP 74
  75. 75. REVIEW                     11/19/13  1. What must your employer provide in addition to the appropriate PPE? 2. What is the employee’s responsibility before using PPE? 3. What is the greatest danger when wearing loose fitting clothing on the job? 4. How long should you shower if you come into contact with a dangerous chemical? 5. How much clearance should a hard hat webbing provide between your head and the top of the shell? 6. Give the type of eye protection that protects from debris approaching from multiple angles? 7. What units are used to measure noise? 8. In what areas should disposable ear plugs NOT be used? 9. Before entering a confined space, the workers safety harness is attached to a __________. 10. What kind of respirator is worn in areas that contain little or no oxygen? 11. What is the first thing to do before using any tool? 12. Which of the “jaws” is the strongest on the crescent wrench? 13. What is the name given to the wrench that IS meant to be struck with a hammer? 14. What do you call the condition of wear that refers to a badly worn striking surface? 15. When should you use a mallet in place of a hammer? 16. What is the difference between a regular knife and a safety knife? 17. What is the most important feature of an electrical power tool? 18. What is the greatest hazard with electrical tools? 19. State the purpose of a dead man switch. 20. When using compressed air for removing dirt, what should the maximum pressure be? Industrial Safety Lecture Two 75

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