Hazard Communication Training by PA L&I

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  • 1. HAZARD COMMUNICATION OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200 (HCS-2012) & United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS, Rev 3) PPT-016-04 Bureau of Workers’ Comp PA Training for Health & Safety (PATHS) 1
  • 2. Hazard Communication Standard (1910.1200) Intent - To provide employees with information to help them make knowledgeable decisions about chemical hazards in their workplace PPT-016-04 2
  • 3. Standard Requirements • Written program for each location to cover issues of chemical safety and hazard communication (HAZCOMM) • Labels to identify each chemical • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) (now SDSs under the Globally Harmonized System: GHS) • Safe work procedures/practices • Employee training on SDS information and safe chemical procedures and practices PPT-016-04 3
  • 4. Training • Upon initial employment • When a new hazardous product/chemical is introduced into the workplace • Change in process • As deemed necessary by supervision/management PPT-016-04 4
  • 5. “Right to Know” Law • Ensures all employees’ right to know the hazards of chemicals they work with at their job • Mandates that employees must be provided with information about chemicals they work with through: o o o o Information on chemical labels Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) Training on hazard communication Written HAZCOMM plan PPT-016-04 5
  • 6. Why is a Standard Necessary? • To evaluate the hazards of all chemicals imported into, produced, or used in workplaces in the United States • To prevent or minimize employee exposure to chemicals • Because chemical exposure can contribute to serious health effects: o o o o o o Heart ailments Burns/rashes Kidney/lung damage Sterility Cancer Central nervous system damage PPT-016-04 6
  • 7. Globally Harmonized System “Globally Harmonized System” created by the United Nations Also known as “GHS” A system for standardizing chemical classification and labeling for world-wide implementation Labels:  Signal words (Danger/Warning)  Hazard statements  Precautionary statements  Pictograms (9) SDS-16 categories Training PPT-016-04 7
  • 8. GHS Rationale: “To provide a single, harmonized system to classify chemicals, labels and SDS with the primary benefit of increasing the quality and consistency of information provided to workers, employers and chemical users”* Effective, in part, on June 26, 2012, with a built-in transition period and a fully effective date of June 1,2016 *Ruth Mayo, EHS Today, “GHS: The Power of One,” December 1, 2009 PPT-016-04 8
  • 9. Updating GHS/HCS • The adoption of this will affect the OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200 Hazard Communication Standard with changes • GHS is updated every two years • Hazard Communication Standard, (HCS), to remain current, can be updated by: o Technical updates (minor terminology changes), o Direct final rules (for text clarification), and o Notice and comment rulemaking (for more substantive updates or changes) PPT-016-04 9
  • 10. OSHA HazComm Modifications due to GHS o Hazard classification of chemical hazards o Revised labeling provisions that include requirements for:  Standardized signal words  Pictograms  Hazard statements  Precautionary statements Specified format for safety data sheets in 16 section format and o Revisions to definitions of terms used in the standard and requirements for employee training on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS) o PPT-016-04 10
  • 11. HCS Key Revisions also Include • Disclosure of PELs and voluntary threshold limit values (TLVs) established by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) • Disclosure of carcinogen status from nationally and internationally recognized lists of carcinogens • Inclusion of combustible dust in the definition of “hazardous chemical” covered on labels and SDS • Workers be re-trained within 2 years of the publication of the final rule • Mixtures (GHS) o Health hazards can be based on data for mixture o If no data, extrapolate from ingredient data or other similar mixtures to classify PPT-016-04 11
  • 12. HNOC: Hazards Not Otherwise Classified • Creation of a new category of hazards – “Hazards Not Otherwise Classified” (HNOC) • OSHA originally classified this category • HNOC (HCS) disclosed on SDS in section 2, not label • Under new GHS standard, the following are not classified under HNOC but addressed individually: o Pyrophoric gases o Simple asphyxiants o Combustible dusts • GHS label elements for combustible dusts: o Signal Word: Warning o Hazard Statement: “May form combustible dust concentrations in the air” PPT-016-04 12
