Presentation Adaptation Conference 25th November 2008
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Presentation Adaptation Conference 25th November 2008

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Presntation by Maal Reddy, Accion Fraterna India, on Adaptation Conference 25th November 2008

Presntation by Maal Reddy, Accion Fraterna India, on Adaptation Conference 25th November 2008

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Presentation Adaptation Conference 25th November 2008 Presentation Adaptation Conference 25th November 2008 Presentation Transcript

  • OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
    • Anantapur Region
    • AF Ecology Centre
    • Improving Livelihoods through Watershed Development
    • Adapting to Climate Change
    • Challenges ahead for Anantapur.
    Dr.Y.V.Malla Reddy, Director, AF-Ecology Centre. Presentation made in 2 nd Conference on Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries 25 th November, 2008, Hague
  • ANANTAPUR REGION
    • Semi-arid & Chronically Drought-prone
    • 522 mm annual average rainfall
    • 1850 Potential Evapotraspiration
    • Barren with less than 2% under actual forest
    • 1.1 million ha land totally cultivated, Shallow, gravelly red-soils
    • 1.0 million under rainfed & vulnerable under mono-crop of groundnut (90%)
    • 0.1 million under Irrigation under groundwater (10%).
    • 90% Farmers (0.6 million) are small & marginal & most vulnerable.
    • 4 million population and 0.8 million families in the District
    ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  • ABOUT AF-ECOLOGY CENTRE
    • Founded by Father Vincent Ferrer in 1982
    • A fraternal Organisation of RDT
    • AF is specialized in Watershed Development for the past 20 years.
    • Project Area 235 villages, 60000 families
    • Partner of ICCO & EED
    • Focus of work :
        • Participatory Watershed Development
        • Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA)
        • Peoples institution Building
        • Alternate livelihoods for youth & women
        • Policy advocacy and public opinion building
    ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  • WATERSHED BASED LIVELIHOODS
    • GOAL :
    • Improving the rural livelihoods of the rainfed farmers and
    • farm labour on sustainable basis
    • OBJECTIVES :
    • Sustainable and effective CBOs
    • Stabilising the Environment - Soil, Water, Vegetation
    • Sustainable Agriculture (low cost) to replace high cost…
    • Enhancing the Agri production & net returns to rainfed farmers
    • Diversified cropping pattern
    • Integrated Farming System (Dairy, Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries)
    • Employment generation / Accessing NREGA
    • Alternate skilled employment for youth (IT, Driving, Hospitality etc)
    • Gender & Social equity and work as cross cutting theme.
    • Favourable, Pro-poor policies & implementation
    ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  • MAIN ACTIVITIES Contd... ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
    • CBOs and Participatory approach :
    • Formation & Capacity building of CBOs
    • Promotion of gender and ensuring social equity
    • Participatory planning, implementation & Monitoring
    • Rights based approach for National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme.
    • Activities for stabilizing the environment
    • Soil and Moisture Conservation (SMC)
    • Rain Water Harvesting
    • Vegetation and biomass development
    • Non-conventional energy ( Bio-gas )
    • Activities for enhancing agriculture production :
    • Diversified land use and diversified cropping (Vegetables, millets, pulses, commercial crops)
    • Rainfed horticulture (perennial tree crops)
    • Bio-fertilisers, composting, vermi composting, liquid fertilizers)
  • MAIN ACTIVITIES Continued... ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
    • Activities for alternate livelihoods :
    • Processing and value addition of groundnut, cowpea etc.
    • Job-oriented, non-farm skills for educated girls and boys (hospitality,ITES, driving, customer relations, automobile repair etc)
    • Alternate livelihoods for women (Saree weaving, garment making, tamarind business etc)
    • Advocacy, bobby and mobilizing public opinion
    • Mobilizing public opinion for Sustainable Agriculture
    • Policy advocacy for incentives for rainfed agriculture
    • Policy advocacy for incentives for food crops
    • Collaborating with Government in implementation of pro-poor, pro-environment programmes (NREGS, Watershed Programme)
