BACK SAFETY
& SAFE LIFTING
Bureau of Workers’ Comp
PA Training for Health & Safety
(PATHS)
1PPT-024-02
Anatomy of the Back
• Why do injuries happen?
– Knowing what causes back injuries
can help you prevent them.
2PPT-024-02
The Forces Involved
- The amount of force on your back
when lifting may surprise you!
- Think of your back as a lever:
Wit...
The Forces Involved
→If you shift the fulcrum to one
side, it takes much more force
to lift the same object.
→Your waist a...
The Forces Involved
Adding in 105 pounds
of the average human
upper torso = 1,150
pounds of pressure on
the lower back whe...
The Forces Involved
If you are 25 pounds
overweight, it adds an
additional 250 pounds
of pressure on your
back every time ...
Common Causes of Back Injuries
 Anytime you find yourself
lifting, think:
DANGER! My back is at
risk!
▪ Try to avoid heav...
Common Causes of Back Injuries
▪ Twisting at the
waist while lifting.
▪ Holding a heavy load.
▪ Both can happen
when using...
Common Causes of Back Injuries
 Reaching and lifting:
 Over your head
 Across a table
 From the back of a truck
9PPT-0...
Common Causes of Back Injuries
 Lifting or
carrying objects
with awkward or
odd shapes.
10PPT-024-02
Common Causes of Back Injuries
 Working in
awkward,
uncomfortable
positions.
11PPT-024-02
Common Causes of Back Injuries
 Sitting or
standing in
one position
too long.
 Sitting can be
very hard on the
lower bac...
Common Causes of Back Injuries
 Slipping
on a wet
floor or ice-
covered
area.
13PPT-024-02
How to Prevent Back Injuries
 Avoid lifting and bending whenever
you can.
 Place objects up off the floor.
 Raise/lower...
How to Prevent Back Injuries
 Use cranes, hoists, lift tables and other lift-
assist devices whenever you can.
 Test the...
How to Prevent Back Injuries
Use proper lifting
procedures; follow
these steps when
lifting:
 Take a balanced
stance, fee...
How to Prevent Back Injuries
 Get a secure
grip, hug the
load.
 Lift gradually
using your legs.
 Keep load close
to you...
How to Prevent Back Injuries
 Once standing,
change directions by
pointing your feet
and turning your
whole body.
 Avoid...
Things You Can Do To
Help Your Back
 You can minimize back problems with exercises
that tone the muscles in your back, hi...
Exercises to Help Your Back
 Wall slides to strengthen
your muscles:
◦ Stand with your back
against a wall, feet
shoulder...
Exercises to Help Your Back
 Leg raises to strengthen back and hip muscles:
◦ Lie on your stomach.
◦ Tighten muscles in o...
Exercises to Help Your Back
 Leg raises (variation):
◦ Lie on your back, arms at your sides.
◦ Lift both legs off floor a...
Exercises to Help Your Back
 Leg raises while seated:
◦ Sit upright, legs straight and
extended at an angle to floor.
◦ L...
Exercises to Help Your Back
 Partial sit-up to strengthen stomach muscles:
◦ Lie on back, knees bent and feet flat on flo...
Exercises to Help Your Back
 Back leg swing to strengthen hip and
back muscles:
◦ Stand behind chair, hands on chair.
◦ L...
Exercises to Decrease
Strain on Your Back
◦ Lie on back, knees bent, feet flat on floor.
◦ Raise knees toward chest.
◦ Pla...
Exercises to Decrease
Strain on Your Back
◦ Lie on stomach, hands under shoulders,
elbows bent, and push up.
◦ Raise top h...
Exercises to Decrease
Strain on Your Back
◦ Stand with feet apart.
◦ Place hands in small of back.
◦ Keep knees straight.
...
Take Care of Your Back
• And it will take care of you!
– Exercise daily.
– Avoid heavy lifting.
– Get help with heavy or b...
