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Confined SpacesConfined Spaces
Rescuers AccountRescuers Account
for Over 60% offor Over 60% of
Confined SpaceConfined Space
FatalitiesFatalities
Confined Space TragediesConfined Space Tragedies
o Two workers died from asphyxiationTwo workers died from asphyxiation
tr...
Purpose of TrainingPurpose of Training
o Ensure that employees are familiarEnsure that employees are familiar
with safety ...
Frequency of TrainingFrequency of Training
o Upon initial assignmentUpon initial assignment
o Change in assigned duties or...
Training OutlineTraining Outline
o IntroductionIntroduction
o General RequirementsGeneral Requirements
o Equipment Require...
IntroductionIntroduction
o OSHA 29 CFR 1910.146: Permit-OSHA 29 CFR 1910.146: Permit-
Required Confined SpacesRequired Con...
DefinitionDefinition
A Confined space:
o Is large enough that anIs large enough that an
employee can enter andemployee can...
ExamplesExamples
Examples:Examples:
o tankstanks
o pitspits
o tunnelstunnels
o vaultsvaults
o boilersboilers
o sewerssewer...
IntroductionIntroduction
A permit-required confined space:
o Contains or has the potential to contain aContains or has the...
Atmospheric HazardsAtmospheric Hazards
o Oxygen LevelsOxygen Levels - below 19.5 % or- below 19.5 % or
above 23.5%above 23...
EngulfmentEngulfment
o Liquid or loose materials trap aLiquid or loose materials trap a
worker.worker.
o Typically associa...
IntroductionIntroduction
o "Entry" is when a person"Entry" is when a person
passes through anpasses through an
opening int...
General RequirementsGeneral Requirements
o Identify confined spaces and classifyIdentify confined spaces and classify
them...
Confined Spaces Flow Chart
General RequirementsGeneral Requirements
o Measures to prevent entryMeasures to prevent entry
o Develop and implement prac...
Equipment RequirementsEquipment Requirements
o Testing and monitoringTesting and monitoring
equipmentequipment
o Ventilati...
The Entry PermitThe Entry Permit
o Permit must be completedPermit must be completed
before entry is authorizedbefore entry...
The Entry PermitThe Entry Permit
o Duration may not exceed the timeDuration may not exceed the time
identified on the perm...
Contents of The Entry PermitContents of The Entry Permit
1. Permit space to be entered1. Permit space to be entered
2. Pur...
Contents of The Entry PermitContents of The Entry Permit
7. Hazards of the permit space7. Hazards of the permit space
8. M...
Contents of The Entry PermitContents of The Entry Permit
11. Rescue and emergency services11. Rescue and emergency service...
Duties of Authorized EntrantsDuties of Authorized Entrants
o Understand potential hazardsUnderstand potential hazards
o Us...
Duties of Authorized EntrantsDuties of Authorized Entrants
Alert the attendant
whenever:
o Entrant recognizesEntrant recog...
Duties of Authorized EntrantsDuties of Authorized Entrants
Evacuate the confined space when:
o Order to evacuate is given ...
Duties of AttendantsDuties of Attendants
o "Attendant" - stationed outside permit space;"Attendant" - stationed outside pe...
Duties of AttendantsDuties of Attendants
o Communicates with entrants toCommunicates with entrants to
monitor entrant stat...
Duties of AttendantsDuties of Attendants
Orders evacuation immediately if:
o Detects a prohibited conditionDetects a prohi...
Duties of AttendantsDuties of Attendants
o Summon emergency servicesSummon emergency services
o Keep unauthorized persons ...
Duties of Entry SupervisorDuties of Entry Supervisor
o "Entry supervisor" - person responsible"Entry supervisor" - person ...
Duties of Entry SupervisorDuties of Entry Supervisor
o Knows the hazards including signs,Knows the hazards including signs...
Duties of Entry SupervisorDuties of Entry Supervisor
o Removes unauthorized individuals whoRemoves unauthorized individual...
Rescue and Emergency ServicesRescue and Emergency Services
o Self-RescueSelf-Rescue
o Non-entry RescueNon-entry Rescue
o O...
Rescue and Emergency ServicesRescue and Emergency Services
o Responds in a timely mannerResponds in a timely manner
o Resc...
Rescue and Emergency ServicesRescue and Emergency Services
o Retrieval systems shall be used unless theyRetrieval systems ...
