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  • 1. A Message for Children - As Universal Moral Ethics - Hitoshi Tsuchiyama Action Speech Karma Body Thought (Motivation) Instinct & Emotion [Transformed] Reason (Compassion) Mind Emotion Instinct Spirit Smile Controller
  • 2. FOREWORD Do you know that human beings can’t be happyonly by ‘intelligence’ and ‘money’? As intelligence ormoney alone brings suspicion, anxiety, anger, hatred,jealousy, frustration and extremely competitivefeeling. It means that present education of scienceand technology at schools is not enough to makepeople happy. If you really want to be happy, youneed ‘compassion’ in addition to intelligence andmoney. Because intelligence or money brings usphysical comfort and compassion brings us mentalcomfort. And we need both of them in a perfectharmony. If we practice compassion, we gain calmmind and normal function of intelligence. But if wemake bad use of intelligence in anger or with hatred,tragedies such as war and violence occur. We can learn intelligence through classes at school,however we can not learn compassionate mind atschool. Of course, we may learn compassionate mindspontaneously by developing human relations’ skill 1
  • 3. through home training or extracurricular activitiesat school. However, if we are not lucky enough tohave such a wonderful opportunity, it is very difficultto understand the importance of compassion becausetoday is the times when only material value oreconomic value (money) is likely to be welcomed. So,many people including adults have not learnedcompassion yet even though spiritual value or innervalue should be given the top priority in our life. Even if we study hard to have excellent academicbackground and get snobbish jobs such as an elitebureaucrat or employee, politician and entrepreneur,it is impossible to make a true success withoutcompassion. Those who are intelligent but have notmastered compassion may succeed at the start butdefinitely make a serious mistake sometime afterthat. Because the lack of compassion means lack ofinner strength due to lack of self-confidence, andalso means lack of trust due to self-centered attitude.So there is no way to make success wherever andwhatever one does. How wasteful it is! So, it is very2
  • 4. important for us to master compassion as young aspossible to avoid meaningless efforts in our life. Even nowadays many tragedies are occurring allover the world due to lack of compassion. Forexample, dictatorship, terrorism, global financialcrisis and economic depression caused by Americansub-prime loan problems, expanding gap of rich andpoor, and in Japan, more than 30,000 suicides peryear for 13 consecutive years and serious bullying atschools and power harassment at work. These arejust a part of all tragedies and the real number mustbe uncountable. But these are all man-madeproblems, so we definitely can solve. I hope this bookwill be useful to decrease tragedies and increasehappiness.February, 2011 Hitoshi Tsuchiyama 3
  • 5. CONTENTSFOREWORD 1Chapter 1 Purpose of life and how to achieve it 8 (1)Why were you born? 8 (2)What is the purpose of life? 9 (3)What is happiness? 10 (4)Something really important 11 (5)What is true happiness? 12 (6)How to gain calm mind 13Chapter 2 Structure of our Mind 14 (1)Break-even point of Mind flow 14 (2)Reason (Altruism) or Self-centered mind 15 (3)Calm mind or Destructive emotion 16 (4)Positive motivation or Negative motivation 17 (5)Positive karma or Negative karma 18 (6)Benefit or Negative consequence 18 (7)Happiness or Suffering 194
  • 6. Chapter 3 Framework of Mind and Body 20 (1)Varieties of Mind and its chain 20 (2)Varieties of Body and its chain 21 (3)Instinct 22 (4)Emotion 23 (5)Reason (Compassion) 24 (6)Self-centered mind (in case of weak reason) 25 (7)Thought (Motivation) 26 (8)Speech 27 (9)Action 28 (10)Remedy for self-centered mind -1- 29 (11)Remedy for self-centered mind -2- 30Chapter 4 Control of Destructive Emotion 31 (1)Anger and Hatred 31 (2)Control of Anger and Hatred 32 (3)Concrete solutions for Anger and Hatred 33 (4)Solutions for Serious Tragedy 37 (5)Other Destructive Emotion 39 (6)The Miracle Antidote to Fear and Sorrow 40 (7)How to Control Destructive Emotion 41 5