Questions
30PPT-024-02
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Back Safety & Safe Lifting by Bureau of Workers’ Comp PATHS

  1. 1. BACK SAFETY & SAFE LIFTING Bureau of Workers’ Comp PA Training for Health & Safety (PATHS) 1PPT-024-02
  2. 2. Anatomy of the Back • Why do injuries happen? – Knowing what causes back injuries can help you prevent them. 2PPT-024-02
  3. 3. The Forces Involved - The amount of force on your back when lifting may surprise you! - Think of your back as a lever: With the fulcrum in the center, it only takes ten pounds of pressure to lift a 10 pound object. 3PPT-024-02
  4. 4. The Forces Involved →If you shift the fulcrum to one side, it takes much more force to lift the same object. →Your waist acts like the fulcrum in a lever system, on a 10:1 ratio. →Lifting a 10 pound object puts 100 pounds of pressure on your lower back. 4PPT-024-02
  5. 5. The Forces Involved Adding in 105 pounds of the average human upper torso = 1,150 pounds of pressure on the lower back when lifting a 10 pound object. 5PPT-024-02
  6. 6. The Forces Involved If you are 25 pounds overweight, it adds an additional 250 pounds of pressure on your back every time you bend over! 6PPT-024-02
  7. 7. Common Causes of Back Injuries  Anytime you find yourself lifting, think: DANGER! My back is at risk! ▪ Try to avoid heavy lifting, especially repetitive lifting over a long period of time. 7PPT-024-02
  8. 8. Common Causes of Back Injuries ▪ Twisting at the waist while lifting. ▪ Holding a heavy load. ▪ Both can happen when using a shovel. 8PPT-024-02
  9. 9. Common Causes of Back Injuries  Reaching and lifting:  Over your head  Across a table  From the back of a truck 9PPT-024-02
  10. 10. Common Causes of Back Injuries  Lifting or carrying objects with awkward or odd shapes. 10PPT-024-02
  11. 11. Common Causes of Back Injuries  Working in awkward, uncomfortable positions. 11PPT-024-02
  12. 12. Common Causes of Back Injuries  Sitting or standing in one position too long.  Sitting can be very hard on the lower back. 12PPT-024-02
  13. 13. Common Causes of Back Injuries  Slipping on a wet floor or ice- covered area. 13PPT-024-02
  14. 14. How to Prevent Back Injuries  Avoid lifting and bending whenever you can.  Place objects up off the floor.  Raise/lower shelves.  Use carts and dollies. 14PPT-024-02
  15. 15. How to Prevent Back Injuries  Use cranes, hoists, lift tables and other lift- assist devices whenever you can.  Test the weight of an object before lifting by slightly pushing with hand or foot.  Get help if it’s too heavy for you to lift by yourself. 15PPT-024-02
  16. 16. How to Prevent Back Injuries Use proper lifting procedures; follow these steps when lifting:  Take a balanced stance, feet shoulder- width apart.  Squat down to lift and get as close as you can.  Bend your knees. 16PPT-024-02
  17. 17. How to Prevent Back Injuries  Get a secure grip, hug the load.  Lift gradually using your legs.  Keep load close to you.  Keep back and neck straight. 17PPT-024-02
  18. 18. How to Prevent Back Injuries  Once standing, change directions by pointing your feet and turning your whole body.  Avoid twisting at your waist.  To put load down, follow these steps in reverse. 18PPT-024-02
  19. 19. Things You Can Do To Help Your Back  You can minimize back problems with exercises that tone the muscles in your back, hips and thighs.  Before beginning any exercise program, check with your doctor and follow advice given. With approval:  Exercise regularly, at least every other day. Warm up slowly. Walking is a good way to warm up. Inhale deeply before each repetition of an exercise and exhale when performing each repetition. 19PPT-024-02
  20. 20. Exercises to Help Your Back  Wall slides to strengthen your muscles: ◦ Stand with your back against a wall, feet shoulder-width apart. ◦ Slide down into a crouch with knees bent to 90 degrees. ◦ Count to five and slide back up the wall. ◦ Repeat five times. 20PPT-024-02
  21. 21. Exercises to Help Your Back  Leg raises to strengthen back and hip muscles: ◦ Lie on your stomach. ◦ Tighten muscles in one leg and raise leg from floor. ◦ Hold for count of 10, and return leg to floor. ◦ Do the same with your other leg. ◦ Repeat five times with each leg. 21PPT-024-02
  22. 22. Exercises to Help Your Back  Leg raises (variation): ◦ Lie on your back, arms at your sides. ◦ Lift both legs off floor and hold for count of 10. ◦ If this is too difficult, keep one knee bent and the foot flat on the floor while raising the other leg. 22PPT-024-02
  23. 23. Exercises to Help Your Back  Leg raises while seated: ◦ Sit upright, legs straight and extended at an angle to floor. ◦ Lift one leg waist high. ◦ Slowly return to floor. ◦ Do the same with the other leg. ◦ Repeat five times with each leg. 23PPT-024-02
  24. 24. Exercises to Help Your Back  Partial sit-up to strengthen stomach muscles: ◦ Lie on back, knees bent and feet flat on floor. ◦ Slowly raise head and shoulders off floor. ◦ Count to 10. ◦ Repeat five times. 24PPT-024-02
  25. 25. Exercises to Help Your Back  Back leg swing to strengthen hip and back muscles: ◦ Stand behind chair, hands on chair. ◦ Lift one leg back and up, keeping the knee straight. ◦ Return slowly. ◦ Raise other leg and return. ◦ Repeat five times with each leg. 25PPT-024-02
  26. 26. Exercises to Decrease Strain on Your Back ◦ Lie on back, knees bent, feet flat on floor. ◦ Raise knees toward chest. ◦ Place hands under knees, and pull knees to chest. ◦ Do not raise head. ◦ Do not straighten legs as you lower them. ◦ Start with five repetitions, several times a day. 26PPT-024-02
  27. 27. Exercises to Decrease Strain on Your Back ◦ Lie on stomach, hands under shoulders, elbows bent, and push up. ◦ Raise top half of body as high as possible. ◦ Keep hips and legs on floor. ◦ Hold for one or two seconds. ◦ Repeat 10 times, several times a day. 27PPT-024-02
  28. 28. Exercises to Decrease Strain on Your Back ◦ Stand with feet apart. ◦ Place hands in small of back. ◦ Keep knees straight. ◦ Bend backwards at waist as far as possible and hold for one or two seconds. ◦ Repeat as needed. 28PPT-024-02
  29. 29. Take Care of Your Back • And it will take care of you! – Exercise daily. – Avoid heavy lifting. – Get help with heavy or bulky objects. – If you must bend over, do so properly. – Avoid twisting at the waist when carrying objects. – Always watch where you’re going. 29PPT-024-02
  30. 30. Questions 30PPT-024-02
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