The First Australians-The first known people ofAustralia were theAborigines. AustralianAboriginal culture is theoldest living culture in theworld. It dates as far back as40,000 years.-Europeans started exploringAustralia in the 16th Century.-In 1770, Captain JamesCook claimed the continentfor the British and named itNew South Wales.htttp://www.australianhistory.org/first-australians-2011/AustralianHistory.org
The British are Coming -In 1779, Joseph Banks suggested that Britain use the newly claimed continent to solve its overcrowded prisons problem. -In 1787, the First Fleet set sail, comprising 11 ships, 1500 people- half of which were convicts. -The fleet arrived in Sydney Harbor on January 26, 1788. -This day is celebrated as Australian Day. http://www.studyinaustralia.gov.au/en/Living-in- Australia/AustralianHistory -2011
A Country is Born-Approximately 160,000 men and women were broughtto Australia as convicts from 1788 until 1868.-The discovery of gold in the 1850’s permanentlychanged the colony with an influx of free settlers.-The Commonwealth of Australia was formed in 1901through the federation of six states under oneconstitution. http:/ /www.dfat.gov.au/aib/history/ - June 2008
Australia has both native and European holidays.Examples of national Australian holidays: – Australian Day – January 26 – ANZAC Day – April 25 – Queens Birthday – June 8 – Boxing Day – December 26 – New Years Day – January 1 – Good Friday – Friday after Easter – Easter Monday – Day After Easter Sunday – Christmas Day – December 25 Lets focus on the holiday Australian Day.
What is Australia Day?• It is the biggest celebration in the country. It’s the anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet of 11 convict ships from Great Britain, and the raising of the Union Jack at Sydney Cove by its commander Captain Arthur Phillip, in 1788.• Today Australia Day celebrations reflect contemporary Australia. It also is an opportunity to reflect on the nations history, and to consider how to make Australia a better place in future. It has become a community day.
How Is It Celebrated?• Formal ceremonies - flag • The modern population raising, citizenship should incorporate the ceremonies and the culture of the indeginous presentation of important people in their community awards ceremonies. Doing so allows the wider• Theatrical performances, community to share in music, sporting events, the native culture, and speech days, multicultural promote a stronger sense and native performances of shared nationhood. This is an example of the communication concept ‘Adapting to others’.
Aboriginal Gender roles in Australia • Aboriginal people have specific roles for women and men but have interdependent relationships as well. • Men were the hunters of large animals the families main protein. • Women were the principle food gathers of vegetables, fruits, small insects. • “The interdependent roles Aboriginal men and women shared are: healers, law makers, performers, painters and making sure that their traditions are maintained and passed on to future generations” (Aboriginal Culture, p.1).
Gender Roles Today• Men are in a higher economic status and play a bigger role in politics then women.• “Women were seen as caregivers, homemakers and held jobs as teachers and in nursing. But affirmative action policies since the late 1970’s has been directed toward promoting gender equality in all spheres” (Culture of Australia, p.1).
Gender Roles Today cont..• Women only earned the right to vote in 1901.• “In 1955, 20% of women were represented in local, state, and federal government” (Culture of Australia, p.1).• Women are known to participate more in religious activities but the majority religious leaders are male.
Marriage and Family• Marriage is only allowed between heterosexuals and occurs by a civil service or religious ceremony. The ceremony is conducted by a registered official.• Divorce had been available since 1975, it requires a one year separation period and has a 40% rate in first marriages (Culture of Australia p.1).• “Family is decided upon the domestic unit, primarily the couple, then couples with children, then one- parent families.” The extended family is important support for most families. Blended families are becoming more common (Culture of Australia, p.1).
• During the christmas holidays families celebrate with relays in swimming pools, water gun fights, or backyard cricket. Father Christmas/Santa ClausChristmas Holiday rituals is usually pictured in a swimming costume and a cool drink is left out for him by children at night. School is let out a week prior to Christmas for summer break and resumes after Australia Day on January 26 • Homes are not decorated as heavily as in some cultures but there are two traditional native plants used for the occasion: The NSW Christmas bush and Christmas bells. • Meals include hot turkey, Christmas pudding, seafood, cold turkey and ham for salads, Panforte and panettone (Christmas cake), mince pies, ice cream .(www.geocities.com/athens/olympus/8559/aust xmas.htm) ("Australian traditions," )("Paul eckersleyillustration:," )
• Australia has a rich sporting culture . They are renowned world wide for their cricket.Rituals in sports • In cricket , in the first session of each test, it is a ritual for the Australian players to wear their baggy green caps; this is a gesture of solidarity and a salute of their heritage. • At the end of a victorious series, players gather (in the middle of the field) to sing their theme song Underneath the Southern Cross. • This rituals are important for their sports because are an important ingredient in developing the public image of a sport, and providing the participants at all the various levels with a common bond. • For cricket it is very important that many of the great traditions of the game are maintained. It provides a sense of order, and when difficult times are encountered by any sport there is a tangible support element for the players and the game itself to look up to. ("The importance of," ) Flaherty
• Funeral ceremonies. Another important time for ceremonies is on the death of aFuneral Rituals performed person, when people often paintby Aborigines themselves white, cut their own bodies to show their remorse for the loss of their loved one, and conduct a series of rituals, songs and dances to ensure the person’s spirit leaves the area and returns to its birth place, from where it can later be reborn. • Burial practices vary throughout Australia, people being buried in parts of southern and central Australia, but having quite a different burial in the north. Across much of northern Australia, a person’s burial has two stages, each accompanied by ritual and ceremony.
