Teaching : concept, relation with learning Presentation Transcript
TEACHING – CONCEPT, RELATION WITH LEARNING, AS A SYSTEM OF ACTION LIBNABI M.K
INTRODUCTION Teaching is an important part of the process of education. Its special function is to impart knowledge, develop understanding and skill.
DEFINITIONS OF TEACHING The supreme art of teaching is to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge ALBERT EINSTEIN T Teaching is the stimulation, guidance, direction and encouragement of learning BURTON
Psychologists and educators are explained it from different angles some explanations are as follows:
Teaching is communication between two or more
persons, who influence each other by ideas and learn something in the process of interaction.
Teaching is to fill in the mind of the learner by
information and knowledge of facts for future use.
Teaching is a process in which learner, teacher,
curriculum and other variables are organized in a systematic way to attain some pre- determined goal.
Teaching is to cause motivation to learn.
NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF TEACHING It includes the provision of desirable information Causes to learn A good teaching is not merely to impart informations to the students, but it is also to arouse the will of self learning in them. Needs efficient planning The pupils cannot be taught everything all the time. Various stages are meant forachieving the different aspects of knowledge. So there must be some useful planning of teaching The human knowledge is going on increasing since the rise of civilization. He has learnt all this by trial and error, insight and imitation. We should provide desired information to the students in a well organized manner.
Sympathetic The successful teaching essentially requires emotional stability and security. Cooperative Providesopportunity for activity Teaching does not mean forceful imposition of knowledge in the pupil’s brain.Good teaching is based on the cooperation of both the teacher and the pupil.
Organization of learning unification of all the components of teaching Democratic education which prepares the pupil for life by life the real education-
FUNCTIONS OF TEACHING
Creating learning situations
Motivating the child to learn
Arranging for conditions which assist in the growth of the childs mind
Utilize the initiative and play urges of the children to facilitate learning
Turning the children with the nobility of thoughts, feelings and actions
Giving information and explaining it
Diagnosing learning problems
Making curricular material
Evaluating recording and reporting
PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING
Principle of using previous knowledge
Principle of providing for individual difference
Principle of readiness
Principle of meaningfulness
Principle defining specific objectives of the lesson
Principle of proceeding from simple to complex
Principle of proceeding from concrete to abstract
Principle of proceeding from general to specific
Principle of proceeding from known to unknown
LEARNING: concept Learning is the lifelong process of transforming information and experienceinto knowledge, skills, behaviors, and attitudes. LEARNING –DEFINITION Learning is the process by which behavior is originated or changes through practice and training” Woodworth, R.S Learning is the modification in behavior to meet environmental requirements” Gates
Learning is organizing experience Learning is active Learning is both individual and social Learning is the product of the environment MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF LEARNING Learning is growth Learning is adjustment
Learning according to the psychologists and educators: † Modification of behavior †Practice for behavior †New ways of doing things †Attainment of a goal †Changes in the individual through changes in the environment
Sensitization Associate learning Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Imprinting Observational learning Play Associative learning TYPES OF LEARNING Simple non-associative learning Habituation
VARIOUS FACETS OF LEARNING PROCESS Who is to learn- child From whom to learn- teacher, environment Why to learn- aims of teaching What to learn- acquisition of knowledge, skills etc. How to learn- methodology When to learn- motivation Where to learn- classroom ,play field
The Learning and Teaching System "Teaching" as an activity does not exist: or at least it is meaningless to think about it in isolation. There is always an interaction between the Teacher, the Learner and the Subject being taught.