  • 7. Chapter 5 Calm Mind 42 (1)Importance of Compassion 42 (2)Human being as Social animal 43 (3)Definition of Compassion 44 (4)Notes of Compassion 45 (5)Practice of Compassion 46 (6)Effects of Compassion 47 (7)Varieties of Compassion 50APPENDICES (1)Mind Flow 52 (2)Effect of Compassion 53 (3)The Ultimate Reality of Interdependence 55AFTERWORD 576
  • 8. A Message for Children Children hildre - As Universal Moral Ethics - 7
  • 9. Chapter 1 Purpose of life and how to achieve it(1)Why were you born? Aren’t you worrying why you were born? It isnatural not to be able to find the answer when youare young. You don’t have to worry about it. I haveheard a following story; A boy has a memory of priorto birth. He was asked by someone before he wasborn “Which life do you choose, a hard life or an easylife?” “If you choose a hard life, you learn a lot butyou suffer a lot. If you choose an easy life, you learna little but you enjoy your life. ” He thought for awhile and chose a hard life because he felt thatleaning a lot was more valuable than learning alittle. I heard he was born right after that Q&Asession.8
  • 10. (2)What is the purpose of life? It may be another difficult question. There mustbe a lot of adults who can’t answer to this question.Let’s think in easy way. Are there any people whowant to suffer? Definitely, not. All of us want to behappy. There are good people and bad people. Butnobody wants to suffer. Everybody wants to be happy.I think this is true. Even though the fields of thestudy and the work are different, all human beingsare living for the same purpose which is to be happy.This is the human nature. There is also another view. We have no guaranteefor our future. That’s why we need hope for oursurvival. Hope means happiness. Thereforehappiness is our purpose of life. What do you thinkwill happen if we lose our hope? That mentalattitude will shorten our life. 9
  • 11. (3)What is happiness? Have you ever thought what is happiness?Suffering isn’t happiness, is it? Nobody disagrees tothis. How about rich people? Do you think that richpeople are always happy? Do you feel happy if yougraduate from prestigious university and enter anexcellent company? How about a famousprofessional baseball player or soccer player? Youmay feel happy for a short time but you can’t bereally happy only by that. If you are very rich, you don’t have to work andcan buy whatever you like and travel all over theworld whenever you want. That’s great, isn’t it? Ifyou become an elite businessman, you can earn a lotof money and feel good to see people envy you. If youbecome a famous professional sport player, you canfeel great to be a hero. However, these are justphysical matters or artificial social status. Do yousee there are more important things in invisiblemind which you can’t buy by money?10
  • 12. (4)Something really important For example, can you buy true love, compassionand friendship by money? If it is a fake one, you canbuy it but if it is a true one, you can’t buy it by money.Do you think if you can obtain calm mind or innerpeace because of your healthy body? I don’t think so.I think you can obtain your healthy body because ofyour healthy mind. Do all professional sport playershave calm mind or inner peace, for example? You canguess that the answer is no because there areprofessional sport players who are always irritatedwith bloodshot eyes. In fact, true love, compassion, friendship, calmmind and inner peace are important for ourhappiness. Even a billionaire can’t be happy becausethe person is always full of suspicion, anxiety, anger,hatred, jealousy and other uncomfortable feelings.The same thing can be said to a professional sportplayer with weak mind. 11
  • 13. (5)What is true happiness? Let’s summarize what we have analyzed so far. Doyou agree that you need perfect harmony of physicalcomfort and mental comfort to feel happy? Physicalcomfort means that you have enough material oreconomic value such as money and goods for living.Mental comfort means that you have full of spiritualvalue or inner value such as calm mind and genuinefriendship. Even if one of them is lacking, you can’tfeel happy. Look at people around you. Do you think they arereally happy? You must see many people workinghard to make money only but seldom see peoplemaking effort to have calm mind and genuinefriendship. Even though they are rich, they are nothappy but suffering. Mercy on them! How silly theyare not to be able to feel happy after hard work andefforts! You don’t want to be like them, do you? Whycan’t they understand the importance of spiritualvalue? Nobody knows the true reason but I guessthey believe only money value.12
