In Literary Criticism: Ten Approaches , the editors, E.A. Watson and E.W. Ducharme, discuss archetypal criticism.
It is defined by Watson and Ducharme as “a recurrent, universal pattern or motif holding the same or similar meaning and significance for all individuals in every age and in every part of the world. ” (321)
“ One is able to see that an idea, image, character, setting or theme in a literary work corresponds to or is based upon the same or similar patterns in other works of literature and in present and past religious cultures”. (320)
“ Archetypal criticism looks in literature for patterns and traces them through works of classical antiquity into modern texts, and interprets those reverberations as symbols or manifestations of universal human conflicts and desires. ” (321)