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Accident Investigation Training by Construction Compliance Training Center
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Accident Investigation Training by Construction Compliance Training Center

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  • The term &quot;accident&quot; can be defined as an unplanned event that interrupts the completion of an activity, and that may (or may not) include injury or property damage. <br /> An incident usually refers to an unexpected event that did not cause injury or damage this time but had the potential. &quot;Near miss&quot; or &quot;dangerous occurrence&quot; are also terms for an event that could have caused harm but did not. <br /> Please note: The term incident is used in some situations and jurisdictions to cover both an &quot;accident&quot; and &quot;incident&quot;. It is argued that the word &quot;accident&quot; implies that the event was related to fate or chance. When the root cause is determined, it is usually found that many events were predictable and could have been prevented if the right actions were taken -- making the event not one of fate or chance (thus, the word incident is used). For simplicity, we will use the term accident to mean all of the above events. <br />
  • Accidents must be analyzed from three different points of view: DIRECT COUSE OF INJURY; Burns, Strains, Cuts, Fractures. <br /> SURFACE CAUSES; Unguarded machine, Broken Tools, Chemical spill, Defective PPE ,Untrained workers, Lack of time, Too much work. <br /> ROOT CAUSES; Inadequate training, No discipline procedures, No orientation process, Inadequate training plan, No accountability policy, No recognition, Inadequate labeling procedures ,Outdated procedures, No recognition plan, No inspection policy. <br />
  • Accidents must be analyzed from three different points of view: DIRECT COUSE OF INJURY; Burns, Strains, Cuts, Fractures. <br /> SURFACE CAUSES; Unguarded machine, Broken Tools, Chemical spill, Defective PPE ,Untrained workers, Lack of time, Too much work. <br /> ROOT CAUSES; Inadequate training, No discipline procedures, No orientation process, Inadequate training plan, No accountability policy, No recognition, Inadequate labeling procedures ,Outdated procedures, No recognition plan, No inspection policy. <br />
  • Accidents must be analyzed from three different points of view: DIRECT COUSE OF INJURY; Burns, Strains, Cuts, Fractures. <br /> SURFACE CAUSES; Unguarded machine, Broken Tools, Chemical spill, Defective PPE ,Untrained workers, Lack of time, Too much work. <br /> ROOT CAUSES; Inadequate training, No discipline procedures, No orientation process, Inadequate training plan, No accountability policy, No recognition, Inadequate labeling procedures ,Outdated procedures, No recognition plan, No inspection policy. <br />

Accident Investigation Training by Construction Compliance Training Center Accident Investigation Training by Construction Compliance Training Center Presentation Transcript