  • 14. (6)How to gain calm mind If you have full of destructive emotions such asanger, hatred, jealousy, fear and sorrow, you must beirritated and insecure. Furthermore, if you linkthese destructive emotions directly to thought, youwill have negative motivation. And if you speak oract based on the negative motivation, violence ortragedy will occur and your destructive emotionswill be amplified. So, you will have serious damagesboth mentally and physically and people around youwill be also disturbed if this vicious circle continuesfor a long time. How can we control these destructive emotions?This is the first question. What should we do to gaincalm mind? This is the second question. Because ourmind is invisible, it’s much harder to be understoodthan the material value and we can’t takecountermeasures to deal with it unless weunderstand the structure of our mind. That’s why weneed to understand the structure of our mind indetail. 13
  • 15. Chapter 2 Structure of our Mind(1)Break-even point of Mind flow (Fork of happiness or suffering) Let’s check the mind flow first. We can see thereare two main streams in the mind flow by observingthe back cover of this book. One main stream is ‘thestream to happiness’ on the right and the other mainstream is ‘the stream to suffering’ on the left. And itdepends on whether the person understands theultimate reality of ‘Interdependency’ or not to choosewhich way to go. By the way, is there anyone whothinks that living alone is possible? Can you build ahouse, produce foods and manufacture clothes fromraw materials? There is nobody on the earth who canmanage everything and be self-sufficient for survivalalone. Therefore, everything on the earth exists bydepending on others. Nobody can survive withouthaving relation with others. It causes a bigdifference to understand this or not, as this is thefork of happiness or suffering.14
  • 16. (2)Reason (Altruism) or Self-centered mind The attitude will be totally opposite whether theperson understands “A human being can’t survivealone” or not. Those who understand this ultimatereality respect other people and materials and try tocooperate with others based on mutual trust. That’swhy they can automatically take altruistic attitudeto others. They always try to treat others withreason or altruistic attitude such as compassion,warm-heartedness, gentleness and kindness. To the contrary, those who can’t understand theultimate reality have an illusion that they cansurvive alone and can’t see other people who reallysupport their survival quite a lot. Therefore theirmind or heart becomes so selfish that they care forthe happiness of themselves only and don’t care forthe happiness of others. So, they take actions withtheir self-centered attitude such as attachment,arrogance and greed. 15
  • 17. (3)Calm mind or Destructive emotion Mental state will be totally opposite whether themind or heart is full of reason or full of selfishness.Those who always care for the happiness of otherswith warm-heartedness and think based on reasonwith full of gentleness can enjoy calm mind, peace ofmind and inner peace. Moreover, the practice ofcompassion opens our inner door and enables us tohave mutual trust with other people to makegenuine friendship. To the contrary, those who have negative mindoccupied with attachment, arrogance and greedsuffer from their destructive emotions. These peopleare not satisfied unless everything goes just as theywanted and always keep destructive emotions suchas anger, hatred, jealousy, fear and sorrow eventhough these emotions destroy calm mind ofthemselves and other people at the same time.Destructive emotions do you no good and muchharm.16
