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OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Anantapur Region </li></ul><ul><li>AF Ecology Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Livelihoo...
ANANTAPUR REGION <ul><li>Semi-arid & Chronically Drought-prone </li></ul><ul><li>522 mm annual average rainfall </li></ul>...
ABOUT AF-ECOLOGY CENTRE <ul><li>Founded by Father Vincent Ferrer in 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>A fraternal Organisation of RDT...
WATERSHED BASED LIVELIHOODS <ul><li>GOAL : </li></ul><ul><li>Improving  the  rural  livelihoods of the rainfed farmers and...
MAIN ACTIVITIES Contd... ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE:  CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS <ul><li>CBOs a...
MAIN ACTIVITIES Continued... ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE:  CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS <ul><li>Ac...
PHYSICAL ACHIEVEMENTS Contd... (1987 – 2007) ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE:  CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHER...
<ul><li>Net returns in rainfed farming increased to small & marginal farmers </li></ul><ul><li>More rainfed farmers gained...
<ul><li>Soil health & land capability enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation & biomass enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>Ground wa...
CHANGES FORSEEN IN CLIMATE IN ANANTAPUR REGION <ul><li>Shrinking duration of rainy season 6 months to 4 months (?). </li><...
IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGES ON LIVELIHOODS <ul><li>Impact on Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Cropping season is shrinking </li...
<ul><li>Intensive tree-based horticulture  (inadequate incentives) </li></ul><ul><li>Insitu-rain water harvesting is promo...
ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE:  CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS <ul><li>Sensitizing and awakening the p...
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Presentation Adaptation Conference 25th November 2008

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Presntation by Maal Reddy, Accion Fraterna India, on Adaptation Conference 25th November 2008

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Transcript of "Presentation Adaptation Conference 25th November 2008"