  • 13. Other Label Elements OSHA label elements for: Pyrophoric Gases: -Signal Word: Danger -Hazard Statement: “Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air” Simple Asphyxiants: -Signal Word: Warning -Hazard Statement: “May displace oxygen and cause rapid suffocation” Combustible Dusts: -Signal Word: Warning -Hazard Statement: “May form combustible dust concentrations in the air” PPT-016-04 13
  • 14. OSHA will Also Revise Standards dealing with: OSHA’s Process Safety Management • Flammable and combustible liquids • Process safety management • Most substance-specific health standards PPT-016-04 14
  • 15. Effective Dates for GHS Effective Completion Date Requirements Who Dec. 1, 2013 Train employees on the new label elements and Safety Data Sheet (SDS) format Employers June 1, 2015 Compliance with all modified provisions of this final rule, except: Dec. 1, 2015 The distributor may ship products labeled by manufacturers under the old system until December 1, 2015 Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers PPT-016-04 15
  • 16. Effective Dates Effective Completion Date Requirements Who June 1, 2016 Update alternative workplace labeling Employers and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly-identified physical or health hazards Transition period to the effective completion dates noted above May comply with either 29 CFR 1910.1200 Hazard Communication (final standard), current standard, or both PPT-016-04 Chemical manufacturers, distributors, and employers 16
  • 17. OSHA OSHA proposed all revisions of the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) become effective by June 1, 2016 PPT-016-04 17
  • 18. Hazard Classification • GHS has specific criteria for each health and physical hazard • Detailed instructions for hazard evaluation and determinations whether mixtures of the substance are covered • A and B (mandatory): Classification guidance for health hazards and physical hazards • Test-method neutral (person classifying a chemical or substance should use available data and no additional testing is required to classify a chemical) PPT-016-04 18
  • 19. Hazard Classification GHS: Only terminology changes GHS has no provisions regarding Hazard Communication programs PPT-016-04 19
  • 20. Hazard Communication & Chemical Safety Chemicals are all around us every day Chemicals can be: o Corrosive o Reactive o Flammable o Explosive o Oxidizing o Inert PPT-016-04 20
  • 21. Chemical Safety In many cases, the chemicals you may deal with at work are no more dangerous than those you use at home But in the workplace exposure may be greater, concentrations higher, exposure time longer: potential danger could be greater on the job PPT-016-04 21
  • 22. Routes of Occupational Exposure Inhalation - nearly all materials that are airborne can be inhaled Skin Absorption - skin contact with a substance can result in a possible reaction Ingestion - most workers do not deliberately swallow materials they handle Injection – normally associated with bloodborne pathogens Ocular - absorbed through the eyes PPT-016-04 22
  • 23. Hazards A chemical can pose a “physical hazard” or a “health hazard” The hazard communication standard applies to both types of hazards GHS looks at: o Class-nature of hazard o Category-degree of severity PPT-016-04 23
  • 24. Physical Hazards Physical hazards are exhibited by certain chemicals because of their physical properties (e.g. flammability, reactivity, etc.) These chemicals fall into the following classes: o o o o Flammable liquids or solids Combustible liquids Compressed gases Explosives PPT-016-04 24
  • 25. Physical Hazards • Organic peroxide: May react explosively to temperature/pressure changes • Oxidizers: Chemicals that initiate or promote combustion in other materials • Pyrophoric materials: May ignite spontaneously in air temperatures of 130ºF or below • Unstable materials • Water reactive materials PPT-016-04 25
  • 26. Health Hazard Health hazard - Occurs when a chemical produces an acute or chronic health effect on exposed employees PPT-016-04 26
  • 27. Acute Health Effects • Happen quickly • High, brief exposure • Examples: o Carbon monoxide poisoning o Cyanide inhalation o Hydrogen sulfide inhalation PPT-016-04 27
  • 28. Chronic Health Effects • May be caused by chemical exposures that do not cause immediate, obvious harm or make you feel sick right away • May not see, feel, or smell the danger • Effects are long, continuous and follow repeated long-term exposure; e.g.: o Lung cancer from cigarette smoking o Black lung from coal mine dust PPT-016-04 28