ContractorsContractors
o Inform contractor that workplace containsInform contractor that workplace contains
permit spaces ...
ContractorsContractors
o Coordinate with employerCoordinate with employer
when both host personnel andwhen both host perso...
Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures
o Perform work outside of space if possiblePerform work outside of space if pos...
Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures
o Ventilate, eliminate, or controlVentilate, eliminate, or control
the space’s ...
Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures
o Test permit space before entryTest permit space before entry
beginsbegins
o M...
Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures
o Authorized entrants can enter a permitAuthorized entrants can enter a permit
...
Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures
o Maintain acceptableMaintain acceptable
conditions for durationconditions for ...
Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures
o Review entry operations when there isReview entry operations when there is
re...
QUESTIONS?QUESTIONS?
Quiz
1. T / F Rescuers account for over 60 %
of confined space fatalities?
True
2. T / F A confined space is an area large...
Quiz
3. Name at least 3 examples of a confined
space. tankstanks
o Pits, tunnelsPits, tunnels
o Vaults, boilersVaults, boi...
Quiz
5. Is an atmosphere containing less than 19.5%, and
above 23.5% oxygen dangerous?
Yes, below 19.5% O2 deficient
above...
Quiz
7. How can a space that is classified as a
permit required confined space be
reclassified?
Remove hazards
8. If the h...
Quiz
9. T / F The attendant may leave the space
entrance go to the bathroom?
False, Attendant can never leave unless
repla...
Quiz
11. May the entry supervisor also serve
as the attendant?
Yes
12. What must an entrant to a permit
required confined ...
Quiz
13. Can the attendant enter the confined
space?
No
14. Who may enter the confined space for
rescue?
certified personn...
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Confined Space Training by North Texas Exploration and Production Safety Network

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Transcript of "Confined Space Training by North Texas Exploration and Production Safety Network"

  1. 1. Confined SpacesConfined Spaces
  2. 2. Rescuers AccountRescuers Account for Over 60% offor Over 60% of Confined SpaceConfined Space FatalitiesFatalities
  3. 3. Confined Space TragediesConfined Space Tragedies o Two workers died from asphyxiationTwo workers died from asphyxiation trying to shut off water flow totrying to shut off water flow to damaged pipe due to extremely lowdamaged pipe due to extremely low oxygen levels.oxygen levels. o Five farmers died trying to save oneFive farmers died trying to save one another in a manure pit.another in a manure pit.
  4. 4. Purpose of TrainingPurpose of Training o Ensure that employees are familiarEnsure that employees are familiar with safety precautions andwith safety precautions and procedures associated withprocedures associated with confined spacesconfined spaces
  5. 5. Frequency of TrainingFrequency of Training o Upon initial assignmentUpon initial assignment o Change in assigned duties or aChange in assigned duties or a change in permit space conditionschange in permit space conditions o Inadequacies in the employee'sInadequacies in the employee's knowledge or use of confined spaceknowledge or use of confined space entry proceduresentry procedures
  6. 6. Training OutlineTraining Outline o IntroductionIntroduction o General RequirementsGeneral Requirements o Equipment RequirementsEquipment Requirements o The Entry PermitThe Entry Permit o Duties of Authorized Entrants, AttendantsDuties of Authorized Entrants, Attendants and Entry Supervisorand Entry Supervisor o Rescue and Emergency ServicesRescue and Emergency Services o ContractorsContractors o Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures
  7. 7. IntroductionIntroduction o OSHA 29 CFR 1910.146: Permit-OSHA 29 CFR 1910.146: Permit- Required Confined SpacesRequired Confined Spaces o Ensure that employees can safelyEnsure that employees can safely enter into and work within permit-enter into and work within permit- required confined spacesrequired confined spaces
  8. 8. DefinitionDefinition A Confined space: o Is large enough that anIs large enough that an employee can enter andemployee can enter and perform assigned workperform assigned work o Has limited or restrictedHas limited or restricted means for entry or exitmeans for entry or exit o Is not designed forIs not designed for continuous employeecontinuous employee occupancyoccupancy
  9. 9. ExamplesExamples Examples:Examples: o tankstanks o pitspits o tunnelstunnels o vaultsvaults o boilersboilers o sewerssewers o shaftsshafts o ventilation ductsventilation ducts o crawl spacescrawl spaces