  1. 1. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Anantapur Region </li></ul><ul><li>AF Ecology Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Livelihoods through Watershed Development </li></ul><ul><li>Adapting to Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges ahead for Anantapur. </li></ul>Dr.Y.V.Malla Reddy, Director, AF-Ecology Centre. Presentation made in 2 nd Conference on Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries 25 th November, 2008, Hague
  2. 2. ANANTAPUR REGION <ul><li>Semi-arid & Chronically Drought-prone </li></ul><ul><li>522 mm annual average rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>1850 Potential Evapotraspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Barren with less than 2% under actual forest </li></ul><ul><li>1.1 million ha land totally cultivated, Shallow, gravelly red-soils </li></ul><ul><li>1.0 million under rainfed & vulnerable under mono-crop of groundnut (90%) </li></ul><ul><li>0.1 million under Irrigation under groundwater (10%). </li></ul><ul><li>90% Farmers (0.6 million) are small & marginal & most vulnerable. </li></ul><ul><li>4 million population and 0.8 million families in the District </li></ul>ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  3. 3. ABOUT AF-ECOLOGY CENTRE <ul><li>Founded by Father Vincent Ferrer in 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>A fraternal Organisation of RDT </li></ul><ul><li>AF is specialized in Watershed Development for the past 20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Project Area 235 villages, 60000 families </li></ul><ul><li>Partner of ICCO & EED </li></ul><ul><li>Focus of work : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory Watershed Development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peoples institution Building </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alternate livelihoods for youth & women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy advocacy and public opinion building </li></ul></ul></ul>ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  4. 4. WATERSHED BASED LIVELIHOODS <ul><li>GOAL : </li></ul><ul><li>Improving the rural livelihoods of the rainfed farmers and </li></ul><ul><li>farm labour on sustainable basis </li></ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVES : </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable and effective CBOs </li></ul><ul><li>Stabilising the Environment - Soil, Water, Vegetation </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Agriculture (low cost) to replace high cost… </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing the Agri production & net returns to rainfed farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Diversified cropping pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Farming System (Dairy, Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries) </li></ul><ul><li>Employment generation / Accessing NREGA </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate skilled employment for youth (IT, Driving, Hospitality etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Gender & Social equity and work as cross cutting theme. </li></ul><ul><li>Favourable, Pro-poor policies & implementation </li></ul>ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  5. 5. MAIN ACTIVITIES Contd... ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS <ul><li>CBOs and Participatory approach : </li></ul><ul><li>Formation & Capacity building of CBOs </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of gender and ensuring social equity </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory planning, implementation & Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Rights based approach for National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Activities for stabilizing the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Soil and Moisture Conservation (SMC) </li></ul><ul><li>Rain Water Harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation and biomass development </li></ul><ul><li>Non-conventional energy ( Bio-gas ) </li></ul><ul><li>Activities for enhancing agriculture production : </li></ul><ul><li>Diversified land use and diversified cropping (Vegetables, millets, pulses, commercial crops) </li></ul><ul><li>Rainfed horticulture (perennial tree crops) </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-fertilisers, composting, vermi composting, liquid fertilizers) </li></ul>
  6. 6. MAIN ACTIVITIES Continued... ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS <ul><li>Activities for alternate livelihoods : </li></ul><ul><li>Processing and value addition of groundnut, cowpea etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Job-oriented, non-farm skills for educated girls and boys (hospitality,ITES, driving, customer relations, automobile repair etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate livelihoods for women (Saree weaving, garment making, tamarind business etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy, bobby and mobilizing public opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilizing public opinion for Sustainable Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Policy advocacy for incentives for rainfed agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Policy advocacy for incentives for food crops </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborating with Government in implementation of pro-poor, pro-environment programmes (NREGS, Watershed Programme) </li></ul>
  7. 7. PHYSICAL ACHIEVEMENTS Contd... (1987 – 2007) ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS 1,150 1,150 Girls/ Boys Youth trained job-oriented skills 10. 1,000 125 Units Non-farm IGP for women 9. 17,500 17,500 Units Bio-gas & Smokeless chulas 8. 10,000 2,600 Structures Rain Water Harvesting Structures 7. 14,000 16,000 Ha. Crop diversification (Food crops & Fodder) 6. 24,500 24,500 Units Bio fertilisers 5. 20,000 19,16,000 Trees Fruit Trees (Horticulture) 4. 23,500 31,000 Ha. Bio-pest Management 3. 60,000 1,90,10,000 Plants Vegetation & Biomass development 2. 60,500 1,35,000 Ha Soil & Moisture conservation works and adoption of rain-fed farming practices. 1. Families benefited Extent covered / Nos. Unit Activity Sl. No.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Net returns in rainfed farming increased to small & marginal farmers </li></ul><ul><li>More rainfed farmers gained access to groundwater </li></ul><ul><li>Women are able to participate in decisions at family and community levels </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable and remunerative employment to the farm labour </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced human dignity, self-worth & social status for women and the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Education levels have improved </li></ul><ul><li>Household, Food Security & Nutritional Security improved </li></ul><ul><li>People health in general has improved. </li></ul>SUSTAINABLE IMPACT ON LIVELIHOODS ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS <ul><li>Achievements vary family to family </li></ul><ul><li>Droughts persists and affect livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Policy environment not favorable for rain-fed areas </li></ul><ul><li>Safety nets under pressure during droughts </li></ul>Persistant challenges Impacts
  9. 9. <ul><li>Soil health & land capability enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation & biomass enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>Ground water enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>Tree crops enhanced (Rainfed Horticulture) </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-diversity & crop diversity enhanced. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides decreased </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of people on climate change & adaptation enhanced. </li></ul>SUSTAINABLE IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS <ul><li>A lot more biomass is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Ground water overexploitation is not controlled </li></ul><ul><li>Afforestation is inadequate </li></ul>Environmental challenges
  10. 10. CHANGES FORSEEN IN CLIMATE IN ANANTAPUR REGION <ul><li>Shrinking duration of rainy season 6 months to 4 months (?). </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased no. of rainy days (35 to 25) (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Early rains and late rains are disappearing. </li></ul><ul><li>Scantiness is increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Per-rain volume & intensity is increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature variability is increasing </li></ul>ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  11. 11. IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGES ON LIVELIHOODS <ul><li>Impact on Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Cropping season is shrinking </li></ul><ul><li>Rain distribution is getting more unpredictable, affecting crops </li></ul><ul><li>Pests and diseases are on the increase </li></ul><ul><li>Land exposure to sun and denudation has increased </li></ul><ul><li>Flora & Founa is affected – some species are getting extinct (eg. sparrows) </li></ul><ul><li>50% reduction in yields under rainfed crops are estimated by ICAR, by 2025 (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Common property resources are depleting (grazing lands etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency & intensity of droughts is on the increase. </li></ul>ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  12. 12. <ul><li>Intensive tree-based horticulture (inadequate incentives) </li></ul><ul><li>Insitu-rain water harvesting is promoted. </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-irrigation (sprinklers, drip etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting Bio-fertilisers, Vermi Compost, Farm compost, Liquid fertilizers (inadequate incentives) </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting Integrated Farming System for Dairy, Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries, (need a lot more investments) </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate skilled employment / income opportunities (cultural barriers) </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting awareness raising and stakeholder participation on mitigation & adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>......... Still a long way to go </li></ul>ADAPTATIONS BEING TRIED BY AF Continued... ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  13. 13. ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS <ul><li>Sensitizing and awakening the public </li></ul><ul><li>Climate sensitive policy environment </li></ul><ul><li>Coping mechanisms and safety nets </li></ul><ul><li>Action Research & Development on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Climate modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suitable rain-fed crops to match changed climate (Food Security) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local weather forecasting – short term, season long & long term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost & Eco-friendly technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coordinated action for mitigation & adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated action between governments research bodies and NGOs </li></ul>Thank you for your attention CHALLENGES OF ADAPTATION
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