  • 29. Keeping It Safe • Corrosives, solvents and other chemical substances can be potentially dangerous • Safe handling procedures o Read container labels o Check SDS(s) • Never sniff a chemical for identification • Use appropriate personal protective equipment PPT-016-04 29
  • 30. Labeling Example of one type of labeling system used PPT-016-04 30
  • 31. Chemical Labels • Each container must be labeled, tagged or marked • Warning can be a message, words, pictures or symbols • Labels must be written in English and prominently displayed PPT-016-04 31
  • 32. Label Information Chemical manufacturers and importers must provide a label that includes: • Harmonized signal word • Pictogram • Hazard statement for each hazard class and category • Precautionary statements must also be provided as well as product identifier and supplier information PPT-016-04 32
  • 33. Reading Chemical Labels Warning labels provide important information about the chemical:  DANGER  WARNING Always read the label before you begin a job using a potentially hazardous chemical PPT-016-04 33
  • 34. Labels/Other Warnings • Mandatory Appendix C: What specific information is to be provided for each hazard class and category once a chemical is classified • Requirements are significantly different from existing HCS • GHS uses nine pictograms to convey health, physical and environmental hazards • Proposed HCS requires eight of these pictograms (no environmental hazard since environmental is not within OSHA’s jurisdiction) PPT-016-04 34
  • 35. Labeling Employers who only store chemicals may either use OSHA’s new labeling system or continue using the NFPA 704 rating system or HMIS system (OSHA plans to change the labeling system June 1, 2016) PPT-016-04 35
  • 36. GHS Comparison GHS classification ratings order of severity differ from NFPA and HMIS: HMIS/NFPA 0 = Least Hazardous 4 = Most Hazardous GHS 5 = Least Hazardous 1 = Most Hazardous PPT-016-04 36
  • 37. Pictograms Different symbol on white background with red square frame set on point Eight pictograms are required by OSHA The ninth one dealing with the environment is not within OSHA’s jurisdiction PPT-016-04 37
  • 38. Health Hazard Used to describe: o Carcinogen o Mutagenicity o Reproductive toxicity o Respiratory sensitizer o Target organ toxicity o Aspiration toxicity o Germ cell mutagens PPT-016-04 38
  • 39. Flame Describes: o Flammables o Pyrophorics o Self-heating o Emits flammable gas o Self-reactives o Organic peroxides PPT-016-04 39
  • 40. Exclamation Mark Describes: o Irritant (skin and eye) o Skin sensitizer o Acute toxicity (harmful) o Narcotic effects o Respiratory tract irritant o Hazardous to ozone layer (non-mandatory) PPT-016-04 40
  • 41. Gas Cylinder Describes: o Gases under pressure PPT-016-04 41
  • 42. Corrosion Describes: o Skin corrosion/burns o Eye damage o Corrosive to metals PPT-016-04 42
  • 43. Exploding Bomb Describes: o Explosives o Self-reactives o Organic peroxide PPT-016-04 43
  • 44. Flame Over Circle Describes: o Oxidizers Anything wrong with this picture? Yes! Unsafe storage – cylinders falling over! PPT-016-04 44
  • 45. Skull and Crossbones Describes: o Acute toxicity (fatal or toxic) PPT-016-04 45
  • 46. Signal Word A single word indicating relative hazard severity “Danger” for more severe hazards, “Warning” for less severe hazards PPT-016-04 46
  • 47. Hazard Statement • • • • Assigned to hazard class and category, Nature of hazard of a chemical, and Degree of hazard “Statements” are alphanumeric codes Example: H221 (means flammable gas) H= That this is a hazard statement 2=physical hazard 3=health hazard 4=environmental hazard “21” in this code is specific to the hazard PPT-016-04 47
  • 48. Precautionary Statement • Measures to minimize/prevent adverse effects from exposure, improper storage, or handling • Also an alphanumeric code Example: P373 P=that this is a precautionary statement 1=general precaution 2=prevention precaution 3=response precaution 4=storage precaution 5=disposal precaution P373=“Don’t fight fire when fire reaches explosives” PPT-016-04 48
  • 49. Labels Information required on GHS label: a 1-Product identifier 2-Pictograms 3-Signal word 4-Hazard statement 5-Precautionary statement 6-Supplier information PPT-016-04 49
  • 50. GHS: Annex 2 Classification and Labeling Summary Tables A2.1 Explosives Hazard Criteria Hazard Communication Elements Unstable Explosives According to the results of the test in Part 1 of the Manual of Tests and Criteria … Transport of Dangerous Goods Symbol Signal Word Hazard Statement PPT-016-04 Danger Unstable Explosives 50