  • 18. (4)Positive motivation or Negative motivation Motivation is created based on our mental state oremotions. So, it depends on whether we have ‘Calmmind’ or ‘Destructive emotion’ to create positivemotivation or negative motivation. A motivationcreated by our calm mind is always a positivemotivation. It is natural that we create a positivemotivation because the source of our calm mind isour sense of care for others’ happiness, warm-heart,gentleness and kindness. To the contrary, a motivation created by ourdestructive emotions is always a destructive ornegative motivation. It is also natural that we createa negative motivation because the source of ourdestructive emotions is our self-centered selfishnesswhich means that we care for our happiness onlyand don’t care for others’ happiness. 17
  • 19. (5)Positive karma or Negative karma Karma means action and there are verbal actionand physical action. It depends on whether we havea ‘Positive motivation’ or a ‘Negative motivation’ tocarry out a positive karma or a negative karma. Ifour action is based on our positive motivation, itautomatically becomes a positive karma. And if ouraction is based on our negative motivation, itautomatically becomes a negative karma.(6)Benefit or Negative consequence There is a proverb that says “A good cause brings agood effect and a bad cause brings a bad effect”. Itexactly depends on whether our action is positive ornegative to receive a benefit or negative consequence.It’s easy to understand that we receive a benefit ifwe take a positive action and we get negativeconsequences if we take a negative action. Anyway,the effects return to us right after the cause and inthe long run.18
  • 20. (7)Happiness or Suffering It exactly depends on whether we get positiveeffects or negative effects to have happiness orsuffering in the end. It is very simple that we feelhappy if we receive benefit and we suffer if we getnegative consequences. In this way, there are two main streams in themind flow. One main stream is ‘the stream tohappiness’ and the other main stream is ‘the streamto suffering’. Which main stream do you want tochoose? 19
  • 21. Chapter 3 Framework of Mind and Body(1)Varieties of Mind and its chain Let’s check the framework of mind and body morein details for the next step. If you observe the frontcover of this book, you will see there are varieties ofmind and body and also patterns of chain. The center of this picture is ‘Spirit’ which I think,is the source of mind even though it is not clarifiedin depth yet. ‘Instinct’ and ‘Emotion’ occur fromSpirit spontaneously. Then we make ‘Reason’ occurconsciously. When instinct or emotion is negative, wecontrol it by Reason so that it will be transformed tobe positive. Reason is like a water purificationmachine.20
  • 22. (2)Varieties of Body and its chain Then ‘Mind’ links to ‘Thought’ (Motivation). Whatif our reason is too weak to control negative instinctor emotion? Our negative instinct or emotion will beautomatically linked to our thought without beingtransformed to be positive. This is dangerous andrisky. Because our Mind will be our Thought and ourMotivation will turn out to be a ‘Speech’ or an‘Action’. So, our mind will be our motivation throughgetting out from inner world to outer world so thatother people may hear and see as speech and action. From here, you don’t have to understand thecontent well but in fact it is very important. Yourspeech, writing and all kinds of actions will be backto your ‘Spirit’ or ‘Soul’ and influence your mind inthe future. This chain of mind and body is beingfound scientifically that it is controlled by theneurons ordered by our brain. But it is notcompletely clarified yet. 21
  • 23. (3)Instinct Let’s learn more about the framework of mind. Doyou know what instinct is about? Basic humaninstinct is ‘Sleep desire’, ‘Appetite’ and ‘Sexualdesire’ which are very important for our survival. Ifwe don’t sleep or eat, we will definitely die. So,instinct spontaneously occurs and we can’t prevent itfrom occurring consciously. However we need tocontrol it consciously by reason once it occurs,because it may cause a disturbance to others if wefollow our instinct with self-centered attitude. Forexample, we must not steal goods displayed at ashop. Even if our instinct is satisfied, our satisfactiondoes not last for a long time and disappears shortly.But if we succeed in controlling our instinct byreason, we can keep our calm mental state for a longperiod.22