  10. 10. IntroductionIntroduction A permit-required confined space: o Contains or has the potential to contain aContains or has the potential to contain a hazardous atmospherehazardous atmosphere o Contains a material that has the potentialContains a material that has the potential for engulfing an entrantfor engulfing an entrant o Internal configuration that might causeInternal configuration that might cause entrant to be trapped or asphyxiated byentrant to be trapped or asphyxiated by inwardly converging walls or floor thatinwardly converging walls or floor that slopes downward and tapers to a smallerslopes downward and tapers to a smaller cross sectioncross section o Contains any other recognized seriousContains any other recognized serious safety or health hazardsafety or health hazard
  11. 11. Atmospheric HazardsAtmospheric Hazards o Oxygen LevelsOxygen Levels - below 19.5 % or- below 19.5 % or above 23.5%above 23.5% o Flammable/ExplosiveFlammable/Explosive – exceeds 10%– exceeds 10% of Lower Explosive Limit (LEL)of Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) o Toxic SubstancesToxic Substances – exceed– exceed Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL)Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL)
  12. 12. EngulfmentEngulfment o Liquid or loose materials trap aLiquid or loose materials trap a worker.worker. o Typically associated with looseTypically associated with loose materials in bins, silos, andmaterials in bins, silos, and hoppers.hoppers. o Death can occur by asphyxiation,Death can occur by asphyxiation, aspiration, or constriction.aspiration, or constriction.
  13. 13. IntroductionIntroduction o "Entry" is when a person"Entry" is when a person passes through anpasses through an opening into a permit-opening into a permit- required confined spacerequired confined space o Any part of the entrant'sAny part of the entrant's body breaks the plane ofbody breaks the plane of an opening into thean opening into the spacespace
  14. 14. General RequirementsGeneral Requirements o Identify confined spaces and classifyIdentify confined spaces and classify them as permit or non-permitthem as permit or non-permit o A permit-required confined space mayA permit-required confined space may be reclassifiedbe reclassified o Identify and evaluate the hazards of theIdentify and evaluate the hazards of the permit spaces before employees enterpermit spaces before employees enter o Inform exposed employees of theInform exposed employees of the existence and location of and theexistence and location of and the danger posed by the permit spacesdanger posed by the permit spaces
  15. 15. Confined Spaces Flow Chart
  16. 16. General RequirementsGeneral Requirements o Measures to prevent entryMeasures to prevent entry o Develop and implement practices andDevelop and implement practices and procedures necessary for safe entryprocedures necessary for safe entry o Provide and maintain all requiredProvide and maintain all required equipmentequipment o Educate employees on safe entryEducate employees on safe entry procedures and equipment operationprocedures and equipment operation
  17. 17. Equipment RequirementsEquipment Requirements o Testing and monitoringTesting and monitoring equipmentequipment o Ventilating equipmentVentilating equipment o Communications equipmentCommunications equipment o Personal protective equipmentPersonal protective equipment o Lighting equipmentLighting equipment o Barriers and shieldsBarriers and shields o Equipment needed for safeEquipment needed for safe ingress and egressingress and egress o Emergency equipmentEmergency equipment o Other equipment for safe entryOther equipment for safe entry
  18. 18. The Entry PermitThe Entry Permit o Permit must be completedPermit must be completed before entry is authorizedbefore entry is authorized o Entry supervisor must sign theEntry supervisor must sign the permitpermit o Permit must be made availablePermit must be made available at the time of entry so entrantsat the time of entry so entrants can confirm that pre-entrycan confirm that pre-entry preparations have beenpreparations have been completedcompleted
  19. 19. The Entry PermitThe Entry Permit o Duration may not exceed the timeDuration may not exceed the time identified on the permitidentified on the permit o Retain each canceled entry permit forRetain each canceled entry permit for at least 1 year to facilitate review of theat least 1 year to facilitate review of the programprogram o Problems encountered during entryProblems encountered during entry shall be noted on the permit so thatshall be noted on the permit so that appropriate revisions can be made toappropriate revisions can be made to the programthe program
  20. 20. Contents of The Entry PermitContents of The Entry Permit 1. Permit space to be entered1. Permit space to be entered 2. Purpose of the entry2. Purpose of the entry 3. Date and the authorized duration of3. Date and the authorized duration of the entry permitthe entry permit 4. Authorized entrants4. Authorized entrants 5. Attendants5. Attendants 6. Entry supervisor with a space for the6. Entry supervisor with a space for the signaturesignature