  • 51. GHS: Annex 2 Classification and Labeling Summary Tables A2.6 Flammable Liquids Hazard 1 Criteria Flash point <23oC and initial boiling point <35oC Hazard Communication Elements Symbol Signal Word Danger Hazard Statement Extremely Flammable Liquid & Vapor PPT-016-04 51
  • 52. Table A3.1.2 Hazard Statement Codes Hazard Statement Codes for Health Hazards (Examples) Code Health Hazard Hazard Class H301 H331 H311 Toxic if swallowed Acute Toxicity, oral 3 Toxic if inhaled Acute Toxicity, inhalation 3 Toxic in contact with skin Acute Toxicity, dermal 3 PPT-016-04 Hazard Cat. 52
  • 53. Table A3.2.3 Precautionary Statements Codification of Response Precautionary Statements (Examples) Code Resp. Prec. Hazard Class P301 If swallowed P330 Rinse mouth P331 Do NOT induce vomiting Acute Toxicity, oral Skin corrosion Aspiration hazard Acute Toxicity, oral Skin corrosion Skin corrosion Aspiration hazard PPT-016-04 Hazard Cat. 1,2,3,4 1A, 1B, 1C 1,2 1,2,3,4 1A, 1B, 1C 1A, 1B, 1C 1,2 53
  • 54. Labels Chemical manufacturer, importer or distributor: ensure each container of hazardous chemicals leaving workplace is labeled, tagged or marked with: o Identity of chemical, o Hazard warnings, and o Name and address of manufacturer, distributor or importer PPT-016-04 54
  • 55. Transporting For transportation: Use pictograms, referred to as labels in transport regulations, prescribed by UN Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods PPT-016-04 55
  • 56. Dangerous Good Label UN regulations: This symbol affixed to packaging on a background of contrasting color Only UN transport markings and labels are required for outer packaging PPT-016-04 56
  • 57. Label Examples On containers On shipping boxes PPT-016-04 57
  • 58. Intermodal Container Markings “Hazard Identification Numbers” may be used with intermodal containers Highly flammable liquid Top panel: 2 or 3 digits coded to group of hazards; Gasoline Bottom panel: these numbers can be searched in the Emergency Response Guidebook PPT-016-04 58
  • 59. SDS • Under the GHS, MSDSs (material safety data sheets) become SDS (safety data sheets) • Categories (16) to be listed in a specific order • Adheres to ANSI standard Z400.1 • GHS requires new SDSs be in uniform format by June 1, 2015 • Information for mixtures not individual chemicals in a mixture PPT-016-04 59
  • 60. SDS • Safety Data Sheet • Developed by chemical manufacturers and importers • An SDS must be on hand for each hazardous chemical used • SDS for mixtures not individual chemicals in the mixtures PPT-016-04 60
  • 61. Information on a SDS • Chemical names • Manufacturer info (name, address and telephone numbers) • List of chemical ingredients • Permissible exposure limits (PELs) and threshold limit values (TLVs) PPT-016-04 61
  • 62. Information on a SDS Any other exposure limit used or recommended by chemical manufacturer, importer or employer preparing the SDSs now are required on the SDS PPT-016-04 62
  • 63. Information on a SDS • Reactions with other chemicals • Physical appearance • Date of preparation • Plus: o How to put out a fire caused by a chemical o How to handle spills o How to prevent dangerous exposures PPT-016-04 63
  • 64. Where are your SDSs? SDSs: • Must be readily accessible to employees during their work shift • Are typically kept in a centralized location • Must be updated as new information becomes available PPT-016-04 64
  • 65. SDS Categories Section 1: Identification Section 2: Hazard identification Section 3: Ingredients Section 4: First-aid measures Section 5: Fire fighting measure Section 6: Accidental release measures Section 7: Handling and storage PPT-016-04 65
  • 66. SDS Categories Section Section Section Section Section Section Section Section Section 8: Exposure controls and personal protection 9: Physical and chemical properties 10: Stability and reactivity 11: Toxicological information 12: Ecological information* 13: Disposal considerations* 14: Transport information* 15: Regulatory information* 16: Other information *OSHA indicated that since other agencies regulate sections 12-15, OSHA will not be enforcing them PPT-016-04 66
  • 67. Section 1: Identification  Product identifier used on label  Other means of identification  Recommended use of chemical and restrictions on use  Name, address, telephone number of manufacturer, importer or other responsible party  Emergency phone number PPT-016-04 67
  • 68. Section 2: Hazard Identification • Instead of hazard determination, employer must classify a hazardous chemical according to changed conditions provided in Appendices A and B • Pictograms are a new requirement • Standardized hazard statements • Signal words • Precautionary statements are now required • SDS required for each mixture rather than one for each chemical comprising a mixture • If one study in 10 indicates material is carcinogenic, but others don’t, must list the one carcinogenic study PPT-016-04 68
