Why do I want to communicate?To whom do I want to communicate?Have I got the skills and time (the technology is easy)
Finally – don’t expect too much. Blogging is not magic. The Internet has many wondrous things in it (and lots of amusing cats) so think about your niche rather than challenging BBC Online.
2 SM a closer look
Lecture 2Social Media Services: A Closer look
Today• Chat• Class rep (we need a volunteer to step forward)• Assignment 1 (due @12pm on 18th Jan)• Project groups allocation (? May be Tuesday)• We are talking about: – Social media ecosystem – Content Ownership – Monitoring & aggregating Sites 2
Social Media Ecosystem • The social media ecosystem is varied and includes sites that offer the following major social media functions.
Social Media Ecosystem• Blogging or “web logs” are a single- or multiple-author websites that allow for sharing a combination of text, video, and/or pictures.• Common blogging sites and software include Blogger, Wordpress, and Tumblr, although many other web tools offer this functionality as well. Most blogging sites allow readers to respond to material by posting comments.
Social Media Ecosystem• In line with the popularity and widespread acceptance of text or SMS messages shared through mobile devices, microblogging has also gained in popularity.• The most commonly used microblogging application is Twitter.
Social Media Ecosystem• Peer-to-peer sharing of longer, perpetual posts is the most common function associated with social media.• Sites such as FACEBOOK, Google+ and MySpace provide a platform for sharing content with friends and followers.
Social Media Ecosystem• Special-purpose peer-to-peer networks such as LinkedIn, Xing and Plaxo, focus on delivering these same capabilities to people based on professional affiliations or other common interests.
Social Media Ecosystem• Media sharing sites such as Flickr, YouTube, Vimeo, Tumblr and Pinterest allow users to share pictures and video.• These sites are often used in combination with blogs, microblogs, and peer-to-peer sharing sites such as FACEBOOK and Google+.
Social Media Ecosystem• Related to peer-to-peer sharing are Wikis.• Wikis provide a common-platform for generating and sharing articles about specific topics or subjects with input from multiple authors and editors.
Now, well cover some of themore common social mediasites in more depth.
BLOGGINGWeb log or Blog : A self-published diary orcommentary on a particulartopic that may allow visitorsto post responses,reactions, or comments.
BLOGSBlogger, Wordpress, and similar platforms allow for a single author or a groupof authors using one account to post content and links as a series of articles orposts arranged in a chronological sequence like a diary or journal.Blogging sites allow users to access more content than microblogging or peer-to-peer sharing sites that also allow readers to respond by posting comments. Itshould be noted, that the comment feature of most blogging platforms permitusers to exert varying levels of control over what appears in response to theircontent.Individuals or organizations usually create blogs to chronicle their work, create aportfolio, inform others, share ideas and solicit feedback.
WHY BLOG?• Drive traffic to your website (e.g., inbound links, keywords)• Create opportunities (serendipity)• Develop & enhance reputation• Attract new customers, fans, supporters, ...• Generate a culture around the business• Express a point of view
HOW TO BLOG?• Choose your blog service - brand accordingly• Integrate with website & social media• Decide on publishing schedule• Prepare range of topics (keywords)• Follow general web writing guidelines• Provide subscription options (email, RSS)
WRITING GUIDLINES• Write short paragraphs (1-3 sentences)• Be clear, simple & informal• Write descriptive, keyword laden titles• Incorporate keywords in text• Include other media to augment story• Invite replies with questions or comment requests
BUILD TRUST• Correct spelling and grammar• Clean and beautiful design• Thorough about page• Presence of community and conversation through comments• High-quality photo of the author• Signs of social sharing• Solid, detailed content updated frequently• Links to trustworthy sources• Professional logo• High-quality images and visuals• Short, easy-to-read domain name
MICROBLOGGING• Micro blogs allows users to exchange small elements of contents such as short sentences, or video links• While there are so many micro blogging sites counted internationally, Twitter is the most notable service
TWITTERTwitter is a microblogging site. It provides users with a platformfor short text messages that may include weblinks, pictures, audio, and video content.• Social messaging service (SMS)• Simple, quick, immediate, and real-time• Post “tweets” with max. 140 characters• Publicly accessible (cf. RT radios)• Follow and be followed (no reciprocity)• Accessible by web, mobile, desktop (& space!
What do people do?•Talk & share • Manage events•Break news • Monitor trends•Customer service • Discover new things•Build networks • Stalk celebrities•Crowd source •…
What do people do?• Tweet • Search (tip!)• Re-tweet • Lists• Favourite • Hashtags (#)• Follow/unfollow • Author attributions (^..)• Block/Report Working with your table mates: • Find out what these are? • Why they are needed?