  21. 21. Contents of The Entry PermitContents of The Entry Permit 7. Hazards of the permit space7. Hazards of the permit space 8. Measures used to isolate the permit8. Measures used to isolate the permit space and to eliminate or control permitspace and to eliminate or control permit space hazards before entryspace hazards before entry 9. Acceptable entry conditions9. Acceptable entry conditions 10. Results of initial and periodic tests,10. Results of initial and periodic tests, names or initials of the testers andnames or initials of the testers and when the tests were performedwhen the tests were performed
  22. 22. Contents of The Entry PermitContents of The Entry Permit 11. Rescue and emergency services11. Rescue and emergency services 12. Communication procedures12. Communication procedures 13. Equipment (personal protective13. Equipment (personal protective equipment, testing equipment,equipment, testing equipment, communications equipment, alarmcommunications equipment, alarm systems, rescue equipment, etc.)systems, rescue equipment, etc.) 14. Any other information necessary in14. Any other information necessary in order to ensure employee safetyorder to ensure employee safety
  23. 23. Duties of Authorized EntrantsDuties of Authorized Entrants o Understand potential hazardsUnderstand potential hazards o Use equipment properlyUse equipment properly o Communicate with attendant regularlyCommunicate with attendant regularly o If the unexpected occurs – alert theIf the unexpected occurs – alert the attendantattendant o Exit immediately if hazard developsExit immediately if hazard develops
  24. 24. Duties of Authorized EntrantsDuties of Authorized Entrants Alert the attendant whenever: o Entrant recognizesEntrant recognizes any warning sign orany warning sign or symptom of exposuresymptom of exposure to a dangerousto a dangerous situationsituation o The entrant detects aThe entrant detects a prohibited conditionprohibited condition
  25. 25. Duties of Authorized EntrantsDuties of Authorized Entrants Evacuate the confined space when: o Order to evacuate is given by theOrder to evacuate is given by the attendant or the entry supervisorattendant or the entry supervisor o Entrant recognizes any warning sign orEntrant recognizes any warning sign or symptom of exposure to a dangeroussymptom of exposure to a dangerous situationsituation o Entrant detects a prohibited conditionEntrant detects a prohibited condition o Evacuation alarm is activatedEvacuation alarm is activated
  26. 26. Duties of AttendantsDuties of Attendants o "Attendant" - stationed outside permit space;"Attendant" - stationed outside permit space; monitors entrantsmonitors entrants o Knows the hazards including signs,Knows the hazards including signs, symptoms and consequences of exposuresymptoms and consequences of exposure o Continuously maintains accurate count ofContinuously maintains accurate count of entrants in permit spaceentrants in permit space o Remains outside the permit space duringRemains outside the permit space during entry until relieved by another attendantentry until relieved by another attendant
  27. 27. Duties of AttendantsDuties of Attendants o Communicates with entrants toCommunicates with entrants to monitor entrant status and to alertmonitor entrant status and to alert entrants of the need to evacuateentrants of the need to evacuate o Monitors activities inside & outsideMonitors activities inside & outside the space to determine ifthe space to determine if - it is safe for entrants to- it is safe for entrants to - remain in the space- remain in the space
  28. 28. Duties of AttendantsDuties of Attendants Orders evacuation immediately if: o Detects a prohibited conditionDetects a prohibited condition o Detects the behavioral effects ofDetects the behavioral effects of hazard exposure in entranthazard exposure in entrant o Detects a situation outside the spaceDetects a situation outside the space that could endanger the entrantsthat could endanger the entrants o If the attendant cannot effectively andIf the attendant cannot effectively and safely perform all the dutiessafely perform all the duties
  29. 29. Duties of AttendantsDuties of Attendants o Summon emergency servicesSummon emergency services o Keep unauthorized persons awayKeep unauthorized persons away o Inform entrants and entry supervisor ifInform entrants and entry supervisor if unauthorized persons have entered theunauthorized persons have entered the permit spacepermit space o Performs non-entry rescues when applicablePerforms non-entry rescues when applicable and they have trainingand they have training o Performs no duties that might interfere withPerforms no duties that might interfere with primary duty to monitor and protect entrantsprimary duty to monitor and protect entrants
