Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Anatomy(structure) and phases of teaching
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Anatomy(structure) and phases of teaching

8,220

Published on

Anatomy(structure) and phases of teaching

Anatomy(structure) and phases of teaching

Published in: Education
16 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • j
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • great .......
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • like it, a lot.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • hiiiiiiiiiiiii gita your presentation of slide is attractive but i could see your presentation but as per others view you have included more content. but according to men the expalnation of content is important from your slide i got clear idea. technical mistake i dnt know but content and presentation is good.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • hi dear geeta
    your ppt is good and attractive and have good collection of topic content . teaching act phases are aranged well. you have done systematic and clear presentation, the thing is that you have to coose appropriate contrast colour. by kamlesh kumar
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
8,220
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
167
Comments
16
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. ADVANCED METHODS OF TEACHING
    ANATOMY AND PHASES OF TEACHING
    Presented By:
    Gita Haldar
    M.Ed (2010-2011)
    school of education
    Pondicherry University
  • 2. Introduction
    Teaching is an important part of the process of education. Its special function is to impart knowledge, develop understanding and skill. Teaching is usually associated with 3 R’s i.e. Reading, writing and arithmetic imparting knowledge of school subjects.
    Definitions of teaching
    “The art of assisting another to learn providing of information and of appropriate situations, conditions or activities designed to facilitate learning.”
  • 3. According to world book encyclopedia-
    “The process by which one person helps other achieves knowledge, skill and aptitudes.”
     
    According to John B. Hugh:
    Teaching is an activity with four phases: a curriculum planning phase, an instructing phase, a measuring phase and an evaluate phase.
     
  • 4. ANATOMY /STRUCTURE OF TEACHING: THREE VARIABLES
    Structure of teaching consists of three variables which operate in the process of teaching and create learning conditions or situations.
    These are classified as under:
    Teacher as an independent variable.
    Students as dependent variable.
    Content and strategy of presentation as intervening variables.
  • 5. STRUCTURE OF TEACHING
  • 6. 1. Teacher as an independent variable
    The teacher plans the role of independent variables.
    Students are dependent on him in the teaching process.
    The teacher does the planning, organizing, leading and controlling of teaching for bringing about behavioral changes in the students.
    He is free to perform various activities for providing learning experiences to students.
  • 7. 2. Students as dependent variable.
    The student is required to act according to the planning and organization of the teacher.
    Teaching activities of the teacher influence the learning of the students.
    3. Content and strategy of presentation as intervening variables:
    • The intervening variables lead to interaction between the teachers and the students.
    • 8. The content determines the mode of presentation-telling, showing and doing etc.
  • PHASES OF TEACHING
    Teaching is a complex task. For performing this task, a systematic planning is needed.
    Teaching is to be considered in terms of various steps and the different steps constituting the process are called the phases of teaching.
    If we want to obtain a complete description of the teaching activities, we must consider what the teacher does before and after his regular teaching in the class.
  • 9. We can divide the teaching act into three phases of teaching as shown below:
  • 10. Pre – active phase of teaching
    Fixation of goals.
    Decision making about the subject matter.
    Arranging/ sequencing the elements of content for presentation.
    Decision about the strategies of teaching.
    Distribution of teaching strategies.
  • 11. INTERACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHINGAccording to the P.W. Jackson “The teacher provides pupil verbal stimulation of various kinds, makes explanations, ask questions, listen to the student’s response and provide guidance”.
    The following activities are included in the inter-active phase of teaching-
    1. Sizing up of the class.
    2. Diagnosis of the learners.
    Abilities of learners.
    Interests and attitudes of learners.
    Academic background of learners.
    3. Action and reaction of achievement.
    Initiation,
    Response.
     
  • 12. Post-active phase of teaching:In this phase, as the teaching task sums up, the teacher asks the questions from the pupils, verbally or in written form, to measure the behaviors’ of the pupils so that their achievements may be evaluated correctly.
    Defining the exact dimensions of the changes caused by teaching.
    Selecting appropriate testing devices and techniques.
    Changing the strategies in terms of evidences gathered.
     
  • 13. Conclusion: It is evident from the above description that to achieve the teaching objectives, ‘the three aspects of teaching activities should be arranged in such a way that when the changes occur in the thinking and working systems of pupils, creative thinking should also be developed in them so that, by recognizing reality, they may become efficient in co-ordination their external experiences with their inner organization.
  • 14. THANK YOU

×