HRBD Needs Vs Rights


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Needs based development versus
Rights Based Development

Rights Based Development Workshop
Utrecht, July 09, 2009


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HRBD Needs Vs Rights

  1. 1. Human rights-based development
  2. 2. What makes a project rights- based? ‘Needs-based’ and ‘rights-based’ Look at the differences What are the elements of rights-based development? Can projects become rights-based?
  3. 3. Sustainable Livelihood Improvement Programme, Mchinji, Malawi • The Problem • Causes of the problem • Which rights are not being realised? • Project Purpose • Who are the duty bearers (DBs) • Who are the rights holders (RHs) • Are the RHs the most discriminated against?
  4. 4. Sustainable Livelihood Improvement Programme, Mchinji, Malawi • What activities are planned to ensure RHs' rights are realised? • What activities are planned to help DBs meet their obligations? • If the project delivers a service, what strategies are in place to ensure its sustainability and empowerment? • What empowerment and participation tools are used? • Does the project proposal mention values, approaches or methodologies for implementation?
  5. 5. Elements common to rights- based projects and programmes • Action to understand the power relationships that block or support reaching goals. • Partnerships, alliances and networks at any or all levels, and even across borders.
  6. 6. Elements common to rights- based projects and programmes • Social exclusion tackled and the capacity of poor and marginalised to voice and claim their rights developed. • Resources for mutually reinforcing and reciprocal processes of accountability at all levels of operation.
  7. 7. Elements common to rights- based projects and programmes • Focus on relationships between all stakeholders so they can define and fulfil appropriate roles and responsibilities. • Participatory and context-specific monitoring systems focused on significant change in processes, outcomes and impacts. Brocklesby, MA and Crawford, S (2005) Rights-based Development: A guide to Implementation Centre for Development Studies, University of Swansea and CR2 Social Development, Edinburgh
  8. 8. P-A-N-E-L Guiding principles for rights-based development: Participation Accountability Non-discrimination and equality Empowerment Linked to human rights framework
  9. 9. CARE International’s point of view RBA means that • we support poor and marginalised people’s efforts to take control of their own lives and fulfil their rights, responsibilities and aspirations. • we stand in solidarity with poor and marginalised people whose rights are denied, adding our voice to theirs and holding ourselves accountable to them. • we hold others accountable for fulfilling their responsibilities towards poor and marginalised people. • we oppose any discrimination based on sex/gender, race, nationality, ethnicity, class, religion, age, physical ability, caste or sexual orientation. • we examine and address the root causes of poverty and rights denial. • we promote non-violence in the democratic and just resolution of conflicts contributing to poverty and rights denial. • we work in concert with others to promote the human rights of poor and marginalised people. Jones, A (2005) The case of CARE International in Rwanda in P Gready and J Ensor (Eds.) Reinventing Development? Translating rights-based approaches from theory into practice Zed Books
  10. 10. DCA’s right to food programme policy • Sustainable access to food and adequate nutrition through production, entitlements and increased purchasing power for men and women; • Advocacy for increased and gender sensitive food security at national and international levels; • Empowerment of the poorest to influence resource allocation and reduction of vulnerability to adverse changes; • Strengthened links between the right to food and: – reduced vulnerability to HIV/AIDS; – improved resilience to natural and man-made disasters; – and efforts in relief and rehabilitation.
  11. 11. DCA’s right to food progamme areas of focus: Actions for increased accountability - advocacy; legal enforcement and access to remedies; capacity building of duty-bearers. Actions for political and legal empowerment. Actions for security and protection – this includes provision of material inputs and services, training in, for example, sustainable agriculture, food aid in cases of acute need; and the construction of infrastructure where is serves a strategic purpose for sustaining the impact of other interventions to achieve the right to food and where the service is not provided by the government or other NGOs.
  12. 12. ActionAids’ 10 Point Action Plan for The Right to Food 1. National laws to be put in place to enshrine every body’s right to food. 2. All countries need to invest in a welfare system so that no one goes hungry – actions such as making sure that every child can have a free school meal are important steps towards this. 3. Give women more status and rights to feed their families. Investing in women’s education has been identified as the single most powerful contribution to reducing malnutrition over a 35-year period. 4. Increase local production of food for local use. 5. Support women farmers and producers. In developing countries, women grow 60-80% of the food and yet they only own 1% of the land.
  13. 13. ActionAids’ 10 Point Action Plan for The Right to Food 6. Adapt to climate change. Poor farmers are on the frontline of climate change and investment of $US 67 million is needed to help them adapt. 7. Regulation of trans-national companies that produce or trade in food and crops – in particular national laws need to be strengthened to stop so-called ‘agribusinesses’ depriving poor people of their access to land, water and seeds. 8. International trade laws need to be changed to protect poor farmers – and developing countries must be allowed to increase their tariffs to protect the local production of staple foods. 9. End targets and the production of bio-fuels. 10. Speculation in international commodities futures markets – which includes wheat, maize, rice and sugar – has resulted in a huge increase in the cost of food. Some way of protecting food prices must be found so that poor people can still afford to eat.