Tweet breakdownReply Shortened link Retweet Hashtag
Social Network Sites (SNS)• Build, manage, and publish public connections to friends, family, contacts, colleagues, strangers, ...• Built around: – Everyday life – Business – Photos – Music – Bookmarks – Pets – ...
Social Network Sites (SNS)FACEBOOK, Google+, and LinkedIn® are all socialnetworking sites. Each of these sites allowindividuals, companies, organizations, andassociations to post text, video, pictures, links to otherweb content and combinations of all of these electronicmedia.FACEBOOK and Google+ are usedmore widely by organizations andthe public to keep others up to dateon their status and activities or toadvertise events.
Facebook: what is it?• Social network site (SNS)• Advertising platform• Developer platform• Video and photo sharing site• Search engine• Largest online community in the world• Successful business• Culturally significant• ...? 27
Characteristics• Separate from personal profiles• Focus on “page” not individuals• “Like” is not the same as “friend”• Groups also available• Own/administer more than one page• Can identify as a “page”
LinkedINUsed more often byprofessionals, associations, or groups. It isa good platform to form communities ofpractice, for continual learning, and sharingof better practices. However, all thesesites, and others like them, allow groupswith a common interest to share mediathrough a common platform.
LinkedIN• Largest professional social network site• Users: 120 million• Created in 2002• Valuation: $8 billion• Utility: networking, job recruitment, groups, recommendations, subscriptions
Photo/video/audio sharing• Easily publish and share multimedia content• Tags to identify and organise• Find and make connections• E.g., Flickr, YouTube, LastFM, ...
RSS Feeds & aggregators Real Simple Syndication• Subscribe to dynamic content• Construct own “newspaper”• Redistribute content, e.g., Facebook
Wikis• Hawaiian word for "fast"• Wikis are user/community editable web pages• Anyone can add and edit content• Changes saved and can be reverted
Discussion Forums• Oldest form of online community• Indexable therefore searchable• Established community roles• Issues include: – arguments – spam – bots – trolls
Location sharing• “Check-in” to: – Venues – Locations – Businesses• Comment on experience• Share on other services
2 Content Ownership• It’s important to remember, as noted before, that content from one social media site can be embedded or linked to content in another site. For instance, a "Tweet" from Twitter can reference a FACEBOOK post that includes a longer text posting including pictures and video. A FACEBOOK page can include a feed from Twitter or embedded YouTube videos. Likewise, a YouTube site can include a reference back to a FACEBOOK page or link to another site on the web.• One note to keep in mind. Each of these sites has different ways of managing content ownership. In some cases, they may own the rights to content you post and allow others to reuse, link to or share that content. Others may give the account owner sole rights to their content.
3 Monitoring and Aggregating Sites • Increased access to content generation tools and the portability of these platforms through mobile computing, personal digital assistants and smartphones have spawned a rapid and steep increase in the volume of traffic generated on the web. • In order to monitor and filter the stream of social media, sites and tools have been created to sift and aggregate content into feeds tailored to individual user preferences. • Sites have also been created to monitor and rank user activity and content according to date, location, topic, relevance, popularity and other criteria to facilitate searching.
Monitoring and Aggregating Sites• HootSuite, Tweetdeck, Monitter and Trendsmap are all sites that allow monitoring and managing social media sites.• It enables searching for specific words, hashtags, and followers, often across different platforms; all in one place.
Social Media Influence Ranking• Sites have also been created to monitor and rank user activity and content to facilitate searching according to date, location, topic, relevance, popularity and other criteria.• Sites that provide an analysis of a specific social media user include Klout, Tweetlevel and Twitalyzer.• Most of these sites provide a score for measuring social influence, using an algorithm to calculate the score based on an analysis of the number of followers, number of messages, and number of times those messages are then rebroadcast out to other recipients. These can all be used to identify individuals in a social network who have a greater level of influence through their followers.
Measurement of Reach and Continuous Improvement• The second advanced practice involves measuring the impact of social media efforts over time. Data analysis tools such as Klout, Tweetlevel and Twitalyzer allow users to measure the relationships between various social media accounts and their followers. These tools help users understand and improve their reach and influence.• There is no single "right way" to measure impact or effectiveness of your social media program. Multiple measurements are recommended. By relying on a single measure, you’re likely to miss important dimensions of your program.• Measures include: – Documented stories of people who credit your social media accounts with knowledge gained Number of subscribers. – Number of people retransmitting your information. – Third-party measures of social media "influence". – or actions taken during or after an event.•