  • 24. (4)Emotion Emotion also spontaneously occurs and we can’tprevent it from occurring consciously. Emotion isdivided into positive emotion and destructiveemotion. Positive emotion is emotion such as‘Liveliness’, ‘Enthusiasm’, ‘Spiritedness’ and‘Eagerness’. And destructive emotion is emotionsuch as ‘Anger’, ‘Hatred’, ‘Jealousy’, ‘Fear’ and‘Sorrow’. Emotion is very important because itinfluences our thought and our thought creates ourmotivation and influences our speech and action. So,basically it is necessary for us to reduce or eliminateour destructive emotion by reason as soon aspossible before it links to our thought. In fact, thisdestructive emotion is our real enemy and muchtougher than human enemy. Because it brings usviolence and tragedy if we think, speak and actbased on the destructive emotion. However thereseems to be an exception that anger is tentativelyeffective to protect ourselves from dangeroussituation. 23
  • 25. (5)Reason (Compassion) Reason means Compassion which cares for others’happiness and we make it occur consciously. Thereare many varieties of reason such as ‘Compassion’,‘Warm-heart’, ‘Gentleness’, ‘Kindness’, ‘Tolerance’,‘Forgiveness’, ‘Patience’, ‘‘Self-confidence’ (confidenceto oneself, not pride), ‘Sincerity’, ‘Honesty’,‘Appreciation’, ‘Respect’, ‘Trust’, ‘Modesty’,‘Non-violence’ (No harm to others). Reason is vital to judge good or bad. Good meanssomething which makes people happy and badmeans something which makes people unhappy.Don’t forget this. If you have reason, you can judgewhat is right. And reason also plays an importantrole in controlling negative instinct and emotion.Reason enables us to prevent destructive emotionand mind from occurring as much as possible and totransform them to be positive even if they occur. I think ‘Mind’ or ’Heart’ means aggregation ofinstinct, emotion and reason.24
  • 26. (6)Self-centered mind (in case of weak reason) In case our reason hasn’t been developed tomature level due to lack of wisdom, there is a riskthat our inner space for reason is dominated byself-centered mind such as ‘Attachment’, ‘Arrogance’and ‘Greed’. Wisdom is seeing the ultimate reality of‘Interdependence’ which means “A human beingcan‘t survive alone”. These self-centered minds areprotectors for our survival due to lack of wisdom.They are dangerous because they will prevent usfrom keeping calm mind and seeing the reality bytheir exaggeration of the positiveness of the object.Especially, attachment has artificial warm affectionto yourself and looks respectful; however it turns outto be the source of anger once you dislike the object.In fact, immature love is one of attachment. “Love isblind”. You go straight on once you fall in love, butyour love will change to anger right after you dislikelittle things of your partner’s attitude. The purposeof immature love isn’t for the happiness of yourpartner but for yourself. Please refer to (10) & (11) ofthis chapter for the remedy of self-centered mind. 25
  • 27. (7)Thought (Motivation) We also make our thought occur consciously andour thought has close relation to instinct, emotionand reason. There are two patterns of linkage.Direct link of instinct or emotion to thought is oneand indirect link of instinct or emotion to thoughtafter being controlled by reason is the other. Theformer is a case when your instinct or emotion ispositive or your reason is weak. How dangerous it isto have weak reason! Destructive emotion createsdestructive motivation. If your reason is welldeveloped and performs control function, it is safe asall destructive instinct and emotion will betransformed to be positive before linking to thought.Positive thought will be a positive motivation tobring positive speech or action. Speech or actionalways appears based on the motivation, so it isrecommendable to ask yourself if your motivation ispositive. If your motivation is negative, you mustn’tspeak or act based on the negative motivation toavoid harm to others and yourself.26
  • 28. (8)Speech Speech is an expression of our thought bylanguage based on our motivation and is not alwaysequal to our motivation. We sometimes speakhonestly but sometimes indirectly and exactly theopposite in extreme cases. In any case, we should notaccept other’s speech without analyzing. We shouldmake sure of other’s motivation or intention if it ispositive (goodwill) or negative (ill will). 27
