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Conceptualising innovative mobile Learning Solutions for the Health Sector in Tanzania
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Conceptualising innovative mobile Learning Solutions for the Health Sector in Tanzania



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  • 1. Conceptualising innovative mobile Learning Solutions for the Health Sector in Tanzania Arndt Bubenzer common sense – eLearning & training consultants Ltd. Dennis Mazali Muhimbili University, School of Hygiene, Dar es Salaam
  • 2. Background & History of the Project
    • Tanzania and eLearning Africa Accra
    • Discussions with many organisations facing the need to reach a wider audience with available technology
    • “ Saving Life at Birth” – USAID funding line for maternity related issues demanding public awareness building, changes of attitude and information
  • 3. The Tanzania Situation
    • Acsess to Maternal Health Services and Hospitals Interrnationally agreed ratio for nurses to patient: 1:6, in Tanzania 1:50
    • Maternal Mortaliy In Japan 6:100,000; in Tanzania 454 in 100,000, contributing to 2.3% of total mortality
    • Death at birth and in young children 120 newborns and 450 children under 5 die every day
  • 4. Tanzania and International Health Sector Initiatives
    • ICT Contribution to health sector
    • Health Policy: Access to Health Services
    • MDG Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health
    • New UN Organization launched in March 2011: UN-Women Goal: Eliminating preventable maternal mortality and morbidity, empowerment of women
    • Promotion of Clean Delivery by Traditional Birth Attendants
  • 5. Mobile Learning: but how?
    • Use of GSM cellphone technology, because
    • it‘s…
    • the most available communication technology in developing and threshold countries
    • easy to use (low barrier threshold)
    • - easily accessable
    •  any time, any place learning for anybody
  • 6.  
  • 7. Restrictions of Mobile Learning
    • Diverse phone models in use
    • wide distribution of old and simple models
    • high cost for data transmission
    • restricted bandwidth in many areas
    • small displays and inconvenient typing
    •  Need for a common sense solution
  • 8. Contribution to Improvement of the TZ Situation: I-Call
    • Allowing access to:
    • Community: Mothers before and after giving birth, grassroots level
    • Educators/Multiplicators : Midwifes, local health care workers, TBA
    • Specialists: Doctors, clinics, etc.
  • 9. I-Call Functionality
  • 10. mobile Learning by Storytelling / Community Level
    • Storytelling as an attractive format
    • Affective learning goals:
      • Awareness raising
      • Change of Attitude
      • Behaviour Change
      • Experience of decision consequences
    • Relating to traditional learning cultures
    • Idependence from phone models
    • Suitable for illiterates
  • 11. An oral storytelling approach for mobile learning Interactive decision mazes
  • 12. Gold from Garbage An interactive Audio Soap Objective: understanding possibilities of waste separation, recycling, and recognizing the value of waste Content: Two household helps in an East African household discover the value of waste through separation and selling of recyclables or +2 25 420 360 2600
  • 13. Application for the Health Sector All three levels allow wide access to target groups in need of environmental education and training. On the community level, I-Call can promote behaviour and attitude change, for example in the fields of hygiene, nutrition, or healthy practices and provide simple access to live councellors.
  • 14. Application for the Health Sector On the Educator level, I-Call can provide information to midwives and traditional birth attendants on issues of clean delivery, risk factors, importance of visits to clinics and reminders through sms or scheduled phone reminders.
  • 15. Application for the Health Sector On the Specialist Level, I-Call can support doctors in communication with midwifes, identifying those who are at risk and offering timely support to midwifes and other healthcare workers who are close to pregnant women.
  • 16. Thank you! Contact: Arndt Bubenzer common sense – eLearning & training consultants Vienna, Austria Contact: Dennis Mazali Muhimbili University, School of Hygiene Dar es Salaam, Tanzania [email_address]