  • PHYSICAL ACHIEVEMENTS Contd... (1987 – 2007) ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS 1,150 1,150 Girls/ Boys Youth trained job-oriented skills 10. 1,000 125 Units Non-farm IGP for women 9. 17,500 17,500 Units Bio-gas & Smokeless chulas 8. 10,000 2,600 Structures Rain Water Harvesting Structures 7. 14,000 16,000 Ha. Crop diversification (Food crops & Fodder) 6. 24,500 24,500 Units Bio fertilisers 5. 20,000 19,16,000 Trees Fruit Trees (Horticulture) 4. 23,500 31,000 Ha. Bio-pest Management 3. 60,000 1,90,10,000 Plants Vegetation & Biomass development 2. 60,500 1,35,000 Ha Soil & Moisture conservation works and adoption of rain-fed farming practices. 1. Families benefited Extent covered / Nos. Unit Activity Sl. No.
    • Net returns in rainfed farming increased to small & marginal farmers
    • More rainfed farmers gained access to groundwater
    • Women are able to participate in decisions at family and community levels
    • Sustainable and remunerative employment to the farm labour
    • Enhanced human dignity, self-worth & social status for women and the poor
    • Education levels have improved
    • Household, Food Security & Nutritional Security improved
    • People health in general has improved.
    SUSTAINABLE IMPACT ON LIVELIHOODS ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
    • Achievements vary family to family
    • Droughts persists and affect livelihoods
    • Policy environment not favorable for rain-fed areas
    • Safety nets under pressure during droughts
    Persistant challenges Impacts
    • Soil health & land capability enhanced
    • Vegetation & biomass enhanced
    • Ground water enhanced
    • Tree crops enhanced (Rainfed Horticulture)
    • Bio-diversity & crop diversity enhanced.
    • Use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides decreased
    • Awareness of people on climate change & adaptation enhanced.
    SUSTAINABLE IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
    • A lot more biomass is needed
    • Ground water overexploitation is not controlled
    • Afforestation is inadequate
    Environmental challenges
  • CHANGES FORSEEN IN CLIMATE IN ANANTAPUR REGION
    • Shrinking duration of rainy season 6 months to 4 months (?).
    • Decreased no. of rainy days (35 to 25) (?)
    • Early rains and late rains are disappearing.
    • Scantiness is increasing
    • Per-rain volume & intensity is increasing
    • Temperature variability is increasing
    ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  • IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGES ON LIVELIHOODS
    • Impact on Agriculture
    • Cropping season is shrinking
    • Rain distribution is getting more unpredictable, affecting crops
    • Pests and diseases are on the increase
    • Land exposure to sun and denudation has increased
    • Flora & Founa is affected – some species are getting extinct (eg. sparrows)
    • 50% reduction in yields under rainfed crops are estimated by ICAR, by 2025 (?)
    • Common property resources are depleting (grazing lands etc)
    • Frequency & intensity of droughts is on the increase.
    ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
    • Intensive tree-based horticulture (inadequate incentives)
    • Insitu-rain water harvesting is promoted.
    • Micro-irrigation (sprinklers, drip etc)
    • Promoting Bio-fertilisers, Vermi Compost, Farm compost, Liquid fertilizers (inadequate incentives)
    • Promoting Integrated Farming System for Dairy, Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries, (need a lot more investments)
    • Alternate skilled employment / income opportunities (cultural barriers)
    • Promoting awareness raising and stakeholder participation on mitigation & adaptation
    • ......... Still a long way to go
    ADAPTATIONS BEING TRIED BY AF Continued... ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
  • ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: CLIMATE CONFERENCE 25.11.08, HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
    • Sensitizing and awakening the public
    • Climate sensitive policy environment
    • Coping mechanisms and safety nets
    • Action Research & Development on
      • Local Climate modeling
      • Suitable rain-fed crops to match changed climate (Food Security)
      • Local weather forecasting – short term, season long & long term
      • Low cost & Eco-friendly technologies
    • Coordinated action for mitigation & adaptation
    • Coordinated action between governments research bodies and NGOs
    Thank you for your attention CHALLENGES OF ADAPTATION