  • 69. Section 2 • Classification of chemical • Signal word, hazard statement(s), symbol(s) and precautionary statement(s) in accordance with paragraph (f) of this section (hazard symbols may be provided as graphical reproductions or the name of the symbol, e.g. flame, skull and crossbones) • Unclassified hazards (e.g., combustible dust or dust explosion hazard) • Where an ingredient with unknown acute toxicity is used in a mixture at a concentration > 1 percent, a statement that x percent of mixture consists of ingredient(s) of unknown toxicity is required PPT-016-04 69
  • 70. Section 3: Composition No new requirements other than: • Format • A separate SDS will be required for each mixture rather than one for each chemical comprising the mixture PPT-016-04 SAFETY DATA SHEETS 70
  • 71. Section 3 Except as provided in (i) this section on trade secrets For Substances • Chemical name • Common name and synonyms • CAS number and other unique identifiers • Impurities and stabilizing additives which are themselves classified and which contribute to the classification of the substance PPT-016-04 71
  • 72. Section 3 • The chemical name and concentration or concentration ranges of all ingredients, which are classified as health hazards in accordance with (d) this section • For all chemicals where a trade secret is claimed Trade Secret per (i) this section, a statement that the specific chemical identity and/or percent of composition has been withheld as a trade secret is required PPT-016-04 72
  • 73. Section 4: First Aid • No new requirements other than format • Description of necessary measures, subdivided according to the different routes of exposure, i.e. inhalation, skin and eye contact, ingestion • Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed • Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary PPT-016-04 73
  • 74. Section 5: Fire-fighting No new requirements other than format • Suitable (and unsuitable) extinguishing media • Specific hazards arising from the chemical (e.g. nature of any hazardous combustion products) • Special protective equipment and precautions for firefighters PPT-016-04 74
  • 75. Section 6: Accidental Release • No new requirements other than format • Personal precautions, protective equipment, emergency procedures • Methods and materials for containment and clean up PPT-016-04 75
  • 76. Section 7: Handling & Storage • No new requirements other than format • Precautions for safe handling • Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities Cylinders unchained; Drum not labeled properly; No spill containment for drum; Materials may be incompatible Is this safe storage? NO! PPT-016-04 76
  • 77. Section 8: Exposure Controls/PPE No new requirements other than format • OSHA PEL (permissible exposure limit) and any other exposure limit used or recommended by the chemical manufacturer, importer or employer preparing the SDS • Appropriate engineering controls • Individual protection measures, such as PPE PPT-016-04 77
  • 78. Section 9: Physical, Chemical Properties No new requirements other than format: • Appearance (physical state, color, etc) • Odor • pH • Melting point/freezing point • Initial boiling point and boiling range • Flash point • Evaporation rate • Flammability (solid, liquid, gas) • Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits • Vapor pressure • Vapor density • Relative density • Solubility PPT-016-04 78
  • 79. Section 9: Physical, Chemical Properties • Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water • Auto-ignition temperature • Decomposition temperature • Viscosity PPT-016-04 79
  • 80. Section 10: Stability and Reactivity • Conditions to avoid • New to HCS (as has • Conditions to avoid (static discharge, shock or vibration) been required in ANSI Z400.1 standard) • Incompatible materials • Reactivity • Chemical stability • Possibility of hazardous • Hazardous decomposition products reactions PPT-016-04 80
  • 81. Section 11: Toxicological Information No new requirements other than format: • Description of various toxicological effects and available data used to identify those effects, including: o Likely exposure routes (inhalation, ingestion, skin and eye contact) o Symptoms related to the physical, chemical and toxicological characteristics o Delayed and immediate effects and chronic effects from short and long term exposure o Numerical measures of toxicity (such as acute toxicity estimates) PPT-016-04 81