  • 29. (9)Action Action is an expression of our thought by act basedon our motivation and is not always equal to ourmotivation like speech. We sometimes act honestlybut sometimes differently and exactly the oppositein extreme cases. That is why we need to be carefulto judge actions also. But action is much easier toanalyze than speech because it finally appears as avisible act which shows the actor’s real motivation.We can easily imagine if actor’s motivation ispositive or negative by observing the act. But if theperson speaks beautiful things and acts exactly theopposite (in case of inconsistency of speech andaction), we must be very careful to such a hypocriteas the motivation is definitely negative (ill will). I think ‘Karma’ means aggregation of thought,speech and action. And I believe that our growth ashuman beings is evolution and elevation of ourwhole personality, which means lowering impurityor raising purity of our spirit or soul which is theaccumulation of our mind and karma.28
  • 30. (10)Remedy for self-centered mind -1- Let’s think about the methods of how to transformour ‘self-centered mind’ to ‘altruistic mind’. In short,the cause of all negative or dirty minds is ignoranceof the reality which is “A human being can’t survivealone”. Your self-centered arrogance of “I can survivealone” causes your self-centered mind or selfishness.If you are convinced from the bottom of your heartthat your survival entirely depends on the rest of thecommunity, you will never have self-centered mind.Instead, you will automatically respect other peopleand things and feel like cooperating each other forall of your survival. Then you come to treat otherswith reason such as compassion, warm-heartedness,gentleness, kindness. If someone who can’tunderstand this important reality really wants tomaster this wisdom, one solution could be a survivalexperience at an uninhibited island alone to see theultimate reality of ‘Interdependence’. Actually a manexperimented this but he gave up shortly. We aresocial animals. 29
  • 31. (11)Remedy for self-centered mind -2- Because self-centered mind also influences thethought and the thought influences the speech andaction, it causes tragedy. So, in addition to (10)’sfundamental antidote, let’s think about anothersolution when self-centered mind arises. Reason iseffective to transform your self-centered mind, justlike the case of destructive emotion. When yourself-centered mind arises and unpleasant feeling isabout to develop, that’s the timing to tackle it. Askyourself “What use is there if I fully develop anger?”The answer will be “No use, because too much angerdoes me no good and much harm.” If your attachment is too strong to be controlled byreason, you should imagine demerit and undesirablecharacter of the attached object. And if arroganceappears, you must reflect your weak point andimagine your conscience to bring modesty. If youcan’t control your greed, you must remind yourselfthat there is a limit in material value. Ask “Why do Ihave to make too much money as I can’t spend all?”30
  • 32. Page 31 and after are not shown in this preview.To read whole pages, you can buy at URL below.*amazon.comhttp://www.amazon.com/dp/B005KH5LAM*amazon.co.ukhttps://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B005KH5LAM*amazon.dehttps://www.amazon.de/dp/B005KH5LAM*DL-MARKEThttp://www.dlmarket.jp/product_info.php/products_id/157487 31
  • 33. A Message for Children Childre hildr - As Universal Moral Ethics - --------------------------------------------------------------------- Published on February 28, 2011 Author Hitoshi Tsuchiyama compassion5151@yahoo.co.jp Publisher Hitoshi Tsuchiyama compassion5151@yahoo.co.jp----------------------------------------------------------------------------------© Copyright 2011, Hitoshi Tsuchiyama. All rights reserved. 32
  • 34. flow Mind flow Reality : Interdependence Ignorance Wisdom(Care for the happiness of yourself only) (Care for the happiness of others) others) Self- Self-centered mind : Reason (Altruism) : *Attachment *Compassion *Arrogance *Warm- *Warm-heart *Greed… *Greed…etc. reed *Gentleness… *Gentleness…etc. Destructive emotion : Calm mind : *Anger, Hatred *Anger, Hatred *Peace of mind *Jealousy *Friendship *Fear, Sorrow… *Fear, Sorrow…etc. *Cooperation…etc. Cooperation…Negative motivation Positive motivation Negative karma Positive karma Negative consequence Benefit Suffering Happiness

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