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Fire Extinguisher Training by USMRA

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  • 1. WELCOME OSHA 29 CFR 1910.157 FIRE EXTINGUISHER TRAINING CORPORATE SAFETY TRAINING
  • 2.  Discuss How Fires are Initiated.  Discuss How Fires are Classified.  Discuss Extinguisher Responsibilities.  Discuss How to Extinguish Small Fires.  Discuss How to Use a Portable Fire Extinguisher.  Discuss How to Inspect a Portable Fire Extinguisher.  Discuss How to Identify the Proper Fire Extinguisher. COURSE OBJECTIVES
  • 3. BASIS FOR THIS COURSE  Employers are Responsible for Employee Safety.  Fire is One of the Most Common Industrial Accidents.  3 Billion Dollars Per Year Are Lost Due to Fire.  300 Workers Per Year Lose Their Lives Due to Fire.  Training Greatly Lessens the Probability of Fire.  This Training Helps Improve:  Safety  Morale  Productivity  Employee well-being ACME FIRE EXTINGUISHER
  • 4. WHY WE NEED FIRE EXTINGUISHER TRAINING Over 150 Major Fires Occur in Workplaces on an Annual Basis. Fire Is the Third Leading Cause of Accidental Deaths in the United States. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.157 (Portable Fire Extinguishers and Their Use) Requires That "Employers Shall Provide Portable Fire Extinguishers and Shall Mount, Locate, and Identify Them So That They Are Readily Accessible to Employees Without Subjecting Employees to Possible Injury."
  • 5. 29CFR - SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS 1910 - INDUSTRIAL SAFETY 157 - PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS NFPA 10 - PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS NFPA 101 - LIFE SAFETY CODE APPLICABLE REGULATIONS MSA
  • 6. GENERAL PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS  Assign Responsibility.  Establish a Written Program.  Conduct Fire Safety Training.  Develop Fire Safety Procedures.  Conduct Work Area Inspections.  Maintain a Safe Work Environment.  Conduct Regular Program Evaluations. ALL EMPLOYERS MUST:
  • 7. TRAINING IS IMPORTANT  Reduce the Probability of Fire.  Reduce Injury and Illness Rates.  Acceptance of High-Turnover Jobs.  Workers Feel Better About their Work.  Reduce Workers’ Compensation Costs.  Elevate OSHA Compliance to a Higher Level. A GOOD PROGRAM WILL HELP:
  • 8. EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES  SAFETY OFFICER:  Manage the Fire Extinguisher Program.  Schedule the proper training for employees.  Update the program when necessary.  Record and maintain training records.  Ensure monthly/annual inspections are conducted.
  • 9. EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES  MAINTENANCE SUPERVISOR:  Replace used and damaged fire extinguisher(s).  Notify Safety Officer of use or damage.  Assist in Control of extinguishers.  Mount extinguishers.  Ensure installed equipment does not block.  Assist in accessibility to extinguishers.
  • 10. EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES  DEPARTMENT AND FIRST LINE SUPERVISORS:  Replace used and damaged fire extinguisher(s).  Notify Safety Officer of use or damage.  Assist in Control of extinguishers.  Ensure installed equipment does not block access.  Ensure employees are aware of where extinguishers  are located.  Ensure extinguishers are clean and are free from obstructions.
  • 11. MAINTAINING THE FIRE EXTINGUISHER  FIRE EXTINGUISHERS SHALL BE MAINTAINED:  Numbered to identify their proper location.  Maintain an extinguisher master list.  Fully charged and in operable condition.  Clean and free of defects.  Readily accessible at all times.
  • 12. UNAPPROVED FIRE EXTINGUISHERS  Portable extinguishers using carbon tetrachloride.  Portable extinguishers using chlorobromomethane.  Portable extinguishers that have soldered or riveted shells.  Portable extinguishers using self-generating soda acid.  Portable extinguishers using or self-generating foam.  Portable extinguishers using gas cartridge water type.  Portable extinguishers which are operated by inverting the extinguisher to rupture the cartridge or to initiate an uncontrollable pressure generating chemical reaction to expel the agent shall be removed from the facility permanently.  YOU MUST NOTIFY YOUR SUPERVISOR IF YOU FIND:
  • 13. INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE AND TESTING  BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR EXTINGUISHERS:  Monthly visual inspections.  Annual maintenance check.  Twelve (12) year hydrostatic test.  Six (6) year tear down maintenance.  Extinguishers must be promptly recharged if used.  Incompatible extinguishers must not be used.