  • This material was developed by Compacion Foundation Inc and The Hispanic Contractors Association de Tejas under Susan Harwood Grant Number SH-20-843-SH0 Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsements by the U.S. Government. Certified Safety Construction Business CB106 Presented By: Construction Compliance Training Center
  • Provide participants with the basic skills necessary to conduct an effective accident investigation in your workplace. CB106 Accident Investigation  You will identify;  Primary Reasons, Benefits, and  Employer Responsibilities to conducting an accident investigation  Three Steps for an Effective Investigation  Investigate and Analysis
  • The most important things in an accident are:  When an accident happens, the most important thing is taking care of the victim or victims. ◦ After that, the most important thing is finding the causes of the accident. ◦ All of us, including employers, need help and advice to identify the causes of accidents. CB106 Accident Investigation
  • Accidents also cause great economic losses  Lost efficiency due to break-up of crew.  Damage to tools and equipment.  Damage from accident due to fire, water, chemicals, spills, crashes, etc.  Loss of customers because products and services are not provided.  Training costs for replacement worker. CB106 Accident Investigation
  • What is an accident ? An unwanted, unplanned event that causes injuries, illnesses, or property damage. What is an incident ? An unwanted, unplanned event that almost causes injuries, illnesses, or property damage. CB106 Accident Investigation
  • 300 INCIDENTS 1 ACCIDENT For each accident, • 300 incidents occurred, or • you lost 300 chances to prevent the accident! If we are going to prevent accidents, we have to investigate the accidents and the incidents! CB106 Accident Investigation
  •  Unsafe Conditions ◦ Poorly maintained machinery or equipment. ◦ Defective or missing personal protective equipment. ◦ Unguarded machinery or equipment. ◦ Missing or inadequate warnings or safety and health signs. ◦ Lack of housekeeping. CB106 Accident Investigation
  •  Unsafe Acts ◦ Conduct work operations without prior training ◦ Block or remove safety devices. ◦ Clean, lubricate, or repair equipment while its in operation. ◦ Working without protection in hazardous places. CB106 Accident Investigation
  •  Investigate  Analyze  Report CB106 Accident Investigation
  •  Seal the accident area.  Interview witnesses.  Draw and take measurements of the accident area.  Take samples. CB106 Accident Investigation
  •  Say what happened step-by-step.  Analyze the events with the 6 key questions: ◦ Who? ◦ What? ◦ When? ◦ Where? ◦ Why? ◦ How? . Who saw the crash? What happened to the brakes? When did the brakes fail? Where were the replacement brakes? Why wasn’t the mechanic told? How did the crash happen? CB106 Accident Investigation
  •  Say what happened.  Say which were the surface causes.  Say which were the root causes.  Say what needs to be done so the accident doesn’t happen again. CB106 Accident Investigation
  • 1 . Direct cause of injury 2. Surface causes of accident 3. Root causes of the accident Accidents must be investigated and analyzed from three different points of view: CB106 Accident Investigation
  • A harmful transfer of energy that produces injury or illness.  The worker suffered two broken legs when the truck crashed into the wall. ◦ CB106 Accident Investigation
  • Specific unsafe conditions or unsafe behaviors that result in an accident.  The truck crashed into the wall because the brakes failed. ◦ CB106 Accident Investigation
  • Common conditions and behaviors that ultimately result in an accident.  The company did not have a maintenance program for its vehicles. CB106 Accident Investigation
  • Weed out the causes of injuries and illnesses Fails to inspect No recognition planInadequate training plan No accountability policy No inspection policy No discipline procedures Outdated ProceduresNo orientation process Unguarded m achine Horseplay Fails to train To much work Defective PPE Fails to report injury Inadequate training Create a hazard Fails to enforce Untrained worker Broken tools Ignore a hazard Lack of time Inadequate labeling procedures No recognition Cuts Burns Strains Chemical spill Conditions Behaviors Surface Causes of the Accident Root Causes of the Accident Direct Causes of Injury/Illness - Accident Weed CB106 Accident Investigation
  •  Secure the accident scene  Collect facts about what happened  Develop the sequence of events  Determine the causes  Recommend improvements  Write the report CB106 Accident Investigation
  • Be ready when accidents happen 1. Write a clear policy statement. 2. Identify those authorized to notify outside agencies (fire, police, etc.) 3. Designate those responsible to investigate accidents. 4. Train all accident investigators. 5. Establish timetables for conducting the investigation and taking corrective action. 6. Identify those who will receive the report and take corrective action. CB106 Accident Investigation
  • CB106 Accident Investigation
  • CB106 Accident Investigation  Photos shown in this presentation may depict situations that are not in compliance with applicable OSHA requirements.  It is not the intent of the content developers to provide compliance-based training in this presentation, the intent is more to address hazard awareness in the construction industry, and to recognize the overlapping hazards present in many construction workplaces.  It should NOT be assumed that the suggestions, comments, or recommendations contained herein constitute a thorough review of the applicable standards, nor should discussion of “issues” or “concerns” be construed as a prioritization of hazards or possible controls. Where opinions (“best practices”) have been expressed, it is important to remember that safety issues in general and construction jobsites specifically will require a great deal of site - or hazard-specificity - a “one size fits all” approach is not recommended, nor will it likely be very effective.  It is assumed that individuals using this presentation, or content, to augment their training programs will be “qualified” to do so, and that said presenters will be otherwise prepared to answer questions, solve problems, and discuss issues with their audiences.  No representation is made as to the thoroughness of the presentation, nor to the exact methods of recommendation to be taken. It is understood that site conditions vary constantly, and that the developers of this content cannot be held responsible for safety problems they did not address or could not anticipate, nor those which have been discussed herein or during physical presentation. It is the responsibility of each employer contractor and their employees to comply with all pertinent rules and regulations in the jurisdiction in which they work. Copies of all OSHA regulations are available form your local OSHA office. This presentation is intended to discuss Federal Regulations only – your individual State requirements may be more stringent.  As a presenter, you should be prepared to discuss all of the potential issues/concerns, or problems inherent in those photos particularly.