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HRBD Needs Vs Rights

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Needs based development versus

Needs based development versus
Rights Based Development

Rights Based Development Workshop
Utrecht, July 09, 2009

EqualinRights
www.equalinrights.com

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    HRBD Needs Vs Rights HRBD Needs Vs Rights Presentation Transcript

    • Human rights-based development
    • What makes a project rights- based? ‘Needs-based’ and ‘rights-based’ Look at the differences What are the elements of rights-based development? Can projects become rights-based?
    • Sustainable Livelihood Improvement Programme, Mchinji, Malawi • The Problem • Causes of the problem • Which rights are not being realised? • Project Purpose • Who are the duty bearers (DBs) • Who are the rights holders (RHs) • Are the RHs the most discriminated against?
    • Sustainable Livelihood Improvement Programme, Mchinji, Malawi • What activities are planned to ensure RHs' rights are realised? • What activities are planned to help DBs meet their obligations? • If the project delivers a service, what strategies are in place to ensure its sustainability and empowerment? • What empowerment and participation tools are used? • Does the project proposal mention values, approaches or methodologies for implementation?
    • Elements common to rights- based projects and programmes • Action to understand the power relationships that block or support reaching goals. • Partnerships, alliances and networks at any or all levels, and even across borders.
    • Elements common to rights- based projects and programmes • Social exclusion tackled and the capacity of poor and marginalised to voice and claim their rights developed. • Resources for mutually reinforcing and reciprocal processes of accountability at all levels of operation.
    • Elements common to rights- based projects and programmes • Focus on relationships between all stakeholders so they can define and fulfil appropriate roles and responsibilities. • Participatory and context-specific monitoring systems focused on significant change in processes, outcomes and impacts. Brocklesby, MA and Crawford, S (2005) Rights-based Development: A guide to Implementation Centre for Development Studies, University of Swansea and CR2 Social Development, Edinburgh
    • P-A-N-E-L Guiding principles for rights-based development: Participation Accountability Non-discrimination and equality Empowerment Linked to human rights framework
    • CARE International’s point of view RBA means that • we support poor and marginalised people’s efforts to take control of their own lives and fulfil their rights, responsibilities and aspirations. • we stand in solidarity with poor and marginalised people whose rights are denied, adding our voice to theirs and holding ourselves accountable to them. • we hold others accountable for fulfilling their responsibilities towards poor and marginalised people. • we oppose any discrimination based on sex/gender, race, nationality, ethnicity, class, religion, age, physical ability, caste or sexual orientation. • we examine and address the root causes of poverty and rights denial. • we promote non-violence in the democratic and just resolution of conflicts contributing to poverty and rights denial. • we work in concert with others to promote the human rights of poor and marginalised people. Jones, A (2005) The case of CARE International in Rwanda in P Gready and J Ensor (Eds.) Reinventing Development? Translating rights-based approaches from theory into practice Zed Books
    • DCA’s right to food programme policy • Sustainable access to food and adequate nutrition through production, entitlements and increased purchasing power for men and women; • Advocacy for increased and gender sensitive food security at national and international levels; • Empowerment of the poorest to influence resource allocation and reduction of vulnerability to adverse changes; • Strengthened links between the right to food and: – reduced vulnerability to HIV/AIDS; – improved resilience to natural and man-made disasters; – and efforts in relief and rehabilitation.
    • DCA’s right to food progamme areas of focus: Actions for increased accountability - advocacy; legal enforcement and access to remedies; capacity building of duty-bearers. Actions for political and legal empowerment. Actions for security and protection – this includes provision of material inputs and services, training in, for example, sustainable agriculture, food aid in cases of acute need; and the construction of infrastructure where is serves a strategic purpose for sustaining the impact of other interventions to achieve the right to food and where the service is not provided by the government or other NGOs.
    • ActionAids’ 10 Point Action Plan for The Right to Food • National laws to be put in place to enshrine every body’s right to food. • All countries need to invest in a welfare system so that no one goes hungry – actions such as making sure that every child can have a free school meal are important steps towards this. • Give women more status and rights to feed their families. Investing in women’s education has been identified as the single most powerful contribution to reducing malnutrition over a 35-year period. • Increase local production of food for local use. • Support women farmers and producers. In developing countries, women grow 60-80% of the food and yet they only own 1% of the land.
    • ActionAids’ 10 Point Action Plan for The Right to Food 1. Adapt to climate change. Poor farmers are on the frontline of climate change and investment of $US 67 million is needed to help them adapt. 2. Regulation of trans-national companies that produce or trade in food and crops – in particular national laws need to be strengthened to stop so-called ‘agribusinesses’ depriving poor people of their access to land, water and seeds. 3. International trade laws need to be changed to protect poor farmers – and developing countries must be allowed to increase their tariffs to protect the local production of staple foods. 4. End targets and the production of bio-fuels. 5. Speculation in international commodities futures markets – which includes wheat, maize, rice and sugar – has resulted in a huge increase in the cost of food. Some way of protecting food prices must be found so that poor people can still afford to eat. www.hungerfreeplanet.org