  • 14. THE MECHANICS OF FIRE  THE FIRE TRIANGLE: TAKE ANY COMPONENT AWAY AND FIRE CANNOT SURVIVE FUELIGNITION OXYGEN
  • 15.  Electrical.  Chemical.  Thermal.  Radioactive.  IGNITION CAN BE: Continued THE MECHANICS OF FIRE
  • 16.  Solid.  Liquid.  Gas.  FUEL CAN BE: Continued THE MECHANICS OF FIRE In order to combust the right mixture of oxygen and fuel must be present. SOLID LIQUID GAS
  • 17.  The fuel air mixture must be right.  People need 19 percent to live.  Fire only needs 16 percent.  OXYGEN: Continued THE MECHANICS OF FIRE OXYGEN 0 0 OXY 3 2
  • 18. THE CLASSIFICATIONS OF FIRE Portable fire extinguishers are provided for employee use and selected and distributed based on the classes of anticipated workplace fires and on the size and degree of the hazard which would affect their use. Fire extinguishers are designed for four classes of fires: D
  • 19.  Class - A Wood, paper, cloth, rubber, some plastics.  Class - B Gasoline, kerosene, paint, propane.  Class - C Electrical equipment.  Class - D Metals like magnesium, titanium, sodium  THERE ARE FOUR CLASSIFICATIONS OF FIRE: THE CLASSIFICATIONS OF FIRE D Continued
  • 20.  Keep storage and working areas free of trash.  Place oily rages in covered containers.  Control smoking in the area.  Limit sources of possible ignition.  Keep passages and fire doors clear at all times.  Know the locations of fire extinguishers.  CLASS “A” FIRES - ORDINARY COMBUSTIBLES: Continued THE CLASSIFICATIONS OF FIRE
  • 21.  Consider nonflammable substitutes for cleaners.  Ensure solvent tanks have fusible links on covers.  Only refuel equipment in well ventilated areas.  Properly store flammable liquids.  Use flammable liquids only in well ventilated areas.  Ensure storage drums are properly grounded.  Restrict welding and cutting to authorized areas.  CLASS “B” FIRES - FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS OR GASES: Continued THE CLASSIFICATIONS OF FIRE
  • 22.  Inspect wiring and insulation frequently.  Ensure motors are kept clean and lubricated.  Be cognizant of unusual odors.  Ensure outlets and connections are not overloaded.  Never misuse fuses, look for correct rating.  Keep motors free of dust and excess grease.  Ensure machinery is properly maintained.  CLASS “C” FIRES - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT: Continued THE CLASSIFICATIONS OF FIRE
  • 23.  Control dust and turnings.  Follow established control procedures.  Never use wet sand or water to extinguish fires.  Moisture releases oxygen which can fuel the fire.  Metal fires can burn up to 5000 degrees.  Metals can be extremely difficult to extinguish.  CLASS “D” FIRES - COMBUSTIBLE METALS: Continued THE CLASSIFICATIONS OF FIRE D
  • 24. ACME FIRE EXTINGUISHER IDENTIFYING THE PROPER FIRE EXTINGUISHER  LOOK AT THE FACEPLATE FIRE EXTINGUISHER MULTI-PURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL
  • 25. All Fire Extinguishers Used by This Company Will Be Labeled in Accordance With NFPA 10, Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers. Locations Where Fire Extinguishers Are Mounted Will Also Comply With NFPA 10 for Labeling Purposes. LABELING OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
  • 26. USING THE FIRE EXTINGUISHER  CHECK THE GAUGE ACME FIRE EXTINGUISHER
  • 27. USING THE FIRE EXTINGUISHER  PULL THE PIN Continued ACME FIRE EXTINGUISHER
  • 28. USING THE FIRE EXTINGUISHER  SQUEEZE THE TRIGGER WHILE HOLDING THE EXTINGUISHER UPRIGHT. Continued ACME FIRE EXTINGUISHER
  • 29. Continued USING THE FIRE EXTINGUISHER  AIM THE EXTINGUISHER AT THE BASE OF THE FLAMES.  SWEEP SIDE TO SIDE.