  30. 30. Duties of Entry SupervisorDuties of Entry Supervisor o "Entry supervisor" - person responsible"Entry supervisor" - person responsible for determining if acceptable entryfor determining if acceptable entry conditions are present, for authorizingconditions are present, for authorizing entry, overseeing entry operations, andentry, overseeing entry operations, and for terminating entry as requiredfor terminating entry as required o An entry supervisor also may serve asAn entry supervisor also may serve as an attendant or as an entrant, as longan attendant or as an entrant, as long as that person is trained and equippedas that person is trained and equipped to do soto do so
  31. 31. Duties of Entry SupervisorDuties of Entry Supervisor o Knows the hazards including signs,Knows the hazards including signs, symptoms, and consequences of thesymptoms, and consequences of the exposureexposure o Verifies that the entry permit is complete,Verifies that the entry permit is complete, all tests have been conducted and allall tests have been conducted and all procedures and equipment are in placeprocedures and equipment are in place before allowing entry to beginbefore allowing entry to begin o Verifies that rescue services are availableVerifies that rescue services are available and that the means for summoning themand that the means for summoning them are operableare operable
  32. 32. Duties of Entry SupervisorDuties of Entry Supervisor o Removes unauthorized individuals whoRemoves unauthorized individuals who enter or attempt to enter the spaceenter or attempt to enter the space o Ensures that acceptable entryEnsures that acceptable entry conditions are maintained throughoutconditions are maintained throughout the entrythe entry o Terminates entry and cancels the entryTerminates entry and cancels the entry permit when the operations have beenpermit when the operations have been completed or a condition that is notcompleted or a condition that is not allowed under the permit arisesallowed under the permit arises
  33. 33. Rescue and Emergency ServicesRescue and Emergency Services o Self-RescueSelf-Rescue o Non-entry RescueNon-entry Rescue o Only trainedOnly trained workers can enterworkers can enter space and onlyspace and only when there iswhen there is another attendantanother attendant o Call 911Call 911
  34. 34. Rescue and Emergency ServicesRescue and Emergency Services o Responds in a timely mannerResponds in a timely manner o Rescue provider must be proficient withRescue provider must be proficient with confined space rescue-related tasks andconfined space rescue-related tasks and equipmentequipment o Inform rescue provider of the hazards theyInform rescue provider of the hazards they may encounter on sitemay encounter on site o Provide the rescue provider with access to allProvide the rescue provider with access to all permit spaces so they can develop rescuepermit spaces so they can develop rescue plans and practice rescue operationsplans and practice rescue operations
  35. 35. Rescue and Emergency ServicesRescue and Emergency Services o Retrieval systems shall be used unless theyRetrieval systems shall be used unless they increase the overall risk of entry or would notincrease the overall risk of entry or would not contribute to the rescuecontribute to the rescue o Each entrant shall use a full body harness and aEach entrant shall use a full body harness and a retrieval line if feasibleretrieval line if feasible o The other end of the retrieval line shall beThe other end of the retrieval line shall be attached to a mechanical device or fixed pointattached to a mechanical device or fixed point outside the permit spaceoutside the permit space o A mechanical retrieval device shall be available forA mechanical retrieval device shall be available for vertical type permit spaces more than 5 feet deepvertical type permit spaces more than 5 feet deep
  36. 36. ContractorsContractors o Inform contractor that workplace containsInform contractor that workplace contains permit spaces and entry is allowed only inpermit spaces and entry is allowed only in compliance with permit space programcompliance with permit space program o Apprise contractor of the hazards that makeApprise contractor of the hazards that make the space a permit spacethe space a permit space o Apprise contractor of precautions for theApprise contractor of precautions for the protection of employees in or near permitprotection of employees in or near permit spaces where contractor will be workingspaces where contractor will be working
  37. 37. ContractorsContractors o Coordinate with employerCoordinate with employer when both host personnel andwhen both host personnel and contractor personnel will becontractor personnel will be working in or near spacesworking in or near spaces o Debrief employer at theDebrief employer at the conclusion of entryconclusion of entry o Contractor shall inform theContractor shall inform the employer of the permitemployer of the permit program that they will followprogram that they will follow and of any hazards confrontedand of any hazards confronted or createdor created