Australian TraditionsAustralians havemany traditions andrituals however I amgoing to focus on: Folklore Clothing Food
Folklore Prior to European invasion, Examples are Aboriginal people lived all Dinewan the Emu, and Goomblegubbon through out Australia during the Bustard a period of time called the The Galah, and Oolah the Lizard Dreamtime. The Bahloo the Moon and the Daens dreamtime is full of various myths and stories that are widely spread all through out the Australian culture. These stories a re mainly about how the Earth, Sun and all creation came to be.
Clothing In the workforce Australians tend to dress light because of the constant heat. Long socks, tailored shorts, and a light shirts. In the city and workplace areas people tend to dress formal and casual in their spare time as well as on weekends. Children wear uniforms and The famous sunscreen year round. Sun UGG made initially for tans are looked upon as the foolishness since Australia Australian has the highest rate for skin deserts and cancer. hot beaches
Food Vegemite Australia is A yeast extract and salt spread abundant in seafood, Meat Pie meats, as well Made from beef as fruits and pork, or lamb. vegetables. Pavlova However the Made of soft meringue, cream most famous filling and fruit meals are: Lamington Sponge cake coated with chocolate and coconut
Language George Bernard Shaw once wrote:“England and America are two countriesseparated by a common language” and the same can certainly be said of Americaand Australia. Australia has its own distinct accent thatwhile similar to the British accent is very unique. Press PLAY for a quick primer on the Australian accent
TVAlthough originally a British colony, the most of the highest rated programs in themetropolitan centers do not come from the BBC but mostly from the US along with afew Australian produced programs.“60 minutes” and “7 news” are consistently among the top 15 highest rated programsin the nation with rugby and football games topping the ratings whenever they areplayed.
MusicThe popular Australian music charts mirror the American music charts with many ofthe same songs and artists.You can see in the music chart below from the week ending 11/14/11 that almostall of the top perfomers are from the US.
ReferencesPublic holidays and school terms. (n.d) retrieved November 10,2011, from Australian Government Web Site:http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/our-country/public-holidays-and-school-terms#NationalPublicHolidaysAustralia day. (n.d) retrieved November 8, 2011, from http://www.australiaday.org.au/experience/page31.aspIndigenous Australia. (n.d) retrieved November 9, 2011, from Australia Day Web Site:http://www.australiaday.org.au/experience/page103.asp"Culture of Australia - History, People, Clothing, Traditions, Women, Beliefs, Food, Customs, Family." Countriesand Their Cultures. Web. 29 Oct. 2011. http://www.everyculture.com/A-Bo/Australia.html"Aboriginal Culture." Emergency Medicine - Medical Students - Resources. Web. 29 Oct. 2011.http://emedsa.org.au/PsychoSocial/EthnicIssues/Culture/Aboriginal.htmlAustralian traditions. (n.d.). Retrieved fromhttp://fits.depauw.edu/mkfinney/culturaleresumes/australia/trads.htmFlaherty, C. (n.d.). First blood to the poms as fans hijack ashes tickets - cricket - sport. Retrieved fromhttp://www.theage.com.au/news/cricket/english-fans-hijack-ashes-tickets/2006/06/01/1148956482844.htmlThe importance of rituals. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.hindu.com/tss/tss2445/24450340.htmPaul eckersley illustration: Father christmas. (n.d.). Retrieved fromhttp://www.pauleckersley.co.uk/fatherchristmas.html
McFinney. (2001, 26 January). Australian Traditions.fits.depauw.edu. Retrieved November 13, 2011, fromhttp://fits.depauw.edu/mkfinney/culturaleresumes/australia/trads.htm.Langloh Parker, K. (n.d.). Australian Legendary Tales. Sacred-texts.com. Retrieved on November 13, 2011, fromhttp://www.sacred-texts.com/aus/alt/index.htm.All images are from google Imageshtttp://www.australianhistory.org/first-australians-2011/AustralianHistory.orghttp://www.studyinaustralia.gov.au/en/Living-in-Australia/AustralianHistory -2011http://www.dfat.gov.au/aib - June 2008http://www.ariacharts.com.au/pages/charts_display_singles.asp?chart=1U50http://www.oztam.com.au/Archives.aspx?Year=2011http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5RuoXH2fBDA