  • 82. Section 12: Ecological Information Non-mandatory • To be GHS-compliant, the requirements for this section would be: o Ecotoxicity (aquatic and terrestrial, where available) o Persistence and degradability o Bioaccumulative potential o Mobility in soil o Other adverse effects PPT-016-04 82
  • 83. Section 13: Disposal Considerations • To be GHS compliant, this section is provided, but compliance is outside OSHA jurisdiction • However, OSHA may enforce provisions associated with safe handling and use, including appropriate hygienic practices (see Section 7, above) • Description of waste residues and information on their safe handling • Methods of disposal • Disposal of any contaminated packaging PPT-016-04 83
  • 84. Section 14: Transportation Information • To be GHS compliant, this section is provided, but compliance is outside OSHA jurisdiction. • UN number • UN proper shipping name • Transport hazard classes • Packing group, if applicable • Environmental hazards such as marine pollutant (yes/no) • Transport in bulk (per Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and IBC Code) • Special precautions which a user needs to be aware of or needs to comply with, in connection with transport or conveyance either within or outside their premises PPT-016-04 84
  • 85. Section 15: Regulatory Information • To be GHS compliant, this section is provided, but compliance is outside OSHA jurisdiction • Safety • Health • Environmental regulations specific to product PPT-016-04 85
  • 86. Section 16: Other Information • No new requirements other than format • Date of preparation of SDS or last revision date PPT-016-04 86
  • 87. Written Hazard Communication Plan The standard requires industry: • To develop and implement a written hazard communication program • To provide hazard communication training for employees: o Initially (to newly hired personnel) o Whenever a new hazard is introduced into the workplace PPT-016-04 87
  • 88. Written HAZCOMM Plan Should Include • How SDS filing requirements are being met • Type of labeling system being used • Detailed information on training and compliance • Methods to inform you of non-routine tasks and safe procedures • Methods to inform outside contractors of the HAZCOMM program PPT-016-04 88
  • 89. Special Hazards Management of process spills or leaks: • Implement the facility’s emergency control program • Secure the area PPT-016-04 89
  • 90. Contractor Requirements • Contractors must abide by the applicable provisions of federal, state and local hazard communication and right to know laws/regulations • Any contractor found not meeting the provisions of the laws or contractor requirements may be required to cease work until compliance is achieved PPT-016-04 90
  • 91. Contractor Requirements • The company will review and provide SDSs for any hazardous chemicals • The contractor will maintain a copy of the hazard communication program • The contractor will certify that it has met the provisions of applicable laws • The contractor will notify the host safety department • The contractor will state where chemicals will be used or stored PPT-016-04 91
  • 92. GHS- to Comply • Find good source for relevant/compliant SDSs • Ensure accurate inventory of products and find corresponding new SDS • Current classifications, labels, and packaging need to be noted for comparison • Ensure new SDSs are in place and accessible • Ensure all containers properly labeled including secondary containers • Ensure all concerned are appropriately trained PPT-016-04 92
  • 93. Preparing your Company Suggestions for making the transition: 4. Inventory in-house chemicals 1.Assemble new GHS information 5. Make a plan to: • Acquire, • Update, and • Manage SDS documents 2. Check implementation dates for: •Your country, and •Out-of-country clients 3. Plan the transition 6. Update workplace labels 7. Schedule/conduct employee training PPT-016-04 93
  • 94. Summary • All facilities should have a hazard communication plan in a location that is accessible to all employees • All hazardous products should be labeled and all employees should be aware of what and where they are • SDSs should be available and accessible for all hazardous products PPT-016-04 94
  • 95. Now that You’ve Been Through the Presentation: Do you see any problems here? Large containers balanced on edge of shelf- not safe If chemical, coffee can is not proper type of storage container Maybe improperly labeled container- what’s in the coffee can? Coffee not allowed with chemicals; if chemical, not labeled properly PPT-016-04 95
  • 96. Questions PPT-016-04 96