  38. 38. Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures o Perform work outside of space if possiblePerform work outside of space if possible o Designate entrants, attendants, entryDesignate entrants, attendants, entry supervisors and atmospheric monitors,supervisors and atmospheric monitors, identify the duties of each, and assureidentify the duties of each, and assure training has been providedtraining has been provided o Notify all departments affected by entryNotify all departments affected by entry o Post signs and put up barriers to protectPost signs and put up barriers to protect entrants from traffic and pedestriansentrants from traffic and pedestrians o Specify acceptable entry conditionsSpecify acceptable entry conditions
  39. 39. Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures o Ventilate, eliminate, or controlVentilate, eliminate, or control the space’s atmosphericthe space’s atmospheric hazards before entry into thehazards before entry into the spacespace o Blind or disconnect and cap allBlind or disconnect and cap all input lines so that noinput lines so that no hazardous materials can enterhazardous materials can enter the spacethe space o Lockout/TagoutLockout/Tagout o When entrance covers areWhen entrance covers are removed, guard the openingremoved, guard the opening immediatelyimmediately
  40. 40. Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures o Test permit space before entryTest permit space before entry beginsbegins o Monitor permit space toMonitor permit space to determine if entry conditionsdetermine if entry conditions are maintainedare maintained o Test for oxygen, combustibleTest for oxygen, combustible gases/vapors, and toxicgases/vapors, and toxic gases/vapors in that ordergases/vapors in that order o Observe status of other existingObserve status of other existing hazards and those createdhazards and those created during entry operationsduring entry operations
  41. 41. Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures o Authorized entrants can enter a permitAuthorized entrants can enter a permit space only after it’s been tested and foundspace only after it’s been tested and found safe for entrysafe for entry o The entrant must know what equipmentThe entrant must know what equipment to use & how to use itto use & how to use it o Provide at least one attendant outside theProvide at least one attendant outside the permit space for the duration of entrypermit space for the duration of entry
  42. 42. Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures o Maintain acceptableMaintain acceptable conditions for durationconditions for duration of entryof entry o Implement rescue andImplement rescue and emergency proceduresemergency procedures if necessaryif necessary o Implement proceduresImplement procedures necessary fornecessary for concluding the entryconcluding the entry
  43. 43. Safe Entry ProceduresSafe Entry Procedures o Review entry operations when there isReview entry operations when there is reason to believe that measures takenreason to believe that measures taken may not protect employees and revisemay not protect employees and revise the program before subsequent entriesthe program before subsequent entries o Review the permit space programReview the permit space program within 1 year after each entry andwithin 1 year after each entry and revise the program as necessary torevise the program as necessary to ensure that employees participating inensure that employees participating in entry operations are protectedentry operations are protected
  44. 44. QUESTIONS?QUESTIONS?
  45. 45. Quiz 1. T / F Rescuers account for over 60 % of confined space fatalities? True 2. T / F A confined space is an area large enough that employee may enter has a limited means of entry or exit? True
  46. 46. Quiz 3. Name at least 3 examples of a confined space. tankstanks o Pits, tunnelsPits, tunnels o Vaults, boilersVaults, boilers o sewers , shaftssewers , shafts o ventilation ducts,crawl spacesventilation ducts,crawl spaces 4. T / F A permit required confined space is an area that contains or has the potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere? True
  47. 47. Quiz 5. Is an atmosphere containing less than 19.5%, and above 23.5% oxygen dangerous? Yes, below 19.5% O2 deficient above 23.6% exsplosive 6. T / F Entry into a confined space is when any part of the entrants body breaks the plane of the an opening into a confined space. True
  48. 48. Quiz 7. How can a space that is classified as a permit required confined space be reclassified? Remove hazards 8. If the hazard or hazardous atmosphere cannot be removed, what must be done before entering the space? Issue permit entry
  49. 49. Quiz 9. T / F The attendant may leave the space entrance go to the bathroom? False, Attendant can never leave unless replaced 10. Who is responsible for determining if acceptable conditions for entry are present? Entry Supervisor
  50. 50. Quiz 11. May the entry supervisor also serve as the attendant? Yes 12. What must an entrant to a permit required confined space wear? Appropriate PPE, lanyard system
  51. 51. Quiz 13. Can the attendant enter the confined space? No 14. Who may enter the confined space for rescue? certified personnel only

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