  • 30.  If you have no escape route.  If the fire begins to significantly spread.  If the extinguisher proves to be ineffective.  If there is a choice between life and property.  If you’re unsure if you can handle the situation.  If you are injured and it will impede your escape.  If the extinguisher is not designed for the type fire.  If any drums, gases, and like materials are engulfed.  WHEN TO CALL FOR HELP!: WHEN NOT TO FIGHT A FIRE
  • 31. HOW TO SELECT A FIRE EXTINGUISHER  Nature of the combustibles or flammables.  Potential severity of the resulting fire. - size, speed of travel, intensity etc.  Effectiveness of the extinguisher on the type material.  The ease of the use of the fire extinguisher.  The personnel available to operate the extinguisher.  The physical and emotional ability of the user.  SELECTING A FIRE EXTINGUISHER DEPENDS ON:
  • 32. HOW TO SELECT A FIRE EXTINGUISHER  The ambient conditions (wind, drafts, fumes etc.).  Adverse reactions of the extinguishing agent.  Health and operational safety concerns.  Upkeep and maintenance of the extinguisher.  SELECTING A FIRE EXTINGUISHER DEPENDS ON: Continued D
  • 33. METHODS OF EXTINGUISHER OPERATION  FIVE METHODS ARE IN COMMON USE:  Self-Expelling - Sufficient vapor pressure to expel themselves.  Gas Cartridge or Cylinder - A separate cylinder is activated to pressurize the extinguisher to expel the agent.  Stored Pressure - Extinguisher contents under content constant pressure.  Mechanically Pumped - The operator activates a pump to expel the extinguishing agent.  Hand Propelled - The use of scoops, pails, or buckets.
  • 34. HOW TO EXTINGUISH SMALL FIRES  Point the extinguishing agent at the base of the fire.  Do not attempt to put out the flames.  Cool the material below its ignition temperature.  Soak fibrous material to prevent re-ignition.  Establish a fire watch to ensure no re-ignition occurs.  Use water, foam or multi-purpose dry chemicals.  CLASS “A” FIRES - ORDINARY COMBUSTIBLES:
  • 35. HOW TO EXTINGUISH SMALL FIRES Continued  CLASS “B” FIRES - FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS OR GASES:  Point the extinguishing agent at the base of the fire.  Do not attempt to put out the flames.  Attempt to prevent oxygenation of the fire.  Close solvent tanks lids etc.  Know that the fire may flare up momentarily.  Use foam, carbon dioxide, dry chemicals and halon.
  • 36. HOW TO EXTINGUISH SMALL FIRES Continued  CLASS “C” FIRES - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT:  Extinguishing agent cannot conduct electricity.  Disconnect power to the source ASAP.  Ensure the extinguisher doesn’t make contact.  Do not attempt to use water based extinguishers.  Electrical fires can effect circuitry “downstream”.  Use carbon dioxide, dry chemicals and halon.
  • 37. HOW TO EXTINGUISH SMALL FIRES Continued  CLASS “D” FIRES - COMBUSTIBLE METALS:  Multi-purpose extinguishing agent leaves a residue.  The agent cools the metal to below its ignition temp.  These residues are harmful to electronic equipment.  Attempt to prevent oxygenation of the fire.  Use agents that deprive oxygen.  Know that metal fires burn extremely hot (5000 deg.).  Use carbon dioxide and halon. D
  • 38. INSPECTING A FIRE EXTINGUISHER  INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS:  Inspect fire extinguishers once per month.  Inspect more often if local fire codes require it.  Have fire extinguishers serviced once per year.  Service more often if local codes require it.  Document the monthly inspections on the card.
  • 39. INSPECTING A FIRE EXTINGUISHER  INSPECTION PROCEDURES:  Know the locations of your fire extinguishers.  Determine the likely types of fires in the area.  Ensure the extinguisher is the right type (A.B.C.D.).  Inspect for rust, dents or other signs of damage.  Inspect the seal for tampering or previous use.  Inspect the gauge and feel the weight.  Is the extinguisher full of agent?  Ensure the pin, nozzle and nameplate are intact.  Report missing or damaged extinguishers.
  • 40. Continued DANGER NO SMOKING NO FUMAR 4 31 ACETYLENE GAS INSPECTION CHECKLIST ENSURE HAZARDOUS AREAS HAVE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS POSITIONED FOR READY USAGE. INSPECTING A FIRE EXTINGUISHER INSPECT NOT ONLY THE EXTINGUISHERS, BUT ENSURE THAT AREAS NEEDING THEM HAVE THEM ON HAND. ACME FIRE EXTINGUISHER